Questions tagged [functional-determinants]

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Calculating determinant in Dirac space

I'm stuck at trying to calculate the functional trace of the inverse quark propagator $$\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{Tr} \log \beta S_0 ^{-1}$$ where $$ S^{-1} _0 = \begin{pmatrix} \big(\not{k} + \tilde{\mu} ...
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1answer
404 views

Graphical determination of energy eigenvalues (symmetrical potential well)

It is about a particle with mass $m$ in a potential $V(x)$: I want to do a graphical determination(at first only the symmetrical case) of the energy eigenvalues. I will show you my previous work: ...
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1answer
68 views

Functional determinants

I wish to know what is the result of this Gaussian Functional Integral $$Z[\chi] = \int[\mathcal{D}\phi]~e^{-i\int d^dx ~\phi^2\chi}$$ where $\phi, \chi$ are position dependent fields. Now, my ...
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1answer
86 views

Functional integrations

We often see functional versions of Gaussian integrations $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} d^dx e^{-x^{T}Mx} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi^d \det M}} \to \int[\mathcal{D}X] e^{-i\int X \mathcal{O}X} = (\det{O})^{-1}...
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1answer
46 views

How to deal with path integral in curved space-time for a free scalar field?

Let's say we have a complex scalar field in a curved background whose action is: \begin{equation} S=-\int d^4x \sqrt{-g}\phi^\ast(\square_g+m^2) \phi \end{equation} For some purpose I want to ...
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1answer
37 views

Units in the nonrelativistic free particle path integral

I am almost certain I have seen the answer to this question on this site before, but for the life of me I cannot find it after significant searching. If someone can located another question with the ...
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1answer
308 views

Vacuum Energy Calculation using Path Integral

I am currently reading Zee's book on quantum field theory, and I am in the chapter where he is introducing Grassmann integrals. He re-introduces the path integral evaluated for the vacuum, i.e. no ...
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237 views

How to perform a derivative of a functional determinant?

Let us consider a functional determinant $$\det G^{-1}(x,y;g_{\mu\nu})$$ where the operator $G^{-1}(x,y;g_{\mu\nu})$ reads $$G^{-1}(x,y;g_{\mu\nu})=\delta^{(4)}(x-y)\sqrt{-g(y)}\left(g^{\mu\nu}(y)\...
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0answers
24 views

Stationary phase approximation with a non-positive definite fluctuation operator

I wish to evaluate the following path integral - to find a conditional probability. $$P(x(T) | x(0)) = \int Dx(t) \exp(S[x]) = \int Dx(t) \exp \Big(\int -\frac{1}{2}m(x)\ddot{x} + b(x)\dot{x} + V(x) ...
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42 views

Determinant of differential operator as exponential of Wess-Zumino-Witten action

I am currently reading this paper (Mass Gap and Confinement in (2+1)-Dimensional Yang-Mills Theory, Dimitra Karabali) and between equations (6) and (7) the following identity is used: \begin{equation*}...
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23 views

What physical meaning “determinant” of a divergency (divergent integral or series) can have? Is there a parallel with functional determinant?

I am working on the algebra of "divergencies", that is, infinite integrals, series and germs. So, I decided to construct something similar to determinant of a matrix of these entities. $$\...
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0answers
46 views

How to find the determinant of a single derivative?

I am currently studying the path integral approach to stochastic processes. Recently I was reading Functional integral approach for multiplicative stochastic processes about the path integral ...
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1answer
171 views

Determinant of differential operator $( \partial^2 + m^2)$

For a scalar field in QFT the generating functional is given as: $$ Z[J] = \int \left[ d\phi \right] \exp{\left( i\ S[\phi] + i \int d^4 x\ \phi (x) J(x) \right)} $$ with $ S = \frac{1}{2} \int d^4 x\ ...
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4answers
4k views

Gelfand-Yaglom theorem for functional determinants

What is the 'Gelfand-Yaglom' Theorem? I have heard that it is used to calculate Functional determinants by solving an initial value problem of the form $Hy(x)-zy(x)=0$ with $y(0)=0$ and $y'(0)=1$. ...
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3answers
751 views

How does the functional measure transform under a field redefinition?

