Questions tagged [gravitational-waves]

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38
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8answers
9k views

Is it theoretically possible to shield gravitational fields or waves?

Electromagnetic waves can be shielded by a perfect conductor. What about gravitational fields or waves?
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2answers
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LIGO flawed by the identical expansion of laser wavelength and arms in presence of a gravitational wave?

LIGO, Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, is a large-scale physics experiment aiming to directly detect gravitational waves. The device measures the phase shift laser beams. If I ...
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1answer
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How close would you have to be to the merger of two black holes, for the effects of gravitational waves to be detected without instruments?

Assume two black holes in the most common size range, spiraling into each other until they merge. The event releases significant amounts of energy via gravitational waves, which warp the space-time. ...
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3answers
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How were the solar masses and distance of the GW150914 merger event calculated from the signal?

The GW150914 signal was observed, giving us the frequency and amplitude of the event. Because LIGO has two detectors a rough source location could be derived. But how do these three factors allow for ...
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5answers
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Are the LIGO observations proof of a black hole merger, and what happened to the black holes?

Recent reports claim that the gravitational waves detected by LIGO match up with the signal expected from two black holes merging as predicted by general relativity. Additionally, the masses of both ...
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9answers
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Why is the detection of gravitational waves so significant?

LIGO has announced the detection of gravitational waves on 11 Feb, 2016. I was wondering why the detection of gravitational waves was so significant? I know it is another confirmation of general ...
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2answers
4k views

Where does gravitational waves' energy go?

Following the measurement of gravitational waves, many sources described them and explained they carry energy away. What I don't get is how this energy will get transfered back to anything else. If ...
14
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1answer
941 views

What is the status of existing measurements of the speed of gravity?

In replying to a recent question I stated: Gravitational waves have not been yet experimentally observed so as to have their velocity measured. Which after the fact prompted me to try and verify ...
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2answers
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Is there a good chance that gravitational waves will be detected in the next years?

Is there a good chance that gravitational waves will be detected in the next years? Theoretical estimates on the size of the effect and the sensitivity of the newest detectors should permit a ...
16
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1answer
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Do gravitational lenses work on gravitational waves?

Do gravitational lenses work on gravitational waves? Could we get an Einstein cross of gravity?
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3answers
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Is it possible to produce gravitational waves artificially?

Why don't they make a ball with irregularities, say the size of a tennis ball, then spin it very rapidly, so it would produce gravitational waves like a spinning star with irregularities on it? Is ...
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2answers
10k views

What is the difference between gravitons and gravitational waves?

What is the difference between gravitons and gravitational waves? So as I understand, gravitational waves are predicted by and part of the theory of general relativity, whereas gravitons are predicted ...
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5answers
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Is the graviton hypothetical?

Wikipedia lists the graviton as a hypothetical particle. I wonder whether graviton is indeed hypothetical or does its existence directly follow from modern physics? Does observation of gravitational ...
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2answers
640 views

Is there absolute proof for gravitational waves?

As you probably know gravitational waves seem to have been proven unless you've been living under a rock for the past day. The experiment involves the reflecting off mirrors and waves of light and it ...
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2answers
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How can I read off the fact that gravity is associated with spin-2 particles from the Einstein-Hilbert action?

I have often heard that the gravitational field has spin $2$. How can I read the spin of the field from the Einstein-Hilbert action $$S=\int \! \mathrm{d}^4x \,\sqrt{|g|} \, \mathcal{R} \, \, \, ?$$
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2answers
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So Black Holes Actually Merge! In 1/5th of a Second - How?

I've read a lot of conflicting answers in these forums. However, today saw the awesome announcement of gravitational waves. Two black holes merged: http://www.slate.com/blogs/bad_astronomy/2016/02/11/...
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4answers
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Since there are gravitational lenses, are there gravitational mirrors?

