Questions tagged [inertia]

Inertia is the tendency of a body to oppose changes to its state of motion. DO NOT USE THIS TAG for moment-of-inertia!

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27
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4answers
9k views

Is there a fundamental reason why gravitational mass is the same as inertial mass?

The principle of equivalence - that, locally, you can't distinguish between a uniform gravitational field and a non-inertial frame accelerating in the sense opposite to the gravitational field - is ...
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A Basic Question about Gravity, Inertia or Momentum or something along those lines

Why is it that if I'm sitting on a seat on a bus or train and its moving quite fast, I am able to throw something in the air and easily catch it? Why is it that I haven't moved 'past' the thing during ...
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Why does inertia happen?

In this video R P Feynman relates a story where his father told him that, even though we know the word "inertia" and what it means, nobody knows why inertia happens. Is that still true?
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Is Earth's orbit altered by recoil from take-off/launch/recovery of aero/space vehicles?

Just what the title states. Pretty much all movement on Earth is by pushing against the much greater mass of Earth. Given there are easily thousands of aircraft taking flight/landing, and a lesser ...
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Does a box containing photons have more inertia than an empty box?

A box containing photons gravitates more strongly than an empty box, and thus the equivalence principle dictates that a box containing photons has more inertia than an empty box. The inescapable ...
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10answers
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Is there still no known origin of the law of inertia?

To quote Feynman at about the 21 minute mark of the first Messenger Lecture on The Character of Physical Law, ...that the motion to keep it going in a straight line has no known reason. The reason ...
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Physical meaning of the moment of inertia about an axis

In the context of rigid bodies, the inertia tensor is defined as the linear map that takes angular velocity to angular momentum, that is, the linear map $I : \mathbb{R}^3\to \mathbb{R}^3$ such that $$...
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Instability of a thrown tennis racquet [duplicate]

Someone once mentioned to me that it's impossible to throw a tennis racquet (or similarly shaped object) into the air, perpendicularly to the string plane, in such a way that it won't turn. What is ...
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Newton's first law: is his concept of (force of ) inertia still useful and used?

The force of inertia is the property common to all bodies that remain in their state, either at rest or in motion, unless some external cause is introduced to make them alter this state. That is ...
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How does electron spin change instantaneously without violating inertia principle?

The inertia in one of the main properties of matter. That is why all process in macro world do not happen instantaneously. What I do not understand is how we should apply this general idea of inertia ...
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What exactly is the mass of a body? What determines it?

The term "mass" is very common. But what does it depend on? How is it known?
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How can energy have inertia?

How can energy have inertia? To my intuition, inertia is so closely associated with mass that my intuition says "Huh?" Indirectly by mass energy equivalence it works fine, for example: I have a ...
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Inertia in an empty universe

I was reading a recent article on Mach's Principle. In it, the author talks about inertia in an empty universe. I'll quote some lines from the article: Imagine a single body in an otherwise empty ...
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How does a wheelie work?

So I've been trying to create a mathematical model for an electric motorcycle and began to wonder about the maximum possible torque that could be supplied to the rear driven wheel without having the ...
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What is inertia of a body?

The definition of inertia is "Inertia is the resistance offered by the body whenever its state of motion is changed." What is inertia of a body? Is inertia actually a force exerted by the body? If ...
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Bidirectional jerk motion on a stopping vehicle

A stopping vehicle (say a car) has an apparent retardation (which may/may not be constant in magnitude) when force via brakes is applied. I travel by subway trains, and I noticed an odd phenomenon. ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of “moment”?

What is the meaning of moment? I'm little confused about the word as there are some terms like moment of momentum, moment of mass, moment of force, etc. I want to know what exactly is meant by the ...
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Inertia on relativistic mass when particle is near speed of light

Inertia is directly proportional to mass but what happens when something travel to speed near to light. Its relativistic mass tends to infinity but that is false mass so I want to know if inertia is ...
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2answers
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Does trade affect Earth's rotation? [duplicate]

Every country is trading with other countries around the world, some more than others. I was wondering if there would be any change to the Earth's rotation because of the imbalance of trade between ...
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3answers
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Do photons have inertia?

We all know the example where we say that a massless box containing photons has inertia, because the photons exert pressure of the inner walls of the box. But my question is about a single photon ...
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10answers
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Why did we expect gravitational mass and inertial mass to be different?

I've read many times that the fact that gravitational mass is equal to inertial mass (as far as we can tell) used to be a puzzle. I believe that Einstein explained this by showing that gravity is ...
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What truly is mass, and is there a direct way to measure it?

We know a mass of an object of one kilogram as an object that weighs W = mg = 9.8 N and we reference it to that, (when it should as a fundamental parameter describe weight not the opposite). But if we ...
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What if Force was not Mass times Acceleration? [closed]

We know that Force equals Mass times Acceleration, $F = ma$. But what if we had a law like $$F=m^2a$$ or $$F = 2ma~?$$
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How do momentum get transferred?

Simple Question , Consider two objects namely $A$ and $B$ where $B$ is stationary and $A$ is moving towards $B$ with velocity $v$. When the two objects touch each other what does actually happen ...
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If there is no gravity, does that mean there's no mass as well? [duplicate]

I have demonstrated that weight only is measured based on the gravitational pull of where you live. For example, the gravity on the surface of Mars is three times smaller than the gravity on the ...
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2answers
940 views

Is it experimentally verified that the neutrinos are affected by gravity?

