Questions tagged [mass]

The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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If mass can be converted to energy than how is it said that energy can't be created?

From the mass-energy equivalence E=m(c*c), it can be seen that energy can be created and it is not converted from one form of energy. Or am I wrong ? Can you explain?
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Effect of non-zero photon rest mass in optics

If photon has nonzero rest mass, I have inferred that the gauge invariance is broken and the Maxwell's equations change and Klein–Gordon equation comes into picture. What is its effect in optics such ...
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Questioning whether gravity is strictly attractive. Is there a possibility for repulsion?

My teacher wanted to test our understanding before starting a new topic. The question he gave goes something like this “There are 2 vacuums present here about which there is an abundance of mass ...
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Schrodinger equation in momentum representation with position-dependent effective mass

I'm trying to convert Schrodinger equation with position-dependent effective mass (PDEM) to momentum representation, and I'm not sure how to apply the kinetic energy operator. In position ...
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Satellite Motion centripetal force

Once I read in a book that the centripetal force that keeps the satellite in its circular orbit around the Earth is approximately equal to its weight. My question is why the word "approximately" was ...
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Are the so called force balance drawings for motion systems “counterintuitive”?

Lets take the standard mass-spring-damper system with an external force. Please also see the image. As we all know making mistakes with signs in these questions is a common error. There is even an ...
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What are the factors affecting torque (in normal cases)?

I know that force and perpendicular displacement are the factors. I want to know the factors like mass of the body and how and why is the force not distributed throughout the body uniformly. ...
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Is $E=mc^2$ only partially true? [duplicate]

I've obviously seen that $E=mc^2$. But I've also seen that the equation $E^2=(mc^2)^2+(pc)^2$ (where $p$ = momentum) is true. If you square $E=mc^2$, and subtract the result from the other equation, ...
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Rest mass of the photon [closed]

Why is the rest mass of the photon is taken to be zero? If rest mass of the photon is non zero, then it leads to infinite energy of the photon (by $E=mc^2$ equation) and there is a violation of ...
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What is the mass of a volume of air? [closed]

Google says 1 cubic meter of air has 1 kg of mass at room temp. This seems like garbage, as if the container is supplying the mass. But if there is no container, it cannot take 1 kg of pressure to ...
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Are neutrinos just different states of a single particle, in essence?

When Neutrino oscillation phenomenon is analysed quantum mechanically, it is said that, \begin{align} |\nu_e \rangle &= \cos(\theta) | \nu_1 \rangle + \sin(\theta) |\nu_2 \rangle,\\ |\nu_\mu \...
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Is there only one kind of mass of an object in this world?

There are several kind of forces in the world. Is there only one kind of mass of an object in this world? If so, why?
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How force is equal to the product of mass and instantaneous acceleration?

$$\vec{F}=m\vec{a}$$ Suppose that an object of some mass was constantly accelerating ($\vec{a} \neq 0$) through sometime interval. With no doubt, the object had an instantaneous acceleration at any ...
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Mass formula for open string with mixed boundary conditions

I want to give an expression for the mass formula of an open string with has Neumannn condtion in $m$ directions and Dirichlet in $n$ directions $X^{i}(\sigma ^{1}=0)=x_{0}^{i}, X^{i}(\sigma ^{1}=\pi)=...
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Particle collision and mass relation [closed]

Is mass important in calculations when two particles are collide? or is only the charge that matters? is collision in microscopic world the same with macroscopic world?
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$m$ in Klein-Gordon Equation

The Klein-Gordon equation is given by $$ (\square + m^2) \phi(x) = 0 $$ where $\square$ is the d'Alembertian operator, $m \in \mathbb{R}$ and $\phi$ is a scalar field. Question: What is $m$ in the ...
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Why is it doubtful that higgs field gives neutrino mass?

I read some articles mostly claiming that if neutrino is their own antimatter than they could get their mass from some other source rather than the higgs field, and I can't probe any further because ...
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How can mass flux be defined for a one-dimensional flow?

I am reading a textbook where an example of a one-dimensional binary diffusion is given. In a binary system composed of substances A and B, we write a relation for the substance A: $\dot{m}_A'' = Y_A(...
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Alternative particle types?

If we consider mass and charge to be excitations of independent quantum fields, do they necessarily travel together? Can we have objects with only an excitation on the mass field, and objects with ...
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Schwarzschild geometry for negative masses

Imagine that in a part of our universe there exists negative masses $M=-|M|<0$. The metric around this object -- say a black hole -- will be of the form $$ ds^2 = -\Big(1+\frac{2|M|}{r}\Big)dt^2 + ...
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Weight of an object without air

Consider a weigh machine and an object. Both are inside a case. Weigh the object. Then remove all the air in the case. Weigh the object again. If the weight of the object with air is M kg. What will ...
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If photons have no mass, why do they gain mass in photon entanglement?

Photons are massless particles. However, this article states that photons can gain mass when they become entangled. How can this happen? From the article: Physicists create new form of light ...
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What gives mass to black hole?

I like to know when a dying star collapsed into a black hole, is there anything inside or on the event horizon that is interacting with higgs field?
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Why is torque sometimes reported in kg m, instead of the usual N m?

On various websites I see torque expressed as $\rm kg\: m$, but I was always thought that torque is $\rm N\:m$ or $\rm kg\: m^2/s^2$. These are clearly not the same, so why are they called the same, ...
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What would a universe with a long range weak force look like?

If the W's and Z bosons were massless at low energies (i.e. no Higgs interaction), what would the universe look like? Would there be "weak bound states" ? How would electromagnetic theory differ with ...
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Do higgs field affect rest mass and relativistic mass? [duplicate]

I know most of the "mass" comes from the binding energy such as gluon but suppose I apply a force on a matter particle, do I change the interaction between the particle and the higgs field? How does ...
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If negative mass should exist, how would conservation of momentum work?

