Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [determinism]

The tag has no usage guidance.

1
vote
1answer
43 views

How can the whole path of a particle be determined by its configuration at any time and the rate of change of configuration at that time?

In the image, it says the whole path can be determined by knowing u(t1) and u'(t1) at any point t1. As far as I know, using u(t1) and u'(t1), the best we can do is approximate a nearby point u(t1+del ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Non deterministic quantum gates

There are situations (e.g. in quantum optics) where local non-unitary operators can be defined. In these cases, people say that the operation is non-deterministic. Could you please clarify how the ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

How did Big Bang determine the initial conditions of the universe?

My question is that how did the Big Bang determine the initial distribution of the particles and their wavefunctions? In theories like Bohmian mechanics or Many worlds, how was the universal ...
7
votes
2answers
361 views

If $A^\mu$ is not determined uniquely by Maxwell's equations, what happens if we solve for it numerically?

Given a solution $A^{\mu}(x)$ to Maxwell's equations \begin{equation} \Box A^{\mu}(x)-\partial^{\mu}\partial_{\nu}A^{\nu}=0\tag{1} \end{equation} which also satisfies some specified initial conditions ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Does retro-causality imply unpredictability?

In some interpretations of Quantum mechanics (e.g. transactional interpretation), the future affects present. Is this a source of unpredictability in such interpretations, which makes them have the ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Predicting the future [duplicate]

In the special theory of relativity, each event is a point in 4d spacetime. And we can represent our life as a world line in the spacetime. Then, if we somehow find out the mathematical equation of ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Unpredictability, per definitions of chaotic behavior

Apparently I've been confused about the meaning(s) of "chaotic behavior". I always thought it meant that infinitesimal perturbations of a system parameter would lead to large changes in the system's ...
-1
votes
2answers
147 views

Does quantum randomness exist? [duplicate]

I just want to know if the quantum world is random. Or if the randomness is fully explained by measurement error. Or if it is just semantic. The previous questions are open to interpretation and do ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

Why does information loss in quantum collapse not threaten determinism?

When Hawking argued that information is lost in black holes, this triggered the "black hole war" because it threatened determinism, which would mean the laws of physics are only true on average. But ...
8
votes
1answer
135 views

How does the black hole information paradox threaten quantum determinism?

I was surprised by the subtitle of Susskind’s Black Hole War: My Battle with Stephen Hawking to Make the World Safe for Quantum Mechanics. I would have expected that information loss would violate ...
26
votes
7answers
4k views

How can a particle's position be random and uncertain in quantum mechanics if it is already pre-determined in relativity?

In relativity, to my knowledge, the path of an object is described by its worldline in spacetime, and since time is a part of the spacetime geometry, an object's worldline--in a sense--always exists ...
8
votes
14answers
2k views

How can the solutions to equations of motion be unique if it seems the same state can be arrived at through different histories?

Let's assume we have a container, a jar, a can or whatever, which has a hole at its end. If there were water inside, via a differential equation we could calculate the time by which the container is ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

What do physicists mean when they say QM proves randomness?

Some physicists like Michio Kaku has said that the physics has proven randomness. Even some of my friends(they're not physicists) cite the Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser experiment and entanglement to ...
-1
votes
1answer
123 views

Why do the laws of physics fail to predict the behavior of frustrators? [closed]

This is my attempt to make an earlier question less broad. This question takes the form of a thought experiment, and is based on this video. Suppose you are given: The positions, velocities, ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Why are there limits on physics' applicability? [closed]

(Not sure if this is the right SE for this question). Physics is great at predicting what inanimate stuff do. Why can't it also predict what living things do? For example, if I throw a ball off a ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Is the Many-Worlds Interpretation consistent with our best understanding of time? [closed]

Einstein's theory of relativity implies a B-theory of time. Deterministic interpretations of quantum mechanics such as the Many-Worlds would seem to be consistent with the B-theory. Regardless of ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Newton's Principle of Determinacy (intuitive explanation)

