Questions tagged [magnetic-moment]

The magnetic moment of a magnet is a quantity that determines the force that the magnet can exert on electric currents and the torque that a magnetic field will exert on it. A loop of electric current, a bar magnet, an electron, a molecule, and a planet all have magnetic moments.

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96 views

Does the magnetic anisotropy state only have two possible directions?

Wikipedia says "The magnetic moment of magnetically anisotropic materials will tend to align with an easy axis". Does this mean that it is completely impossible to orient the magnetic moment with any ...
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Lifetime of the magnetization of a ferromagnet

In a ferromagnetic material, there's spontaneous magnetisation, meaning in the absence of a $\mathbf{B}$ field $\mathbf{M}\neq 0.$ This means that there may be different domains in the sample where ...
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How is energy conserved in a series of magnets, progressively moving another magnet upwards?

Imagine a tall building with windows allinged one above the other, and a railway going from the bottom of the building to the top of the building (vertically), right where the windows are. Imagine ...
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Ferro and Ferri magnetism

On which factors do the magnetic susceptibility of these type of materials depend? Id assume ferromagnets in general have higher susceptibility than ferrimagnets but is this true in all cases? For ...
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744 views

Unknown magnetic moment of orthohydrogen

Conforming to present atomic physics, the two elementary particles in hydrogen atoms can have either parallel or antiparallel magnetic moments, and the energy differences between these two kinds of ...
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2k views

Why toroid has no magnetic pole?

Our teacher taught us about Gauss law of magnetism, $\phi_B=\oint_s{\small{}}\vec {B} .\vec {ds}=0$(being valid because magnetic field line form closed loop, right?) which denies the existence of ...
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What will happen to a permanent magnet if we keep the same magnetic poles of two magnets close together for a long time?

What will happen to permanent magnet's magnetic field or magnetic ability if we keep same magnetic poles of two permanent magnet for long time? Will any magnetic loss happen over the long period of ...
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Why does Earth behave like Natural Bar Magnet?

What is the reason for the Earth to behave like a bar magnet and have poles (North and South poles)?
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745 views

Magnetic dipole and magnetic moment

I don't quite understand the meaning of these terms. My physics book just gives the mathematical definition of magnetic moment as $\mu=Ia$, which means nothing to me. I know it has to do with torque. ...
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711 views

Total magnetic moment in an atom

I have a doubt regarding the calculation of total angular momentum of electron in an atom. Which is the right way to do it? Method 1: Total magnetic moment $$ \begin{align} \vec{\mu_J} &= \vec{...
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479 views

How the neutron magnetic moment was measured?

How was the neutron magnetic moment measured? Was the antineutron magnetic moment measured too?
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If electrons aren't revolving around the nucleus, why do atoms have orbital magnetic moment?

In most introductory textbooks, the explanation of orbital magnetic moment is based on Bohr's model and electrons orbiting around the nuclues, which can be modeled as a current loop. For example, here....
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Orientation of spontaneous magnetisation in cooling ferromagnet

I'm trying to understand the direction of magnetic moments in a ferromagnetic material after cooling down below it's Curie temperature. A permanent magnet of ferromagnetic material will loose it's ...
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613 views

Is the electron magnetic moment responsible for the Lorentz force?

My question about the sum of the electrons' magnetic moments in a wire(What is the sum of the electrons' magnetic moments in a wire?) had an answer which disappeared later. The answer was - if I ...
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Magnetic moment of uncharged particles

As we know that particles, only having charge, can have magnetic moment, then how particle like neutrino (having mass) can have magnetic moment? Don't bother about neutron because it has charge ...
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361 views

Torque on wire summarized with magnetic moment

The magnetic moment of a current-carrying wire loop $L$ is $$ \boldsymbol\mu = \frac I2\oint_L\mathbf{r} \times \mathrm{d}\mathbf{r} $$ so the torque it experiences under a uniform magnetic field $\...
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How does a spinning electron produce a magnetic field?