Imagine that a particle with negative mass has been discovered. It is known to obey both the equivalence principle and Newton's second law. This means that the particle is a subject to repulsive ...
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Is there a mass spectrometer software that can measure the mass of a hydrogen atom [duplicate]

For a school project I need to measure the mass of a hydrogen atom either as a lab experiment or with a computer simulation. Since I don't have the appropriate equipment for the experiment, does ...
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Does a field gain energy or does the mass/charge?

My textbook reads that when a mass/ charge is moved into the influence of a gravitational/ electric field the field gains/ loses energy rather than the mass/ charge. How can this be explained?
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A fundamental question about charge and speed of a particle [duplicate]

Hi everybody and happy 2019. In my teaching sessions sometimes someone asks questions i cannot truly answer (although i have many arguments on it) and here's one that really puzzles me: A massless (...
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What's the mass of $D_1(2430)^{\pm}$?

What's the mass of $D_1(2430)^{\pm}$? The standard reference http://pdglive.lbl.gov/ParticleGroup.action?init=0&node=MXXX035 only shows the data for $D_1(2430)^0$ but not for $D_1(2430)^{\pm}$. ...
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Is there a mass spectrometer software that can measure the mass of a proton

I spent a lot of hours looking for mass spectrometer software (or Cathode-ray simulator) that can measure the mass of a proton or any sub atomic particle. Until now I only found software that work on ...
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How much does $b_1^-$ meson's mass differ from that of $b_1^0$?

How much does $b_1^-$ meson's mass differ from that of $b_1^0$? From reading http://pdglive.lbl.gov/Particle.action?node=M011, it is not very clear.
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Why is neutron slightly heavier than the proton? [duplicate]

With latest knowledge of QCD, is there any explanation for why the neutron is slightly heavier than the proton? Can it be boiled down to a simple formula?
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Does mass slow down an object falling through the atmosphere? [duplicate]

If I throw two objects with the exact same shape and size, but one of them is heavier, will they arrive at the same time? We learn in basic Newtonian physics that mass doesn't influence the speed in ...
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What's the difference between gravitational attraction and weight? [duplicate]

What exactly is gravitational attraction? In my textbook it was quoted " all objects both tiny and large objects are attracted to the earth. This is known as gravitational attraction, or the force due ...
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Can mass still be observed in our universe after moving from a black-hole to a white-hole?

This question is based on the recent papers on LQG black-holes by Abhay Ashtekar. Quantum extension of the Kruskal spacetime and Quantum Transfiguration by Kruskal Black Holes When mass moves from ...
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Natural and Driving Frequency of a Spring-Mass System

Does $$f = \frac{1}{2\pi}\sqrt{\frac{k}{m}}$$ measure the natural frequency or driving frequency of a spring-mass system? I can't find any resources which confirm this! I believe it measures the ...
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Which weighs more in atmosphere, $1\,{\rm kg}$ of steel or $1\,{\rm kg}$ of feathers?

I'm having a discussion at the moment regarding the mass of $1\,{\rm kg}$ of feathers and $1\,{\rm kg}$ of steel. The person I'm arguing with states that $1\,{\rm kg}$ of feathers will be lighter ...
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Scaling of mass density

Let distances scale as $L'=kL$, $k$ is the scaling factor. Then spherical volume will scale as $V'=k^3 V$. Say, the sphere is filled with mass with constant density. If we scale the model with ...
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Farnes, cosmology involving negative mass

I came across a paper recently which seems to be getting a lot of popular press, and a student also emailed me to ask about it: -- Farnes, "A Unifying Theory of Dark Energy and Dark Matter: Negative ...
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Where do gravitational waves and general relativity coincide? [closed]

In the first ten seconds of this video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iphcyNWFD10) the host says that gravitational waves were the result of two black holes merging. That would seem like there is ...
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Couldn't we always redefine units so that inertial mass and gravitational mass are equal?

It is a known fact that inertial and gravitational masses are the same thing, and therefore are numerically equal. This is not an obvious thing, since there are even experiments trying to find a ...
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Why we can know what flavor the neutrino is created but not their mass? [duplicate]

All neutrino knows which of the 3 flavours they must be upon their creation, however their mass becomes uncertain... why is that? isn't mass supposed to tie to which ever flavours like for example an ...
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Do vibrations increase an object's mass or weight?

does a vibrating object recieve an increase of mass or weight? and if it does, at what frequency or intensity does it need to vibrate at, and what is the rate of increase? is there a formula for it? ...
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Mass versus rotation Curves

Is there an equation that describes the relationship between the mass of the Galaxy and rotation curve? I found V versus R graphs and equations that describe their relationship (kind of). But I ...
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Do the weights of two liquids not add when mixed?

I was given an interesting dilemma today. A co-worker saw me adding a liquid (Diisopropyl ethylamine AKA DIPEA) to a flask filled with another liquid (Tetrahydrofuran AKA THF). I needed to weigh out ...
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Can we weight dark matter?

We can observe the effect of light as it gets bended in the presence of dark matter, and I wonder how is it possible to measure their mass given that we can't see them and they don't interact with ...
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Is the barycenter always at the same position?

I am currently preoccupied with the Two Body Problem and I was wondering whether the barycenter, or center of mass, is a static point or if it is moving, and how to calculate its position.
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Relativistic Mass when Viewed from Different Frames of Reference

I understand relativistic mass and the equations underpinning it. My question deals with how to calculate relativistic mass when an object is viewed from different frames of reference. Consider a ...