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By what units is 'degradation to ozone layer' measured?

From Wikipedia: The ozone depletion potential (ODP) of a chemical compound is the relative amount of degradation to the ozone layer it can cause, with trichlorofluoromethane (R-11 or CFC-11) being ...
Sam's user avatar
  • 379
-4 votes
2 answers
112 views

Surely $\rm CO_2$ reflects incoming solar infrared radiation?

Is the greenhouse effect not cancelled out by the $\rm CO_2$ in the atmosphere reflecting solar infrared radiation back into space? It seems logical to me that, if $\rm CO_2$ reflects infrared shifted ...
Eschaton Magazine's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
68 views

Can we use thermonuclear explosion to fight climate change? [closed]

Nuclear war can create nuclear winter, which is opposite to global warming. Can we detonate thermonuclear (because they don't create radiation) bombs somewhere to decrease global temperature?
Den4ik's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
13 views

Conceptual understanding of steady states in a closed system of water flowing due to a temperature gradient

I have attached a modification of Stommel's two box model. The simplification (linear approximation) of the equation of state has me worried that I do not have a full conceptual understanding. I feel ...
AAAA's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
71 views

I am trying to study moon position so that I can predict which direction which angle should I view from my small balcony to view moon

I have a small window through which I can view the moon only at some times for few minutes,I am keen to understand and study moon positioning to predict when shall be the next day I shall view moon ...
Satyam Goyal's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
87 views

Warming due to traditional heating vs heat pumps

I'm curious about the climate impact of different heating solutions, particularly regarding the comparison between traditional fossil fuel heating sources and heat pumps. Traditional fossil fuel ...
langmuiriso's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
36 views

How long does it take for a $\rm CO_2$ molecule close to the surface of the Earth to reemit an absorbed terrestial infrared quant after absorption?

In the theory of climate change a special position is reserved for $\rm CO_2$. In this theory $\rm CO_2$ molecules are absorbing infrared quants emitted by the surface of the Earth. These quants are ...
Hans Haarman's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
126 views

What happens to the "curvature term" in the equations of motion for a rotating fluid near Earth's poles?

For a rotating fluid in spherical geometry, one of the terms of the equations of motion is the "curvature term". For example, for the zonal component of velocity (corresponding to eastward ...
agaminon's user avatar
  • 1,775
4 votes
3 answers
211 views

*Why* does global warming lead to more extreme weather events? [closed]

I read several times about global warming leading to more exteme weather events, i.e. flooding, droughts and even winter storms occuring at higher rates and with more intensity. So, higher temperature ...
Michael S's user avatar
  • 151
6 votes
2 answers
430 views

Book recommendations on climate science

I've had my eye on properly understanding climate, climate change and the wide array of phenomena related. But, as a physics grad student, I'd fancy more exact, math-based bibliography, that treats ...
-3 votes
1 answer
282 views

What is the actual definition and meaning of temperature anomaly, and does it make any sense?

Here is a plot of absolute temperatures in the last 2000 years: It does not seem to show anything alarming. Climate scientists claim that we should actually look at the temperature anomalies instead, ...
Pato Galmarini's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
56 views

What is the EM spectrum of the earth seen by a satellite?

I am asking because of the greenhouse effect. It is said that without the atmosphere, the average surface temperatur of the earth would be about -18 celcius. This number is obtained simply by assuming ...
poisson's user avatar
  • 1,957
1 vote
0 answers
26 views

Thermal expansion of the oceans versus thermal expansion of land masses

I am told that some, (about half of the 3 mm per year), rise in the sea level, is due to the thermal expansion of the oceans. But thermal expansion should affect the land masses also, so shouldn't the ...
rajnz00's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
103 views

Could humanity buy more time with climate change by blocking out some direct rays of the Sun with an artificial (partial) eclipse?

Imagine the Earth faced the imminent crisis from climate change as the planet warmed by 1.5C. As a last ditch attempt to buy more time, humanity finally decided to do whatever it takes to stop the ...
Rich K's user avatar
  • 23
2 votes
1 answer
276 views

Equations of idealized greenhouse model with $n$-layers?

I wanna work with this climate model, the idealized greenhouse model. The Wikipedia page explains it very well with an example using one layer of atmosphere. Then it mentions that you can add more ...
Stellar_Enginner's user avatar
-2 votes
2 answers
154 views

Examples of experiments replicating the idealized greenhouse model

I'm looking to find experiments that experimentally demonstrate the Idealized greenhouse model. So far all the experiments I've come across do not quite demonstrate the model, but something else. ...
Cloudyman's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
20 views

Solution of gases (i. e. carbon dioxide) in water

This question is related to my former question "Dissolution of Carbon Dioxide in water" and thanks for previous replies. It looks not so easy, so allow me to restate it (*) Is there a ...
Cisfinite's user avatar
  • 325
0 votes
2 answers
41 views

$\rm CO_2$ emissions and ocean pH

I hear two seemingly contradictory statements: $\rm CO_2$ emissions will cause the oceans to absorb more $\rm CO_2$ and therefore acidify. $\rm CO_2$ emissions will heat the planet and therefore the ...
Jared Mccracken's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
93 views

Does vibrational energy transfer to translational energy when an excited $\rm CO_2$ molecule collides with an $\rm N_2$ or $\rm O_2$ molecule?

