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Questions tagged [dissipation]

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Why does a system try to minimize its total energy?

Why does a system like to minimize its total energy? For example, the total energy of a $H_2$ molecule is smaller than the that of two two isolated hydrogen atoms and that is why two $H$ atoms try to ...
11k views

Why doesn't this perpetual motion machine using the buoyant force work?

I realize this isn't possible, but I can't see why not, especially if you change the model a little bit so that the balls simply travel through a tube of water on the way up, rather than exactly this ...
5k views

Will tsunami waves travel forever if there was no land?

If there was no land for tsunami waves to collide with, can the waves travel around the globe for forever?
3k views

Why can't we ascribe a (possibly velocity dependent) potential to a dissipative force?

Sorry if this is a silly question but I cant get my head around it.
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Does fluid speed affect liquid cooling?

If you have a liquid-based cooling system, like the loop in the picture below, does the fluid speed actually matter? I can see how cycling the liquid too slowly would be bad, since the fluid would be ...
691 views

Can we quantize Aristotelian physics?

Aristotelian physics, shorn of whatever the historical Aristotle actually believed, is pretty similar to Newtonian physics. Instead of "An object in motion stays in motion unless acted on by an ...
2k views

What exactly makes a force conservative?

I get that forces can be classified as either conservative or non-conservative, depending on whether the work done in a round trip is zero or non-zero. What property of the force makes it to be, ...
4k views

Lagrangian and Hamiltonian EOM with dissipative force

I am trying to write the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian for the forced Harmonic oscillator before quantizing it to get to the quantum picture. For EOM $$m\ddot{q}+\beta\dot{q}+kq=f(t),$$ I write the ...
2k views

Hysteresis and dissipation

Hysteretic phenomena are often linked to dissipation. When there is a hysteresis loop, the dissipated energy can usually be computed as the area of the cycle. For example, in ferromagnetic materials, ...
365 views

Numerical Simulation of Stochastic Master Equation using Stochastic Schrödinger Equation (Wave Function Monte Carlo)

Consider a time independent system coupled to a Markovian bath, the equation of motion for the density matrix of the system has to take the form \begin{equation} \dot{\rho} = - i \left[H,\rho\right] -...
9k views

Why can't we make a perpetual motion machine by using a magnet to pull up a piece of metal, then letting it fall back down? [duplicate]

Obviously, a perpetuum mobile isn't possible by any law in physics, because energy can't be "created" or "destroyed", only transformed. This said, I've had an idea for a perpetuum mobile and can't ...
5k views

What happens to the energy in an ocean wave after it breaks on a reef or the shore?

I understand that the conservation of energy essentially says that "energy can neither be destroyed or created but that it is transferred from one form to another." Given that, on the ocean, wind ...
204 views

How much energy does the Earth absorb when a gravitational wave passes through it?

I understand that gravitational waves pass quite freely through massive bodies. Quoting http://www.ligo.org/science/GW-Potential.php: Gravitational waves will change astronomy because the universe ...
824 views

Is a superconductor really a super conductor?

It is known that a superconductor is a material with electrical resistance zero. My question is, it is exactly zero, a theoretical zero, or for practical realistic reasons it is effectively zero?
3k views

How do non-conservative forces affect Lagrange equations?

If we have a system and we know all the degrees of freedom, we can find the Lagrangian of the dynamical system. What happens if we apply some non-conservative forces in the system? I mean how to deal ...
1k views

A conceptual doubt regarding Forced Oscillations and Resonance

While studying about the Resonance and Forced Oscillations, I came across a graph in my textbook that is given below:- Now, the author writes As the amount of damping increases, the peak shifts ...
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Would a pendulum swing indefinitely in a frictionless vacuum?

I am attempting to settle a friendly bet. Would a pendulum swing indefinitely in a hypothetical vacuum (i.e. no air resistance) having a hypothetical frictionless bearing (i.e. no energy lost due to ...
12k views

Can single DC 1.5V battery generate 1500 watts of power?

