Questions tagged [friction]

The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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114
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5answers
29k views

What does it mean for two objects to “touch”?

If you've ever been annoyingly poked by a geek, you might be familiar with the semi-nerdy obnoxious response of "I'm not actually touching you! The electrons in the atoms of my skin are just ...
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5answers
56k views

What is the cause of rolling friction? & why is it less than sliding friction?

Rolling friction is the resistance to motion experienced by a body when it rolls upon another. It is much less than sliding friction for same pair of bodies. When one body rolls upon another, there is ...
14
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2answers
4k views

Lagrangian and Hamiltonian EOM with dissipative force

I am trying to write the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian for the forced Harmonic oscillator before quantizing it to get to the quantum picture. For EOM $$m\ddot{q}+\beta\dot{q}+kq=f(t),$$ I write the ...
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2answers
9k views

Why is the equation for friction so simple?

The general equation for the force of friction (static or kinetic) is $F_f = \mu * F_N$, where $F_f$ is the force of friction and $\mu$ is the coefficient of friction (its value is dependent upon the ...
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3answers
4k views

How is frictional force dependent on normal reaction?

It is a general concept that horizontal forces can only influence physical quantities along horizontal direction; similarly vertical force can produce acceleration etc. only along vertical direction. ...
17
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4answers
15k views

Dependence of Friction on Area

Is friction really independent of area? The friction force, $f_s = \mu_s N$. The equation says that friction only depends on the normal force, which is $ N = W = mg$, and nature of sliding surface, ...
14
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3answers
25k views

Does the force of kinetic friction increase with the relative speed of the objects involved? If not, why not?

Does the force of kinetic friction increase with the relative speed of the objects involved? I have heard and read that the answer is no. This is counter intuitive, and is a big part of why the "...
10
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5answers
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A conceptual doubt regarding Forced Oscillations and Resonance

While studying about the Resonance and Forced Oscillations, I came across a graph in my textbook that is given below:- Now, the author writes As the amount of damping increases, the peak shifts ...
16
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4answers
46k views

After what speed air friction starts to heat up an object?

I understand that air friction cools off an object at low speeds. For example, if you blow on a spoon of hot soup, it cools off. Or if you swing a hot frying pan in the air, it cools off faster. But ...
5
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3answers
3k views

Why are there both Static and Kinetic Friction?

When dragging an object, there is a greater start-up force than the force it takes to keep it moving. Why is this? Why are there two different values for friction?
4
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2answers
51k views

Does kinetic friction increase as speed increases? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does the force of kinetic friction increase with the relative speed of the objects involved? If not, why not? Layman alert...I last did physics in high school, and am just ...
21
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6answers
67k views

Can the coefficient of static friction be less than that of kinetic friction?

I was recently wondering what would happen if the force sliding two surfaces against each other were somehow weaker than kinetic friction but stronger than static friction. Since the sliding force is ...
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2answers
11k views

Rolling resistance and static friction

I am a bit confused about the relation between rolling resistance and static friction. I have often heard that it is the static friction that lets the wheel roll. Consider the following two cases: ...
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1answer
2k views

Newtons Cradle, Collision Theory

It has come to the point in my computing program now where I have 5 swinging pendulums that are all modified at once by slider values. These values are drawn onto the from and passed through the class ...
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4answers
3k views

Is there a quasistatic process that is not reversible?

I have seen several questions and good answers on the link between reversible and quasistatic processes, such as here or here. However, these questions only adress one side of the problem : a ...
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4answers
21k views

Would a pendulum swing indefinitely in a frictionless vacuum?

I am attempting to settle a friendly bet. Would a pendulum swing indefinitely in a hypothetical vacuum (i.e. no air resistance) having a hypothetical frictionless bearing (i.e. no energy lost due to ...
6
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3answers
10k views

Is work done in rolling friction?

