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What is the meaning of dynamically generated states in particle physics?

In hadron spectroscopy, a structure may be interpreted as various "configurations", such as conventional quark-antiquark states, tetraquarks, hybrid states, dynamically generated states or ...
Xiaan YuanTian's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
78 views

Charge conjugation and Transition form factors

Let us consider the transition form factor of proton to Delta (see reference of https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.100.034001): $\gamma^{\ast}p \to \Delta$. Then we should also have the timelike ...
Qin-Tao Song's user avatar
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90 views

Beyond sexaquarks?

There are some candidates for tetraquarks, pentaquarks or even now sexaquarks/hexaquarks. But, I wonder, what are the highest molecular quark states taking into account QCD? Are there heptaquarks, ...
riemannium's user avatar
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Theoretical calculation for deuterium tritium fusion

How would a deuterium-tritium fusion feynmann diagram look like in terms of QHD (i.e meson exchange like eta,pi,sigma,omega,...)? I couldn't find anything online whilst this would be quite an ...
nemo's user avatar
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3 answers
49 views

Meson-Meson Scattering Data

Recently, I have been interested in the scattering amplitudes of mesons in the high-energy fixed-angle regime. I have come across a simple result, due to Brodsky et al., that predicts the scaling of ...
clavecin847's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

If massless objects ALWAYS travel at the speed of light and gluons are massless, how are they trapped within hadrons without a need for event horizon?

From what I heard, unless we have some kind of other influence, all things and light move at the straight lines in spacetime. If they have a mass, then they can never reach the speed of light, but all ...
Kusavil's user avatar
  • 343
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1 answer
125 views

Can you rewrite the QCD lagrangian in terms of hadron?

Is it possible to (exactly) rewrite the QCD lagrangian in terms of hadrons? I get that it's probably practically too difficult to do, but would it be possible in principle?
Toby Peterken's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
141 views

Is Santilli's hadronic mechanics sound and useful? [closed]

I'm a mathematician. Some math papers and books related to mutation algebras (a kind of nonassociative algebras which are Lie-admissible), and even an entry in the Encyclopedia of Mathematics (Lie-...
Jose Brox's user avatar
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1 answer
107 views

The elusive graviton particle. Why does Hadron colider fail to find this elusive particle. It does exist but i think method for finding it is wrong [closed]

Why does Hadron colider fail to find this elusive particle. It does exist but i think method for finding it is floored.i think that trying to find it by collision is a floored method. My theory is ...
Malko's user avatar
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Non-relativistic quark model, baryon masses and potential

Is there a simple non-relativistic quark model, based on which baryon masses, especially for the nucleon and the Delta resonance can be calculated? What is a reasonable non-relativistic potential? Is ...
TomS's user avatar
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What are hadron parity partners?

I am studying Lattice QCD and there are many papers mentioning "Parity partners". What does this term mean?
minimino's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to calculate the branching fraction of hadrons? Or good resources on chiral perturbation theory

I am wondering how I could calculate branching ratios (or any effective diagram) for various hadrons. In particular I am interested in a rare pion decay via a virtual photon:$\pi^0\to \gamma \gamma^* \...
4 votes
1 answer
245 views

Form Factors in Particle Physics

I am having trouble understanding how people parameterise hadronic matrix elements in terms of form factors. For example the decay of a pseudoscalar B to a vector meson: $$ \langle V(k, \eta) | \bar q ...
eye-in-the-sky's user avatar
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2 answers
83 views

Is there a differential equation describing the wavefunction of a hadron?

In Newtonian Physics there's a differential equation describing the motion of multiple bodies in orbit around each other. In non relativistic quantum mechanics there's a differential equation ...
Anders Gustafson's user avatar
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How to draw Feynman diagram of quark decaying to more than three quarks (weak), and tell if it's Cabibbo-allowed/supressed?

I have problems when it comes to drawing Feynman diagrams that involve weak decays creating more than two quarks. So I hope one of you can help me clarify. let's consider the following problem: Will ...
ma238's user avatar
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1 answer
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Should quarks be grouped together in Feynman diagrams?

