# Questions tagged [data-analysis]

Use for question relating the the techniques of data analysis.

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347 views

### Nuclear explosion wavelength data

I am looking for data source (or chart) of spectral data that is being emitted on detonation of nuclear or thermonuclear explosion. Reason I am looking is to see if this data has specific signature ...
839 views

### Using Audacity to generate power spectral density [closed]

Say I record something with a sound recording program like Audacity (e.g. plucking a guitar string). How could I use that recording to plot a dB vs Frequency graph?
334 views

### Absorption line detected with a significance of $2.2\sigma$

What do we mean by the following statement? The SV $\lambda$ 786.46 line is detected with a equivalent width of $W = 22.7\pm10.2$ corresponding to a significance of $2.2\sigma$ How does one ...
29 views

### How to compute $L_{\rm eq}$ from temporal pressure data

I have pressure vs time data. how can I compute sound equivalence Level $L_{\rm eq}$ in decibels? can this be done from a frequency spectrum assuming that it is constant?
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### What about assessing negative Limit of Detection for concentration

I recently came in a work-group discussion where I think some concepts are misused. After seeking for scientific articles on the subject I have found that part of the problem is definition (what ...
1k views

### How do I calculate the experimental uncertainty in a function of two measured quantities

I am performing an experiment where I'm measuring two variables, say $x$ and $y$, but I'm actually interested in a third variable which I calculate from those two, $$z=f(x,y).$$ In my experiment, of ...
305 views

### Rutherford Experiment - practical and theoretical questions

I performed the Rutherford experiment the other day, using Au thin foil of $2\,\mathrm{\mu{}m}$, a source/gun of α particles (241Am) and a detector/counter. α particles were shot from the source ...
250 views

### Textbook about the handiwork of a HEP analysis?

I'm wondering if there is a textbook that describes the handiwork of a particle physics analysis. There are a bunch of books about theory, about the experimental aspects like detectors, and about ...
579 views

### Advanced data analysis in Physics experiments

I know that regression, chi-distribution, covariance, error propagation, etc. are frequent tools for experimental physicists. So, I'd like to know if advanced statistics topics are used in data ...
365 views

### Converting impact speed to pressure magnitude

In explosive safety and stability testing, a drop test is commonly used to determine the sensitivity to impact. In the test, an impactor of known mass is dropped. The initial height varies throughout ...
128 views

### What could be the distribution of an explosion energy of a mining-grade and seismic exploration explosives?

Seismic exploration involves the excitation of seismic waves using the industrially made explosive charges. What could be the distribution of explosion energy of such a charges? My guess is that it ...
1k views

### 1/r Counting Rate for Radiation Experiment

In an experiment performed in the lab, I want to justify that, when the width of the Geiger counter window is approximately the same size as the distance between the window and a mildly radioactive ...
36 views

### Expression for combining several probabilities in a single discriminator

I'm doing an analysis of some experiment. Details are not very important, but I've stumbled on an expression that I cannot make sense of. I have several simultaneous measurements of a certain ...
196 views

### Curve Fitting and Multiple Experiments

Say I do an an experiment 5 times, each of which gives you a list of data points. Do I fit a curve to each one separately and then average the parameters and their uncertainties? Or do I take the ...
113 views

### Where can I get latest full updated list of supernovae candidates from the SDSS-II Supernova Survey?

I am doing a project where I need the list of supernovae candidates from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey II (SDSS-II) supernova survey. One list is available as part of the data-release-7 (DR7) website. ...
31 views

### Choice of color for graphs with filled area [closed]

I am writing an article and the central results are summarized in a graph so I want it to be very beautiful and physically intuitive. It has 3 regions in which a certain quantity is conserved, ...
348 views

### What are anticipated events and experimental uncertainty?

I am working on this lab that involved gathering data from two different sources. It involved gathering reaction times from a device and from a web application which was put into our data sets. It is ...
188 views

### Where can I find how to do data analysis for a magnetic hysteresis loop?

I am given a data set that has a hysteresis loop but there's a diamagnetic signal that I understand needs to be subtracted, but I don't know the how this is done. I remember finding the slope of the ...
59 views

### Asymmetry in muon energies of public CMS dimuon event data

CMS published for educational purposes (caveat) 100.000 dimuon events: https://cms-docdb.cern.ch/cgi-bin/PublicDocDB//ShowDocument?docid=11583 As one easily sees, column 4 shows the first muon's ...
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### Statistical analysis of data in Physics

Analysis of data is integral in bridging the gap between theory and experiment. How much do the results of the analysis depend upon the choice between Bayesian and frequentist methods? For instance, ...
2k views

### gaussian fitting of xrd peaks

I am reading a paper regarding the nano crystalline material with hexagonal crystal structure. In that paper in order to find out lattice parameter of hexagonal crystal structure they have fitted a ...
4k views

### What does a curved natural log graph suggest?

Sorry if this is rather simple, but I've only just started learning about using logarithms in experimental physics. I did an experiment to test the amount of time it would take for an amount of ...
301 views

### Galaxy Kinematic Fitting: How to deal with Point Spread Function (PSF)

The past few months I have been studying astronomy and Integral Field Spectroscopy (IFS). What I want to do is to fit a galaxy kinematic model to data (ie: estimate the model parameters that give the ...
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### Interpreting the results

I have preformed the muon lifetime experiment at my uni's lab, and got the data. It's text file with 8190 numbers. My TDC unit was set so that the time gates were at 10 $\mu s$, and it has 8192 ...
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### How to determine frequency components present in distorted signal, with the set of possible components already known?

I am trying to choose the best approach to digitally analyse a signal, which is a mix of an unknown number (but less than 16) fundamental signals at specific frequencies (e.g., sines). The goal is ...
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### Uncertainty in Acceleration given the uncertainty in position

I had a motion detector record the position of a dynamics cart and automatically plot Position vs Time and Velocity vs Time plots in Logger Pro on the computer. If the instrument uncertainty in ...
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### What algorithms are used for track reconstruction in cloud chambers?

In particular I'm interested in any algorithms that can separate multiple tracks from one another reliably.
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### More points vs. precision

I have a dilemma. In my lab exercise, I was measuring spectra with HPGe detector of several sources (gamma spectroscopy). To determine the energy of the unknown spectrum I first needed to calibrate ...
561 views

### Dealing with experimental data

I have some experimental data about a value $n$, now, I am supposed to give, in the ending, a single value with an error: $n=a\pm b$. I have originally 6 values of $n$, each one comes as an indirect ...
27k views

### Physical interpretation of y-intercept in a Current vs Voltage graph

So I collected current and voltage data from a simple circuit with a power source and a resistor, using a multimeter. I created a graph for this data using excel and got the y-intercept (which is ...
90 views

### How to calculate the correct coordinates from a distorted video of a projectile?

I am working on a high school project that is related to projectile motion. I am exploring how exactly the position of the center of mass affects the trajectory of a long but thin, javelin-like ...
213 views

### Data requirement to determine proportionality

A common result of theoretical analysis in physics is some sort of relation derived from physical parameters and typically expressed in the form of a non-dimensional parameter. These scale relations ...
144 views

### How to find exponential values

I have a power equation for flow between two circular disks on a common axis as stator and rotor, which follows, $$P = \frac{n^a}{G}\tag{1}$$ Where: $P$ = power, $n$ = revolution (1200 rev/min), \$...
467 views

### Analysis of the impulse of 2 colliding carts under the effect of magnetic repulsion

Hi there! I have a question about an experiment that was conducted. It is related to momentum. 2 carts were put on a track on opposite sides. They were then propelled towards one another at ...