I am confused by rolling friction. Suppose you have a cylinder rolling which starts at rest at the top of an incline plane and begins to roll down the plane without slipping. Is work done by the ...
3
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2answers
3k views

Direction of friction when a car turns

When a ball moves to the right, friction acts to oppose the motion, in other words, to the left. However, when a car travels around a bend, the friction acts in the perpendicular direction to the car'...
13
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2answers
2k views

The secret behind the spinning, asymmetrically weighted, 2D disk-shaped top?

When you spin an asymmetrically weighted, 2D disk-shaped top, the heavy part actually rises to the top. Why is this? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0SZZTBQmEs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
21
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2answers
30k views

Why do people recommend wider tyres in car for better road grip?

Tyre companies boast of their wider tires for better grip on road. Also, the F1 cars have broad tires for better grip. But as far as I know Friction does not depend on the surface area of contact ...
12
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4answers
6k views

Static Friction - Only thing that can accelerate a train?

I'm a computer programmer that never studied physics in school and now it's coming back to bite me a bit in some of the stuff I'm being asked to program. I'm trying to self study some physics and I'...
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4answers
8k views

Does a ski racer with a larger mass have an advantage?

Does a ski racer with a greater mass have an advantage over a racer with a lesser mass? If mass of one racer is 54 kg and the mass of a more slender racer is 44 kg I know the speed at which they ...
98
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6answers
21k views

Why is oil a better lubricant than water?

How come mineral oil is a better lubricant than water, even though water has a lower viscosity? When two surfaces slide over each other with a gap filled with a fluid, the different layers of the ...
13
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5answers
107k views

Block on a block problem, with friction

Consider two blocks, one on top of the other on a frictionless table, with masses $m_1$ and $m_2$ respectively. There is appreciable friction between the blocks, with coefficients $\mu_s$ and $\mu_k$ ...
13
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2answers
49k views

What role does static friction force play for a rolling object? How can I know what direction it points?

Fundamentally, what does a friction force do for a rolling object? I am very confused by the way my textbook explains it. In my textbook , it says: A wheel rolling on a horizontal flat surface at a ...
21
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6answers
5k views

Would you feel Centrifugal Force without Friction?

This question arose from my sci-fi discussions with my friend. It concerns artificial gravity through centrifugal Force. Partly inspired by the Artificial Gravity created on the Hermes ship from the ...
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6answers
4k views

Why does a car engine not do work if the wheels don't slip?

I saw this mind boggling result that if the tires don't slip then the work done by an engine to move a car is zero. Why is this true? Moreover, what does this truly mean? Update: Sorry about not ...
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2answers
2k views

Does a tire need to slip to generate force?

Recently, I have been doing some research on racing and tire modelling. While I was doing this, I encountered many curves like those shown below. (source: insideracingtechnology.com) While I ...
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3answers
25k views

Why does friction play the role of centripetal force during the turning of a car?

What makes frictional force the centripetal force of a car turning along a curve? As friction is the opposing force and acts anti-parallel so there is no component of frictional force towards the ...
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3answers
41k views

If mass is added to a toy car does it affect its speed making it faster

If mass is added to a toy car (29.7g) and dropped down a wooden ramp would it affect its speed making it go faster? I know friction comes in to play to, so if you could give me an answer or an ...
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3answers
8k views

Why does friction cause a car to turn?

I've had a lot of difficulty conceptually understanding the physics of how a car turns on an unbanked curve, so I'm hoping you could help me out. When a car is moving in uniform circular motion, we ...
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5answers
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How can friction do no work in case of pure rolling?

I have read various answers , on PSE and elsewhere , and most of them explain that the point of contact of the rolling object undergoes 0 instantaneous displacement in the direction of friction, I ...
7
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3answers
15k views

Which force makes a wheel roll down the hill? What causes friction?

A wheel rolling down a hill has two axis of rotation. One is where the center or mass is and the other is the point of contact with the surface which acts as a fulcrum. I was trying to understand how ...
6
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4answers
36k views

Does a car use friction to move?

