Questions tagged [climate-science]

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0answers
23 views

(Hypothetical Scenario) How quickly the temperatures would rise if say 300Gt $\rm CH_4$ were released in less than one day( or within hours)?

Yes, I know sounds a bit dumb but I wondered how quickly the temperatures would rise in this extremely unlikely scenario, how long it would take (days, weeks). I'm asking this because sometimes I ...
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20 views

Why not explore the re-radiation of $\rm CO_2$ in the IR effecting the temperature of the planetary mass instead of just the atmosphere, and oceans?

So there seems to be consensus on the average power density of the $\rm CO_2$ downward radiation emission at the current ppm $\rm CO_2$ atmospheric concentration. What I want to know is why are there ...
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1answer
75 views

Is there no way to bypass greenhouse gasses by converting excess heat to longerwave radiation?

The problem with greenhouse gases, as I understand it, is that they absorb and emit radiation within the thermal infrared range leading to increased temperatures on Earth. According to some sources, ...
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4answers
76 views

Paradox about greenhouse effect?

I know about the greenhouse effect, but isn't earth receiving the same amount of energy but getting hotter than with that same amount of energy? My guess is that earth reflects less light, but then ...
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1answer
62 views

Does burning natural gas reduce its greenhouse effect if it were to be released into the atmosphere?

Burning natural gas produces CO$_{2}$, a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect. However, natural gas itself is a greenhouse gas, and its primary constituent, CH$_{4}$, has a GWP100 of about 30....
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1answer
90 views

Role of methane in global warming

I am a young student in physic and I am doing a little presentation on how does climate change works. So I went on the wikipedia page for greenhouse gases. I don't understant why methane is more ...
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2answers
60 views

Which way might commercial fusion power affect the earth's energy balance?

The ITER fusion-energy project might prove the feasibility of commercial fusion-energy generation by mid-century. This would be a comparatively clean method of energy generation, and subject to ...
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1answer
40 views

Why do ice sheets break into such big pieces?

Another massive chunk of the Antarctic ice sheet broke free. Giant crack frees a massive iceberg in Antarctica. The article has a map that shows more cracks. It looks reasonable that they will lead to ...
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0answers
39 views

Nature of relationship between atmospheric $\rm CO_2$ and temperature

So I had a simple thought: Venus is ~400C with 95% CO2, and Earth is ~15C with 0% CO2.. Assuming linearity, this equates to 1C for 1% atmospheric CO2. Why is the relationship assumed to be so much ...
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1answer
56 views

How bad would it be to dump nuclear waste into the atmosphere?

Before I say any further, this is just a thought experiment, it's a crazy idea and I'm not suggesting otherwise! A key pro/anti nuclear argument goes like so: nuclear waste storage is hard, but on the ...
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1answer
32 views

Greenhouse or compression?

Convection driven compressional warming is accepted here on Earth by scientists( Chinook winds, Santa Anna winds) when there is such low pressure, 1 bar = 14 psi. Scientists also agree that Jupiter’s ...
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4answers
78 views

Why is it not possible to run electrical plants on oxygen (rocket fuel) or hydrogen rather than coal?

Title basically says it all. I'm not a physicist by any stretch. I'm an IT professional with slightly more than a passing interest in mechanics. I got to thinking the other day how much power is ...
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2answers
87 views

Doesn't Increase of Potential Temperature with Height contradict Adiabatic Nature of Processes within Troposphere?

According to my education as a sailplane pilot our troposphere is in good approximation subject to adiabatic processes. Using adiabatic equations of (nearly ideal) ...
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20 views

Is there a tabulated reference for CO$_2$ reactions showing entropy and free energy?

With all the climate change attention I am hoping to find a CO$_2$ reference that can help me find a $\text{CO}_2$ reaction with $\Delta \text{S}^{\circ}$ less than zero, and ideally $\Delta \text{G}^{...
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1answer
48 views

Climate Change and Degrees of Freedom of Gases

I studied a sciences of climate change module with the OU a while ago, I'm half remembering something that's bugging me and wonder whether any could help provide some clarification? I remember that an ...
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1answer
93 views

By what equation the future temperature predictions are made? [closed]

I'm a Ph.D student in plasma physics but interested in learning physics behind climate modeling and predictions. I want to begin with studying what equation is used for the future temperature ...
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3answers
108 views

How can global warming occur in spite of Energy Balance?

