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Questions tagged [interference]

Interference describes different waves superposing to form a resultant wave of greater, lower, or the same amplitude. Normally, it involves interaction of waves that are correlated (coherent) with each other, either because they come from the same source, or because they have the same or nearly the same frequency. Interference effects can be observed with all types of waves, e.g., light, radio, acoustic, surface, or matter waves.

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Why does light show a no interference result?

I was reading the first chapter in the Feynman lectures volume 3 about quantum mechanics and I understand the concept that 'interference' means $P_{12}=P_1+P_2$ as expected, however when the electron ...
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Bubble optics, impact

My 8 years old daughter was blowing soap bubbles. Most of the bubbles had color. She randomly choses a bubble with colors and lands it on the wand. Instantly it's color is gone. If she blows this ...
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“Partial” Total Internal Reflection

Can partial TIR happen? Consider the image present in this link Here, at point D, TIR happens, but also there is transmission. Is "total" internal reflection a misnomer?
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Confusion regarding path difference by glass lab in YDSE

If in a YDSE experiment the setup is immersed in a medium $n_{med}$, and a glass slab of thickness t of another medium $n_{glass}$ is introduced in front of one slit, then is the path difference due ...
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Total intensity of fiber modes

Is it correct to write the output intensity of a multimode fiber resonator as the linear sum of the intensity of the individual modes? The complex amplitude transmission of a fiber resonator can be ...
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Air wedge interferometer (Fringe separation)

From Hecht optics, From the setup, $ \alpha = \frac {d}{x}$ $--> d = x \alpha$ $d$ is the varying thickness of the air wedge The condition for constructive interference, $ ( m + \frac {1}{2} ) \...
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How can a double slit interference pattern be created without out going through a double slit

When I create a double slit in a mirror by removing the paint and silver I get a beautiful interference pattern. What’s interesting to me is that I get one in the opposite direction too. What has me ...
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Fringes of equal inclination (Haidinger fringes) Why is the interference pattern circular?

From Hecht optics 5th edition: It says 'With an extended source, the symmetry of the setup requires that the interference pattern consists of a series of concentric circular bands centered on the ...
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What kind of light coherence is required for an image

If 1- Optically speaking, an image point (or pixel) is a light interference pattern 2- interference patterns require phase coherence then 3- the source of the image point must emit coherent light ...
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Physics Young's Double Slit Problem

In a Young's Double Slit experiment, the separation of four bright fringes is $2.5\ mm$, the wavelength of light used is $6.2 \cdot 10^{-7}\ m$. If the distance from the slits to the screen is $80\ cm$...
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Possible to change optical properties of tissue?

I am looking at an optical coherence tomography scheme which is based on a michelson interferometer. The basic idea is that a laser beam is split by a beamsplitter, half of which goes into some tissue ...
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Time-of-flight vs. which-path information for single photon interference

I wonder how different path length and therefore different times required for each path lead to interference. Wouldn't it be in principle be possible to tell which path was taken by looking carefully ...
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Why oil films still have color when illuminated by an incoherent source (sun) at oblique incidence

I understand how coherent light can produce interference patterns with a thin oil film. However the sun is a spatially incoherent light source. How can it be that at oblique incidence I still see ...
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How can I focus a laser in the gap between two slits?

I’m trying to focus a green laser in between two slits. The slit width is 0.2mm and gap between the slits is also 0.2mm. I measured the laser’s minimum spot size. It’s elliptical with major and minor ...
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Young's Double Slit, phase difference and path difference

To produce an interference pattern, the light sources must be coherent right? Coherent by definition means constant phase difference between waves of the same frequency so that means waves can be ...
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Why is a point source required for observing perfect double slit interference?

What would happen with a non-point but coherent source (some kind of ideal flashlight which produces perfectly coherent light for example)?
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To calculate the transmission through a thin film interference structure in multi-layer coating to infinite reflections need to be taken into account?

For a two layer structure shown below I was thinking about the transmission and reflection of light at each interface. As I consider this more and more it seems like there is an infinite number of ...
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Why waves in superposition pass through each other without interference in same medium?

Wave can interact constructively (add up) or destructively (cancel) but how about when they are in a superposition state why is there no interference when they meet up in same medium? Imagine 2 pulses ...
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Why do the two slits of a double slit experiment not make light coherent and create an interference pattern if monochromatic light is passed through? [duplicate]

If a narrow slit makes monochromatic light coherent, why is light required to pass through the single slit before the double slits in Young's experiment? Wouldn't the double slits individually make ...
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White light interference pattern in Newton rings and Fabry-Perot interferometer

I've read that it is possible to obtain Newton rings with white light, seing various rings of different colors, ordered by wavelength. However, in the case of the Fabry-Perot interferometer, it's not ...
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Destructive interference of light and destroying energy?

I've had a hard time with destructive interference of light, and the possibility of destroying energy. I've read countless articles here and elsewhere, leaving me with the answer of something to the ...
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Double slit diffraction

In the intensity pattern of double slit there are two terms one for single slit diffraction $\sin^2a/a^2$ and another is double slit interference $\cos^2b$.In the intensity pattern of double slit ...
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Proof of interference fringes take the same shape as the shape of the film? [closed]

(First of all I should mention time talking about interference between two reflecting rays thinking e.g. Newton's rings.) Studying wave optics I have found that at the fringes take the same shape as ...
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Why gravitational wave stretches on $x$-axis would necessarily compress on the $y$-axis?

