Questions tagged [fermis-golden-rule]

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33
votes
5answers
8k views

Interpretation of “transition rate” in Fermi's golden rule

This is a question I asked myself a couple of years back, and which a student recently reminded me of. My off-the-cuff answer is wrong, and whilst I can make some hand-waving responses I'd like a ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Universality in Weak Interactions

I'm currently preparing for an examination of course in introductory (experimental) particle physics. One topic that we covered and that I'm currently revising is the universality in weak interactions....
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Cross-section in relativistic limit: Fermi's golden rule still valid?

In order to calculate the cross-section of an interaction process the following formula is often used for first approximations: $$ \sigma = \frac {2\pi} {\hbar\,v_i} \left| M_{fi}\right|^2\varrho\...
6
votes
2answers
330 views

How to explain the long lifetime of Rydberg atoms with Fermi golden rule?

How to explain the long lifetime of Rydberg atoms with Fermi golden rule? Wikipedia says it is partly due to tiny wavefunction overlap with inner orbitals, but what about the outer ones?
10
votes
5answers
500 views

Transition probability derivation: How to prove $\lim_{\alpha\rightarrow\infty} \frac{\sin^2\alpha x}{\alpha x^2} ~=~\pi\delta(x)$?

How to prove $$\lim_{\alpha\rightarrow\infty} \frac{\sin^2\alpha x}{\alpha x^2} ~=~\pi\delta(x)~?$$ I have encountered this limit while learning time dependent perturbation and transition ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the range of validity of Fermi's Golden Rule?

It is well known that to calculate the probability of transition in the scattering processes, as a first approximation, we use the Fermi golden rule. This rule is obtained considering the initial ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

Fermi's Golden Rule and Density of States

I know Fermi's Golden Rule in the form $$\Gamma_{fi} ~=~ \sum_{f}\frac{2\pi}{\hbar}\delta (E_f - E_i)|M_{fi}|^2$$ where $\Gamma_{fi}$ is the probability transition rate, $M_{fi}$ are the transition ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Simple real-life examples of Fermi's golden rule?

I want to teach my students some simple applications of Fermi's Golden Rule. Unfortunately, most examples I can think of are in scattering theory, which they have not learned yet. Are there any ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

What is the sum over the transition rates?

I was looking at the solution to an exercise, and I came over this expression: $$P_{i\to f} = \sum \limits_{f} {2 \pi \over \hbar }\; |\langle f |\hat V | i \rangle |^2 \delta(E_{fi}-E),$$ where ...