# Questions tagged [conventions]

A convention is a set of agreed, stipulated, or generally accepted norms. It typically helps common efficiency or understanding but is not required, as opposed to a strict standard or protocol.

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### Why is the charge naming convention wrong?

I recently came to know about the Conventional Current vs. Electron Flow issue. Doing some search I found that the reason for this is that Benjamin Franklin made a mistake when naming positive and ...
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### Sign convention for mirror and lens formulas

I have just started learning optics at school and my teacher derived the lens and mirror formulas. While doing so, she applied the sign convention for $u$, $v$ and $f$ and arrived at the final ...
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### Which one true in First law of thermodynamics: $Q = \Delta U \pm W = \Delta U \pm p\Delta V$ or $\Delta U= \Delta Q + \Delta W$?

Which one true in First law of thermodynamics: $Q = \Delta U \pm W = \Delta U \pm p\Delta V$? (where $\Delta U$ is change of internal energy, $W$ work made by system and $Q=cm\Delta T$ heat made by ...
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### On Landau-Lifshitz's derivation of four-momentum

I'm studying the ninth section of The Classical Theory of Fields by Landau & Lifshitz, where they introduce four-momentum through the principle of least action. I can understand the derivation ...
In textbooks it seems to be taken for granted that $$\langle \mathbf{r}|\mathbf{k}\rangle ~=~ \frac{1}{\sqrt{\Omega}}\exp(i\mathbf{k}\cdot\mathbf{r}).$$ I'm sure it's obvious but is there a ...