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Questions tagged [induction]

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1answer
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Induction: How does the electrons in the coil know in which way the magnetic field is moving?

It is well known that a coil will react to a moving external magnetic field in such a way, that the electrons inside it will start moving to produce an internal magnetic field, which counteracts the ...
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4answers
899 views

How does the emf “know” what the magnetic flux is?

I came across an example in my book where it has the changing flux from a solenoid passing through a larger ring at the end. Here's a picture: How does the large loop (or radius $r_1$) even “know” ...
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3answers
1k views

Does voltage always cause current?

I'm wondering if the following statement is fully correct: Voltage causes current through a closed circuit, but through an inductor it is the change in current that causes a voltage. Obviously ...
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4answers
2k views

Can pulsating DC current be transformed?

Since pulsating DC current is changing, why doesn't it induce a changing magnetic flux in the transformer core? Is it able to induce a transformed current in the secondary coil?
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1answer
3k views

Self induction in a circular coil

There's a formula for self inductance : $$ L=\frac{n\Phi}{i}$$ where n is the number of loops. But the book also says self inductance is directly proportional to $ n^2 $ I totally agree with the ...
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1answer
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Magnetization of soft iron and steel

I was reading and I saw that the steel becomes permanent magnet whereas iron becomes a temporary magnet after magnetization during magnetic induction. Why does soft iron make temporary magnets and ...
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3answers
6k views

How to find the direction of an eddy current?

Suppose there is a magnetic field going from left to right. Suppose a thin sheet of metal conductor (e.g. a 1m*1m square) is dropped through the magnetic field such that the plane of the conductor is ...
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3answers
685 views

Why does AC induction motor rotate the same way?

Suppose an aluminium disc is suspended where it can freely rotate. A magnet is placed above (not touching) the aluminium disc and made to spun. This obvious causes a changing magnetic field. By ...
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1answer
2k views

Induced emf vs Potential difference

Let a square conductor frame length $l$, resistance $R$, be pulled out with a constant velocity $\vec{v}$ from a magnetic field $\vec{B}$ perpendicular to plane of the frame, then an emf $\mathscr{E}=...
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2answers
402 views

Why is an $LC$ oscillator lossless, but $C V^2 / 2$ energy is lost to a capacitor connected to an ideal voltage source?

It is mathematically proven that in an $LC$ oscillation that all the energy gets transferred from the inductor to the capacitor and vice versa. There is no energy loss as there is no load in the ...
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0answers
169 views

Can magnets induce magnetism stronger then their own magnetism?

This might sound foolish but bear with me for the explanation. I came across a weird magnetic behaviour playing with coins on a mac. There are magnets in mac, two on the top corners of the screen and ...
2
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1answer
132 views

EMF produced when a square wire is pulled from the corners [closed]

The shown diagram is of a square conducting frame being pulled from the corners. The velocity of A and B is given as $u$. Each side has length $a$. I was trying to find the induced emf at the instant ...
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1answer
346 views

Charging identical spheres using induction

Suppose I can induce a charge Q in a conducting sphere by the traditional induction method, then why is it that the charges would be equally shared if I put this sphere in contact with another ...
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2answers
406 views

Why is Kirchhoff's second law commonly used for circuits involving inductivity?

I have often seen in introductory literature, e.g. for the activation process of a circuit with a power source which delivers the voltage $U$, current $I$, resistance $R$ and an inductivity $L$, that ...
4
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2answers
850 views

Why in electrostatics is $dV=-E.dr$ but in electromagnetic induction, $EMF=+E.dS$?

In electrostatics we learned that $$dV=-E.dr$$. I understood the derivation which was used to derive this. Now when I have come to Electromagnetic Induction,I see that when there is a time varying ...
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1answer
69 views

Does resonant inductive coupling work in the presence of a strong magnetic field?