The Greenhouse Gas Theory maintains that an increase in carbon dioxide will cause a corresponding increase in Earth's temperature. But this temperature increase will cause an increase in the flow ...
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0answers
23 views

Relation between vertically integrated precipitable water and precipitation

My background is not in meteorology, but I am interested in climate models of tidally-locked planets of red-dwarf stars. I recently found a great review of different conditions on such planets modeled ...
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1answer
48 views

Why does the earth and oceans emit primarily infrared photons?

Climate on earth depends a lot on infrared photons being emitted by the earth and its oceans. I want to know why the atoms in earth elements emit infrared photons after absorbing visible light, UV ...
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1answer
59 views

I have a couple of questions regarding the physics of planet Miller and the black hole it's orbiting from the movie “Interstellar” [closed]

I watched the movie and thoroughly enjoyed it. I had a couple of questions regarding the physics, so I looked for answers. I got them, but I was left even more questions. I know that a lot of these ...
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0answers
24 views

Does human made global warming of atmosphere drive the increase of volcanic and tectonic activity?

I read in the handbook that the heat transfer coefficient between magma and soil is very small. What then is the mechanism of the predominant influence of global warming due to greenhouse emissions on ...
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3answers
529 views

Can anyone explain the REAL reason why CO$_2$ increases global temperatures (not the simplistic greenhouse analogy provided for public consumption)?

The greenhouse effect analogy of global warming is that atmospheric carbon dioxide CO$_2$ absorbs some of the infrared radiation emitted by the Earth, and redirects a portion of that radiation back ...
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7answers
5k views

Bush fires and heat waves, the real mechanics?

Like many others, I have been following the sad development of the bush/forest fires in Australia recently. A claim that gets repeated is that one of the contributors to this blaze is the ongoing >45°...
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1answer
54 views

Human infrared emission resonance [closed]

I understand (please correct if misinformed), the human body generates approx 100W of infrared energy, which seems (to an old engineer) an incredible amount of energy from a biological. In recently ...
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1answer
79 views

Why is Methane a more effective greenhouse gas compared to Carbon dioxide? [duplicate]

Over 100 years, Methane has a Global warming potential 34 times bigger than Carbon dioxide. Over 20 years, it's even 86 times bigger. How does one arrive at these numbers? Looking at the following ...
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2answers
108 views

Why do CO₂ and other greenhouse gases interact with infrared radiation but not ultraviolet wavelengths?

When ultraviolet and visible wavelength photons get sent from the sun they seem to not interact with CO₂ and other greenhouse gases. When that electromagnetic energy gets to the earth, the earth ...
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0answers
72 views

Why can visible light go through green-house gases? [duplicate]

I understand that visible light can (largely) go through greenhouse gases, but infrared radiation can get reflected back... why can visible light go through green-house gases? Does it have to do ...
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0answers
38 views

Is there a way to visualize the properties of $\rm CO_2$ regarding IR to a layman?

I think about how to explain the greenhouse effect to somebody with no physics background. What to explain to a general layperson, basically. I have ideas how to go on from that CO₂ are some kind of ...
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3answers
47 views

Does the butterfly effect apply to models intended to be long-term?

We know that complex models, especially for the atmosphere, are likely to be subject to the butterfly effect, meaning that small variations in initial conditions may result in very different states in ...
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1answer
64 views

$CO_2$ absoprtion bands in atmosphere and impact of increasing concentration levels

I have a question to do with this graphic and the CO2 absorption band highlighted with a red vertical line. The image shows that nearly 100% of the IR energy in that band is absorbed in the ...
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2answers
367 views

Shouldn't $CO_2$ forcing depend on the surface temperature?

When I read about radiative forcing due to CO2 it says: "Radiative forcing is a measure of the influence a factor has in altering the balance of incoming and outgoing energy in the Earth-...
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1answer
74 views

Is there any natural phenomenon that can account for the 100 fold faster $CO_2$ rate increase?

"Based on the best historical data that we have available CO2 is probably increasing at a rate at of least 100 times faster than at any time in the last 800,000 years." Pieter Tans lead scientist of ...
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4answers
3k views

How much do sea levels rise due to thermal expansion?

