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# Questions tagged [gauge]

Use this tag to discuss gauge-fixing conditions, as in the phrase 'choosing a gauge', such as, e.g. the Lorenz gauge, Coulomb gauge, Feynman gauge, Landau gauge, axial gauge, temporal gauge, light cone gauge, etc.

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### Validity of gauge fixing in classical electrodynamics [duplicate]

I am working through Griffith, and was confused by some of the restrictions he imposed on the potentials in introducing the Coulomb and Lorenz gauge. It is easy to see that adding some arbitrary ...
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### Geometrical point of view of the harmonic constraints ($\Delta g_{ij}=0$) in General Relativity

What does it mean, from the geometrical point of view, use (in General Relativity) of the constraints on the metric tensor's coefficients such that $\Delta g_{ij}=0$? (where $\Delta$ is the Beltrami-...
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### Is $A_\mu A^\mu=0$ a good gauge fixing? [closed]

I am taking a course in classical electrodynamics and I am facing this problem Prove that $A_\mu A^\mu=0$ is a good gauge fixing or not. If it is, there are residual gauge freedom? I know that, ...
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### Gauged supergravity

It is said that in N=2 supergravity coupled to vector multiplets and hypermultiplets, one can gauge the R-symmetry by equivalently gauging the isometries of the corresponding hyperkahler cone over the ...
269 views

### Why do different vector potentials in Landau levels problem lead to different quantum mechanical ground state wavefunctions?

Consider a charged particle (electron) moves in xy plane under a magnetic field pointing along the z direction, i.e., $\vec{B}=B\hat{z}$. As a consequence, we can write down three different gauges- ...
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### What is the meaning of 'physical gauge'?

What does it mean for a gauge to be a physical gauge in your gauge choice of the theory, and why is it called the "physical gauge"?
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### How to apply the Faddeev-Popov method to a simple integral

Some time ago I was reviewing my knowledge on QFT and I came across the question of Faddeev-Popov ghosts. At the time I was studying thеse matters, I used the book of Faddeev and Slavnov, but the ...
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### How can I prove that the axial gauge is a valid Gauge fixing condition?

I am studying classical electrodynamics and I have been introduced to the concept of gauge transformations and gauge fixing conditions. Right know I am trying to prove that some conditions are valid ...
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### Equal-time commutation relations, Feynman propagator for gauge parameter $\lambda = 1$, physical meaning

Classical electromagnetism (with no sources) follows from the actions$$S = \int d^4x\left(-{1\over4}F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu}\right),\text{ where }F_{\mu\nu} = \partial_\mu A_\nu - \partial_\nu A_\mu.$$The ...
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### Why is the electromagnetic four-potential $A_{\mu}$ not an observable?
Why within classical field-theory the electromagnetic four-potential (usually $A_{\mu}$) not an observable? In classical mechanics we don't have problems with energy measurements and in quantum ...