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Questions tagged [friction]

The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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115
votes
5answers
30k views

What does it mean for two objects to “touch”?

If you've ever been annoyingly poked by a geek, you might be familiar with the semi-nerdy obnoxious response of "I'm not actually touching you! The electrons in the atoms of my skin are just ...
0
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1answer
2k views

Does Polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) have low wind resistance?

It is reasonable to assume that covering for example an airplane with Teflon would lead to it having lower wind resistance? The reason why I ask is that Teflon "has one of the lowest coefficients of ...
2
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1answer
1k views

How to model water flow with and without friction against other objects?

I am interested in modeling water flow including boundary flow (with friction) against other objects in the path of the water flow. I'm not a physicist but I am interested to learn the relevant ...
0
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1answer
169 views

Is this a correct addition to a pipe friction loss calculation?

I've been using this online calculator to work out the difference in pressure and flow between two ends of a pipe: Pipe Friction Calculation for Fluid Flow in a Pipe So far most of it makes sense, ...
4
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2answers
14k views

What are all the equations we use to calculate how bounces work?

I mean, what is the object's final displacement, or the function that describes the object's height over time (see [1]) of an object thrown by a height $h$ with a speed of $\vec{v_0}$, a mass of $m$, ...
0
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1answer
244 views

Deceleration of Vehicle off pavement

How would I calculate the deceleration of a vehicle (ATV), wheels locked, on dirt? How long would it take to halt? How fast is it decelerating? I used this calculator, but it seems incorrect for a ...
1
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1answer
951 views

Friction + Bouncing of an Object against an Elastic Wall

I am trying to create the formula for applying a bouncing effect to an element which is already slowing down by friction. At the moment I have an element which moves in one dimension at speed "S" and ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Ropes and Pulleys - Really unintuitive answer

I usually don't want to do this, but please go to this link, the solution is too big to post it here http://engineering.union.edu/~curreyj/MER-201_files/Exam2_2_26_09_Solution.pdf And go to page 5 ...
2
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4answers
8k views

Does a ski racer with a larger mass have an advantage?

Does a ski racer with a greater mass have an advantage over a racer with a lesser mass? If mass of one racer is 54 kg and the mass of a more slender racer is 44 kg I know the speed at which they ...
2
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3answers
338 views

Effect of surface treatment on fair dice

If I have a perfectly balanced and thus fair cubic die, then polish 3 adjacent faces (so that their coefficient of friction is effectively zero) and roughen the remaining faces (so that their ...
6
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2answers
3k views

How long will my fridge magnet stay attached to my fridge?

I have a 500 gram neodymium magnet. It is stuck to my fridge. With the constant pull of gravity trying to pull it off how long would it stay attached to fridge? For arguments sake lets say my fridge ...
-1
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1answer
537 views

Find largest angle

The two homogeneous bars AB and BC are connected with a pin at B and placed between rough vertical walls. If the coefficient of static friction between each bar and the wall is 0.4, determine the ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Strict general mathematical definition of drag

Is there a formal definition of drag, say, as some surface integral of normal and shear forces? There seem to be a lot of formulas for specific cases, but is there a general one? I need to accurately ...
1
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1answer
681 views

What conditions must be met for a ball to roll perfectly down an incline without slipping?

What conditions must be met for a ball to roll perfectly down an incline without slipping? A mathematically rigorous definition, please. I honestly don't know where to begin with answering this ...
0
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2answers
4k views

static friction problem without mass

I am having trouble with a physics problem. The problem is as follows: A car is traveling at 54.0 mi/h on a horizontal highway. A) If the coefficient of static friction between road and tires on a ...
9
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1answer
2k views

When is the principle of virtual work valid?

The principle of virtual work says that forces of constraint don't do net work under virtual displacements that are consistent with constraints. Goldstein says something I don't understand. He says ...
-1
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1answer
905 views

M1 vs M2 on a frictionless surface

I was wondering, if I had a frictionless surface and I had an M1 that was 100kg and an M2 that was 1kg and I pushed each separately with an equal force F would they move at the same speed or am I ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Rope wrapped around a cylinder

If a rope is wrapped aound a cylinder what is the relationship between the amount of wrap and the ability to resist slipping off of the cylinder? An example would be if I had a 180 degree wrap and ...
2
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1answer
19k views

Torque Required For a Motor to Move an Object on Wheels?

I've been attempting to calculate how much torque a motor needs to produce in order to start a stationary object on wheels moving. (The torque is being applied to the rear 2 wheels, the front 2 are on ...
6
votes
1answer
255 views

Distance a curveball travels?

I've seen some discussions regarding the movement of a spinning object, say a curveball. However, all have been largely qualitative. I was wondering if anyone has seen or worked through a ...
1
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2answers
12k views

Rolling resistance and static friction

I am a bit confused about the relation between rolling resistance and static friction. I have often heard that it is the static friction that lets the wheel roll. Consider the following two cases: ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Two problems with free body diagrams. Contradictions (solutions are provided)

This problem is similar, but also different question from my previous question. They are both unfortunately long. Problem/Solution #1 http://img215.imageshack.us/img215/6696/problem2f.jpg! http://...
8
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0answers
446 views

Why does the overhand knot jam but the figure-8 knot doesn't?

After tensioning a rope with an overhand knot in it, it is often very hard if not impossible to untie it; a figure-8 knot, on the other hand, still releases easily. Why is that so? Most "knot and ...
3
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2answers
982 views

Thermal energy generated due to loss in kinetic energy when observed from two different frames of reference

A body is moving with a velocity $v$ with respect to a frame of reference $S_1$. It bumps into a very heavy object and comes to rest instantaneously, its kinetic energy $$\frac{1}{2}mv^2$$ as ...
6
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4answers
37k views

Does a car use friction to move?

