Questions tagged [faster-than-light]

"Faster-than-light", also known as superluminal velocities, refers to any sort of travel at a speed greater than the speed of light. Prohibited in mainstream physics due to the Special theory of relativity.

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8answers
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How can I show that the speed of light in vacuum is the same in all reference frames?

I have regularly heard that the Michelson-Morley experiment demonstrates that the speed of light is constant in all reference frames. By doing some research I have found that it actually demonstrated ...
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Geocentric frame of reference and superluminal speeds

I have a couple of questions on frames of reference. From my understanding, we can do math in an accelerating frame of reference as long as "fictitious" force terms are correctly added. From this ...
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Is it possible that the universe is not expanding faster than the speed of light? [on hold]

What if the speed of light increases proportionately to the expansion of space? Is it possible that light traveling in the medium of space gets to travel faster if the medium is expanding? An analogy ...
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The choice of measurement basis on one half of an entangled state affects the other half. Can this be used to communicate faster than light?

It is often stated, particularly in popular physics articles and videos, that if one measures a particle A that is entangled with some other particle B, then this measurement will immediately affect ...
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1answer
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To an observer in a black hole, would light be stationary? Would it be as if the black hole is accelerating faster than the speed of light?

Taking into account that we know that gravity and acceleration are fundamentally indistinguishable from each other, Would an observer in a black hole believe that he's accelerating upwards faster than ...
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-Thought Experiment- At superluminal speeds, to what degree would vision be impaired? [closed]

I was thinking about superluminal travel when thinking about advanced civilisations in the future. I was also thinking about the Doppler effect; so I decided to think about how light may be affected ...
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4answers
162 views

Would possibility of instant communication break physics? [duplicate]

I recently read a sci-fi book, where some (very few) people can communicate telepathically, which happens to be instantaneous. So, every spaceship has a crew member who telepathically communicates ...
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10answers
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How do we know quantum entanglement works no matter the distance?

It is said quantum entanglement works regardless of distance. 2 particles can be entangled and information is shared instantaneously, even if they are lightyears away from each other. But how do we ...
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2answers
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Does light travel faster in between Casimir plates?

Speed of light is in general $c/n$ where $n$ is a refractive index. But for example introducing two parallel plates with very small spatial separation will perturb the energy density of vacuum ...
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1answer
396 views

Test the non-signaling principle

Has the non-signaling principle in quantum mechanics been tested experimentally?
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1answer
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Quantum Entanglement and Faster than light Communication

Suppose, Alice has a Billion of photons in random states, while Bob has their entangled pairs. Suppose, Alice can measure the spin of the photons in X axis, while Bob can measure their spin in an axis ...
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1answer
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Can something travel faster than the speed of light? [duplicate]

I understand this is a very complicated question to answer as no one really knows. However if gravity exerts an infinite force in the singularity of a black hole, then can't it travel faster than the ...
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1answer
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Do photon inside event horizon exceeds speed of light?

Event horizon is a region of space whereby nothing with information can escape, so I imagine that a photon falls into this region of space does it accelerates toward the singularity if it exists? Do ...
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Will free-fall object into black hole exceed speed of light $c$ before hitting black hole surface?

In Newtonian mechanics, if we throw an object in against direction of gravity with speed $v$ and it achieve max height of $h$. Now if we allow object to fall from that height $h$, it will eventually ...
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2answers
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Would close to light speed travel be possible if all atoms in the system were instantly given “forward motion”?

I have heard people say that based on our current understanding and ideas for possible/current technology no person would ever be able to even travel at a solid (70-80%) the speed of light because ...
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16answers
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Is it possible for information to be transmitted faster than light by using a rigid pole?

Is it possible for information (like 1 and 0s) to be transmitted faster than light? For instance, take a rigid pole of several AU in length. Now say you have a person on each end, and one of them ...
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3answers
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Can entanglement be explained as a consequence of conservation laws?