Does resonant inductive coupling work in the presence of a strong magnetic field? I am unsure because resonant inductive coupling uses magnetic fields to transmit power wirelessly and a strong ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Induction equation in a rotating frame

In his book, Tom Cravens refers to the induction equation (perfectly conducting limit) in a rotating frame, the Sun. See link below: https://books.google.com/books?id=xw50iZep-McC&pg=PA222&...
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1answer
972 views

Inductor's back-emf vs voltage drop across resistor

In almost all physics books I've seen it says that the back-emf generated across inductor causes the delay in current (current is shifted 90 degrees with respect to the voltage across inductor). I ...
2
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2answers
567 views

Eddy Currents – Tubes with slits

When a magnet falls down a tube, eddy currents form and flow around the tube, perpendicular to the direction in which the magnet falls. However, when there is a vertical slit in the tube, are either ...
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3answers
311 views

What happens if I have a square conducting wire being permeated by a magnetic field and the field suddenly disappears?

Suppose there is a square conducting wire in a magnetic field. The two vertical branches will have the same emf, and the two horizontal branches will have 0 emf, resulting in a net emf of zero and ...
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3answers
2k views

Zero current induced in a loop

Consider the following two cases, Case 1 – A coil moving through a constant magnetic field Case 2 – A conductor moving through a constant magnetic field Now, in Case 1 (a coil moving through a ...
2
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2answers
371 views

Is light moving because of self induction? [duplicate]

Light is made by an electric field wave and a magnetic field wave. Induction laws state that a variation in the electric field creates a magnetic field and vice versa. Therefore can it be said that ...
2
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1answer
245 views

How do NFC/RFID devices transmit data?

I am designing an NFC device but am still a little unsure about the principles behind NFC/RFID. From what I understand: A primary coil constantly emits a 'carrier frequency' magnetic field. This ...
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3answers
6k views

Does an induction cooktop consume as much energy when it's heating something as it does when it isn't? [closed]

If you plug in an electrical charger or an adapter of an electronic device such as a mobile phone or a laptop into the power socket, but you don't actually attach the device into the charger, the ...
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4answers
3k views

What happens if the load on the electrical generator exceeds its generation power? And why?

What happens if the load on the electrical generator exceeds its power generation? and why? To be more precise, suppose we have a standard induction generator operating at frequency $\nu=50\:\mathrm{...
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4answers
796 views

How does an inductor store magnetic energy?

I am trying to figure out what the potential energy of an inductor with a current really means. In a capacitor, the energy stored works like this: if you let the plates attract each other, before ...
2
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1answer
396 views

Two questions about the nature of induced emf

I have two questions about magnetic induction (I am in university level introductory E and M so maybe my questions will be answered over the next few years): In the linear generator (shown below), I ...
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1answer
115 views

Books on Faraday, Maxwell

Can you recommend a/some good book(s) on Faraday for the lay person? In particular, in relation to his 'Experimental Researches in Electricity'. Also, any books explaining how Maxwell explained ...
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1answer
1k views

Does an Inductor maintain it's energy?

Consider a simple LCR ac circuit; generally I (might) understand that the charge exchange between capacitor and inductor would induce a harmonic current flow, but I remain confused for two reasons: ...
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1answer
45 views

Does the wireless energy tranmission affect compass

Wireless energy using magnetic inductive coupling. So magnetic field will be affect around device. We use it to charge mobile device so I wonder if it will affect compass in our device
2
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1answer
1k views

The image current due to moving charges and a current carrying thin wire

Suppose we have a plane conductor and a stream of positively charged particles of mass m moving parallel to the plane conductor at a distance $d$. The trajectory can be assumed to be straight. An ...
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0answers
35 views

Uniform field through a disc

Let us say that we have a magnetic field of the form $B_0 \sin(\omega t) \hat e_z$ in all space. Now let us say we put a conducting disc within this field. I want to find the electric field within ...
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1answer
5k views

Inductance of two parallel wires

I've been asked to calculate the inductance per unit length for two wires or radius $a$ separated by $2d$ where $2d>>a$. Starting from $\int_{s} B.dS = LI$ Im not sure what surface to take? ...
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1answer
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Why an inductor parallel with a light bulb makes it flash as a key closes the circuit?

