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# Questions tagged [dirac-equation]

A fully relativistic (Lorentz covariant) description, first put forward by Paul Dirac in 1928, of the first quantized, spin one half fermion with nonzero mass. Physical notions to do with this equation include the Dirac sea, Dirac hole theory, the Klein Paradox and the fine structure of the Hydrogen spectrum.

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I'm interested in the retarded propagator for a free massless Dirac fermion, i.e. solutions $ψ$ to the inhomogeneous PDE $$(∂_t- \nabla·\vec σ) ψ(x,t) = f(x,t)$$ with boundary conditions $$\quad ... 1answer 49 views ### Spin of electron using Levi Civita symbol Problem is probably trivial, but I can't seem to find a fault in the argument. If we write the Dirac equation as$$(c\vec{\alpha}\cdot \mathbf{p} + \beta mc^2) \psi = i\hbar \frac{\partial \psi}{\...
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I was trying to prove the identity $\overline{\displaystyle{\not}{a}\displaystyle{\not}{b}\dots \displaystyle{\not}{p}} = \displaystyle{\not}{p}\dots \displaystyle{\not}{b}\displaystyle{\not}{a}$. On ...
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### Why are twistors commuting?

In his book, Srednicki introduces the notion of twistor in chapter 50. It is described as a simply commuting spinor, as opposed to anti-commuting. How do we know that this object is simply commuting? ...
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### Dirac equation in QFT vs relativistic QM

How does the Dirac equation in quantum field theory solve the existing problems in the interpretation Dirac equation (as a single-particle wave equation) in relativistic quantum mechanics? EDIT: The ...
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### How does spin influence the dynamics of quantum mechanical systems?

I have just been introduced to the Klein-Gordon Equation and the Dirac Equation for the first time. The way they were explained to me, these equations govern the (relativistic) evolution of spin-0 and ...
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### Why would a spinor transform under Lorentz transformations?

From my understanding of spinors, they arise as projective representations of $SO_0(1,3)$ that do not correspond to representations of $SO_0(1,3)$. But still one says here - and virtually everywhere - ...
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### Dirac or Schrödinger equation for higher spin?

Given a fermion or boson with an arbitrary integer or half integer spin, then what would be its Dirac or Klein-Gordon equation? Dirac equation for an equation with arbitrary spin 0, 1/2 , 1 , 2 , 3/2 ...
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### What is the correct form of Dirac equation?

Usually the Dirac equation in curved space is written as $$i\Gamma^{\mu}D _{\mu}\Psi-m\Psi=0,$$ where $\Gamma_{\mu}$ are curved space gamma matrices and $D_{\mu}$ is covariante derivative. This ...
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### Second order relativistic corrections to Pauli equation from Dirac equation

I'm trying to derive the full and correct Hamiltonian for spin$\frac{1}{2}$ particles from Dirac equation up to second order in $v/c$. For a potential and magnetic field constant in time. In ...
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### Transformation of Weyl spinors

I usually see Weyl spinor and Weyl equations as derived from Dirac equation, like in Peskin. Now, I'm following a course where the professor actually builds Weyl spinor lagrangians BEFORE talking ...
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### $CP$-transformation for spinor field. $C$ and $P$ do not commute?

I am bothered by an exercise about CP transformations where I get the result that CP acting on a Dirac spinor field is not the same as the PC transformation. The exercise states the following ...
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### Dirac equation boundary conditions

In Schroedinger equation, which is second order differential equation, one normally, equates both $\psi(x)$ and $\psi'(x)$ across the boundary, as boundary conditions. However, the dirac equation ...
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### Electron spin g-factor

I am reading Schwartz's book on Quantum field theory. In the chapter anomalous magnetic moment (chapter 17) he mentions that Dirac equation naturally implies that the electron spin $g$-factor is 2. ...
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### Can we derive $\vec{S}=\frac{1}{2}\vec{\Sigma}$ in a representation independent way in terms $\vec{\alpha},\vec{\beta}$?

For the Hamiltonian $H=(\vec{\alpha}\cdot \vec{p}+\vec{\beta}m)$ of the Dirac equation $i\frac{\partial \psi}{\partial t}=H\psi$, it can be shown that $[H,\vec{L}]=-i(\vec{\alpha}\times\vec{p})$. Now, ...
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### Why does the charge conjugation of the spinor transform as a spinor?

I have come across (in QFT Nutshell, A. Zee) how the charge conjugation of the spinor, $\psi_c \equiv \gamma^2 \psi^*$, transform (where $\gamma^2=\sigma^2\otimes i\tau^2$ is the component of the ...
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### What's the path of least action for fermions off-shell?

The Lagrangian of fermions is first order both in space-derivatives and time-derivatives. In the variation of the action one usually fixes both the initial point and end point. I have the following ...
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### Commutation relations in QFT [duplicate]

So I have just started learning QFT. So you take a classical field and turn the degrees of freedom into operators. All fine, just like normal quantum. However I am confused about the commutation ...
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### Relativistic quantum field theory

Let $\psi(x)$ be solution of Dirac equation $$(\gamma^\mu\Pi_\mu-mc) \psi(x)=0$$ where $\Pi_\mu=i\partial_\mu-eA_\mu$ is momentum operator in present electromagnetic field . We consider tow ...