My question is: how does the path integral functional measure transform under the following field redefinitions (where $c$ is an arbitrary constant and $\phi$ is a scalar field): \begin{align} \phi(x)&...
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2answers
203 views

Path integral identity

I am reading the Background Field Methods in the EPFL Lectures on GR as an EFT. The authors use this identity on Page 23, Equation (174): $$ \mathcal{N}^{-1}\int\mathcal{D}\phi\,\mathcal{D}\phi^*\exp\{...
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2answers
284 views

The Functional Determinants in Peskin and Schroeder (Eq.9.77)

I'm working on the Eq.9.77 in Peskin (page 304): To demonstrate this, we need only apply standard identities from linear algebra. First notice that, if a matrix $B$ has eigenvalues $b_i ,$ we can ...
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1answer
88 views

Regularization of functional determinant over an Instanton background

I am reading the paper "ABC of instantons" and meet some problems at section 8. I simplify this problem a little bit as follows. First, we have a Euclidean path integral like \begin{equation}...
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1answer
272 views

One-loop effective action for scalar field on the curved background in large potential

I hope to compute a functional integral $Z=\int \mathcal{D}\phi\,\, e^{-S[\phi]}$ with an action $$S[\phi]=\int d^2x \sqrt{g}\Big((\nabla \phi)^2+\frac{1}{\lambda}M^2(x) \phi^2\Big)$$ The scalar field ...
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1answer
101 views

Meaning of capital pi symbol in sum over histories integral

This question is primarily mathematical in nature. I have been reading Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur and I am reading about Feynman’s path integral approach. The definition of the “sum ...
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0answers
66 views

Functional Determinant of a matrix of operators

How would we calculate the functional determinant of a matrix with both continuous and discrete indices; such as \begin{equation} O =\begin{pmatrix} a(t) & \frac{d}{dt} +b(t) & c(t) \\ \frac{d}...
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0answers
124 views

Functional determinant in scalar QED

I'm trying to integrate out the scalars from the path integral in scalar QED, but I encountered an integral I don't know how to do. The model is $S = \int_{\mathbb{R}^4}d^4x \left( -\frac{(F_{\mu\nu})...
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0answers
73 views

Propagator in massive QED/Schwinger model

I'm trying to integrate out the fermions from the path integral in the massive QED/Schwinger model $S = \int_{\mathbb{R}^d}d^{dx} \left( - \frac{(F_{\mu\nu})^2}{4} + \bar{\psi} \left( i\gamma^\mu D_\...
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2answers
110 views

Why is there an difference between the exponent of the determinant of these two path integral?

When I read about Altland and Simons “Condensed matter field theory”, I came across with the path integral (3.28). $$\langle {q_f}|e^{-iHt/\hbar} |q_i\rangle = \det(\frac{i}{2\pi \hbar} \frac{\...
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1answer
159 views

Loop counting for determinants and anomalies

I am trying to understand an argument for why anomalies are one-loop exact, given by Bilal in Lectures on Anomalies. The relevant paragraph is reproduced here: Let us first explain why the anomaly ...
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2answers
1k views

Gaussian integral formula for matrix product

I am looking for a way to prove that $$ \det (M \cdot N) = \det(M)\det(N) \tag{0}$$ Where $M$ and $N$ are matrices with continuous indices, so that $\det$ is a functional determinant. A way to show ...
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1answer
101 views

Convergence of the path integral

In P&S 9.3 the path integral $$ Z[J]=\int {\cal D}\phi \exp[i\int d^4x ({\cal L} + J\phi)]$$ of the (Minkowski) $\phi^4$-theory when subjected to a Wick-rotation (change of the integration path ...
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1answer
378 views

Peskin & Schroeder eq. 9.26 and functional methods

I have been reading chapter 9 in Peskin & Schroeder's QFT book and has been stuck in transition from equation 9.26 to 9.27. Equation 9.26 reads: $$\frac{1}{V^2} \Sigma_{m,l} \exp{[-i(k_m.x_1+k_l ....
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2answers
991 views

How to directly evaluate path integral for harmonic oscillator by brute force method?

It is easy to evaluate the green's function using path integral approach by evaluating classical action and using functional calculus method. Is it possible to evaluate path integral for harmonic ...
4
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1answer
291 views

Path integral measure in Chern-Simons/WZW correspondence

The relationship between 3d Chern-Simons theory on the product of the disk and the real line ($D\times \mathbb{R}$) and the chiral WZW model on $S^1\times \mathbb{R}$ was shown in Elitzur et al Nucl....
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2answers
178 views

Calculation of current from path integral

I would like to calculate $\langle\bar{\psi}\psi\rangle$ in free theory. I start from the following generating functional: $$Z[J]=\int\mathcal{D}[\bar{\psi},\,\psi]\exp\left(i\int d^dx\,[\bar{\psi}(i\...
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1answer
131 views

A Question about Path Integral Measure

I want to do the following path integral. $$\mathcal{Z}=\int\mathcal{D}x e^{iS[\dot{x}]}$$ The action only denpends on $\dot{x}$. For some reason, I want to replace the integral measure $\mathcal{D}...
2
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1answer
78 views

Eigenvalue counting number in Functional Integral

My question is about the calculation of a functional integral (which looks like a partition function). If we have the operator $A$ having discrete spectrum, and eigenvectors $\phi_{i}$ and ...
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0answers
246 views

What is the 't Hooft determinant?

