Questions tagged [intensity]

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66
votes
3answers
6k views

How strong are Wi-Fi signals?

My family members dislike the idea of having many devices communicating wirelessly in our house, arguing that the signals have negative effects on our physical health. I would like to tell them the ...
16
votes
6answers
4k views

What does it mean to make a sound twice as loud? [duplicate]

Giancoli Textbook question: To make a given sound twice as loud, how should a musician change the intensity of the sound? The given answer is: "Increase the intensity by a factor of 10." I don't ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

Does light intensity oscillate really fast since it is a wave?

If you shine light on a wall, what will be seen is a "patch" with constant intensity. However, if light is viewed as a wave, then it is oscillations of the electromagnetic field changing from 0 to the ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do we use decibels instead of just using intensity to measure how loud things are?

In my physics book, it says that in the human ear, the sensation of loudness is approximately logarithmic. And that the relative sound intensity is directly proportional to a logarithmic ratio ...
6
votes
2answers
15k views

Exact relationship between electric field and intensity

I often see $I(t)\propto |E(t)|^2$. What is the exact form ? Which constants are missing to make this an equality and why are they so often omitted ?
4
votes
4answers
24k views

How much lux does the Sun emit?

I want to know how much lux the sun emits on a bright day - I don't mean when one stares directly at the sun, but rather when one walks casually outside when the sun is shinning brightly. Now the ...
4
votes
3answers
171 views

Energy conservation in the combination of two coherent beams

I was asked a question today by a student that I couldn't find a satisfactory answer to. Imagine we have two identical laser beams with average electric field strength $E$. Upon combining these beams ...
4
votes
2answers
660 views

Light Intensity vs Visibility/Brightness?

I am curious about something that doesn't seem to be pointed out very much. This is the double-slit intensity pattern as a graph: This is what you're supposed to see in real-life: If you look at ...
4
votes
3answers
262 views

How to explain the relationship between wave's amplitude and intensity?

I have the following statement which I don't know how to explain: Suppose I have 2 identical monochromatic waves (same intensity and phase) shooting into the same receiver. If each wave's intensity ...
3
votes
2answers
188 views

Are there experiments that deal with the headlight effect?

If I am not mistaken, the Ives-Stilwell experiment measures the frequency of emitted light to test the relativistic doppler formula. Is there anything like this for light intensity? Have we measured ...
3
votes
1answer
10k views

Relation between intensity of light and amplitude of electric field?

A question in my textbook involve finding the electric field amplitude at a point in space given the intensity of light. It uses the following equation to solve it: - $I=\frac{1}{2}\epsilon_{0}|E_{...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How do polarized sunglasses reduce glare?

How do polarized sunglasses reduce intensity? When unpolarized sunlight enters our eyes through linearly polarized sunglasses the intensity is reduced. How can I understand it from the expression of ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Intensity at $\theta = 0$ in slit diffraction

From the explanation on diffraction at http://web.mit.edu/viz/EM/visualizations/coursenotes/modules/guide14.pdf $$I = I_0\left [ \frac{\sin(\beta/2)}{\beta/2} \right ]^2=I_0\left [ \frac{\sin(\pi a \...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Brightness of colors

I have 1W lights, red and green. If I turn the red light full power I get 1W red light, if I turn green light full power, I get 1W green. If I want to mix the lights and get yellow light, which has ...
2
votes
1answer
443 views

Maximum light intensity?

From what I had learned and observed, every image (light per certain area,let it be cm^2 here) can be projected onto a small or large area without any natural obstruction from intensity. So, if light ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Are / Why are the H II regions positively charged?

One of the questions in our recent astrophysics course homework was to find the general opacity $\kappa$ of H II regions. We know that the H II regions are almost entirely ionized hydrogen and I ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Photoelectric effect - the reason for exponential graphs and a misconception about the concept of intensity

We have this basic PASCO Photoelectric Effect equipment in our lab and there are two things I would like to ask about the experiment. We keep either the area apertures or wavelength filters fixed and ...
2
votes
0answers
230 views

What does the Interferogram of a FTIR-spectrometer show ? Is it instantenous intensity vs time or time averaged intensity vs time?