The title is a simplified form of my question. To be precise, I'm talking about the following circuit: The inductor has a resistanse equal to the resistor in the circuit. So, the question is that, ...
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0answers
400 views

Calculating the amount of charges for an object that is electrostatically induced

Induction is one of the ways to get an object electrostatically charged. While positive charges accumulate on one side, negative charges accumulate on the other side for an object in an electric field....
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2answers
27k views

Induced e.m.f depends on…?

In my revision guide it says that Michael Faraday did experiments that showed that induced e.m.f for a coil of wire depends on four things: Magnetic strength of the core in the coil of wire. (...
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2answers
3k views

Magnetic Levitation : Confusion with Lenz's Law

Considering the above diagram, I am failing to see why the aluminium ring floats upwards rather than oscillates. I understand Faraday's law, but I am struggling with Lenz's law - as there is an ...
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2answers
3k views

Electric Field and Neutral Objects

Due to electrostatic induction, when a charged object gets closer to a neutral object, sides of the neutral object can get charged. Thus, a charged object can attract a neutral object. However, is ...
4
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1answer
959 views

Voltmeters and changing magnetic fields

A changing magnetic field pierces the interior of a circuit containing three identical resistors. Two voltmeters are connected to the same points, as shown. V1 reads 1 mV. What does V2 read? ...
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1answer
425 views

Motional emf with rod

We know that $\mathcal{E} = -N \frac{\mathrm{d}\phi}{\mathrm{d}t}$. When we have a rod such as the one on the left moving through a constant magnetic field, how is it the case that the flux is ...
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1answer
91 views

Shouldn't the currents be time-continuous here?

My intuition is that the current upon an inductor (say, a solenoid) will always be time-continuous, without "sudden changes". But below is a case that seemingly contradicts this point of view. There ...
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3answers
3k views

How does the voltage across an inductor and a capacitor vary in series LCR circuit about resonance?

I am aware that at resonance, the voltage across the inductor and the capacitor are equal in magnitude and opposite in phase. However, I want to know how the voltage across $L$ and $C$ vary if I vary ...
1
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1answer
131 views

Magnetic field and electric field induce one another forever [duplicate]

A changing electric field produces magnetic field and vice versa. Does that mean that this process will carry on forever? Think of a circuit with a capacitor. The magnetic field due to the current at ...
3
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1answer
990 views

Induced magnetic field produces electric field and vice versa forever!

So here are the two of Maxwell's laws that I am interested in: So we have the simple circuit (from google): So, before the system goes into steady-state we know that charge slowly accumulates on the ...
2
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1answer
492 views

Induced potential difference paradox

So,i was studying from some lecture notes from MIT's open course program,and i stumbled across this example The example says:The solenoid is so long that its external magnetic field is negligible. ...
2
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2answers
585 views

Induced emf problem

This is not homework question,just a thought experiment about a general question i have about induction. Let's suppose that we have a closed circuit with only two resistors in series.We also have a ...
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0answers
67 views

What happens to the emf generated due to a change in magnetic flux in a coil?

When we move a magnet into a coil of wire (open circuit) and then out of it, we create a emf across the ends of the coil and another emf in the opposite direction. My question is what would happen to ...
2
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3answers
597 views

How does an Inductor “store” energy?

It seems to me that an electromagnetic field is nothing more than a collection of photons, which as I've heard, extends through space infinitely. Why is it, then, that an inductor such as simple ...
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1answer
32 views

Average induction voltage

I've got a basic question on the method of computing the average induction voltage. Here is the task: A conductor loop with the area $A_1 = 50\text{cm}^2$ in a magnetic field with the flux density of ...
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1answer
165 views

currents in an isolated metal exposed to an alternating uniform electric field

For example, let's look at a metal sphere between a capacitor's (infinite) plates. Let's run an AC current through the capacitor, resulting in an oscillating electric field. The charges will move in ...