The 't Hooft vertex/determinant is somehow generated by instantons and is responsible for the generation of mass gap in pseudo-Goldstone bosons, such as an axion. For example, the complex Peccei-...
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1answer
231 views

Two Questions about Path Integral from “Gauge Fields and Strings” by Polyakov

My questions are about worldline path integrals from the book Gauge Fields and Strings of Polyakov. On page 153, chapter 9, he says Let us begin with the following path integral \begin{align} &...
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1answer
1k views

Computing functional determinant for Dirac fermions

In the path integral formulation for quantum field theory, one often encounters functional determinants of operators, for example for a free scalar field $\log \det (\partial^2+m^2)$. For this ...
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1answer
464 views

Determinant of d'Alembert Operator $\mathop\Box-m^{2}$

In quantum field theory, the partition function of a free scalar is $$\mathcal{Z}=\int\mathcal{D}\phi\exp i\int d^{n}x\frac{1}{2}\left[(\partial_{\mu}\phi)(\partial^{\mu}\phi)-m^{2}\phi^{2}\right]$$ $...
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0answers
100 views

Indexes in the Gaussian functional integral

This is a question spawning from a comment made to my previous question. There I was asking about taking some functional derivative in the effective action of the non-linear sigma model. The comment ...
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1answer
538 views

Lack of Maslov index in the path integral formalism

Introduction Consider Feynman's famous path integral formula \begin{equation} K(x_a,x_b) = \int \mathcal{D}[x(t)] \exp \left[ \frac{i}{\hbar} \int_{t_a}^{t_b} dt \, \mathcal{L}(x(t),\dot{x}(t),t) \...
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2answers
1k views

Calculating $\mathrm{Tr}[\log \Delta_F]$

I am stuck with this problem for quite sometime. I have a propagator in the momentum representation (from this Phys.SE question), which looks like $$ \widetilde\Delta_F(p) = \frac{1}{(p^0)^2-\left(\...
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0answers
84 views

Finding the determinant of $(\omega^2-\partial_t^2)/2D$ in path integral? [closed]

I am looking to evaluate the following path integral: $$I=\int_{\vec x(t_0)=0}^{\vec x(t)=0}\mathcal{D}x \exp\left( -\frac{1}{2} \int^t_{t_0} d\tau \; \vec x \left\{ \frac{\omega^2-\partial_t^2}{2D} \...
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2answers
1k views

Determinant of Dirac operator in flat space?

How would you evaluate \begin{equation}|iD\!\!\!\!/-m|\end{equation} Where $D_{\mu}=\partial_{\mu}-ieA_{\mu}$. I have an idea of how to do this without the gauge field, because it's essentially \...
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2answers
1k views

How to determine the trace and determinant of a differential operator?

How to determine the trace and determinant of the operator like $\Box$ or $\nabla^2$ etc. But first of all how to find the same for the simpler operator $\frac{d}{dx}$? I proceeded as follows. What ...
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0answers
192 views

Auxiliary field path integral in non-linear sigma models

I am trying to understand the functional integral over the auxiliary field in the $\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ supersymmetric non-linear sigma model, or NLSM (reviewed in Chapter 13 of Mirror Symmetry http://...
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1answer
942 views

What is the status of Witten's and Vafa's argument that the QCD vacuum energy is a minimum for zero $\theta$ angle?

The argument, which I reproduce here from Ramond's `Journies BSM', is originally by Witten and Vafa in ($\it{Phys}$. $\it{Rev}$. $\it{Lett}$. 53, 535(1984)). The argument is that for $\theta = 0 $ (...
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0answers
185 views

Faddeev-Popov-Determinant of Polyakov Path Integral

I'm currently trying to understand the paper "Quantum Geometry of bosonic Strings" by Polyakov. I think I roughly understand the X integration, but when it comes to the integration over the metric ...
2
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0answers
249 views

A question about Gel'fand-Yaglom method of calculating functional determinants

I know that the Gel'fand-Yaglom method is a way to calculate determinants of 1D differential operators. For instance, let us consider an operator $-\partial_r^2+W(r)$. Let us define $\psi_{0}(r)$ as ...
3
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1answer
621 views

Determinant as a fermionic path integral

I understand that the determinant of a matrix can be written in terms of a fermionic path integral. The expression is: $$Z = \int D\bar{\psi}D\psi e^{-\iint d^4x' d^4x \bar{\psi}(x')B(x',x)\psi(x)}\...
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1answer
258 views

Integral representation of functional determinant

I'm studying the proof of a theorem and, being not very expert in QFT, I'm having problems understanding a couple of equalities that my professor said to be useful in order to understand said proof. ...
2
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1answer
338 views

Question on Faddeev-Popov method derivation

In the text book of Weinberg, there is a proof to show that path integral is independent of gauge fixing functional $f_a[\phi; x]$. $\phi_\Lambda$ is the result of gauge transformation on $\phi$ by an ...