I try to get a clear understanding of FTIR spectroscopy and it is unclear to me what exactly the interferogram shows. I know that we see the intensity of the superpositioned beams where we vary the ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

What determines how much power goes into each diffraction order?

Imagine a grating with infinite number of slits, and the spacing D between slits is larger than the wavelength so that there are high order diffractions. In each of the diffraction directions the ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Does the intensity of LED lights decrease after turning on?

LED lights come on immediately the power is supplied. This is different to the older compact fluorescent-tube lights. I am always impressed by the brightness of the LED lights when they come on. Later ...
1
vote
2answers
901 views

What does “intensity of light” mean?

In this lecture from MIT, the professor defines the intensity of a wave as the square of the amplitude of the wave. But, at the same time, the professor defines the intensity of light as the number of ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

What is the formula for the intensity of light, and how are amplitude, frequency and number of photons considered?

One formula for light intensity is$$ I = \frac{nfh}{At} \,,$$where: $n$ is the number of photons; $h$ is Planck's constant; $f$ is the frequency; $A$ is the incident area; $t$ is time. Another ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

Meaning of “intensity” in the optical Kerr effect in optical quantum computation

Kerr media, or mediums displaying the optical Kerr effect, are used in some optical quantum computers - on Chuang and Nielsen's Quantum Computing and Quantum Information, pgs. 289 - 290, it says, ...
1
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1answer
94 views

why does the intensity of light does not vary with time in youngs double slit experiment

[ we can see that resultant electric field at a point p is given $E=E0\sin(kx-\omega t+\epsilon)$[equation highlighed with yellow color] as the resultant field varies with time, why not ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Acoustic amplitude transmission through multi layer medium

I have an acoustic wave with amplitude $A$ in ice. It passes a water-filled crevasse, and I want to calculate the impact of this passage on the magnitude of the amplitude (I do not care for the phase)...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Characteristics of light [closed]

if Monochromatic rays of some intensity fall on a metal plate placed on a rough horizontal surface at certain angle. Will the plate move if the plate is perfectly reflecting irrespective of the value ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Inverse Square relationship using paint problem confusion

I want to ask a question about the inverse square relationship using an aerosol paint spray mentioned in my book. I am reading the book Advanced Physics by Steve Adams, and it mentions this in the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Compton Effect (graph between relative intensity and wavelength)

Why is the peak of the graph more for greater wavelengths? Since wavelength is inversely proportional to energy and relative intensity, shouldn't the peak for greater wavelength be lesser? Please ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Electric Field Intensity

The electric field intensity everywhere is $E=E_0-j$ (y-direction) in vacuum (say $E_0=5$). if you have an infinite-perfect conductor starting at the $x \geq 4$ plane and $x < 4$ is vacuum. What ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Is this the correct interpretation of specific intensity?

I've always been taught to define specific intensity as the following quantity: if I have a detector here next to me with an area element $dA$ and I detect a power element $dP$ from a source of solid ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Derivation of scattering coefficient as a function of number density of scatterers

I'm trying to derive the usual formula for intensity of light passing through scattering medium: $$I=I_0\exp(-\alpha x),$$ where $\alpha$ is the scattering coefficient (assuming it's constant), and $...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Quadratic relationship between amount of light and intensity

In a spectroscopy experiment, we were able to control the amount of light shining onto a sample by adjusting two small slits. By investigating the relationship between slit width and the intensity of ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Light wavelengths and intensity at 10 m depth in coastal water

I’m planning an experiment in tanks under controlled conditions in which we’ll collect marine animals and observe their behaviours. We want to replicate to the best the light that they receive under ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How can you measure stopping potential and how is it independent of intensity in the photoelectric effect?

I have learned that stopping potential is the voltage at which the current becomes zero. I also learned that the stopping potential is independent of intensity. Knowing both the stopping voltage and ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

What does 'per unit frequency' refer to?