I learned in my undergraduate physics class that atoms have magnetic fields produced by the orbit of electrons and the spin of electrons. I understand how an orbit can induce a magnetic field because ...
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899 views

What is the physical significance of the Dipole Transformation of Maxwell's Equations?

The Question Given Maxwell's equations of the form \begin{align} \bar{\nabla}\times \bar{B} = \dfrac{4\pi}{c} \bar{J} + \partial_0 \bar{E} \\ \bar{\nabla}\times \bar{E} = -\partial_0 \bar{B} \\ \bar{...
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Force from solenoid

I'd like to approximate the force from a solenoid, or at the very least find a formula which is proportional to the force so that I can experimentally find the constant for my particular case. ...
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Electric motors and change in flux

"When a current passes through an electric motor, the magnetic force on the motor causes a torque on the loop of wire causing it to turn". However, when the loop rotates, there should also be a ...
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Ferromagnets and magnets tend to align in the center. Why is that?

When you bring a large iron plate and a magnet, the magnet attracts the iron plate and it tends to slide itself to the center. When I place it on the edge, it always aligns at the center why is that?
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Can (quantum) angular momentum $L$ be zero?

I am trying to calculate the orbital magnetic moment, $\bar{\mu}$, for Sodium, which has an electron configuration of $1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^1$. The full shells do not contribute to $\bar{L}$ and $\bar{S}$...
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What is the difference between diamagnetism and superconductivity?

Basically, What is the difference diamagnetism and superconductivity? As far as I understand, diamagnetism comes from the fact, that all electrons in a solid, when exerted by an external magnetic ...
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682 views

Contradicting forces on a circular loop under current in magnetic field?

I have the following general conceptual concern. Think of a thin conducting loop of radius $R$ placed in the $x$-$y$-plane at $z=0$. There is a homogeneous current density $\vec{j}$ running through ...
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160 views

Faradays law for a falling magnet

If experimentally it can be proven that the velocity of a falling magnet through a coil is proportional to the emf induced, has it also been proven that dB/dt is proportional to the emf induced and ...
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286 views

Curie temperature and magnetization?

If an ferromagnetic object is heated and reaches Tc the magnetization gradually drops as we get closer to Tc or it's a instant drop? Can I assume as I heat the object, the magnetization is weakening ...
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Determining the location of magnetic moments

The magnetic moment of a closed current loop is $$\mathbf{m} = \frac{I}{2}\int\mathbf{r}\times d\mathbf{r}.$$ Note that $\mathbf{m}$ is independent of any coordinate frame. How, then, does one ...
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How to calculate the magnetic dipole moment of a bar magnet?

I want to calculate the force between two magnets. In a previous Phys.SE question, I was told that I needed to use the dipole-dipole interaction, but that equation depends on $m$, the magnetic dipole ...
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does the current's direction on a loop with a magnetic field affect the torque?

I have a question in my book The question is very easy, but then my solutions manual gave me unexpected answers I don't get how in d) they conclude the vectors go in the opposite direction, but in b)...
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976 views

Is there energy stored when iron is magnetized?

When a piece of iron is magnetized, and the domains are aligned, Is there energy stored? If so, how much energy is stored? If there is an attraction between that same iron and the source of the ...
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Can I Demagnetize a ferromagnet with a hammer?

If an iron is exposed to an external magnetic field, the iron's domains are all aligned with that ext-B . If I strike it with a hammer, will it be demagnetized? Comparing it with heat, I know the Tc ...
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4k views

Will a ferromagnet retain its magnetic properties after reaching the curie point?