I have a questions regarding Feynman diagrams when it involves hadrons. I think the easiest way is considering this reactions: 1) $\Lambda_{c}^{+} \rightarrow p+\bar{K}^{0}$ I need to draw the ...
ma238's user avatar
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0 answers
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Evolution of the proton without external interactions

I've been thinking about the possibility of the proton evolving without external interactions and came up with the following problem. Let's say we have an isolated proton and therfore the Lagrangian ...
Vicky's user avatar
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Mass difference between two baryons

I have been trying to make sense out of this (unsuccessfully for days). It's an exercise on Particle Physics. Exercise asks to calculate the mass difference between baryons ($cuu$) with \begin{...
MiguelFuego's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
69 views

Hadron-Hadron collisions: classification of events

In hadron-hadron collisions, scattering events can be classified into diffractive and non-diffractive events. I don't clearly understand the definition of this two adjectives and I don't understand if ...
Antonio19932806's user avatar
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0 answers
18 views

Can a baryon consist of two quarks and an antiquark? Or a pentaquark be made of three quarks and two antiquarks? [duplicate]

I suspect these particles exist, but are extremely short-lived, even compared to other unstable, exotic particles...
Kurt Hikes's user avatar
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1 answer
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Interference term in hadronic processes

If we consider two hadronic processes with the same final state, example : should one also include an interference term in cross-section despite the different propagators? What would be in cases ...
Demid Zharenov's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
86 views

Emergence of Dual Resonance model from QCD

This question is about getting to understand better what the Dual Resonance (DR) model actually managed to successfully predict or model from the nuclear interactions, in the context of understanding ...
lurscher's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
95 views

Permitted bound states in extended QCD color group $SU(4)$

I'm very much curious about the possible quark combinations to form bound states in $SU(4)$ QCD. We already know Wilson has proven that only colorless combinations can arise in $SU(3)$ of these ...
Bastam Tajik's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Pion+ and proton make kaon+ and another strange particle, X. Why is this the strong interaction?

The answer is the strong nuclear force. After having looked at Feynman diagrams online for similar interactions I figured out an interaction for this one that I have drawn above. Is that correct? I ...
Kiran Govind's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
92 views

Can one show that hypernuclei are always unstable?

Normal atomic nuclei are composed of protons and neutrons, where the local interactions stabilize the neutrons that are unstable in isolation. Hypernuclei have one or more strange hadrons beside the ...
Anders Sandberg's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
62 views

Could the Odderon intercept be equal to $\alpha_\mathbb {O}(0)=0.813$? [closed]

The directed percolation dynamical universality class is characterized by just three independent critical exponents. These exponents are (in a 3d space): $$\beta=\beta'=0.813(9)$$ $$\nu_\perp=0.584(5)...
Carlos L. Janer's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
433 views

How do we decide the proton wave function?

The fully symmetric spin-up proton spin-flavour wave function in the constituent quark model is usually presented as follows: $$\begin{align} \frac{1}{\sqrt{18}} ~ ( &2 |u\uparrow ~ u\uparrow ~ d\...
Craig's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
135 views

How do soft Pomerons become hard?

The exchange of soft Pomerons (and Reggeons) ($\alpha_R(0)=0.55$ and $\alpha_P(0)=1.08$) seem to describe total hadron-hadron cross sections pretty well in the Regge limit. See, for example: https://...
Carlos L. Janer's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
70 views

Polarized structure functions and Bjorken sum rule

I'm trying to understand what the Bjorken sum rule and the polarized structure functions entering it are. I will use equation (2.3) here as a reference for asking the question. In Peskin, I've only ...
mavzolej's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why Aren't Hadron Masses More Useful In Determining Standard Model Constant Values?

Some of the most exquisitely precise experimental measurements in all of physics are the masses of the various hadrons. Consider these examples: the proton mass is known to eleven significant digits. ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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If quarks can't be isolated in the first place, how did they become confined in the early universe?

On one hand, we know that quarks cannot exist in isolation. This is because the energy required to dissociate a quark-antiquark pair in a meson (or quarks in a hadron) will create a mesons (or hadrons)...
Solidification's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
52 views

Relation of vector and scalar matrix elements for hadronic transitions

Consider a matrix element $$ F_{\mu}(p_{h'}, p_{h}, \dots) = \langle h'(p_{h'})|\bar{q}_{i}\gamma_{\mu}q_{j}|p_{h}\rangle, $$ describing transition of some initial hadron $h$ that contains a quark $...
Name YYY's user avatar
  • 8,901
0 votes
1 answer
54 views

Conversion of gluons into hadrons

Why and how does a gluon become a hadron when it leaves a hadron? Is this an analogous process to the way a quark becomes a meson, when it is "forced" out of (let's say) a proton?
Pregunto's user avatar
  • 559
6 votes
1 answer
288 views

At what stage is it necessary to introduce a field theory in the regeon-pomeron-odderon model of hadron interactions?

I've been reading some papers from G.F. Chew and S. C. Frautschi and they do not even bother to introduce the concept of "Field" when they describe hadron interactions. My impression is that they do ...
Carlos L. Janer's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
158 views

What is $\gamma$$\rho$ mixing?

