# Questions tagged [drag]

The force on a body resulting from it's motion through a fluid (gas or liquid). This force is directly opposed to the direction of travel.

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### How to calculate time for ball to reach plane while considering mass, gravity and wind resistance?

The scenario that I'm having is such that a ball of radius $15mm$ is thrown from a location point $\vec{p}=(2, 5, 2)$ in a direction of $\vec{d}=(3, 0, 4)$. The initial velocity is $30m/s$. There were ...
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### Could some design of a propeller be used in both air and water?

Propellers in water are smaller in diameter. They also move more slowly. On the other hand, aircraft propellers are larger in diameter, have narrower blades and operate at very high speeds. An ...
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### Parachute in vacuum

Consider that the earth is vacuum. Consider a person of weight 100 kg is falling from sky with an parachute . He is free falling at height of 3000 m. When will he reach the ground? What would happen ...
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### Why did increasing the Ackermann geometry in my race car make it faster in corners?

Ackermann geometry is used to account for the different radius arcs that the front tires follow when the steering wheel is turned from center. It's often expressed as a percentage: e.g. 25% Ackermann, ...
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### Concerning drag on a flow past a cylinder

I am wondering about the drag coefficient for a flow past a cylinder. I am reading this article. I understand why the drag is high to begin with (point 2), when the boundary layer separates and the ...
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### What causes a soccer ball to follow a curved path?

Soccer players kick the ball in a linear kick, though you find it to turn sideways, not even in one direction. Just mid air it changes that curve's direction, i.e., it swings, as footballers say. Is ...
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### Explanation that air drag is proportional to speed or square speed?

A falling object with no initial velocity with mass $m$ is influenced by a gravitational force $g$ and the drag (air resistance) which is proportional to the object's speed. By Newton´s laws this can ...
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### Projectile Motion with Drag

The overall goal is to write a Mathematica program that will compute the launch angle that will yield the greatest range with using [RandomInt] function, but I was having trouble with the physics. In ...
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### Drag on a spinning ball in fluid

I am a physics newbie (high school level) and I am wondering what happens when a spherical object is spinning on the spot in a bunch of gas (no gravity here, just an imaginary physics sandbox). Am I ...
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### Can a simple pendulum be considered a simple harmonic oscillator?

Is the motion of a simple pendulum, a simple harmonic motion? It stops vibrating after sometime.
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### Skiing downhill

The other day on skiing holiday we've been arguing about whether an adult has weight advantage over a child when skiing downhill. I was claiming that gravity is a constant regardless of object's ...
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### If an electric car were to drive without having to stop, would the range be greatly affected by the speed at which the vehicle is moving?

Of course aerodynamics factors into this question, and the faster you are moving the more air you have to push out of your way, the more energy you use. But would the difference be only a small ...
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### Forces on an aircraft - thrust, lift, drag, weight

I'm extremely sceptical about the wikipedia page on aircraft flight mechanics. When describing 'straight climbing flight', it says: lift is unable to alter the aircraft's potential energy or ...
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### Does the metal foam “whiffleball” orbital reentry idea make any sense?

Planetary Resources is a company speaking publicly about mining near Earth asteroids for resources. I'm interested the physicality of a claim they make in a video here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?...
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### Friction due to air drag at high speeds

I am trying to set up this problem, but I am not sure how to go about doing so. (From University Physics, Young & Freedman): You throw a baseball straight up. The drag force is proportional to ...
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### How does Baumgartner slow his velocity so that the parachute can open up?

How does Baumgartner slow his velocity so that the parachute can open up? What is Baumgartner's speed just before his parachute opens? What causes his speed to slow down just before the chute opens? ...
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### Could someone jump from the international space station and live?

Felix Baumgartner just completed his breathtaking free-fall skydiving jump from $120,000\,\text{feet} = 39\,\text{km}$ above the Earth, breaking the speed of sound during the process. I was wondering ...
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### How Felix Baumgartner has reached the speed of sound quickly

I have watched Felix Baumgartner freefall; but I wonder how Felix has reached the speed of sound quickly, in a matter of some seconds, then we had no idea of its speed? Any explanation please.
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### Time of a ball going up and down with air resistance

A ball is shot directly upward, and then it comes back to the place where it was shot. Suppose we have air resistance. Suppose $t_1$ is the time period from the moment that the ball was shot to the ...
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### Does air resistance ever slow a particle down to zero velocity?

If a particle moves in a place with air resistance (but no other forces), will it ever reach a zero velocity in finite time? The air resistance is proportional to some power of velocity - $v^\alpha$, ...
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### Why would a fat skydiver fall first in free fall?

I was having one of those obnoxious conversations with a friend where he was arguing that a fat skydiver would reach the ground faster than a skinny skydiver. To me it seemed as obvious that the world ...
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### How can the Air friction force be applied to an object?

Suppose we have an object and we throw it straight upward in the air. How do we apply the Air friction force to this object while moving upwards and after that downwards? Sorry if it's easy because I'...
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### Is it possible to find out the distance traveled by a car if the force applied on it is given?

Say you have car which produces $F$ amount of force which is transferred to the wheels directly. Now assuming that there is air friction which is causing a retarding force proportional to the ...
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### How closely may an artificial satellite orbit Earth without decaying appreciably each orbit?

Just what the title states. An artificial satellite will orbit Earth with some defined angular momentum. An aircraft,on the other hand, relies upon it's engines to provide continuous forward velocity &...
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### Equations for an object moving linearly but with air resistance taken into account?

I know (from Kinematics) that for an object moving linearly with an acceleration and without air resistance the following equations can be used to determine v(velocity) or x(position of the object) at ...
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### Bicycle Wheel Drag in Slipstream

I was recently driving behind a car that had a bicycle mounted on a carrier over the rear bumper. The bicycle wheels were not bound so they were rotating in the slip-stream of the car. I wonder, the ...
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### What would be an appropiate shape for a parachute?

I'm trying to design a parachute that minimizes the descent velocity, but I'm not sure what shape I should use. From what I've read, ellipse-shaped parachutes are too aerodynamic and minimize drag, ...
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### Free fall of two spheres made of same materials, different masses, with air resistance

Two people falling with the same parachute will gain different speeds if their masses are different. The upward air drag will needed to be bigger for a heavier person, since gravitational force is ...
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### What is the typical orbital life of an artificial satellite?

The orbit of satellites around Earth eventually decays, or so I read. This is typically caused either by atmospheric drag, or by tides. I would assume most satellites have a limited service life in ...