If a piece of iron or any kind of ferromagnet reaches its Tc, it will lose all it's magnetic properties, and will not be affected by an external magnetic field, if it drops back to room temperature or ...
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267 views

$E\times B$ drift of a single particle in vacuum with unifiorm $E$ and $B$

The force on a charged particle in electric field $E$ and magnetic field $B$ is given by: \begin{equation} m \dot{v} = q ( E + v \times B) \end{equation} Then, the $E \times B$ drift velocity $v_E$ ...
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Magnetic moment and other invariants of Lorentz System

It's a standard fact that the quantity $\mu = v_{\perp}^{2}/B$ is approximately conserved in the system $d_{t}\mathbf{v} = \gamma (\mathbf{v}\times\mathbf{B})$. The paper Magnetic Moment to Second ...
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What are correlated magnetic moments?

My book has the following sentence and I don't understand what correlation or lack of correlation means: At high temperature the magnetic moments of adjacent atoms are uncorrelated (to maximize ...
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Magnetic moment of electron

Since magnetic moment come from the circulation of charge, what is the origination of the electron's magnetic moment? Because spin of electron is not the classical spin of particle. Can we say that ...
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976 views

Magnetic moment precession around magnetic field

I have a question regarding the magnetic moment of an atom. If you just have one atom, and you apply an external magnetic field in lets say the z-direction. Then the magnetic moment will precess ...
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548 views

Sliding force less or equal?

Why is the force required to slide a magnet off a steel plate A LOT less than the force required to directly pull it off? The force required to pull the magnet can be: 20lb While the force required ...
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How to derive magnetic moment for integrated circuit level?

Imagine we have a circuit on the xy-plane, with a random geometry (it just need to be closed). I want to calculate the magnetic moment of this setup: $$\vec{m} = \frac{1}{2} \int_V d^3 x' \vec{x}' \...
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Field At Magnetic Dipole

Suppose I have a pure magnetic dipole $\mathbf{\vec m} = m\hat z$ located at the origin. What is the magnitude of the field $|\vec B|$ as $r\to 0$? In other words, what is $\lim_{r\to 0}\frac{\hat{r}\...
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Why are the magnetic moment and the angular moment related?

Why are the magnetic moment and the angular moment related? I've always read everywhere that they are related but found nowhere a satisfactory explanation of the cause
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What is the magnetic quadrupole operator?

To find magnetic or electrical moments in quantum theory we must calculate the expectation value of an appropriate operator. The dipole operators are similar and are easy to find but I couldn't find ...
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In what direction does a frustrated magnetic moment get aligned?

Consider 3 layers of Ferromagnetic materials stacked on top of each other with appropriate spacer layers in between. Let the top and bottom layers be pinned to layers of Anti Ferromagnets adjacent to ...
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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Conceptual Questions

Let $M$ be the magnetic moment of a system. Below are the Bloch equations, including the relaxation terms. $$\frac{\partial M_x}{\partial t}=({\bf M} \times \gamma {\bf H_0})_x-\frac{M_x}{T_2} $$ $$...
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What name would you give to the method of approximating an arbitrary magnet with many smaller dipoles?

Let's say I had an arbitrarily shaped permanent magnet, with total magnetic moment $M_{0}$. Ways to calculate the magnetic field of this magnet include an analytic solution (if one exists), as well ...
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Why don't alpha particles have magnetic moments?

As I understand, particles such as the neutron, whilst having no external charge still possess a magnetic moment due to the underlying charges of its components. By that logic why does the alpha ...
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351 views

Force on a bar magnet

A bar magnet is freely falling vertically inside a conducting ring placed in horizontal plane. Will it fall with an acceleration equal to g, less than g or greater than g?
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What is the Landé g factor?

What is the Landé g factor? I know that it gives the relation between magnetic moment and angular moment, but i wanted to know why are those magnitudes related to each other and why is the magnetic ...
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What's the difference between exchange spin wave and magnetostatic spin wave?

So far I've heard of three kinds of spin waves Magnetostatic spin waves (MSW) Dipole-exchange spin waves (DESW) Exchange spin waves (ESW) What's the difference?
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Is it possible to create only a magnetic wave?

I want to know if its possible to create only a magnetic field,which i can direct to a certain chosen object?