We were discussing Kirchoff's theorem on blackbody radiation in class today and the equation was: $$e_{f}= J(f,T)$$ $e_f$ was defined as power per unit area per unit frequency. What does per unit ...
0
votes
3answers
355 views

What does K means in The Inverse Square Law? [closed]

Today in class i have learned the inverse square law and i was given the equation $I=K/d^2$ for some constant K. What does K really means?? I know that it is a constant but how can you get K or where?
0
votes
1answer
347 views

Inverse square law - brightness and distance [closed]

I am working on a lab report wherein I am given a bunch of readouts from an experiment that measures the brightness (lux) of light at set distances (cm). When I apply the inverse square law, $$\frac{...
0
votes
3answers
158 views

How is energy conserved during simultaneous refraction and reflection of light?

My question is regarding the partial reflection and refraction of light when incident on a refracting surface. Here, the energy of Incident Ray is E=hv of Reflected Ray is E=hv and that of Refracted ...
0
votes
1answer
731 views

Does a circular surface water wave decrease by 2$\pi$r?

Does the energy of a wave in water decrease by (2$\pi$)r? If that is right, why do we see waves at a considerable distance of almost same intensity of the near ones?
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Power and intensity of a sound wave

So in the case of a point source of a sound wave in a sphere, I'm wondering why the Intensity decreases with $r^2$ because if i setup the formula the Power always increases with $r^2$. So these two ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How can I quantitatively compare the average sound intensity of two different audio clips? [closed]

Let's say I have two different sound clips of two different people snoring. The intensity of the audio in both clips will be fluctuating throughout and peak when the person is inhaling. Is there an ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Reflection coefficient derivation

from fresnel equations we have $$r_{parallel}=\frac{n_1\cos\theta_i-n_2\cos\theta_r}{n_1\cos\theta_i+n_2\cos\theta_r}$$ $$r_{perpendicular}=\frac{n_2\cos\theta_i-n_1\cos\theta_r}{n_1\cos\theta_i+n_2\...
0
votes
2answers
312 views

A Question About Brewster's Law

In most textbooks I read, they state that when the angle of reflection + angle of refraction = 90, there is maximum polarization. What I don't understand is what maximum polarization means. Does it ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Noise level x amount of meters away from an outdoor singer: sphere or semi-sphere?

When computing the noise level x amount of meters away from a singer who is singing outdoors, should one rely on the standard formula $I=\frac{P}{4πr^2}$ (and then convert 'I' into decibels) or ...
0
votes
4answers
266 views

Relationship between intensity and electron emission from a metal?

Here's the question: A xenon arc lamp is covered with an interference filter that only transmits light of 400- nm wavelength. When the transmitted light strikes a metal surface, a stream of electrons ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

What happens to the diffraction pattern when the width of a single slit is increased?

https://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/wave-interference According to the simulation in the above link if the width of the slit is sufficiently increased then the intensity of the central point ...
0
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0answers
7 views

Calculating intensity from Debye formula for Iron

Following is the question I am trying to answer: and this is what I have done so far: Any idea how I can progress from here? I think plotting a graph of intensity against |K| or 2*theta is the way ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

The meaning of the area in the intensity equation $I = P/A$

I am a bit confused on what the area A means in the equation for intensity. I know that the area here uses the surface area of the sphere equation and the book I use says that A is the area of the ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Gain Coefficient of lasers and intensity paradox?

It can easily be shown that the intensity of a laser is $$I = I_0e^{z\gamma} \,, \tag{1}$$ where $\gamma$ is the gain coefficient. It can also be shown that $$\gamma = \frac{\gamma_0}{1+I/I_{\text{...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Luminostiy, Flux, Intensity definitions and meaning

I am taking astrophysics course and we are constantly talking about Luminosity,Brightness,Intensity,Flux etc. I thought that I understand the idea properly but I see now that I dont. Intensity is the ...