# Questions tagged [hamiltonian-formalism]

The Hamiltonian formalism is a formalism in Classical Mechanics. Besides Lagrangian Mechanics, it is an effective way of reformulating classical mechanics in a simple way. Very useful in Quantum Mechanics, specifically the Heisenberg and Schrodinger formulations. Unlike Lagrangian Mechanics, this formalism relies on a "Hamiltonian" instead of a Lagrangian, which differs from the Lagrangian through a Legendre transformation.

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### Why only 2 derivatives in classical mechanics? [duplicate]

The title conveys my true question, but for the sake of clarity I will now rephrase it in a more mathematical flavor using the Hamiltonian formalism of classical mechanics and the terminology of ...
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### What if we set Hamilton-Jacobi mechanics as an axiom?

We postulate principle of least action then we get Lagrange mechanics, after we can get Hamilton mechanics either from postulate or lagrange mechanics. Then we get HJE. But what if we have HJE as ...
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### Hamilton-Jacobi equation and method of solving it [duplicate]

So, this equation we get when we find canonical transformation that makes new hamiltonian=0. There are 4 main transformations: F1(q,Q,t), F2(q,P,t), F3(p,Q,t), F4(p,P,t). On practice and in every book ...
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### Why do we use the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian instead of other related functions?

There are 4 main functions in mechanics. $L(q,\dot{q},t)$, $H(p,q,t)$, $K(\dot{p},\dot{q},t)$, $G(p,\dot{p},t)$. First two are Lagrangian and Hamiltonian. Second two are some kind of analogical to ...
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### Fluid mechanics, symplectic structure, the Hamiltonian, and vorticity

Consider an inviscid irrotational fluid in two dimensions. There are some explicit connections with symplectic geometry that I do not understand. I am not well versed in the later topic, so please ...
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### Level set of Hamiltonian are the orbits?

Just a small question : If $x(t)=(p(t),q(t))$, then the position $x(t)$ of a particle is given by $$\dot p=-H_q(x(t))\quad \text{and}\quad \dot q=H_p(x(t)).$$ In particular, if $x$ solve the previous ...
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### Different action-angle variables for a 2D harmonic oscillator

Consider a bidimensional harmonic oscillator. Ref. 1 says that, when the frequencies are commensurable, separating the variables in cartesian or polar coordinates leads to different action-angle ...
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### Chirikov standard map derivation

This might be a stupid question, but I am having trouble understanding the derivation of Standard map by integrating Hamilton's equation of motion over one period. I am going through this dissertation ...
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### Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity

Why is it not possible to find a Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity as easily as in classical mechanics? There was a remark to this in my lecture but no real explanation as to why this is. ...
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### Energy in spherically symmetric space times

In deriving the equations of motion for geodesics in spherically symmetric spacetimes through Hamiltonian formalism, we can find some constants of motion, namely, $E$ and $L$, the energy per unit of ...
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### An example of Hamiltonian which fails with canonical quantization

The Groenewold's theorem states that canonical quantization, regarded as a rule to replace $\{A,B\}$ by $\frac{1}{i\hbar}[A,B]$ is inconsistent for some 3rd order polynomials of canonical variables $p$...
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### Constrained Hamiltonian systems: spin 1/2 particle

I am trying to apply the Constrained Hamiltonian Systems theory on relativistic particles. For what concerns the scalar particle there is no issue. Indeed, I have the action S=-m\int ...
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### Hamiltonian description of a system

I know that phase space is the Hamiltonian description of a system, where we deal with position and momentum in equal footing. My question is in this phase space are those position and momentum are ...
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### Discrepancy in Lagrangian to Hamiltonian transformation results? [closed]

I know, $$L=T-V \;\;\; \; \;\;\; [1]\;\;\; \; \;\;\; ( Lagrangian)$$ $$H=T+V \;\;\; \; \;\;\;[2] \;\;\; \; \;\;\; (Hamiltonian)$$ and logically, this leads ...
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### Diagonalization of a matrix with operators as elements

How to diagonalize a hamiltonian matrix that has differential operators as elements? My matrix looks something like: \begin{bmatrix} A \frac{d^{2}}{{d\theta}^{2}}+ B_{1} & a\cos{(b\theta +c)}\\ a\...
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### Using action-angle variables in non-periodic system

I'm a little confused by the discussion in the last section $\S 50$ of Landau and Lifshitz's (Classical) Mechanics (1960, first English ed.). Here, they consider finite motion of a system whose ...
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### Use of generating function in canonical transformation

In the theory of Canonical transformations, initially we use the fact that the new and the old system of $(q_i, p_i)$ with the Hamiltonian $H$ satisfy the modified Hamilton's principle. Now here, the ...