# Questions tagged [differentiation]

Differentiation is the set of techniques and results from Differential Calculus, concerning the calculation of derivatives of functions or distributions.

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### Taking time derivative of two dependant variables

I'm not entirely sure if this is correct. I have to take the time derivative of the following: $$\frac{d}{dt}mr^{2}\dot{\phi}$$ Now, both $r$ and $\dot{\phi}$ depends on the time $t$, so I have to ...
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### Lagrangian Mechanics - Commutativity Rule $\frac{d}{dt}\delta q=\delta \frac{dq}{dt}$

I am reading about Lagrangian mechanics. At some point the difference between the temporal derivative of a variation and variation of the temporal derivative is discussed. The fact that the two are ...
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### What is a covariant derivative in gauge theory?

I've been studying electroweak theory and you need to keep the Lagrangian covariant by introducing covariant derivatives. What is a covariant derivative? And what does it mean to keep the Lagrangian ...
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### Can You Obtain New Physics from the use of Fractional Derivatives?

I was curious if anyone could give me an example of the use of fractional derivatives in physics and explain what they offer that "conventional" mathematics does not (in terms of new physics and not ...
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### Derivative with respect to a vector is a gradient?

I've encountered in some books (and even completed an exercise from the Goldstein by using it), a strange notation that seems to work exactly like a gradient, I have tried to look for an explanation ...
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### Gravitational force exerted by a rod on a point mass

I have doubts with the solution of a certain problem. I will give the entire solution below and will lay out my doubts as well. A point mass $m_1$ is separated by a distance $r$ from a long rod of ...
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### Why and how maximum force is $\frac{dF}{dx}=0$? [closed]

In an certain question my teacher asked to find the maximum force. She said that the maximum force in electrostatics means $\frac{dF}{dx}=0$. Why is it like that?
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### Meaning of “Gradient with respect to coordinates of particle” in SPH

I'm currently trying to implement a simple SPH simulation based on a variety of papers. However as I'm not a trained physicist nor mathematician I have a small issue with the following notation and ...
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### When we take time derivative of a function of time, then is the result another function of time, again?

(I'll try to explain my question by one known example), for example where the velocity is a function of time v(t) then its time derivative (which is acceleration: $a=\frac {dv}{dt}$) is another ...
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### In Newtonian pressure, what type of function is force?

This is pressure in Newtonian mechanics: $$P=\frac {dF}{dA}.$$ What does this mean? (Doesn't it mean that force is a function of area?) What type of function is force?
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### Is there any other mathematical tool to measure velocity, instead useing derivative? [closed]

To measure velocity we use derivative $$v=\frac {dr}{dt}.$$ Is the any other mathematical tool to do this?.
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### Which quantity gives the resistance of a component?

In a current vs potential difference graph, we can obtain the value of the resistance of the component. There are books that say gradient-inverse is the resistance and also books that say the value of ...
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### Do derivatives of operators act on the operator itself or are they “added to the tail” of operators?

How do derivatives of operators work? Do they act on the terms in the derivative or do they just get "added to the tail"? Is there a conceptual way to understand this? For example: say you had the ...
What is second-order covariant derivative $$\nabla_i\nabla_jf(r)$$ in terms of $r,\theta, g(r)$ and partial derivative, given that the metric takes the form $$ds^2=dr^2+g(r)d\theta^2$$ and $f$ is a ...