This article at NewScientist magazine (subscription required) describes entangling photons by passing them through a half silvered mirror. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21929282.100-quantum-...
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1answer
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Illusion that $v > c$?

I am currently studying length contraction in special relativity (and having the hardest time getting the harder exercises in my book right) and there is the following exercise in my book is driving ...
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2answers
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Speed of at expansion at the start of the big bang [duplicate]

If I understand the basics of the big bang correctly it starts with a very small dense point. At the moment of the big bang, less then microseconds after, the universe is already the size of our solar ...
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1answer
67 views

Would an observer going faster than the speed of light in a vacuum be able to observe photons that they emit? [closed]

If I could exceed the speed of light in a vacuum, would I be able to see photons that I previously emitted? Would this be theoretically possible?
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1answer
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Can Quantum Entangled particles convey information faster than speed of light? [duplicate]

Can Quantum Entangled particles convey information faster than speed of light. If they don't what was wrong with John Bells experiment?
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2answers
172 views

Why do physicists say information can't travel faster than light speed?

I often hear in physics videos light speed is the ultimate speedlimit two parts of the universe can communicate at, or even that speed of light is actual speed of causality. Where does that notion ...
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1answer
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Speed of Light & Distance [duplicate]

If I have a transmitter that signals a relay which turns off a light off which is 300 000 km away – it has travelled at the speed of light. If I connected a rope (which does not stretch) which is ...
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3answers
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Thought experiment about no-cloning theorem and FTL information

The quantum no-cloning theorem states that one cannot "build" a perfect cloning device for arbitrary quantum systems. There also exists a famous thought experiment where Alice transmits information ...
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1answer
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Aging while traveling faster than speed of light? [closed]

theoretically, if organic matter was able to travel faster than the speed of light, without becoming "pure energy", and since theoretically traveling faster then the speed of light would travel ...
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4answers
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How far away must a galaxy be for its light never to reach us due to the expansion of the universe?

My understanding is that at the present rate of expansion of the universe some galaxies are growing more distant from us at such a rate that light from them will never reach us. My question is how far ...
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1answer
125 views

Does special relativity predict superluminal speeds?

Assume that we have a long Born-rigid rod with a length $L_0$ in which the speed of light is the ultimate speed for sending information. If there is a tiny missile at the right end of the missile that ...
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3answers
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Feynman diagrams

Feynman diagrams are drawn on Space-time graphs. So is it possible for any particle path in that diagram to have a slope smaller than 45° or greater than 135°, i.e. can they travel faster than light? ...
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2answers
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Why didn't Lorentz conclude that no object can go faster than light?

Based on Lorentz factor $\gamma = \frac{1}{\sqrt {1-\frac{v^2}{c^2}}}$ it is easy to see $v < c$ since otherwise $\gamma$ would be either undefined or a complex number, which is non-physical. Also, ...
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How Can the Universe Be Bigger Than It is Old? [duplicate]

My question is this: If we can look back to roughly 500m years after the big bang and have estimated the age of the universe at 13.7B years, why is the galaxy we are looking at not a part of the non-...
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1answer
65 views

Traveling to another galaxy impossible for ever?

If galaxies are moving apart from each other faster than the speed of light, does that mean that it's impossible to travel to another galaxy, regardless of what technology get discovered? Because you ...
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3answers
259 views

What is Cherenkov radiation? [duplicate]

What is Cherenkov radiation? I came across this concept when I was learning SR. Why can't particles moving at speed of excess of speed of light in the medium. Why it does not violate the limitation ...
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1answer
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Can light in a medium travel faster than speed of light $c$ in vacuum?

Refractive index of medium $m$, $n_m$, is given by $$n_m = \sqrt{\mu_r\epsilon_r}$$where $\mu_r$ and $\epsilon_r$ are permittivity and permeability of the medium respectively. And, velocity of light ...
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So is quantum entanglement actually FTL “communication” or is it mundane pre-determination?