In a previous question, I asked about the apparent universality behaviour in hadron elastic scattering. I was particularly shocked to see that even $\gamma p$ showed that universal behaviour with ...
Carlos L. Janer's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
115 views

Do Reggeons-Pomerons-Odderons offer an Universal picture of hadron interactions?

As far as I know, the total cross-sections of the following hadron interactions are well described by a single Reggeon trajectory and a single Pomeron (soft Pomeron) trajectory. It seems to work for ...
Carlos L. Janer's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
78 views

Why are the elastic and total cross-section of $pp$ collisions increasing as the C.O.M. energy grows?

Well, that's about it. I don't find any reasonable explanation for this fact. Are they transversally expanding as the energy increases? Please, remember that strong interactions are short ranged and ...
Carlos L. Janer's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
316 views

Use of Cutkosky rule, the Optical Theorem and Regge trajectories in pp scattering total cross-section calculation

Cutkosky rule states that: $$2Im \big(A_{ab}\big)=(2\pi)^4\sum_c \delta\Big(\sum_c p^{\mu}_{c}-\sum_a p^{\mu}_{a}\Big)|A_{cb}|^2\hspace{0.5cm} (1)$$ putting $a=b=p$ in Cutkosky rule we deduce the ...
Carlos L. Janer's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
614 views

In less technical language, what exactly is a "gravitational form factor"?

The term "gravitational form factor" is a term I don't recall ever seeing before the year 2018 (about three decades after I started reading physics papers). I have read several recent papers about ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 3,957
2 votes
1 answer
300 views

$pp$ and $p\bar p$ scattering energy scaling exponents and 3d directed percolation model critical exponents similarity/equality, why?

$pp$ and $p\bar p$ scattering can be approximately described (in the Regge limit, that is, when $s \gg m \gt |t|$) by the exchange of Reggeons defined by the following Regge trajectory (low $s$): $$\...
Carlos L. Janer's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
278 views

Typical size of QCD bound states

Consider the Hydrogen atom and its quantum mechanical description. The excited states of the electron are at energies $E = -E_0/n^2$ with $E_0 = 13.6 \,$eV. This is a weakly coupled bound state ($\...
apt45's user avatar
  • 2,197
1 vote
1 answer
204 views

What is the significance of finding quark-antiquark pairs in hadrons?

What is the significance of finding quark-antiquark pairs in hadrons? Does is have any effect, and hypothetically, could you pull the 3 quarks in a hadron apart so they formed 3 mesons?
Pranav Kosuri's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
39 views

vector mesons identified with positive parity

I have seen in some sources (like in https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.06090, page 11, footnote 11 but also in some few more) that vector mesons are assigned with positive parity $(J^P)=1^+$. In Particle ...
LostInTranslation's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
522 views

How to determine hadronic relative partial decay widths?

For example in this paper (also on arxiv), the author writes: However, for an $n \bar n$ state, $\gamma^2(K \bar K) = \frac{1}{3} \gamma^2(\pi \pi)$, ... Where $n \bar n = \frac{1}{\sqrt2} (u\bar ...
Christian's user avatar
  • 393
1 vote
0 answers
94 views

Early hadronic string theory leaving me confused!

I am almost finished watching Leonard Susskind's String Theory lecture series on Youtube, and, while I find it very accessible, there's something seriously self-contradictory about the historical ...
C Worthington's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
79 views

Can somebody explain how to add hadronic interaction in human phantom example of Geant4? [closed]

I want to include hadronic interaction in human phantom example of Geant4. There is a header file G4HadronicInteraction.hh and a C++ file G4HadronicInteraction.cc and a file named ...
luv_phy's user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Why is a Kaon strange?

I've read that because Kaons are produced by the strong interaction and decay by the weak interaction that this makes them strange. However protons and neutrons decay by the weak interaction as well i....
johnsmith4725's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
703 views

What is the weak isospin of hadrons?

What are the weak isospins (T3 values) of various hadrons, including the proton, neutron, mesons, hyperons and other hadrons? How is the weak isospin calculated for any hadron? Published sources ...
R. Paul's user avatar
  • 173
5 votes
2 answers
928 views

Yang-Mills theories, confinement and chiral symmetry breaking

I was thinking about hadrons in general Yang-Mills theories and I have some doubts that I'd like to discuss with you. Suppose that we have a Yang-Mills theory that, like QCD, tend to bind quarks ...
Cervantes's user avatar
  • 300
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is there any stable hadron?

Neutron can decay into proton and I think some hypothesis claim that proton can also undergoes decay into subatomic particles... Is there any hadron that never decays?
user6760's user avatar
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