Suppose there is a DC $1.5\mathrm{V}$ battery connected with $1.5\times10^{-3}\mathrm{\Omega}$ resistor. Then the amount of circuit current is $I=V/R=10^3\mathrm{A}$. (according to Ohm's law) I know ...
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A false proof of drag force being conservative

Consider a particle moving along some trajectory in the $x$-$y$ plane, in a viscous medium. Then its equation of motion is given by: $$\mathbf{F}_d = - b \mathbf{v} .$$ it's well-known from the ...
834 views

Resonance peak broadening due to losses: physical reason

I wonder why when losses are present in a oscillator, the width of the resonance peak is broadened. More precisely: why, when losses are present, can the amplitude reach nearly the maximal one (the ...
1k views

How much energy is wasted by a noisy refrigerator?

I recently bought a new refrigerator for my kitchen. The feet are adjustable but I've been lazy. Whenever the motor runs and the feet aren't all touching the floor there is a loud buzzing noise. As ...
3k views

An example of non-Hamiltonian systems [closed]

I am preparing for the exam. And I need to know the answer to one question which I can't understand. "Give an example of non-Hamiltonian systems: in case of infinite number of particles; for a finite ...
2k views

What is the electrical difference between rolled and unrolled extension cables? [closed]

I am talking about the extension cord of length 10 meter or more as follows. The clerk said that it is better to unroll it when using. So what is the difference? I know for alternating current there ...
5k views

Liouville's theorem and conservation of phase space volume

It can be proved that the size of an initial volume element in phase space remain constant in time even for time-dependent Hamiltonians. So I was wondering whether it is still true even when the ...
608 views

Longest ringing/resonating object [closed]

I am interested in objects which resonate or ring for as long as possible. In particular, I am interested in Crotales (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crotales), and if it is possible to make a longer ...
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Why does a rolling sphere stop?

I've just started studying Rotational Mechanics and one thing I'm confused about is that if friction is equal to zero when a body is rolling purely.. then why does a rolling body e.g. sphere.. stop ...
26k views

Why does friction produce heat?

What causes two objects sliding against each other to produce heat? Why don't they generate visible light or something else?
1k views

What are the reasons for leaving the dissipative energy term out of the Hamiltonian when writing the Lyapunov function?

I have a problem with one of my study questions for an oral exam: The Hamiltonian of a nonlinear mechanical system, i.e. the sum of the kinetic and potential energies, is often used as a Lyapunov ...
121 views

Is there a fundamental reason why “dynamic energy storage” is lossy?

Consider springs and moving masses - both can be used to store energy, the spring via tension $E=\frac{1}{2}kx^2$ and the mass via kinetic energy $E=\frac{1}{2}mv^2$. But day to day experience tells ...
144 views

How can dissipative/friction terms be incorporated into a Lagrangian?

I'm trying to find a suitable Lagrangian for a damped harmonic oscillator, a system that satisfies the following equation of motion: $$m \ddot{x} + \gamma \dot{x} + \frac{d\phi}{dx} = 0.$$ What I ...
192 views

Quantization of dissipative systems?

In undergraduate courses the introduction to Hamiltonian mechanics usually starts from a Newtonian view point. One has equations of motions of the form (not sure if it is ok to use covariant notation ...
551 views

What physical processes may underly the collisional term in the Boltzmann equation, and how do they increase entropy?

Consider particles interacting only by long-range (inverse square law) forces, either attractive or repulsive. I am comfortable with the idea that their behavior may be described by the collsionless ...
762 views

What makes quantum decoherence different from dissipation?

From my understanding quantum decoherence and dissipation are completely different ways of modelling information loss to the environment. Dissipation can be modeled using the Caldeira-Leggett model ...
155 views

Noether's Theorem, Boundary-Bulk, and Open Thermodynamic Systems

Before going any further, I should emphasize that I know we cannot use the action principle for locally dissipative systems or even Noether's theorem for that matter. There are plenty of stackexchange ...
275 views

Orbit in the vacuum

As the space is a vacuum and there is no friction in space, Can we assume that, if we place an object in gravity in exactly the right distance from a planet with gravity and in the right acceleration, ...