I read gravitational wave is a traverse wave, usually produced by inspiraling neutron stars or black holes, and laser interferometer such as LIGO is commonly used to detect them, since the setup of ...
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What frequency range can be tolerated with Young's fringes? (Problem 9.4, Brooker, Modern Optics)

I am having problems with part 2 but provided part 1 for context - I believe I have part 1 correct but could be mistaken. Let a Young-slits apparatus have slits separated by d. Let the incoming light ...
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What is the reason behind diffraction of light?

What is the actual reason behind diffraction of light? I want to know how is the phenomenon diffraction explained theoretically in physics (best if the discussion limits itself to classical physics). ...
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Dimensions of Faraday shielding mesh

Why should the spacings of the wires that constitute a Faraday cage be smaller than the wavelength of the radiation we wish to prevent from penenetrating inside the cage?
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Unable to get interference from milk using Time domain OCT (Michelson Morley interferometer) approach

I was able to construct time domain Optical coherence tomography based on Michelson Morley interferometer using a LED. While testing the interferometer, I used glass slide, layers of scotch tape. I ...
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Refraction of light with destructive interference

The wavelength of light determines it's refraction in a prism. But, what if two beams of light destructively interfere as they pass through a small prism, so there is no apparent wave or wavelength ...
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Interference using composite lens

I encountered a question while attempting an exam. I cannot really understand how to go about it. It is clear that the concave part forms the image at a distance $3 \lambda /2$ behind the lens, and ...
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Are photons blinking? [closed]

Is a photon passing through a point in space blinking relative to that point? If the photon for some reason destructively interfere with it self at that point, what happen to it? is it off or ...
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Newton's rings. Interference by division of amplitude

We all know that in wedge shaped film fringes are equally spaced.Being a wedge shaped film Why does the fringe width decrease as order increase in Newton`s ring ?
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What does the interferogram in Michelson interferometer mean about the topology of the specimen?

I'm want to know how can I evaluate the surface of a fibre by using the interferometer of Michelson. The object beam in this method is reflected from the object and combined with the reference beam to ...
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A confusion regarding the single slit interference

So I came across the single slit interference in which a parallel beam of light is passed through narrow slit as shown in figure below. (I made only 3 rays in figure for simplicity there are actually ...
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Theoretically, if I swish a laser back and forth fast enough/at the right frequency on a distant surface, will I get an interference pattern?

Just curious. I’m kinda stumped and am interested in how one would go about visualizing/calculating this.
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Anti-reflection thin films

When you put an anti-reflective thin film on a lens of sunglasses for example, how do they account for all of the wavelengths within the visible spectrum? In order to counter reflection, you would ...
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Can this be considered the Newton's rings?

It can be made by pointing a laser pointer directly to a mirror at low angle and observing the reflection behind the laser pointer. No convex or concave lens needed unlike the Newton's ring experiment ...
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Why are displacements added algebraically during interference of waves , why not vectorially?

In the diagram (A) , the individual waves are crossing at an angle to each other , so the dispacemnt of the particle at their intersection must have an angle between them , and that must involve ...
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Query about the Michelson interferometer

Say I am cycling past a Michelson interferometer set up. Someone at rest with the experiment will see both beams travelling a distance $L_0$ and hence conclude that $T_{AB}=T_{AC}=\frac{2L_0}{c}$. ...
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Difference between haidager fringes and Newton rings?

What's the difference between a Haidinger fringe and Newton's Ring? I know visually, the central fringe of a Newton ring is dark, whereas the central Haidinger fringe is bright, but what's the ...
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How to find the fringe width of an interference pattern created by a spherical and a plane wave?

If we have two equations of a spherical and a plane wave (given that the plane wave is propagating along the $z$ direction), how do we find the fringe width of the interference pattern that would be ...
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plane vs diverging waves michelson itnerferometer

I'm wondering if there's a difference in the interference pattern achieved in the michelson interferometer if the source of light is sending plane waves vs sending diverging waves (for example by ...
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Is there an interference pattern formed on the computer screen? [duplicate]

How could explain the the fringes going on the screen? Is it all happening on the camera? Why is it bending as-well? ?
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Calculating total number of fringes in Young's Double Slit Experiment

I know that the $n^{th}$ order maxima can be given by $\frac{n\lambda D}{d}$. But theoretically n can go up to infinity and the intensity will go down. However, is there any way to approximate the ...
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How wide does a door have to be for a cat running through it to interfere with itself? [closed]

A cat runs through a door. Assuming h = 1 J s, mass of the cat is 1 kg, and the velocity of the cat is 1 m/s. Assume the cat is a quantum particle. How wide does this door have to be for the cat to ...
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In the double-slit experiment, why don't slits destroy interference pattern?

In the double-slit experiment with electrons, if a detector is placed in one of the paths to show where the electron is passing, the wave nature of the particle is lost and you have no interference. ...
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Magnetic field in double slit experiment using electron beams

Say I have an experimental setup like this for a double slit experiment using an electron beam instead of light. There is a magnetic field coming out from the plane of paper. So will we get an ...
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How does Destructive Interference redistribute energy?

I have tried looking at the many other questions on a similar topic, however, they don't provide a definitive answer to my question. What I managed to gather so far, is that if a light wave is super ...
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Fringe pattern in Michelson interferometer

It's given that CA - CB is d, the angle CAE is $\theta$. (E is not on the normal of mirror M1). I want to find the condition for maxima at E (as a function of $\theta$). I tried finding the path ...
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Single slit diffraction: Why aren't the interference patterns circles?

A picture of the single slit experiment We were all showed this pictures when started learning about the experiment. I assumed the picture was just a simplified 2D model from the 3D world, and to ...