Gravitational lensing is an observed phenomenon. Can one have a gravitational mirror? A slightly unrelated question: Can gravitational waves be reflected?
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3answers
2k views

Prospects for detection of gravitons?

With the announcement of the detection of gravitational waves, questions about the implications proliferate. Some relate to the possible existence of gravitons. The analogous relationship between ...
9
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1answer
748 views

How is it that distortions in space can be measured as distances? [duplicate]

Imagine yourself and anything you're able to perceive to be drawn onto a rubber band. Any means of determining distances would be affected by the stretching/contracting of the rubber band. The ...
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3answers
263 views

Transfer of energy from gravity back to other “more familiar” forms of energy?

In this question I've mentioned an account of the recently reported 2nd observation of gravitational waves, LIGO and Virgo Collaborations, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 241103, 15 June 2016, where 1 of the ...
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2answers
596 views

Gravitational waves and time

Two questions. It is said that time can only go slower in gravity fields and if you move faster. I have heard that when a gravitational wave pass earth then the space/time vibrate and time change ...
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3answers
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How strong were the gravitational waves that LIGO detected at the source?

Congrats to the LIGO team on the announcement of their discovery of gravitational waves! The articles I've read say that the distortion we see here is much smaller than a proton. What about at the ...
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1answer
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Can gravitational waves be red-shifted?

Whenever the Doppler effect is mentioned, it's typically in the context of sound waves or electromagnetic radiation. On the cosmological scale, red-shifting is also important because of the enormous ...
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2answers
746 views

Do photons and cosmic rays radiate energy through gravitational waves? If not, why not?

Due to the mass-energy equivalence, both matter and EM radiation bend spacetime, and both are capable of forming singularities (black hole, white hole/kugelblitz). In light of this, why do photons ...
14
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2answers
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Did merging Black Holes in GW150914 give up entropy and information to the gravitational waves, since they lost 3 solar masses?

Since the final Black Hole (BH) had 3 solar masses less of mass than the original binary BH, it seems the 2 BHs lost mass, and with it event surface area, entropy, and information. If that came from ...
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3answers
304 views

How would we estimate, ahead of time, “the chances” of LIGO spotting black holes colliding in the period that it has been operating? [duplicate]

Can anyone summarize calculations that have been done about the theoretical probability of a detectable black hole collision happening in the observable universe within the time that LIGO has been ...
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1answer
185 views

What was the rate of Black Hole - Black Hole mergers expected to be detected by LIGO prior to GW150914?

My question is a more detailed version of the one found here, which elicited some good information but the question was never really answered. From table 4 in a 2010 paper we see the estimated rate ...
3
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1answer
903 views

What Happens When A Gravitational Wave Interacts With Another One?

If two gravitational waves came in contact with each other what would happen? In another question entirely, what happens when a higher gravitational field interacts with a weaker one.
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1answer
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Counting degrees of freedom for gravitational waves as a gauge field

Sean Carroll has a new popularization about the Higgs, The Particle at the End of the Universe. Carroll is a relativist, and I enjoyed seeing how he presented the four forces of nature synoptically, ...
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1answer
795 views

What makes us think we can actually detect gravitational waves?

This refers to the discussion about gravitational waves for the YouTube video LIGO Gravitational Wave Observatory. I have two questions: When the gravitational wave passes through the space where ...
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3answers
824 views

Does a planet/star itself lose mass when it 'emits' gravitational waves?

Orbiting planets and stars can create gravitational waves, as seen with the LIGO. But are they also losing mass-energy. Beside that, the kinetic energy associated with their orbital angular momentum ...
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2answers
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Why gravity is an attractive force? [duplicate]

Why gravity is an attractive force? One may say that it is because of space time curvature but General Relativity is built on this law: $\displaystyle G \frac{m_1 \times m_2}{r^2}$ (To be more ...
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3answers
776 views

How are gravitational waves exactly produced?

