Questions tagged [covariance]

How a quantity behaves under a change of basis vectors. This tag covers relativistic covariance, as well as contravariant and covariant tensors not necessarily in the context of relativity. DO NOT USE THIS TAG for statistical covariance.

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Coordinate Transformation of Vector & Tensor Fields

In the answer to the question: Coordinate Transformation of Scalar Fields in QFT by joshphysics a very nice mathematical explanation (using manifolds and charts) is given for the transformation of the ...
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How are these two different definitions of covariant vector related?

Definition 1 If under a coordinate transformation $x^i\to \bar{x}^i(x^i)$ certain objects $A^i$ transform as $$A^i\to \bar{A}^{i}=\sum_{j}\frac{\partial \bar{x}^{i}}{\partial x^j}A^j,$$ those objects ...
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How do we show general coordinate invariance of Einstein-Hilbert action in the tetrad formalism or rather the Einstein-Cartan formalism where the frame field and the spin-connection are independent?
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What does it mean to differentiate a spinor-valued field?

Peskin and Schroeder, equation 3.28, states that the Klein-Gordon equation $$(\partial^2+m^2)\psi=0 \tag{3.28}$$ is a valid choice of equation for a Dirac spinor field. Their explanation makes sense (...
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Transform two-mode squeezed state (TMSS) to its covariance matrix

The two-mode squeezed state can be written as: ${\left| \chi \right\rangle _{AB}} = \sqrt {1 - {\chi ^2}} \sum\nolimits_n^\infty {{\chi ^n}} {\left| n \right\rangle _A}{\left| n \right\rangle _B}$ ...