I have to say right off the bat, I'm a little frustrated that there seem to be very contradictory answers about this, at least to a layman like me. If two particles are entangled and you separate them ...
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10answers
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Does gravity sometimes get transmitted faster than the speed of light?

Consider Earth moving around the Sun. Is the force of gravity exerted by Earth onto the Sun directed towards the point where Earth is "right now", or towards the point where Earth was 8 minutes ago (...
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1answer
76 views

Significance of the LIGO experiment with respect to length contraction

it might be best to first detail my (admittedly limited) understanding of the LIGO experiment. a beam of light is split along two 4Km evacuated pipes then reflected back where their interference ...
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3answers
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Could dark matter/dark energy turn out to be tachyonic?

Today, I was watching the Inexplicable Universe with Neil deGrasse Tyson. He spoke about Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and then he spoke about Tachyons. Naively, I thought what if the reason we can't ...
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2answers
228 views

Rocket faster than light?

In this article, wikipedia describes a constantly accelerated rocket, assuming special relativity : $$ x(\tau) \;=\; \frac{c^2}{a} \left(\cosh \frac{a \ \tau}{c} -1 \right) $$ The proper time $\tau$ ...
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2answers
48 views

Turning on headlights near light speed [duplicate]

If i turn headlights on in a car at v = 0.99*c, will the headlight speed be 0.01*c? I know speed of light is always the same but it really confuses me? My question is, does space contract so much at ...
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1answer
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speed of freezing vs. moving [closed]

An idea came to my mind and like to discuss it. We know that out there in the space the absolute zero (aka. -273 C) is almost reached where all the particles and atoms would freeze up and stop giving ...
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1answer
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Observing supraluminally receding galaxies – is the “swimmer against variable current” analogy valid? [closed]

Davis and Lineweaver in Superluminal Recession Velocities state that “galaxies with distances greater than $D=c/H$ are receding from us with velocities greater than the speed of light and superluminal ...
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1answer
93 views

Are tachyons time travelers?

If tachyons are faster than light, that means they have passed a certain point before anyone or anything can “see” them. Theories have mentioned that if anything can go faster than light, then it can ...
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1answer
67 views

Faster than light speed transfer of certain event

I am CS/Math person I am not quite sure what it means in physics information cannot be transferred faster than light (FTL). I tried to understand the proof of no transfer theorem but I lacked the ...
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3answers
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Is it really possible to break the speed of light by flicking your wrist with a laser pointer?

Minutephysics has a popular YouTube video called "How to break the speed of light". In the video it states that if you flick your wrist while pointing a laser that reaches the moon, that the spot of ...
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1answer
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Looking back in past [closed]

Can faster than light communication give us the ability to see in the past, that is to say, if we can imagine a ultra huge highly advance telescope 60 light minutes away from earth and we want to look ...
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1answer
83 views

Delayed choice quantum eraser without randomization?

My understanding of delayed choice quantum eraser experiments roughly corresponds to the Wikipedia article about them, so please forgive if this question is stupid. In all delayed choice experiments ...
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0answers
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Apparent FTL speeds seen by observer

MY guestion is if I was in a ship orbiting a black hole (not very close to the event horizon) I am orbiting pretty far and I am experiencing that my time is slowing down realitive to people on earth. ...
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1answer
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Why do two moving inertial frames of reference atribute the same velocity to each other?

In both relativity and Newtonian mechanics, it is a self-evident axiom according to which two inertial observers who move relative to each other measure the same velocity of, say, $v$. I want to know ...
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1answer
77 views

Gear Theory — Entanglement — Spooky action at a distance explained? [duplicate]

Nothing can travel faster than the speed of light. Not even an electrical signal. Entanglement seems to violate this. But, does it? Imagine 100 gears lined up in sequence all the way across a ...
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0answers
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How big is the universe 1 second after the Big Bang? [duplicate]

In his book Astrophysics for People in a Hurry, Neil de Grass Tyson starts of with the Big Bang and narrates on what (probably) happened within the first moments of our universe. He further states (p. ...