# Questions tagged [commutator]

A mathematical construct quantifying the difference in effect of applying two operators in two alternate successions. It is the defining product of a Lie algebra, the efficient underlying description of Lie groups, of use in several areas of physics, most notably quantum field theory.

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### Common observables and associated operators: operator momentum [duplicate]

Starting from my previous question Commutators in quantum mechanics and considering that the commutator $$\left[i\hbar\frac{\partial}{\partial x},x\right]=i\hbar, \tag{1}$$ the associated linear ...
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### Commutation with unspecified potential function

Instead of a potential given like $V(r) = k r^2$ or $V(r) = y^2$ , if the potential is given like in the form a function but not clearly specified, can we tell that if that commutes with the ...
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### If Poisson Bracket of Momentum and Position is non-zero, why no Uncertainty Principle?

In Hamiltonian classical mechanics, we have that the Poisson bracket of position and momentum satisfies $$\{q_i, p_j\} = \delta_{ij}$$ But this implies that momentum and position 'generate' changes ...
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### Quantum Harmonic Oscillator Raising and Lowering operators

The commutator of the operators, $[a,a^\dagger] = 1$ is useful in rewriting the Hamiltonian in a neat way in terms of the creation and annihilation operators. So my question is, Is there a physical ...
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### Domain space of compatible and incompatible operators (observables)

Sakurai (Modern Quantum Mechanics, by J.J. Sakurai) states in the section on compatible operators: Let us first consider the case of compatible observables A and B. As usual, we assume that the ket ...
4answers
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### Fermions, different species and (anti-)commutation rules

My question is straightforward: Do fermionic operators associated to different species commute or anticommute? Even if these operators have different quantum numbers? How can one prove this fact in a ...
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### Number operator - annihilation operator commutation

Is there a rigorous way to prove that $$(N+1)^{-1/2} a = a N^{-1/2}$$ where $a$ is a bosonic annihilation operator and $N=a^\dagger a$ is the corresponding number operator?
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### Propagator Causality with commutators all the way

We know that two fields commute - by locality and causality - iff there is spacelike separation $\left[\phi_l^k(x) , \phi_m^{k'}(y)\right] = 0$ for $(x-y)^2<0$ In the canonical quantization of ...
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### What is the implication of overlap between eigenstates of two operators in Quantum Mechanics?

For instance, what does it mean that a certain position eigenstate is also an energy eigenstate? I understand that measurable (Observables) in Quantum mechanics are the operators. Their eigenvalues ...
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### Covariant derivative with respect to commutator

I have some confusion with the notion of $\nabla_{[A, B]}\bf{v}$, that expression, with a commutator of vector fields as the subindex of the connection appears for instance in the definition of the ...
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### How does non-commutativity lead to uncertainty?

I read that the non-commutativity of the quantum operators leads to the uncertainty principle. What I don't understand is how both things hang together. Is it that when you measure one thing first ...
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### Commutator of canonical fields in Quantum Field Theory

Let $\phi(\vec{x},t)$ denote the canonical fields and $\pi(\vec{x},t)$ denote the canonical impulses where they're given by: \begin{equation} \phi(x)=\int\frac{d^3\vec{p}}{(2\pi)^3\sqrt{2\omega_{\...
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### Does $[P_j,B_k]=i(Mc^2)\delta_{jk}$ imply particle number conservation?

From reading Weinberg's Quantum Theory of Fields, Vol. 1, I learnt that for the Galilean group $[P_j,B_k]=i(Mc^2)\delta_{jk}$, and for the Poincare group $[P_j,B_k]=iH\delta_{jk}$ where $P_j$ and $B_k$...
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### Commutation relations of the generators of the Lorentz group

$$J^{\mu\nu} = i(x^\mu\partial^\nu-x^\nu\partial^\mu). \tag{3.16}$$ We will soon see that these six operators generate the three boosts and three rotations of the Lorentz group. To determine ...
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### Generators of conformal transformations change of basis

I recently started going through Introduction to Conformal Field Theory by Blumenhagen and Plauschinn ( springer link ). On page 11, they glue together the generators of conformal transformations as ...
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### Derive canonical commutation relations from Schwingers principle

The book of Dyson "Quantum-Field-Theory" states in section 4.4 that one can derive canonical commutation relations from Schwingers quantum action principle. However, doesn't give a calculation for the ...