# Questions tagged [intensity]

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### What determines how much power goes into each diffraction order?

Imagine a grating with infinite number of slits, and the spacing D between slits is larger than the wavelength so that there are high order diffractions. In each of the diffraction directions the ...
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### Below what threshold of intensity can a ray of light be considered absorbed?

Say I have a beam of light of intensity I. I'm modeling its traversal through a medium which absorbs light. As it travels, I reduce its strength by a certain specified factor. Below what intensity ...
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### Energy density and specific intensity

How to derive this energy density from Maxwell's equations and where does the expression for specific intensity come from? I compute a isotropic scatter and I don't know where to get these two ...
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### How strong are Wi-Fi signals?

My family members dislike the idea of having many devices communicating wirelessly in our house, arguing that the signals have negative effects on our physical health. I would like to tell them the ...
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### Intensity of superimposed waves at the michelson inferometer

The Problem is about the Michelson Inferometer described by the picture below Let the Beam Splitter be one, who reflects half of the intensity and transmits the other half of it. Furthermore assume ...
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### Quantum description of intensity measurement

The traditional way to formulate the measurement of the intensity in an optical field is by using the number operator $$\hat{n} = a^{\dagger} a .$$ In effect one can say that the intensity, which is ...
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### How to use Malus's law to get real output energy from a polarizer

As we know, the Malus's law is: $I=I_0\cos^2\theta$ Presently, I have a polarizer system (one half wave plate in front of a polarizer) in the lab, and have a powermeter. So, I can get two key ...
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### What is the relation between Reflectance and Intensity?

I am just reviewing Fresnel's equations where Reflectance $R$ is equal to $$R=|r|^2$$ where $r$ is the complex reflection coefficient. Is there an equation that relates $R$ to intensity or is there ...
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### Calculating intensity from Debye formula for Iron

Following is the question I am trying to answer: and this is what I have done so far: Any idea how I can progress from here? I think plotting a graph of intensity against |K| or 2*theta is the way ...
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### What does 'per unit frequency' refer to?

We were discussing Kirchoff's theorem on blackbody radiation in class today and the equation was: $$e_{f}= J(f,T)$$ $e_f$ was defined as power per unit area per unit frequency. What does per unit ...
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### The meaning of the area in the intensity equation $I = P/A$

I am a bit confused on what the area A means in the equation for intensity. I know that the area here uses the surface area of the sphere equation and the book I use says that A is the area of the ...
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### Electric Field Intensity

The electric field intensity everywhere is $E=E_0-j$ (y-direction) in vacuum (say $E_0=5$). if you have an infinite-perfect conductor starting at the $x \geq 4$ plane and $x < 4$ is vacuum. What ...
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### How to explain the relationship between wave's amplitude and intensity?

I have the following statement which I don't know how to explain: Suppose I have 2 identical monochromatic waves (same intensity and phase) shooting into the same receiver. If each wave's intensity ...
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### Power and intensity of a sound wave

So in the case of a point source of a sound wave in a sphere, I'm wondering why the Intensity decreases with $r^2$ because if i setup the formula the Power always increases with $r^2$. So these two ...
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### Is this the correct interpretation of specific intensity?

I've always been taught to define specific intensity as the following quantity: if I have a detector here next to me with an area element $dA$ and I detect a power element $dP$ from a source of solid ...
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### Brightness of colors

I have 1W lights, red and green. If I turn the red light full power I get 1W red light, if I turn green light full power, I get 1W green. If I want to mix the lights and get yellow light, which has ...
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### Are / Why are the H II regions positively charged?

One of the questions in our recent astrophysics course homework was to find the general opacity $\kappa$ of H II regions. We know that the H II regions are almost entirely ionized hydrogen and I ...
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### How can I quantitatively compare the average sound intensity of two different audio clips? [closed]

Let's say I have two different sound clips of two different people snoring. The intensity of the audio in both clips will be fluctuating throughout and peak when the person is inhaling. Is there an ...
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### How do polarized sunglasses reduce glare?

How do polarized sunglasses reduce intensity? When unpolarized sunlight enters our eyes through linearly polarized sunglasses the intensity is reduced. How can I understand it from the expression of ...
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### What is the formula for the intensity of light, and how are amplitude, frequency and number of photons considered?

One formula for light intensity is$$I = \frac{nfh}{At} \,,$$where: $n$ is the number of photons; $h$ is Planck's constant; $f$ is the frequency; $A$ is the incident area; $t$ is time. Another ...
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### “Intensity” as a unified term

I am seriously having trouble with the word “intensity”. Does it have different meanings when it is placed next to another word (light intensity for example) or does it always mean the same (power/...
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### Relationship between intensity and electron emission from a metal?

Here's the question: A xenon arc lamp is covered with an interference filter that only transmits light of 400- nm wavelength. When the transmitted light strikes a metal surface, a stream of electrons ...
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### Quadratic relationship between amount of light and intensity

In a spectroscopy experiment, we were able to control the amount of light shining onto a sample by adjusting two small slits. By investigating the relationship between slit width and the intensity of ...
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### Photon energy and power

My question has to do with the solar spectrum. I understand sunlight is composed of light of different wavelegnths, and these wavelegnths have different energies associated with them. I also ...
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### How much information can be yanked out of an XRD Graph?

I have an XRD Graph(plotted data peaks between 2theta and intensity).I already Know the d-value corresponding to each peak.The material has an orthorhombic symmetry.What more information can I ...
I have an acoustic wave with amplitude $A$ in ice. It passes a water-filled crevasse, and I want to calculate the impact of this passage on the magnitude of the amplitude (I do not care for the phase)...