Questions tagged [higgs]

This higgs field breaks electroweak symmetry and provides mass to particles though a process called the higgs mechanism. The excitation of the higgs field is called a higgs boson.

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Are all fermions massless at high temperatures?

According to the standard model, the electroweak symmetry is unbroken at high temperatures, and therefore all gauge bosons are massless then. But since fermions are said to acquire mass by a different ...
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Why do people say that neutrinos are either Dirac or Majorana fermions?

The question of whether a given particle "is" a Dirac or Majorana fermion is more subtle than is sometimes presented. For example, if we just consider the "old" Standard Model with massless neutrinos, ...
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Why can a particle decay into two photons but not one?

I recently read an old physics news about the Higgs boson where it was observed to decay into 2 photons and I was wondering why it wouldn't have decayed into a single photon with the combined energy ...
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Is everything made of massless particles?

Photons have no mass. Yet they interact gravitationally, as all energy does, with other energetic and massive particles. This means that if you put multiple photons in a system, you get something that ...
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Why do we need Higgs field to re-explain mass, but not charge?

We already had definition of mass based on gravitational interactions since before Higgs. It's similar to charge which is defined based on electromagnetic interactions of particles. Why did Higgs ...
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Technical naturalness of Yukawa couplings

Naturalness in the sense of 't Hooft tell us that a small parameter is a signal of a symmetry such that the parameter will be zero when the symmetry is exact. I am puzzled about how this principle is ...
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Why more than one Higgs?

Since by introducing one Higgs Boson we can give a mass to the leptons and gauge bosons of the weak interaction: Why should we consider more than one Higgs (doublet) once we go beyond the standard ...
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Higgs Field - Is its discovery truly “around the corner”?

Rather surprised I haven't seen many questions or discussion regarding the rumored confirmation of the Higgs field. As I understand it, the energies where they saw things were actually quite a bit ...
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Scalar field divergent mass correction interpretation question (hierarchy problem)

Simple power counting tells you that a scalar field coupled to some fermions at one-loop picks up a correction to the mass of the order $\Lambda^2$. Based on this people say things like "it's natural ...
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Penrose's Zig-Zag Model and Conservation of Momentum

I was reading through Penrose's Road to Reality when I saw his interesting description of the Dirac electron (Chapter 25, Section 2). He points out that in the two-spinor formalism, Dirac's one ...
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Higgs boson and string theory

Assuming Higgs is found at 125 GeV.Is there any direct or indirect consequence on string theory ? Will it be a blow to string theory or models employing string theory ? ...
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ATLAS Higgs Interpretation

I came across this abstract, and I am curious as to what the ATLAS Team has actually discovered: Abstract Motivated by the result of the Higgs boson candidates at LEP with a mass of about 115~GeV/...
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Why is the Higgs boson spin 0?

Why is the Higgs boson spin 0? Detailed equation-form answers would be great, but if possible, some explanation of the original logic behind this feature of the Higgs mechanism (e.g., "to provide ...
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Why do we need to find 5 Higgs Bosons to prove the existence of the dark matter?

I was recently watching a show that say we need at least 5 Higgs Boson to prove the existence of the dark matter because it will strengthen the concept of symmetry. Why is that so? Because, I am not ...
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Can two colliding photons create a Higgs Boson?

The LHC discovered the Higgs using the following decay mode: $$ H^0 \rightarrow \gamma \gamma $$ This got me thinking: if we reverse this mode, will it be valid? In some annihilation/decay pairs, ...
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Supersymmetry vs multiverse

I'm a complete noobe in physics and quite honestly need help. My question is simple, based on CERN's tentative findings stating the Higgs boson at a mass of ~125 GeV: Is the physics community leaning ...
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Why do people say that the Higgs mechanism gives mass to the gauge bosons without mentioning the fermions?

Many presentations of the Higgs mechanism only explain it as giving mass to the $W$ and $Z$ gauge bosons, but don't mention the quarks or charged leptons. For example: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
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If particles get mass from the Higgs field, why do we not see Brownian motion?

