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Questions tagged [magnetic-moment]

The magnetic moment of a magnet is a quantity that determines the force that the magnet can exert on electric currents and the torque that a magnetic field will exert on it. A loop of electric current, a bar magnet, an electron, a molecule, and a planet all have magnetic moments.

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Can magnetic fields be redirected and focused at one point?

I know that magnetic fields can be redirected, but... given a situation where you have static magnetic field over a large area, and you want to quickly change the magnetic field strength. Is it ...
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What is the electric field generated by a spinning magnet?

Consider a cylinder of permanently magnetized material, with uniform magnetization pointing along the cylindrical symmetry axis (the $z$-direction). The magnet is rotating about its cylindrical ...
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The magnetic moment of a particle (and a neutrino)

Is the magnetic moment of a particle an intrinsic property or is there a formula to find it? What is its source? Is there a formula or a general explanation that can account for the $\mu$ of known ...
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Relation between magnetic moment and angular momentum — classic theory

How do I prove the relation between the vectors of magnetic moment $\vec\mu$ and angular momentum $\vec L$, $$\vec\mu=\gamma\vec L$$ ? Many text books and lecture notes about the principles of ...
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What is the physical significance of the Dipole Transformation of Maxwell's Equations?

The Question Given Maxwell's equations of the form \begin{align} \bar{\nabla}\times \bar{B} = \dfrac{4\pi}{c} \bar{J} + \partial_0 \bar{E} \\ \bar{\nabla}\times \bar{E} = -\partial_0 \bar{B} \\ \bar{...
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The Einstein–de Haas effect on a ferromagnetic coil which generates the external magnetic field

The Einstein–de Haas effect, if I understand it correctly, demonstrates a deep relationship between the intrinsic angular momentum (spin) and the magnetic moment of a particle; For this reason when a ...
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What does the magnetic moment of a quantum particle depend on?

Every magnetic object has a magnetic moment. From electrons to molecules, to even planets. But my question is, what determines the magnitude of a magnetic moment a quantum object has? Does the ...
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How do magnets work?

I've read a classbook on the field theory (including EM): it perfectly describes quantitive patterns in EM-theory, but I have no luck understanding how and why it works. I mean, magnetic substances ...
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How does a spinning electron produce a magnetic field?

I learned in my undergraduate physics class that atoms have magnetic fields produced by the orbit of electrons and the spin of electrons. I understand how an orbit can induce a magnetic field because ...
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Why does Earth behave like Natural Bar Magnet?

What is the reason for the Earth to behave like a bar magnet and have poles (North and South poles)?
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Particle with spin in uniform magnetic field

In the text "Introduction to Quantum Mechanics" by Griffiths the following is stated: The magnetic dipole moment $\vec{\mu}$ is proportional to its spin angular momentum $\vec{S}$: $$\vec{\mu} = \...
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Isn't the spin only a synonym for the existence of a magnetic dipole moment and its direction?

For this question What does the magnetic moment of a quantum particle depend on? was given such statement: The magnetic moment of ... an electron, is intrinsic, and related to spin. Isn't the ...
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Is it possible to create only a magnetic wave?

I want to know if its possible to create only a magnetic field,which i can direct to a certain chosen object?
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Permanent Magnet Lines & Currents:

A permanent magnet produces lines of magnet flux that we call a "magnetic field". Those lines come from inside the magnet, come out of the N pole, loop outside the magnet, & return back into the ...
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Why don't alpha particles have magnetic moments?

As I understand, particles such as the neutron, whilst having no external charge still possess a magnetic moment due to the underlying charges of its components. By that logic why does the alpha ...
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1answer
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Relationship Between Magnetic Dipole Moment and Spin Angular Momentum

I am reading Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 1st edition by David J. Griffiths and I have a couple questions about this section on page 160. A spinning charged particle constitutes a magnetic ...
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1answer
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$E\times B$ drift of a single particle in vacuum with unifiorm $E$ and $B$

The force on a charged particle in electric field $E$ and magnetic field $B$ is given by: \begin{equation} m \dot{v} = q ( E + v \times B) \end{equation} Then, the $E \times B$ drift velocity $v_E$ ...
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1answer
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How are these “supplementary” or “satellite” Helmholtz coils used?

Three mutually orthogonal pairs of Helmholtz coils can be used to produce a fairly uniform magnetic field of arbitrary direction within a certain volume, and/or to null/cancel an external field (e.g. ...
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How can neutrinos have a magnetic moment in spite of being neutral and elementary?

How can neutrinos have a magnetic moment in spite of being elementary (as opposed to a neutron) and electrically neutral (as opposed to a proton)? How can it even be defined, and measured?
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1answer
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When does $\nabla \times B =0$?

In my lab, I use electromagnets to apply a magnetic gradient force to lots of very small (superparamagnetic) nanoparticles embedded in an elastic medium. I believe that these can be treated as ...
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2answers
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Special relativity constrains massless electric dipoles, but not massless magnetic dipoles?

Discussion in comments on the two questions linked below leaves me confused about the following point. We expect a magnetic or electric dipole to make a field that has some universal transformation ...
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3answers
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Is there energy stored when iron is magnetized?

When a piece of iron is magnetized, and the domains are aligned, Is there energy stored? If so, how much energy is stored? If there is an attraction between that same iron and the source of the ...
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1answer
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Time-evolution of a spin-1 particle in a magnetic field

A spin-1 particle with charge $q$ and magnetic moment $\vec{\mu}=\frac{gq}{2mc}\vec{S}$ is situated in a magnetic field $B=B_0\vec{z}$. At $t=0$ the particle is found in an eigenstate $\hat{S}_y$ with ...
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Inductive sensor - How does it work?

I can't understand how the system sketched here physically works: 4 = permanent magnet, with residual magnetization $B_r$ 6 = ferromagnetic core with a coil around it 7 = ferromagnetic toothed ...
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1answer
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Construction of constant angular velocity DC motors

In a generic DC motor model as given below, The armature is always experiencing a torque, although, varying with the angle, but how does the motor mange to achieve approximately constant angular ...
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Magnetic moment of an iron-core solenoid

I'm currently developing a Simulink model for the attitude control system (ACS) of an undergrad-developed CubeSat. The ACS uses magnetorquers for attitude actuation. The magnetorquers are iron-nickel ...
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1answer
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Increasing Eddy current induced within surface by attaching a magnet on surface

Magnets are commonly used in magnetic exercise bikes as brakes for increasing resistance: where the black wheel is a piece of cast iron. I was wondering if (significantly) more eddy currents would be ...
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1answer
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Confusion regarding torque given by M×B

The magnetic torque acting on a loop of magnetic moment M placed in a magnetic field B, is given by τ=M×B. My question is, about which axis does this give the torque about? Is it the instantaneous ...
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2answers
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Is the electron magnetic moment responsible for the Lorentz force?

My question about the sum of the electrons' magnetic moments in a wire(What is the sum of the electrons' magnetic moments in a wire?) had an answer which disappeared later. The answer was - if I ...
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3answers
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How to demagnetize a magnet temporarily?

How to demagnetize a magnet temporarily? Is it possible making a permanent magnet demagnetize for a short span of time? Or at least long time but temporarily!
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1answer
114 views

Are the electrons spin and his magnetic dipole moment unambiguously connected?

Is the angle between the spin orientation and the magnetic dipole orientation for all electrons and under all circumstances the same?
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457 views

Internal magnetic field of dipole and bar magnet

I am approximating the magnetic field of a cylindrical permanent magnet using two fictitious magnetic monopoles with separation (magnetic length) of 2L. This model is analogous to an electric dipole, ...