I was reading Arnold's Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics. In it he speaks of "Newton's Principle of Determinacy". He says for a mechanical system (collection of point masses in 3D Euclidean ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Randomness - Quantum Mechanics

If there is pure probabilistic randomness for quantum particles, why isn't this randomness seen in macroscopic objects too, after all they are made up of quantum particles? Why and How does this ...
-2
votes
1answer
120 views

Could the apparent non-determinism of Quantum Mechanics be explained with a universal pseudo-random number generator? [closed]

As a thought experiment, would it be logically plausible to claim that the apparent randomness of Quantum Mechanics could be explained by the existence of a universal and deterministic pseudo-random ...
23
votes
1answer
2k views

What situations in classical physics are non-deterministic?

In Sean Carroll's book "The Big Picture," he states (chapter 4, page 35): Classical mechanics, the system of equations studied by Newton and Laplace, isn't perfectly deterministic. There are ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Distinguish Definitions: Realism Scientific, Realism, and realistic

I was readying about study about bell's theorem, where I had the question about some definitions. Here's some of my summaries: Scientific Realism: (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_realism#...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

How deterministic nature of our world emerges?

Quantum mechanics shows that nature is non-deterministic. But the world we see around us seems deterministic. Take for an example: harmonic oscillator when $n$ becomes very large the probability ...
22
votes
9answers
6k views

What exactly is deterministic in Schrödinger's equation?

I have read the following on Wikipedia but I can't understand it: In quantum mechanics, the Schrödinger equation, which describes the continuous time evolution of a system's wave function, is ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What determines the determinism of observables?

It is well known that there exists certain class of physical observables like momentum and position which are common to both classical and quantum mechanics, and has different 'kinds of predictability'...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

From locality to deterministic hidden variables

According to this link here Bell said: "My own first paper on this subject ... starts with a summary of the EPR argument from locality to deterministic hidden variables. But the commentators have ...
-1
votes
2answers
515 views

Is the future predetermined and fixed? [closed]

I just watched a YouTube video which explained that life as a sequence of events is a geometric object in the four-dimensional spacetime and that the future is not only predetermined, but it already ...
1
vote
4answers
829 views

Causes and Effects in the quantum world [closed]

I am debating with a person about questions of causes and effects in the quantum world, and some questions came into our minds, hence I would be very happy to know what is "your opinion" that is, what ...
3
votes
3answers
145 views

How can we certify that the randomness in the measurement outcomes is not due to randomness in the state preparation?

According to the theory of quantum mechanics, if a spin state is prepared along axis "x", and then measured along axis "z", then the result of the spin projection is probabilistic: half of the times ...
-5
votes
1answer
299 views

Does relativity of simultaneity prove determinism? [closed]

Does relativity of simultaneaty imply determinism? Let's say an alien in a distant part of the universe travels towards us at a certain speed at this moment(i.e. from our perspective that alien is ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Unitarity of Quantum Mechanical Systems

I was reading this lecture notes "Black holes from A to Z" by Andrew Strominger. In the first chapter Introduction the following statement is made: "If we know the present, there are laws that ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How do you know the classical deterministic past when particles bind?

Firstly, this is assuming a classical mechanics approach as outlined in Leonard Susskind's theoretical minimum (first lecture). In a classical setting assuming no quantum effects, how do you tell the ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Is a future event fixed by happening of past events?

If i say an event as an outcome of past events and those past events as outcomes of earlier events. I can also say that an event generates future event. If i take all the systems of chains of events ...
3
votes
3answers
232 views

How do we know that certain quantum effects are random?

I was looking at a website that claims to generate random numbers from observation of quantum effects. This lead me to question how we know that the numbers are truly random. When we observe a ...
44
votes
5answers
5k views

Do identical starting conditions always lead to identical outcomes?

