Questions tagged [imaging]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Understanding the spatial resolution of a imaging sensor, should it evenly divide the overall image resolution?

I am reviewing the Landsat 1 satellite, specifically its Multispectral Scanner (MSS) imaging system. The system had the following specifications ...
3
votes
4answers
229 views

Should we trust quantum mechanics for working of the mirrors?

In this video, it is explained that it is not necessary that photons obey the laws of reflection and each photon can take any possible path to reach the so-called black hole receiver and all the paths ...
3
votes
3answers
141 views

Determining the size of a light source

I have an incoherent light source that is of unknown size, and I was wondering about the possible methods to measure its size. The issue is that I am expecting it to be very small (few micrometers), ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Imaging with A Fresnel Lens

I am in need of an optics expert on imaging, and in particular a fresnel lens is being used as for an imaging device. From my understanding a condenser lens can be considered equivalent to a plano-...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Imaging with two lenses: what if the distance between the lenses is not 2f?

A $4F$-configuration is usually utilized for imaging with $2$ lenses. An object is placed in the focus of the first lens ($f_{1}$), then the second lens is located at a distance $f_{1}+f_{2}$ from the ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

When given magnification alone,for an upright, virtual image, with convex lens, how can I find object distance [closed]

Formula involved in such calculations, similar examples, link associated with d question
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Derivation of image displacement by prism

dWhen white light go through a prism it splits to the rainbow colors. I know a formula to calculate the displacement of an image when light goes through a prism, However, it is not wavelength ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Plausibility of detecting viruses using optical spectra [closed]

Ok, this is a huge long shot, and I also apologise if this is a poor question (I'm a newbie here...). This doesn't seem to me a strictly perfect fit for Chemistry.SE, Biology.SE, or Photography.SE ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

How to interpret the cross-spectral density of an incoherent field

I have been given a definition of the cross spectral density of a completely incoherent field: $$W(x_1,x_2)=S_0\delta(x_1-x_2)$$ How do I interpret this? As I understand it, this means that there ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

What kind of information does light carry so that brain can “see” shapes and distances of objects? [duplicate]

I know that we actually see with our brain in a way that eyes only absorb the incident light upon them and they transform some sort of information to the brain and the actual "seeing" is done by the ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Can this textbook question on angular magnification be answered without a ruler?

This is a textbook question on angular magnification from a chapter on optics and imaging. Note that this comprehension check comes before telescopes are introduced. 12 Figure 15.12 [below] shows ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

How do modern microbolometer cameras measure absolute temperature of an object

I recently started working with thermal cameras and I was surprised to learn that they don't give you the temperature value of the object you are looking at for each pixel. So I did some reading. I ...
4
votes
3answers
253 views

Infinity Corrected Microscope Fourier Optics paradox?

I am analyzing an optical system two different ways. One way is using the image formation formula: $$ \frac{1}{d_0} + \frac{1}{d_i} = \frac{1}{f} $$ and the other is using the Fourier transform ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

VMI image analysis

I used VMI for the photodissociation of O2 and I wonder how I can correlate the radius with the actual velocity of the fragments. Thanks a lot!
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Reconstruction Problem for Result Matrix of Radon Transform and solving length of r from Multiplying of Attenuation Coefficient and r(or rho)

We've been on a project that given us in Medical Imaging Systems class about that Computed Tomography Simulation on MATLAB for 3 months. We are still going on comprehensive research on these all of ...
2
votes
0answers
137 views

Spot size for objective (not infinity corrected)

A fundamental axiom of imaging in optics is the resolving power of the lens system, which is directly related to the smallest possible spot a lens can form. For an ideal lens with a numerical aperture ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Fourier Representation of Camera (Telephoto) Lens and Propagating Light

Say I have a telecentric microscope objective with a source $S(\mathbf{u})$ sufficiently far away from an object that we can assume that the light incident on the object to be the Fourier transform of ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Consistency condition for exponential radon transform

The Radon transform can be written as $$p(\xi,\phi)=\int f(\xi,\eta)d\eta $$ The exponential radon transform can be written as:$$m(\xi,\phi)=\int f(\xi,\eta)e^{-\mu \eta}d\eta $$ The radon transform ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Transmission Spectrum of Rock

Maybe a very specific question, but what wavelengths are sand grains transparent to? Also, how can one image underground minerals through rock? Is there a certain Infrared band that sandstone (...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Velocity map imaging

I am a bit confused about the image reconstruction for velocity map imaging. As far as I understand, at the interaction point, ions are produced in a Newton sphere which gets projected on a 2D screen (...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Location of diffraction pattern on the image plane/detector plane

I am trying to make a spectrometer. At the moment, I have an optical setup consisting of a laser, diffraction grating and a screen/detector in a straight line. I am trying to understand how to ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

What would a lens-less world look like to us? [closed]

The images we perceive through our eyes are formed by focusing the incoming light with the eye's cornea and lens. The information is "captured" by the retina and then transmitted to our brains through ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Rayleigh criterion: angular or spatial resolution?

The Rayleigh criterion sets the fundamental limit for what features an optical system can resolve. Formally, the criterion is defined for some wavelength $\lambda$ in the case of a uniformly-...
2
votes
0answers
341 views

Infinity Corrected Microscope vs. $4f$ imaging system

This questions concerns three types of microscope systems and the differences between them. Let me lay out my understanding of these three types of systems. I am imagining imaging with a camera so ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Telecentric lens references, working distance formula

I would like to learn about telecentric lenses for use in an experiment. So far, I have found scant resources (mostly optical companies) and I understand the basic principal of a simple telecentric ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How far will the imaging be? And is it possible to make it farther?

