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Questions tagged [dirac-string]

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Does the electrodynamics-like PDE $\epsilon^{ijk}\partial_j B_{kl}(x) = \delta^i_l\delta^{(3)}(x)$ have solutions?

Consider the following PDE in 3 dimensions $$ \epsilon^{ijk}\partial_j B_{kl}(x) = \delta^i_l\delta^{(3)}(x)$$ Does $B_{kl}(x)$ have a solution? (It can have any kind of singularity, e.g. it can have ...
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1answer
81 views

How to incorporate Dirac's magnetic monopole solution into a continuous magnetic charge density?

Dirac famously solved Maxwell equations in the presence of a point magnetic monopole. He was able to do so in a manner which used only the standard vector potential $\vec{A}$ and gave the correct ...
8
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2answers
271 views

What was Dirac's motivation to study hypothetical magnetic monopoles?

The equation $$\boldsymbol{\nabla}\cdot\textbf{B}(\textbf{r})=0\tag{1} $$ dictates that there can be no isolated magetic monopole. What was then the motivation for Dirac to consider the consequences ...
1
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1answer
198 views

Singularity of $B$-field in a Dirac String

I was assigned this question related to Dirac strings: Given a vector potential $\vec{A}= \frac{1-\cos(\theta)}{r\sin(\theta)}\hat{\phi}$, show that there is a singularity in the B field ...
8
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1answer
381 views

Why isn't Dirac credited with the discovery of the Aharonov-Bohm effect?

Above equation (8) of Dirac's famous 1931 paper in which he proposes his quantization condition for magnetic monopoles, he says "the change in [an electron's] phase around [a] closed curve [is] $2 \pi ...
6
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1answer
428 views

Which charge to use in the Dirac quantization condition?

I have a follow-up question to Dirac magnetic monopoles and quark fractional electric charge quantization, regarding whether the "unit of electric charge" in the Dirac quantization condition should be ...
6
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1answer
301 views

Dirac string and Nielsen–Ninomiya theorem

Nielsen–Ninomiya theorem states that in a lattice system one can not have just one chiral fermion. Fermions necessarily come in pairs of opposite chirality. I am wondering if one can "explain" this ...
1
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0answers
90 views

Is the Dirac string continuous?

Is the Dirac string continuous? Suppose I have a point magnetic charge. Do the necessary singularities of the vector potential lie on a continuous curve in 3D space?
4
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1answer
940 views

Distinction of Dirac monopole and Polyakov-'t Hooft monopole

Can anybody explain the physical difference between Dirac monopole and Polyakov monopole? First, let me write down what I know briefly. Dirac monopole It comes from the symmetry of Maxwell ...
0
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0answers
50 views

Vector potential in presence of monopole [duplicate]

In this paper http://www.hcs.harvard.edu/~jus/0302/song.pdf when Song was explaining dirac string. He said "In the presence of a magnetic monopole, the vector potential cannot be defined everywhere. ...
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4answers
3k views

can one introduce magnetic monopoles without Dirac strings?

To introduce magnetic monopoles in Maxwell equations, Dirac uses special strings, that are singularities in space, allowing potentials to be gauge potentials. A consequence of this is the quantization ...
4
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1answer
330 views

Dirac string on (periodic) compact space

For a non-compact space, the Dirac string can be defined as a line joining the Dirac monopole to infinity (or another Dirac monopole). The region where the gauge connection is ill-defined. (as can be ...