When a car's engine injects fuel into the cylinder chambers, the reaction creates a force that generates rotational momentum to the shaft and over the transmission, it translates that power to the ...
5
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4answers
30k views

Static as opposed to Kinetic Friction in Rolling Motion

During analysis of rolling motion, why do we consider coefficient of friction as that of static friction and not kinetic friction?
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3answers
1k views

Friction forces and sliding slabs

I have 2 questions, one generalizing the other. Question 1: Suppose we have 2 slabs resting horizontally on a table. Assume there is friction between the 2 slabs as well as between the bottom slab ...
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3answers
1k views

Why doesn't a block rotate due to friction?

In a horizontal surface, a block (cube) is sliding due to a sudden push. When the block slides, there is frictional force which is acting on the block. Frictional force will have a torque around ...
2
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3answers
956 views

Ideally speaking, will a rolling disk with no slipping come to a stop because of friction from the ground?

Consider a rotating disk on a horizontal plane with static friction. The contact point of the disk with the plane has null instantaneous velocity. Assuming the center of the disk has fixed $v_0$ ...
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3answers
3k views

Why doesn't a fly fall off the wall?

Pretty simple question, but not an obvious answer at least not to me. I mean you can't just place a dead fly on the wall and expect it to stay there, he will fall off due to gravity. At first I ...
5
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3answers
995 views

The direction of static friction?

In my book, the following are described to be the steps that one must follow if he wishes to find the direction of static friction force acting on an object: "(1) Draw the F.B.D(free body diagram) ...
7
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3answers
20k views

why making a surface “super” smooth increases the coefficient of friction?

I read that: If you take a rough surface and make it smooth, the coefficient of friction decreases. But if you make it super smooth, then the coefficient of friction increases. How come?
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1answer
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How is circular motion possible on a banked road when there is no Friction?

It is given here that the maximum safe speed of a vehicle on a banked road having coefficient of friction $0$, is $V =\sqrt{R g \tan \theta}$, where $\theta$ is the angle of banking. I can't ...
18
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4answers
6k views

Will a pure rolling cylinder stop on a rough surface? [closed]

Will a disc or cylinder (rigid body) executing pure rolling on a rough surface stop, neglecting air drag and other heat losses and rolling friction but not static and kinetic friction? If yes, due to ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Consider a horizontal surface with or without friction. Ideally, will a wheel rolling without slipping roll forever in both cases?

Suppose a wheel is rolling smoothly on a horizontal plane i.e., it is rolling without slipping. Now let's take the two cases of the horizontal plane: It has friction It is frictionless In the first ...
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1answer
2k views

Is gecko-like friction Coulombic? What is the highest known Coulombic $\mu_s$ for any combination of surfaces?

Materials with large coefficients of static friction would be cool and useful. Rubber on rough surfaces typically has $\mu_s\sim1-2$. When people talk about examples with very high friction, often ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Why friction is zero when wheel slip is zero? [duplicate]

From most graph, when the tire doesn't slip, then the friction is zero, for example see the below image Why there is no friction when there is no slip? As the car stand still on slope, there is no ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Equilibrium and movement of a cylinder with asymmetric mass centre on an inclined plane

A cylinder whose cross section is represented below is placed on an inclined plane. I would like to determine the maximum slope of the inclined plane so that the cylinder does not roll. The mass ...
5
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1answer
23k views

Two masses attached to a spring

I'm trying to understand the solution of the following problem. Two masses $m_{1}$ and $m_{2}$ slide freely in a horizontal frictionless track and are connected by a spring whose force constant is $...
3
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4answers
932 views

Would this box on the floor rotate based on friction?

There is a floor that friction is proportional to its velocity (like $F=-kv$) and there is a box with its width as $l$ and its height as $h$. (you may assume that $l$ is longer than $h$). It is on the ...
3
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1answer
18k views

Does damping force affect period of oscillation?

In my physics notes, it has been given that the damping force increases the period of oscillation. I am unable to understand this part. How is this possible? The only relation I know is that as the ...