If an electron would otherwise be moving at the speed of light if it weren't constantly interacting with the Higgs Field, how is conservation of momentum preserved if it's constantly bouncing off of ...
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N=2 SSM without a Higgs

In arXiv:1012.5099, section III, the authors describe a supersymmetric extension to the standard model in which there is no Higgs sector at all, in the conventional sense. The up-type Higgs is a ...
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Mass generation by Chern-Simons theory

Why the mass generation via a Higgs mechanism is different from that of Chern-Simons theory? I haven't done any formal course in Quantum field theory,so how do I understand this just having some basic ...
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What forbids the existence of a $\lambda (A^\mu A_\mu)^2$ term in the Stueckelberg action?

In QFT, the Stueckelberg "trick" is often used to show how one can write a fully gauge invariant Lagrangian out of one that is not. For example, if we have $\mathcal{L} = -\frac{1}{4}F^{\mu\nu}F_{\mu\...
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Are oscillations of electron chirality experimentally observable?

Is there any plausible experiment by which chirality oscillations in electrons could be observed experimentally, such as through some analogy to neutrino oscillation experiments?
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What does the discovery of the Higgs Boson mean for physics?

Will this unite some theories, or cause some other change in physics, and perhaps our undertanding of the universe?
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Is there an accepted analogy/conceptual aid for the Higgs field?

Is there an accepted analogy / conceptual aid for the Higgs field? In Physics there are many accepted conceptual aids such as * Schrödinger's cat * Maxwell's Demon * I'm sure I'm missing ...
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Why did it take so long to find the Higgs?

The $W$ and $Z$ boson took a long time to be discovered because they were so heavy; we couldn't produce them in a particle collider until the 80's. But the Higgs boson isn't that much heavier than the ...
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Why does adjoint representation matter in some field theories?

Recently I am reading a paper about monopoles. In several cases, it seems that writing fields in adjoint representation of the gauge group makes a difference. Once it leads to different group after ...
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Higgs-Boson/Graviton [duplicate]

The Higgs boson gives particles mass. And the graviton is the theoretical force-carrier of gravity. Gravity depends on mass. So if the Higgs Boson gives things mass, it therefore gives them gravity. ...
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How do you find spin of a particle from experimental data?

So I was wondering, with all this Higgs talk going on, they just detected a particle with a mass of 125 GeV (CMS) or 126.5 GeV (ATLAS). But they still don't know what it is, since there is tons of ...
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Why is mass renormalization insufficient to explain electron mass?

In the Standard Model, I understand that the mass of the electron is assume to arise from two effects: A bare mass given by Yukawa interaction with the Higgs field, and A mass correction from mass ...
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Is there a rest frame for the Higgs boson?

If there is a non-zero expectation value for the Higgs boson even in "vacuum", since the Higgs boson has a mass unlike photons, then I would expect it to have a rest frame. So why doesn't a non-zero ...
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How can a Higgs decay to heavier products than its mass?

How is it possible that a higgs at ~125 GeV can decay into 2 W bosons @ ~ 80 GeV a piece (for example)? Shouldn't a particle only be allowed to decay to lighter particles + energy? Diagram copied ...
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The contribution to mass from the dynamical breaking of chiral symmetry

The claim is often made that the discovery of the Higgs boson will give us information about the origin of mass. However, the bare masses of the up and down quarks are only around 5 MeV, quite a bit ...
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Is there literature on a continuous mass spectrum for the Higgs field?

Various masses for the Higgs field are compatible with experiment, but is it possible that the Higgs field is not observable because it has a continuous mass spectrum? Work in the 60s and 70s on free ...
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Coulomb Branch vs. Higgs Branch (and the connection with D-branes, AdS/CFT)

I am confused about the difference between the Coulomb and Higgs branches of the moduli space of supersymmetric gauge theories. It's easy to find a definition for $D=4$, $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric ...
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What prevents photons from getting mass from higher order Feynman diagrams

The Higgs boson and gluons have no electric charge and photons couple to charge, so there is no tree level interaction between them and photons. But what prevents higher order diagrams from ...
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If helicity can suppress weak decay of $\pi^{\pm}$, doesn't that make chiralty observer dependent?