I was reading an article by the Smithsonian Institute about the rising sea levels. In it, they mention how warmer water expands more, thus it helps to raise the average sea level. This makes perfect ...
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0answers
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What processes permit (presumed) emission by, but prohibit absorption of, IR photons by non-greenhouse gas molecules?

It is said that because of bond-structures / possible vibrational states, non-greenhouse-gases / homonuclear diatomics cannot absorb IR. Presumably there is no question that all gases, being matter, ...
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1answer
101 views

Climate Change Review paper

Could anybody recommend me some review paper on climate change or tell me some major names in that field? I work in a completely different area but I would like to learn about the current state of our ...
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2answers
58 views

Controlling global warming by partial conversion of atmospheric heat into work

Thermodynamics does not preclude the possibility of extracting heat from the atmosphere or the ocean water and convert some of it into mechanical work. In principle, is this possible to do it in ...
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1answer
43 views

How much steam must a planets atmosphere hold for no condensation to occur at bottom?

If a planets atmosphere contains steam how much would be required in order to have a temperature at the bottom, due to the adiabatic temperature gradient, to prevent condensation and thus rain in the ...
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0answers
36 views

How does climate change affect air density? [closed]

At first I thought... if the overall temperature of a planet goes up, then the gaseous atmosphere will be hotter, so it will have lower density than it used to. So overall density should go down. ...
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3answers
86 views

$CO_2$ heating experiment (high school)

A student is trying to run some experiments for a project to explore how the concentration of CO2 affects the temperature of air. For this, she: Drops different ammounts of dry ice (between 0 and 2....
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1answer
89 views

Rising sea levels due to thermal expansion

According to NASA, one of the main reasons for the rising of sea levels is the increase in ocean temperature. The increase was of $0.4^\circ \text{F}\sim 0.2^\circ C$ for waters with depth $\sim700\...
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3answers
85 views

Will thermal radiation of hot humid outdoor air cause a person indoor to feel warmer than if it were cool or dry outside?

The hypothesis is this: Water molecules, due to their asymmetry and electric dipole are particularly susceptible to radiation at specific frequencies. That suggests that excited water molecules will ...
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1answer
106 views

Asteroid Theory of Dinosaur Extinction [closed]

Have proponents of the Chicxulub dinosaur extinction theory wildly exaggerated the effect of asteroid impact in order to validate their theory? For example,the world-wide forest fire claim doesn't ...
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0answers
17 views

What are the implications of a warmer earth for hurricanes by 2100?

The main magic number is the surface sea water temperature. Above, I think 27 C the warm, moist air provides more energy that the storm uses. This is why the hurricane season is late summer into ...
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2answers
112 views

Temperature as function of $CO_2$

The carbon stored in fossil fuels must have been taken out of the earth atmosphere from CO2 in past periods by plants. Thereby reducing the amount of CO2 drastically and increasing the amount of O2 to ...
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3answers
219 views

Why is methane considered an important greenhouse gas?

Methane’s absorption bands are centered at 3.2 and 7.2 microns -- far off the peak of the Planck spectrum for a 290 K blackbody near 16 microns. Moreover, its absorption bands overlap with the water ...
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5answers
4k views

To what extent do (man made) generators of heat from internal sources in earth's system cause climate change?

So I'm very far from a climate scientist but I've always wondered, why don't things like electric heaters, lightbulbs, etc, contribute to climate change, or even things like the accelerated decay of ...
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1answer
415 views

Is there a difference in the infrared absorption spectrum of a greenhouse gas when pure and when mixed with non-greenhouse gases?

According to the standard IPCC greenhouse climate change hypothesis a doubling of the preindustrial CO2 concentration of 285 ppm in the atmosphere - the current value is 405 ppm - would lead to an ...
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59 views

Satellite radiance measurements in spectral regions

Q: A satellite measures longwave radiation emerging from a planet with uniform surface temperature T1 and uniform atmospheric temperature T2. What values of radiance does the satellite measure in the ...
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3answers
953 views

Why is Mars so cold when it has so much atmospheric $CO_2$?

Mars has 1/10 of Earth's atmosphere but that atmosphere is 95% CO2. Why is Mars so cold when it has so much atmospheric CO2?
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1answer
186 views

How is global warming distributed with respect to altitude?

Lets assume a sea level temperature increase 2c/3c. Then, what is the temperature increase at 10 km altitude? Temperature increase at 30 km altitude? Temperature increase at 70 km altitude? And ...