Questions tagged [foundations]

Devoted to the conceptual bases of the fundamental theories of physics, to their philosophical and logical premises.

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Dispersion relation of QM in the presence of a potential

Correct me if I'm wrong, but equations in QM are quite always obtained by looking at the energy dependance of the problem of interest. For example, for Schrodinger's equation one just uses $E = \...
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2answers
151 views

Does one *feel* the electrostatic force while not resisting it?

Suppose that I put lots of big magnets around me, or say, that I charge myself up to a macroscopic charge. Now, suppose that there's a huge magnet in front of me (or a huge object with opposite charge)...
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How to go from Quantum World to Classical World? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it possible to recover Classical Mechanics from Schrödinger’s equation? Classical Limit of the Feynman Path Integral In the quantum world we don't have specific ...
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How do quantum field values combine?

I am interested in how quantum field values combine under superpositions of states in the case of free real scalar fields. I believe I understand the following: A fock basis of a free real scalar ...
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63 views

Axiomatic Quantum Theory, and the complex numbers

In Lucien Hardy's influential paper "Quantum Theory from five reasonable axioms," Hardy states in the abstract: This work provides some insight into the reasons why quantum theory is the way it ...
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51 views

Is there a theory on the creation and genesis of fields?

I do not intend to ask theological questions on PSE, so, you can interpret, if you want, this question on a purely physical basis. Almost everywhere, in classical and non-classical physical theories, ...
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Can bipartite mixed entangled states show Hardy nonlocality?

I understand that apart from maximally entangled states, all pure entangled states yield Hardy correlations for certain measurement settings. Can the same be told for mixed entangled states?
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Does the Yang Mills Mass Gap represent “Absolute Bottom”?

The question of the existence of a Yang Mills mass gap is a complex and technical one. In this paper Philip Gibbs asks "Is fundamentality then a relative concept with no absolute bottom, or is there ...
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What is the content of an occupied QFT fermionic state?

A simple non-interacting quantum field is constructed by analogy to a harmonic oscillator, with $\hat{x}$ & $\hat{p}$ replaced by operator-valued distributions $\hat{\phi}(r)$ & $\hat{\pi}(r)$,...
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93 views

EPR-Bohm paradox and Robertson uncertainty relation [closed]

Consider Bohm's version of the EPR paradox, where spin-1/2 are used. The bipartite system is in the state $$ \vert \Psi\rangle = \dfrac{1}{\sqrt{2}} \left( \vert \uparrow_x \rangle_A \vert \...
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Experiments are monads (I think), but are they comonads too?

Quantum theory is equally an epistemic (ie about information) and ontic theory (see "reality of the wavefunction" on Google Scholar). My question is about a theory that aligns with this, ie, the ...
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On explaining QM by modeling the observation mechanism using a density operator

I just have some elementary thoughts on the foundations of QM, based on modeling the observation mechanism by a density operator. A density operator is a weighted sum of orthogonal projections on the ...
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Derivable Concepts in Mechanics and Electromagnetism

In Classical Mechanics, one of the possible foundations is based on three concepts aka mass(equivalent to energy), length and time. This is a foundation because we can model everything ( pressure, ...
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finetuned quantum experiments by Murch lab, do any have dynamics outside of basic QM formalism/ axioms?

a series of very finetuned quantum experiments have been reported by the Murch lab eg in 2 articles in Nature & analysis there,[1][2][3] some leading to dramatic accounts in the media.[4] do ...
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77 views

Do physical laws require 2nd derivatives [duplicate]

Is it a happy coincidence that second degree differential equations approximate reality or a necessity? They describe how a system will evolve from one state to the next, but surely the ultimate laws ...
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3answers
117 views

Physics breaking down - is it logically consistent? [closed]

I was just reading a sci-fi novel where physics "breaks down". While of course fiction is fiction and I don't expect this to happen in real life, when I tired to contemplate the concept I find that I ...
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329 views

Which “space-time coincidences” are described by a “co-ordinate system in which the gravitational field does not appear”?

In Einstein's exposition of the foundations of General Relativity (cmp. http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Foundation_of_the_Generalised_Theory_of_Relativity , end of §3) there appears an emphasis on ...
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2answers
80 views

What species of arguments are used in physics and science in general? [closed]

Arguments are needed to provide theories but I'm only used to deductive reasoning in physics and science, maybe due to their empirical nature. Does anyone know if other species of arguments have or ...
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64 views

What is the necessity to universalise a law? [closed]

What are the necessary conditions or observations that are required for universalisation of a law? I am not good at English so by universalise I mean to claim something to be universal. So how can ...
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Calculating Average Position in Quantum Mechanics [closed]

I know that $\begin{gather*} \langle x\rangle = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} P(x)x\,\mathrm{d}x = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\psi^*(x)\psi(x)x\,\mathrm{d}x \end{gather*}$, however $\begin{gather*} \int_{-\...