I have been under the impression that chirality is at least in part a way to sneak in a Lorentz invariant version of helicity for particles that mass. Flip Tanedo seems to espouse this view in a ...
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Was the Higgs mass correctly predicted by asymptotic safety of gravity?

This paper was published in Phys Lett B in 2009, and predicted the Higgs mass to be 126 GeV based on the asymptotic safety of gravity. Is this prediction taken seriously by the theory community, or is ...
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Gauge choice after Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking

After the spontaneous breakdown of local symmetry in presence of gauge fields (Higgs Mechanism), we can always choose a gauge where the Goldstone bosons are eaten up by the gauge field (also called ...
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Spin of 125 GeV Higgs boson

Can someone please explain to me why (according to decay of Higgs boson into 2 photons) Higgs boson cannot have spin $S=1$?
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What if the 126 GeV particle found at LHC that LOOKS like the Higgs is actually not the Higgs Boson?

I am suspicious of the Higgs announcement. Press mania aside, the scientists seem careful to say only that "we've found something which looks like the Higgs Boson". The difference between Higgs-...
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Goldstone modes and Anderson-Higgs mechanism in the context of BCS theory

I'm already familiar with the "Mexican hat" story of Anderson-Higgs mechanism in Landau-Ginzberg theory. However, I have never seen anyone talking about Goldstone and Higgs mechanism in the context of ...
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Is the Higgs mechanism a fundamental interaction?

Is the Higgs mechanism a fundamental interaction of the same standing as the strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions? If not, is it mediated by the weak interaction? It seems that all the ...
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Does the equivalence between inertial and gravitational mass imply anything about the Higgs mechanism?

For example: the role it might play in a theory of quantum gravity (ie causing space-time curvature)? I realize that inertial mass can result from binding energy alone. Has the equivalence principle ...
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Did the initiation of the Higgs Field and the inflationary period occur simultaneously?

My question is: Both of these concepts involve a phase transition and they both started, as far as I know, early in time, so are the above two ideas linked in any way? My first source for this query ...
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Is the 125 GeV Higgs boson some kind of a “almost-commutative graviton” at the electroweak scale?

The clumsy "almost-commutative graviton" is provocative. I use it on purpose, to ask two questions in one : Is the observation of only one Higgs and no supersymmetric particle below 8 TeV (up to now) ...
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Why is a minimum field configuration called a vacuum state in SSB?

Most explanations of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking (SSB) go like this: They take a scalar field Lagrangian with the "Mexican hat" potential $V(\phi)=−10\phi^2+\phi^4$ and argue that since the ...
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How does the Higgs field provide mass to the known elementary particles and does even thinking about amplitude and frequency have any bearing on it?

One of the first things I was looking for when I found this site was a clarification on what an increase of mass/energy is when Matt Strassler was using the analogy of tightening a spring and applying ...
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Do we need new physics to supercede triviality?

I've been reading about the higgs triviality bound (see for example here). It is discussed that the higgs self coupling at some energy scale becomes non-perturbative. If the higg's mass is above about ...
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Parity and Helicity of the Higgs Boson

I have been studying how the spin and parity of the new boson discovered at the LHC will be studied and have run into some confusion. The Standard Model Higgs is expected to be a scalar (i.e. have ...
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Can't the Higgs vacuum be a superposition?

Supose you have a complex scalar field $\phi$ statisfying the typical Higgs lagrangian \begin{equation} L = \partial_{\mu}\phi\partial^{\mu}\phi + \mu^2\phi^*\phi-\frac{\lambda^2}{2}(\phi^*\phi)^2 \...

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