If neutrinos (or any other particles) wasn't affected by gravity that would contradict the general theory of relativity. I'm convinced that the postulate of the equivalence between inertial mass and ...
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What is the connection between inertial/gravitational mass and relativity?

In Einstein/Infield 's The Evolution of Physics (32-35) the authors establish that inertial mass and gravitational mass are the same and then connect this to relativity.Throughout these pages I was ...
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1answer
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If velocity is relative, how can mass (inertia) be coordinate independent?

Would inertia grow differently if we switch the reference frame? LHC accelerator makes protons x7000 heavier at record speeds and I just wonder if we could change the reference frame (keeping ...
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Jumping in an elevator? [duplicate]

I've always been under the impression that jumping in an elevator wouldn't help at all, especially after reading a snippet of physics where Einstein said that free fall was identical to zero gravity. ...
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5answers
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How does a mobile phone vibrate without any external force?

How does a mobile phone vibrate without any external force? By Newton's law, any body can't move without any external force
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Does “Quantized Inertia Theory” violate conservation of momentum? [closed]

This recent news article reports that DARPA is doing work with "quantized inertia", despite their claim that it's not widely accepted by physicists: The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (...
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How does liquid in a ball affect its rotational acceleration down a ramp?

Suppose we have a shell with mass $M$ and radius $R$. If we let that roll without slipping down a ramp of angle theta to the horizontal, we can easily find the acceleration of the shell the instant ...
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1answer
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Does a rotating object have more inertia, mass and gravitational pull?

When an object is rotating on an axis, it has stored rotational energy in it. Since energy and mass are related, does this stored rotation increase the mass of the object? And if so, will it be harder ...
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1answer
580 views

Can someone explain to me inertia? [closed]

I'm a little new to physics and I'm not quite getting the concept of inertia. Can someone help me?
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Would a sneeze by a cosmonaut in a spacesuit affect his movement?

Naive question; feel free to shoot me down It is a truism that any motion in space would continue indefinitely unless it is opposed by an external force. If a cosmonaut were to sneeze within his/her ...
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Why is Higgs Boson given the name “The God Particle”?

Higgs Boson (messenger particle of Higgs field) accounts for inertial mass, not gravitational mass. So, how could it account for formation of universe as we know it today? I think, gravity accounts ...
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1answer
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Htting the brakes with a pickup truck full of water

I am looking to settle a bet. My friend and I were discussing truck bed pools, which are pick-up trucks with their beds tarped and filled with water converting them into small temporary swimming pools....
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1answer
570 views

What determines the speed required to pull a table cloth?

I was watching this show "Street Genius" on National Geographic and the host Tim Shaw demonstrated an experiment about Inertia, What he did was, He tied one end of a table cloth to a car through a ...
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1answer
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Is there a gravitational radiation reaction force?

As you may know, the linearized relativity theory (or gravitoelectromagnetism), obeys equations analogous to Maxwell's equations in electrodynamics. These equations in ED result in the troubling ...
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Inertial and non-inertial frame

How to define an inertial frame of reference mathematically? I want a definition with proper chosen coordinate axis which will help me to differentiate it with the non inertial ones. I have been ...
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2answers
166 views

Newton's first law and Inertial systems

Newton's first law is part definition and part experimental. Isolated bodies move uniformly in inertial systems by virtue of the definition of an inertial system. In contrast, the assertion that ...
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1answer
920 views

What role does inertia play in determining how long an egg rotates?

There are two identical eggs boiled egg and raw egg, both are rotated with same angular speed. Which one will come to rest earlier? I have read this question, but it discuss more about friction and ...
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Why does a ball bounce?

If an object is acted on by equal and opposite forces then it will be in equilibrium, and it's acceleration or velocity (and so direction as well) will not be changed. So when a ball bounces, it ...
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Does a interstellar spacecraft traveling at relativistic velocity require continous thrust to maintain velocity?

Assuming completely empty space, does a spacecraft traveling at 0.5 C require continuous thrust to avoid deceleration? If the spacecraft is traveling at 0.5 C, does it's relativistic mass act upon ...
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4answers
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“Weight” of moving object in a car collision

From time to time I see safety warning about keeping loose items in your car. The last warning used a 2kg object, and claimed that if a collision occurred at $50{km\over h}$ it would have a weight ...
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Velocity of 2 balls with different masses on a moving train after the train brakes

Question This is from my textbook: There are 2 balls of the same size made of rubber and iron respectively kept on the smooth surface of a moving train. Which ball will move faster when the train ...
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Is inertia real reason for flow separation?

Consider airflow around square object, when an air particle A comes to the rear edge of an object. It is very logical that the particle would not turn at 90 degrees and follow back side of object, ...
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Gravity vs Electricity see-saw analogy and speed of light

Does electricity exhibit anything like the following steps: 1) A ball is rolled down from left side of a very long teeter-totter or see-saw 2) The see-saw rapidly (immediately) tilts once the ball ...
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1answer
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Is Newton's third law due to inertia?

Newton's third law states that each force has an equal and opposite force. If I kicked a ball, it would apply the same force on me. Is this due to the ball's inertia? To clarify, is the ball exerting ...
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Can an object spinning near the speed of light be accelerated significantly in any direction?

This question made me curious. It refers to a ball which is rotating so that its equator is approaching the speed of light, then talks about what it would look like if the observer moved. What I'm ...