Me and a friend are discussing whether or not physical phenomena are deterministic. Let's say, for example, that we have a 3-dimensional box with balls inside of it upon which no gravitational forces ...
-2
votes
2answers
376 views

Randomness in Quantum Mechanics

Is the quantum world really random?How can one be sure that there are no variables that can actually predict the outcome like they do in Newtonian physics?
0
votes
3answers
83 views

The principle of Quantum indetermination

Well, it is a amazing fact that Quantum world deals with indeterminism, one can't tell about the system without directly "seeing" it. (Many novels, short stories are also formed on the same) My ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Is a lightening strike deterministic?

This relates to a previous question: Is a dice roll deterministic? Essentially, I'm trying to get a better understanding of how quantum indeterminacy interacts with the macro world. It seems to me ...
3
votes
3answers
720 views

Is quantum mechanics truly probabilistic?

Probability arises inherently from a lack of information. For example, if I were to take a ball out of a bag with 3 yellow and 2 white balls, I would have a 0.6 probability of getting a yellow and a 0....
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Classical indeterminacy and measurement uncertainty

In one of his lectures, Feynman argues that classical physics is essentially indeterminate. Here I have tried to distill his original argument which was related to collisions of (classical) atoms in ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Is there a consensus about the trueness of the randomness in QM? [duplicate]

I personally believe that there is a very strong case in favor of true randomness in QM but not being a physicist I would like to know from experts if there is a consensus about this. @John Rennie: ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Modeling the universe as a countably infinite state machine

Could the universe be modeled or thought of in terms of an countably infinite state machine? Philosophically, I am asking from a deterministic perspective. Now, I know that as humans, and beings ...
3
votes
3answers
827 views

How do we know that nuclear decay is truly random and spontaneous?

Nuclear decay is said to be random and spontaneous but how do we know for certain, that it is not just a lack of understanding of some other unknown force. Doesn't everything in the universe just ...
2
votes
3answers
549 views

Is a dice roll deterministic?

This should be understood as distinct from the question of is it possible to predict the outcome of a roll, which seems to be an issue related to intractability and observation? What I'm really ...
0
votes
1answer
221 views

Heisenberg uncertainty principle and a complete model

Given the Heisenberg uncertainty principle doesn't this mean that to observe the location of something the velocity of the something becomes more uncertain and vice versa now if the universe is ...
5
votes
1answer
339 views

How do we know that radioactive decay is memoryless?

Let $\tau$ be the random variable that describes the lifetime of a given particle. It seems to conform to common-sense that $\mathbf{P}(\tau>t+s|\tau>s)=\mathbf{P}(\tau>t)$, as it would be ...
-3
votes
2answers
164 views

Why Einstein was always opposed to uncertainity? [closed]

Einstein always believed that everything is certain, and we can calculate everything. And he always rejected Quantum mechanics due to it's factor of uncertainty. But still Quantum physics was right....
1
vote
1answer
414 views

Why does entanglement not imply hidden variables?

By the causal symmetry of spacelike-seperated events, the statement "measurement of particle 1 causes subsequent collapse for particle 2" is equivalent to "measurement of particle 2 causes subsequent ...
9
votes
2answers
661 views

Schrodinger's “What is life ” book quote: : The laws of physics are statistical in nature [closed]

In the book What is life? by Erwin Schrodinger, he says that the laws of physics are statistical in nature. Today, thanks to the ingenious work of biologists, mainly of geneticists, during ...
1
vote
3answers
117 views

When exactly is “God playing dice”? (Question on Hamiltonian and ground state, actually)

There is something I don't get: So I read that by applying an operator to the wavefunction (aka. measuring stuff), it is as if the wavefunction collapses onto one defined state which is an eigenstate....
-4
votes
1answer
72 views

Entanglement as determined correlation

I imagine that at the moment of entanglement the wave function collapses and the quantum states of the 2 entangled particles will be set, so that there will be no superposition after the moment of ...