When a car's engine injects fuel into the cylinder chambers, the reaction creates a force that generates rotational momentum to the shaft and over the transmission, it translates that power to the ...
7
votes
2answers
8k views

Magnetic fields and friction

If I was to pass a metal object through a magnetic field would there be any friction?
0
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2answers
1k views

How to calculate total distance and time a puck will move?

To simulate a puck's movement, I use the following model (please restrain from discussing the model, it makes the simulation look the way I want it to) and would like to know how to calculate the ...
1
vote
2answers
419 views

If a puck on ice deccelarates, is its speed “v = v0 - t * a” or is it “v = v0 -k * v0”?

I've been wondering about a puck sliding on ice or a puck in an air hockey table game. If a puck is hit and we start watching it as soon as it has reached its maximum speed and starts becoming slower, ...
1
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0answers
1k views

FPS to MKS usage issues

I'm currently taking a high school physics class and we're doing friction problems now. I've been doing the ones that use MKS perfectly well, but when the problems start to use the FPS system, I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
983 views

Friction between air and a tube

I would like to know how I could estimate the friction caused by air flowing at a speed of 1000 km/h in a tube. The tube could be made out of any material, which makes it possible to calculate, ...
4
votes
8answers
2k views

How would you improve braking capability on a hovercraft? [closed]

Pretty much letting my mind free-wheel. Assume a fleet of air-supported hover-craft were to replace cars/etc on the streets. Assume also that the present traffic-signals/pedestrian rules remain ...
5
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3answers
3k views

Why are there both Static and Kinetic Friction?

When dragging an object, there is a greater start-up force than the force it takes to keep it moving. Why is this? Why are there two different values for friction?
6
votes
3answers
836 views

Braking distances on a rainy road

I am curious to find the braking distance for a car on a road. In attempting to find this out, I found that the braking distance for a car (on a flat road) is $$ d = \frac{v^2}{2\mu g} $$ where $\mu$ ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Will a violin string keep vibrating for a longer time in vacuum than in air?

Hitting a string of a violin or a guitar will cause that string to vibrate, but after short time the amplitude of the vibration will decay, consequently the produced sound will die out. I suppose ...
17
votes
4answers
15k views

Dependence of Friction on Area

Is friction really independent of area? The friction force, $f_s = \mu_s N$. The equation says that friction only depends on the normal force, which is $ N = W = mg$, and nature of sliding surface, ...
7
votes
3answers
20k views

why making a surface “super” smooth increases the coefficient of friction?

I read that: If you take a rough surface and make it smooth, the coefficient of friction decreases. But if you make it super smooth, then the coefficient of friction increases. How come?
0
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4answers
589 views

Whats wrong with this perpetual machine?

Consider a cube of mass M resting on a rough surface such that the coefficient of friction between the cube and the surface is K. So in order to just slide the cube I need to apply a minimum force of ...
1
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2answers
650 views

Linear motion with and without Friction

Could we still use Newtonian mechanics in a frictionless world?
11
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2answers
3k views

Hydrostatic friction: why do water droplets stay at rest on an inclined glass surface?

This is a non-expert question on a (seemingly simple) text-book topic. The question is about "hydrostatic friction", defined as follows. Consider a drop of water resting on a flat surface. If the ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Is the wind's force on a stationary object proportional to $v^2$?

I am on a boat docked at Cape Charles, VA, about 30 or 40 miles from the center of Hurricane Irene. This understandably got me thinking about the force of wind on the boat. Since air friction is ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Physics needed to build a top down billiards game [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How are these balls reflected after they hit each other? I was wondering what sort of physics equations would I need in order to build a top down billiards game? I tried using ...
6
votes
8answers
16k views

Simple friction formula for a car

I am making a 2D driving video game, and I would like to know the "simple" formula for calculating the friction force between the car and the road. I have read lots of friction diagrams involving ...
28
votes
1answer
2k views

Is gecko-like friction Coulombic? What is the highest known Coulombic $\mu_s$ for any combination of surfaces?

Materials with large coefficients of static friction would be cool and useful. Rubber on rough surfaces typically has $\mu_s\sim1-2$. When people talk about examples with very high friction, often ...
7
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5answers
4k views

On a bicycle, why does my back tyre wear so much more quickly than the front?

This question is cross-posted from Bicycles.SE, but it is really one for those that know a bit about physics. Why does the back tyre of a bicycle wear out quicker than the front tyre? I have my ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

finding angular velocity and regular velocity when bouncing off a surface with friction

Take the game of pong as a simple example. When you hit the ball with a paddle that has a frictional surface, the ball will spin as well as change direction according to the coefficient of kinetic ...
5
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1answer
1k views

What happens when two smooth surfaces touch?

I am wondering what will be the physics to explain how two neutral, chemically nonreactive objects stick. I know that using van der Waals formalism, we can treat neutral body electrodynamic forces and ...
2
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1answer
17k views

calculating thermal energy [exam prep]

I'm preparing for a grade 11 physics exam but having trouble with a question: a 19.9kg mass slides in a straight 28.8m line experiencing friction with a coefficient of 0.105, how much thermal energy ...
-1
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2answers
687 views

Why does my bicycle brakes squeak in the morning?

Every morning, when I ride my bicycle, there is a very loud squeak coming from the brakes. I have an aluminum rim (I think that they are of the sprint type) and rubber pad brakes. A couple of brake ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Why does soap make shaving with razor less painful?

The lubricant is needed only on the hair surface? How can the blade cut the slippery surface? Why does soap make shaving with razor less painful?
3
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2answers
3k views

Wheel moving without sliding

Suppose we have a wheel moving on an horizontal surface, with constant velocity $v$, without sliding. This latter condition implies that the wheel rotates around its centre with angular speed $\omega =...