# Questions tagged [hamiltonian]

The central term in the hamiltonian formalism. Can be interpreted as an energy input, or "true" energy.

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### Is there a physical interpretation to invariant random matrix ensembles?

Disclaimer. I am a graduate student in pure mathematics, so my knowledge of physics more advanced than basic 1st/2nd year undergraduate physics is very limited. I welcome corrections on any ...
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### Ostrogradski’s theorem's proof

I am looking for a proof of the next theorem: "If the higher order time derivative Lagrangian is non-degenerate, there is at least one linear instability in the Hamiltonian of this system." Where ...
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### Non-Hermiticity when Fourier transforming onto a finite lattice

I'm doing numerical simulations. I have the Haldane model in a honeycomb lattice where $$H = \sum \limits_{<ij>}a^\dagger_i b_j + h.c$$ Where $i$ belongs to sublattice $A$, and $j$ to ...
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### Why is the generalized momentum replaced by the momentum operator but not the ordinary momentum?

I was trying to understand the derivation of the Hamiltonian for a charged particle in an electromagnetic field. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamiltonian_mechanics#...
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### Significance of energy in a time dependent quantum box

The Hamiltonian for a particle in a finite box is $$H = \frac{p^2}{2m} + V(x)$$ which will give time evolution as $$i\hbar d/dt|{\psi(t)}\rangle = H|{\psi(t)}\rangle \, .$$ However, if I do a ...
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### Is the Hamiltonian of a relativistic charged particle in an electromagnetic field only an approximation?

Consider a system of two relativistic charged point particles 1 and 2 which interact through their electric and magnetic fields. The equation of motion for the first particle is then given by the ...
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### Is there any feature which distinguishes the Hamiltonian in the Poincare algebra?

The Poincare algebra is defined as \begin{align*} i[J^{\mu\nu},J^{\rho\sigma}]&=\eta^{\nu\rho}J^{\mu\sigma}-\eta^{\mu\rho}J^{\nu\sigma}+\eta^{\sigma\nu}J^{\rho\mu}-\eta^{\sigma\mu}J^{\rho\nu}\\ ...
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### How are action variables linked to first integrals of a Hamiltonian?

Suppose I have an integrable Hamiltonian system $H(q_{1}, p_{1},..., q_{n}, p_{n})$, with first integrals $F_{1} = H, F_{2},..., F_{n}$. Excluding certain singular level sets (i.e. separatrices), one ...
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### How to derive the simplest 1D Superpotential Hamiltonian?

In the superpotential wiki article there are definitions of two supersymmetric operators: $$Q_1=\frac{1}{2}\left[(p-iW)b+(p+iW)b^\dagger\right] \\ Q_2=\frac{i}{2}\left[(p-iW)b-(p+iW)b^\dagger\right]$$...
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### Møller Opeartors and dressing relations: what picture?

Møller operators can be defined as (Urban, 2013;pg70): \[ \newcommand{\ket}[1]{\left|#1\right>} \newcommand{\braket}[2]{\left<#1|#2\right>} \Omega_{\pm}=\underset{t\rightarrow \mp 0}{\...
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### Many-body relativistic classical Hamiltonian

All classical mechanics textbooks I know only discuss the one-body Hamiltonian in an external field $$H = \sqrt{m^2c^4 + c^2(\mathbf{p}-e\mathbf{A}/c)^2} + e\phi$$ Jackson in his celebrated textbook ...
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### Can the Dirac Hamiltonian accommodate a variable speed of light?

The Dirac Hamiltonian has the form1 $$\left[\beta m c^2+c\sum_{n=1}^3\alpha_np_n\right]$$ where $\alpha_n$ and $\beta$ are Hermitian matrices, and $c$ is the speed of light. My question: Is there a ...
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### Looknig for resources on finding periodic orbit and stability on multidimensional Hamiltonian systems

I am looking for resources (books, papers, algorithms, codes) that explicitly explain the computation and analysis (using the monodromy matrix) of periodic orbits of multidimensional Hamiltonian ...
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### What is the unitary matrix that diagonalizes the Hamiltonian?

If $H = H_0 + g H_1$ is our (free + interaction) Hamiltonian, and we assume that we have a basis of states $\{ | i \rangle \}$ under which $H_0$ is diagonal, then we may diagonalize $H$ by some ...
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### How can I show that Second Quantization Hamiltonian is Hermitian?

How can I show that the non relativistic second quantization hamiltonian \hat{H}=\lmoustache d^3x \hat{\psi}^\dagger_\alpha(x) T(x)\hat{\psi}^\dagger(x)+\frac{1}{2}\lmoustache d^3x\...
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### What's the Hamiltonian of a spin subsystem?

Suppose I have 10 spins that are interacting through the Ising model with a random potential: $\mathcal{H} = \sum J S_i^x S_{i+1}^x + \sum S_i^z$ for a system size of L = n spins. Now I want to take a ...
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### A mysterious conserved quantity for a central potential

In teaching a course in classical mechanics and I have come across (from my predecessor) a to me mysterious conserved quantity. We are considering a gravitational (or electric) potential with the ...
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### Fermion 1D Hubbard Model ground state in the U = 0 limit

I am trying to determine the ground state of the 1D fermionic Hubbard model at half-filling of $2L$ sites with $L$ electrons with spin-$\uparrow$ and $L$ electrons with spin-$\downarrow$ in the $U=0$ ...
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### About the derivation of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation

It is an old question for me. In Goldstein's book, the H-J equation is derived in this way. We want to find a generating function $F(q,P,t)$ such that the transformed Hamiltonian vanishes identically, ...
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### Adiabatic quantum evolution of single photon or biphoton system

The prerequisite for adiabatic quantum evolution of single photon or biphoton system is as follows. We have to prepare a single photon or biphoton quantum system which has a ground and a higher level ...
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