I was thinking about gravitational waves, and I found out that I may have a doubt about their production. Assuming the whole calculations find a wave-like solution to be understood, I was wondering ...
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2answers
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Are gravitational waves longitudinal or transverse?

Waves are generally classified as either transverse or longitudinal depending on the they way the propagated quantity is oriented with respect to the direction of propagation. Then what is a ...
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6answers
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Why can't we produce gravitational waves in the lab?

Fairly straightforward. I just thought it wouldn't be too hard to produce a ripple in spacetime several times smaller than a proton radius in a particle accelerator or something. It seems like it ...
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3answers
8k views

Would it be possible to transmit information through gravitational waves?

First thing I've been wondering is how the gravitational field is emitted. Matter emits gravitational waves, and I guess that those waves travel at around the speed of light. If that's not the case, ...
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2answers
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Monopole Gravitational waves exist?

GR says that monopole gravitational radiation does not exist. I understand the reasons for this. However there is this effect (which seems to me to have the hallmarks of a wave). Paper at arXiv: ...
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2answers
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Is there a possibility for discovery of anti-graviton, i.e. the graviton antiparticle?

If gravitons exists, then would there be anti-gravitons as well? 1)If not, why? 2) If yes, what are their expected properties?
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1answer
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How does LIGO remove the effects of environmental noise?

Since LIGO is dealing with readings at nanometers, events such as vehicles driving nearby, and constant (but extremely minor) tremors of the earth can cause movement with the mirrors at nanometers. ...
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3answers
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Evidence for quantum gravity from gravitational waves

The rumor spreads that physicists will make their big gravitational wave announcement this thursday. I am far from being an experimentalist, but I want to know if there is any chance that the ...
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2answers
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Do gravitational waves slow down as they pass through matter?

I've heard that gravitational waves travel at the speed of light, and have some parallels to electromagnetic waves. EM waves slow down as they pass through matter (speed of light in glass is slower ...
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2answers
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Are there weak force waves?

In the same way as there are electromagnetic and gravitational waves that update the information on their respective field, is there an analogue for the weak and strong forces?
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1answer
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Does an object creates gravitational waves when only accelerating in one direction?

I know from reading about the gravitational waves detected by Ligo, that when an object has angular acceleration, it produces gravitational waves. I'm wondering if an object creates gravitational ...
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1answer
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Do gravitational waves impart linear momentum to objects? (e.g. Quasar 3C 186)

The Washington Post article This black hole is being pushed around its galaxy by gravitational waves also includes an excellent NASA Goddard video description (also in YouTube) of the proposed ...
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3answers
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Redshift of merging black holes

How did they found that the gravitational waves where emitted at redshift $z=0.09$? I understand the measurement of redshift for an electromagnetic wave where we have measured in a lab various ...
5
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1answer
258 views

What effects could/can gravitational waves have on us?

Are gravitational waves something a human beeing could notice if it were powerful enough? Or would it be more like a higher dimensional force, since it would alter us in the sameway as our ...
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1answer
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How did LIGO detect the source location of the black holes mentioned to be the cause of today's announcement?

Today LIGO announced discovery of Gravitational waves. What method was used to determine the source location of the waves?
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1answer
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Is it possible that there are still gravitational waves of the big bang?

We already discovered the cosmic background radiation what are the 'leftovers' of electromagnetic radiation of the big bang. Probably gravitational waves of the big bang (if they exists) would be to ...
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2answers
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Is the sensitivity of the LIGO sensitive enough to measure the “expansion of the universe”? What specifically is the numerical ratio of effects?

It would seem that LIGO measures wibbles in the metric (not manifold) of spacetime: How is it that distortions in space can be measured as distances? It would seem that the expansion of the universe ...
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1answer
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What is the relationship between a gravitational wave and a graviton? [duplicate]

Gravitational waves were theorized a century ago and recently discovered, leading to the awarding of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics. According to Wikipedia: Gravitational waves transport energy as ...