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# Questions tagged [ice]

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### What is the status of Mpemba effect investigations?

There is this puzzling thing that is called Mpemba effect: paradoxically, warm (35°C) water freezes faster than cold (5°C) water. As a physisist, I've been asked about it several times already. And I ...
36k views

### Ice skating, how does it really work?

Okay, some textbooks I came across, and a homework assignment I had to do several years ago, suggested that the reason we can skate on ice is the peculiar $p(T)$-curve of the ice-water boundary. The ...
96k views

### Why does ice melting not change the water level in a container?

I have read the explanation for this in several textbooks, but I am struggling to understand it via Archimedes' principle. If someone can clarify with a diagram or something so I can understand or a ...
20k views

### Does the sea level increase if an iceberg melts?

It was claimed that if an iceberg melts in the ocean, the sea level won't change as the ice displaces as much water as there will be melted water. The other claim was that the sea level should rise ...
90k views

### Why does ice have a lower density than water?

Can someone explain me why is ice less dense than water? As I know, all solids are usually denser than the liquids (correct me if I am wrong).
8k views

### Why does soda fizz when it meets ice?

I read that the soda's temperature allows it to contain its $\text{CO}_2$: colder means it can retain its bubbles better. So, why does soda fizz when it meets ice? If anything, because the soda is ...
486 views

### How wide does a wall of ice need to be to stay in place?

Let us say that we have unlimited manpower to construct a huge wall of water ice e.g. 200 m tall (700 feet). -and that the wall is placed in a climate, where the temperature never (for your purpose) ...
20k views

### Why is ice made from boiled water clear?

A common trick to make clear water ice is to boil pure water prior to freezing it. Why does that work and what are the white inclusions in ice that was made from unboiled tap water?
9k views

### Why are snowflakes symmetrical?

The title says it all. Why are snowflakes symmetrical in shape and not a mush of ice? Is it a property of water freezing or what? Does anyone care to explain it to me? I'm intrigued by this and ...
12k views

### How fast does an ice cube melt in a microwave?

I have noticed that when I microwave an ice cube it appears to melt more slowly than I would expect. For example, an equal volume of water starting at 0 deg C would probably be at boiling point before ...
9k views

### Thermodynamics of supercooled water

Now that it's been freezing outside for the last few days, I experimented a bit with supercooling. I've left a bottle of clean water outside for a few hours, and behold, when I shook the bottle, the ...
1k views

### Are bubbles in ice at a lower or higher pressure than atmospheric pressure?

When water phase-transitions into ice it expands. The water usually contains dissolved air. Freezing forces the air out of the solution into bubbles. Are these bubbles at a lower or higher pressure ...
695 views

### How do ice spikes form?

I recently saw this picture posted on Twitter which shows a so-called ice spike rising from an ice cube tray. I have read the Wikipedia page, but it doesn't mean much to me. My instinct was that it ...
12k views

### Does water turn solid under deep ocean because of high pressure?

I know that we can make water solid with high pressure, so I think water will be solid in the deep ocean? If that is true, the depth of the ocean would be limited because water will become ice? ...
4k views

### Why does an ice cube not twirl along when twirling a drink glass?

When you have a drink with an ice cube and twirl the glass, the liquid itself seems to twirl but the ice cube stays roughly in the same place. Why is this?
416 views

### Volume of melted polar ice caps

If (or rather when) the polar ice caps melt, will they occupy more, the same or less volume? Somehow all options seem possible to me. I don't assume they are just big ice cubes floating on the poles....
2k views

### Do all phases of ice look the same visually?

I recently read about different phases of ice on Wikipedia. But I can't find any pictures of the different ice phases. Do they all look alike visually? If you weren't able to measure the pressure and ...
1k views

### Why did my windshield freeze instantaneously?

It was very cold outside, this morning, when I took the car that slept in the snow, with a simple cloth on the windshield. I entered the vehicle, drove a kilometer or so. The air inside was so cold I ...
11k views

### Why does ice cream get harder when colder?

What would seem to be a silly question actually does have some depth to it. I was trying to scoop out some of my favorite soft name-brand ice cream when I noticed it was frozen solid, rather than its ...
6k views

### Being in a solid state, why is ice slippery? [duplicate]

Saying that ice is slippery is like saying that water is wet -- it's something we've known for as long as we can be said to have known anything. Presumably, humans as a species knew ice was slippery ...
9k views

### How does the process of freezing water remove salt?

How does freezing water to make ice remove whatever salts were in the water to begin with?
3k views

### Which would melt faster on the sidewalk, equal volumes of snow or ice?

Whilst walking back from class, I noticed the piled snow on the sides of the street still hadn't melted after a week despite it being sunny and generally warm $(15°C-18°C)$. "If that snow was ice, ...
9k views

### Why do ice cubes shrink in the freezer?

OK before you all yell "EVAPORATION", I know that's the boilerplate answer, but why and how. Back in high school we were taught water, and most other elements and compounds, have three states, solid, ...
6k views

### Freezing point depression - cooling my drink with the same method as salt on a highway?

I understand that adding/sprinkling, say NaCl, on a highway depresses the freezing point by making any moisture on the road harder to freeze as the NaCl molecules get in the way of phase transition. ...
15k views

### Ice bath is always 3C, why?

I've always learned that a mixture of ice and water should reach equilibrium at approximately 0C. I've actually tried to create that a number of times in different contexts and always fail. First, ...
17k views

### Why did my liquid soda freeze once I pulled it out of the fridge?

Can someone explain in both layman's terms and also technically why when I pulled my glass filled with liquid soda from the freezer, the liquid soda quickly froze? Doesn't this violate the 2nd law of ...
1k views

### How does ice melt when immersed in water?

When an ice cube is immersed in water at a room temperature, how is the thermal energy from the water transferred to the ice cube? Currently I have two answers: Infrared radiation from the water ...
7k views

### Which one is colder? Zero temperature ice or zero temperature water?

I like to understand that which one of the following items seems colder, when we touch them? zero temperature ice zero temperature water Why?
2k views

### Why is it easier to glide on sharp ice skates than on dull skates?

There have been previous questions (e.g. here and here) on Physics.SE about the mechanism that makes ice skating possible. Reviewing these, as well external references, it seems pretty clear that the ...
9k views

### Why is ice less dense than water?

The answers to this question explain that ice is less dense than water because it has a "crystal structure", but they dont explain what exactly that is and why this happens, also I saw this answer ...