Questions tagged [energy]

Energy is the conserved quantity associated to time-translation invariance and represents the work a system is capable of doing. Use this tag for questions about energy, and consider adding [tag:energy-conservation] if it is specifically about its conservation.

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Force Applied but No Distance Travelled

Suppose I push on a wall with a constant force of 5 N for 10 s. The wall won't move and hence no work will be done on the wall. However, pushing requires energy. How can I find out how much energy I ...
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Interpretation of equal absolute values of pressure and tension in the electric or magnetic field along Cartesian axes aligned with the field

For an electric or magnetic field along the $x$ axis, the stress-energy tensor in mixed covariant-contravariant form, in $(t,x,y,z)$ coordinates, is of the form $\operatorname{diag}(1,1,-1,-1)$ (...
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Do quantum fluctuations in the inflaton field lead to fluctuations in the potential energy density?

During inflation there are quantum fluctuations in the inflaton field. Do quantum fluctuations in the inflaton field lead to fluctuations in the energy density?
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The potential at a point

According to my book, 'The potential at a point is said to be 1 volt when 1 joule of work is done in bringing 1 coulomb charge from infinity to that point.' But I wonder how it is possible. As the ...
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What quantity remains conserved in a calorimeter when two bodies at different temperatures are mixed?

This is the question: Two identical bodies at different temperatures are mixed in a calorimeter. Which of the following quantities remains conserved? 1) Sum of the temperatures of the two bodies 2) ...
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Do the electrons arrive at the anode with some kinetic energy? Where does it go?

I'm studying electronics and circuits. I'm trying to understand how electrons behave as they move in a circuit, but there's something that still bothers me. Electrons have some potential energy (the ...
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Transferring Kinetic Energy - a worldbuilding physics question

I'm working on an RPG for some friends and I'm curious about a magic system I'm thinking of designing and how it would interact with physics. Please bear with me as I'm neither mathsy nor a physicist. ...
434 views

Thermal expansion of solid body and calculation of work produced

From the information about thermal expansion on Wikipedia, I found that if I heat a steel rod that's 1-meter in length and 1-cm in diameter steel rod to 100 degrees Celsius, then it will expand by ...
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Is it Valid to Derive $E = pc$ From the Energy-Momentum Relationship for Photons?

Given a particle with mass $m$ moving at velocity $v$, total energy is: $$E^2 = (pc)^2 + (mc^2)^2$$ Note I am not using the relativistic - rest mass convention, as I was taught to think in ...
258 views

Net Force on System Not Equal Zero, but GPE increases and no change in Kinetic Energy

I am confused about changes in gravitational potential energy, net external force, and work-energy theorem. For a single particle system, I understand that a net external force results in a change in ...
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The equilibrium era and energy density

In Weinberg's 'Cosmology', at page 109, he presents an era "of equilibrium" when "the temperature and density were sufficiently high so that radiation and matter were in thermal equilibrium. Then, ...
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What is free energy in the context of a quantum field theory?

I was reading the papers Large $N$ behavior of mass deformed ABJM theory and New 3D ${\cal N}=2$ SCFT's with $N^{3/2}$ scaling. These papers talk about the free energy in the context of quantum field ...
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Power of conveyor belt required to accelerate a mass

Assume the following scenario: A conveyor belt is driven at velocity v by a motor. Sand drops vertically onto the conveyor belt at a rate of $m$ kg/s. What is the power required to move the belt at ...
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Trouble with conceptualizing the “temperature” of a deck of cards

Entropy is quite often introduced with the help of a deck of cards. Because there are so many cards, and thus an enormous number of microstates (orderings of the cards), if we assume equipartition of "...
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Kinetic Energy in a non-inertial frame

This is the question I was solving: A ball of mass m is released from A inside a smooth wedge of mass m as shown in figure. What is the speed of the wedge when the ball reaches point B? This was ...
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Would a graviton if it exists have energy?

If it has energy and comes from all matter would then matter lose mass as it releases these gravitons that have energy given that energy and mass can be converted to each other?
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The difference between Gibbs and grand canonical potentials

To my understanding, Helmholtz free energy is a measure of the amount of work a thermodynamical system can perform. Following the same reasoning Gibbs and Grand-canonical free energies measure the the ...
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Why is an electric motor more efficient at higher loads?

My question is driven by the plot below. We see that acceptable operating range of a motor is between 50-100% of the rated load. Below 40% or so the efficiency of the motor drops off dramatically. ...
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Circular motion of electrons around nucleus [duplicate]

We know that electrons are revolving around the nucleus because of the electrostatic force .But if the electron is moving in circular path then as acceleration has to be in inward direction due to a ...
286 views

How much heat can be adsorbed in a solar parabolic trough?

How do I know the produced heat on the focal point of a solar parabolic trough per different radius if made from steel and also from glass?
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Is $E^2=(mc^2)^2+(pc)^2$ correct, or is $E=mc^2$ the correct one?

I have been having trouble distinguishing these two equations and figuring out which one is correct. I have watched a video that says that $E^2=(mc^2)^2+(pc)^2$ is correct, but I do not know why. It ...
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Pressure waves for sounds [closed]

Is it possible to mechanically create a pressure wave, with right amplitude, frequency, and other characteristics to recreate known sounds like train horns, chime bells, gun shot, etc. ?