So currently I'm trying to make a smart glasses, where you have a projector that projects an image onto transparent flat glass, and some of the light will reflect into your eyes (something like the ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Can graphite be imaged through plaster?

There is a historical building near where I live where the walls are covered in pencil writing. The notes were taken over centuries by multiple generations of the family that lived there. There are ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Atomic Force Microscopy - Lateral vs. Depth Resolution

I'm trying to gain a better understanding of Atomic Force Microscopy, specifically the relationship between its lateral and depth resolution. I've seen a variety of metrics on the two, but in general,...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Why was the imaging of M87 black hole easier than imaging the Milky way's Sagittarius A*? [duplicate]

In the recent EHT press release of the image of the super massive black hole at M87, I am curious to know why the super massive black hole at the centre of milky way has not been imaged yet.
10
votes
2answers
405 views

Orange ring in a black hole image

What exactly is the origin of the orange ring around M$87$? I understand that the image was not taken in the visible light range. The colors are therefore artificial. I also read that the image ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Ways to limit interaction volume in a SEM without changing e-beam energy (spot size)

All I can find online is that the interaction volume of a scanning electron microscope is affected by e-beam energy, angle of penetration, and sample composition. Are those really the only things that ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Error propagation in cone width for kinematic neutron imaging

I'm trying to figure out the error in the opening angle for a cone created with kinematic neutron imaging. The angle is defined as: $$ \theta = \sin^{-1}\left(\sqrt{\frac{Ep}{E}}\right)\,. $$ And I ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Can we image the interior of the earth by shooting weakly interacting particles through it?

Could we image the various layers of the earth by shooting weakly interacting particles through it? Let's say we shot a very high amount of neutrinos in one side (say, the north pole) and then ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Optics that translates object to image by a constant amount

For some application I was interested in an optics s.t. for any incoming ray the outcoming ray is parallel to the incoming ray and shifted by a distance $d$ (independent of the incoming ray) along the ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

How to add protective enclosure around exposed thermal camera

First off, let me state that I'm not entirely sure this is the right forum for this question. This was the only section I found multiple questions pertaining to thermal imaging, however, so I thought ...
0
votes
0answers
151 views

contrast in confocal microscopy

I observed fixed cells from mice tissue, thanks to confocal microscopy monochromatic 488nm. (without fluorescence staining) In some slices, cells appear in black, and in other slices in white (...
5
votes
2answers
354 views

What is the theory behind imaging a precision pinhole?

In my efforts to characterise a 0.67 NA microscope objective (working distance of about 15mm, effective focal length of 25mm), I have placed a 20 micron precision pinhole at the focal plane of the ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What aberration causes the common “cross pattern” in astronomy images? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the origin of the plus/cross-sign aberrations commonly seen for point sources in astronomical images, even ones created with professional-grade, high-quality optics. The one ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

How do these toroidal reflectors form an image in two dimensions?

A torus has a major and minor radius, which means a symmetric section of one will have different focal lengths in its focal plane, or astigmatism. If it's from the "outside" of the torus (where you'd ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

How can I focus an optical device at infinity, inside a room with limited space?

I have a custom coupled camera/spectrograph imaging system that I need to focus at infinity for a microscope setup. I can't move the device outside, where I would be able to use some distant object to ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Image formed via a converging lens when the object is placed at focal point

In the case where the object is placed at focal point F of a converging lens, the rays of light (the one passing through O and the one sent parallel to the principal axis never meet) so I am assuming ...
1
vote
2answers
276 views

Image distortion caused by camera in cylindrical tube

So the inspiration of this issue actually comes from an engineering point of view. The jist of the project is that I need a water proof enclosure to fit a camera in alongside other electronic ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Phase Retrieval and Oversampling

In signal and image processing theory, it is known that taking the Fourier transform of a zero-padded image gives the oversampled Fourier transform of the image. And that oversampling is a necessary ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Imaging resolution with laser

The transverse optical resolution of a lens, as determined by its point spread function, can be approximated as $w$ ~ λ/(2$NA$), where $NA$ is the numerical aperture and λ is the wavelength of the ...
1
vote
1answer
6k views

How do CRA (Chief Ray Angle) and FOV (Field of View) affect one another?

I've been researching CMOS image sensors for a small working-distance, low-light application. From this, I roughly know I need a field of view of approximately 100-120 degrees. However, upon looking ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Spatial frequency and high contrast imaging

I am having a issue with a question with regards to how spatial frequency and high contrast are related. Explain how high contrast resolution of an imaging system may be expressed in terms of a ...
1
vote
1answer
213 views

Rectilinear image projection in image stitching [closed]

For the pinhole camera model, the mapping from 3D to 2D coordinates is described by a perspective projection(rectilinear projection). However for the image stitching application, perspective ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Which parts of the electromagnetic spectrum are difficult to image with? [closed]

Alternately stated question: What parts of the electromagnetic spectrum can't be used in traditional imaging techniques, and why not? By 'traditional' I specifically mean using a lens (or some '...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

What is the difference between Synthetic Aperture Ultrasound and Ellipsoidal Backprojection?

What is the difference between Synthetic Aperture Ultrasound and Ellipsoidal Backprojection?
0
votes
1answer
596 views

Electron Microscopy: Are photons smaller than electrons?

So, I'm told that electron microscopy provides greater resolution than traditional photo/optical (i.e. visible light) microscopy, due to the (ahem) "fact" that "electrons are physically smaller than ...