My understanding is that when a $\rm CO_2$ molecule absorbs a photon of heat in the atmosphere after some time it simply re-emits that photon in a random direction. If that photon makes it back to its ...
Michael D Mays's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
25 views

What are the Equations for Climate modeling of alien planet?

I am studying complex dynamic system and I would like to analyze the climating formation of a possible alien planet considering climate as a complex system . For this I do not want to use a whole ...
0 votes
1 answer
127 views

Would pumping warm humid air through a pipeline up to the top of a mountain produce a lot of fresh water?

I have been doing a lot of research on the Internet lately about desalination processes and desalination plants and this led me to studying mountain weather and the orographic effect or orographic ...
user57467's user avatar
  • 478
1 vote
0 answers
23 views

Oxygen condensation on Earth

I am getting interesting results using the Clausius-Clapeyron relation to calculate the saturation vapour pressure of diatomic oxygen. I am using the following values: 214kJ/kg for latent heat of ...
Redirectk's user avatar
  • 357
0 votes
1 answer
360 views

Estimating the climate sensitivity parameter

Temperature changes $\Delta T$ are related to radiative forcing $\Delta F$ linearly (to a first approximation): $\Delta T = \lambda \Delta F$ I was thinking how to estimate the climate sensitive ...
Sebby's user avatar
  • 679
2 votes
1 answer
543 views

Moist adiabatic lapse rate

Wikipedia gives the following equation to calculate the moist adiabatic lapse rate $\Gamma_w$, assuming that there is only one condensible gas (water vapour) mixed in the "dry air": $\...
Redirectk's user avatar
  • 357
0 votes
1 answer
156 views

Calculating pressure in high/low pressure systems

I don't understand how to calculate the surface pressure in high/low pressure systems. For example, let's say we have a planet without oceans whose surface is completely flat. Then at every point of ...
Redirectk's user avatar
  • 357
3 votes
1 answer
477 views

Absorption spectrum dependence on concentration/pressure

I am having difficulties understanding the relation between absorption spectrum and gas concentration. The online resources I found, including many questions here, do not clarify my doubts. Take for ...
Redirectk's user avatar
  • 357
3 votes
2 answers
135 views

On the Melting of the Arctic Ice [closed]

I have read that: Polar ice caps are melting as global warming causes climate change. We lose Arctic sea ice at a rate of almost 13% per decade, and over the past 30 years, the oldest and thickest ice ...
DDS's user avatar
  • 231
0 votes
2 answers
50 views

How much $\rm CO_2$ stays in the troposphere?

I'm trying to make a model which gives the increase of $\rm CO_2$ in ppm for one year, when given the $\rm CO_2$ emitted in one year. For now, I've calculated the mass of the troposphere using the ...
LucasLeroy75's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
170 views

In order to cool below the ambient air temperature using passive radiative cooling during daytime why is it important to radiate heat into space? [closed]

Why not radiate it instead of the surrounding air, like Air conditioners? I know an air conditioner does not transfer/dump heat to the outside by radiation, but by phase transformation-specifically ...
Sanjay Biswas's user avatar
24 votes
4 answers
5k views

Why is climate change triggering faster rotation?

On July the 29th 2022, the Earth finished its rotation about 1.5 milliseconds earlier than the entire 24 hours. Scientists link this to climate change, saying that a possible reason could be due to ...
Ambica Govind's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
129 views

Convert specific humidity to relative humidity but without having all variables available?

I was wondering if there is a way to obtain relative humidity from specific. My constraint is that I am not trying to solve a problem by hand. I am downloading data for a specific region, in order to ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 1
5 votes
2 answers
421 views

How much solar irradiance do clouds block from reaching the Earth's surface?

Consider a fixed point in the Milankovich cycle and the solar cycle, a fixed Earth-Sun distance, and a fixed horizontal location on Earth, and assume that the Sun is at the zenith for that location. ...
tparker's user avatar
  • 48.4k
5 votes
2 answers
316 views

Effect of changing $\rm CO_2$-levels on cooling the desert at night

It is known (e.g. as mentioned in this popular article) that the reason why deserts cool down at night so much (to temperature below zero degrees celsius) is that there is much less humidity in the ...
oliver's user avatar
  • 7,504
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Could an artificial ring system around the earth produce a net-positive effect on climate change? [closed]

The greenhouse effect as I understand it is because sunlight hits the Earth, and is re-radiated as infrared heat, which is then trapped by greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere, like CO2 and Methane. So ...
Jherico's user avatar
  • 149
0 votes
5 answers
236 views

Is there a filter which can directly convert sunlight to microwaves?

Is there a way to filter sunlight (visible, UV, and/or IR) and convert the energy from it directly into microwaves without putting in any energy? Barring this, is there a way to do the same but while ...
Ethan's user avatar
  • 117
2 votes
0 answers
36 views

How does the heat energy from burning a gallon of gasoline compare to the solar energy the resulting $\rm CO_2$ absorbs in the atmosphere?

I think essentially all of the energy from a gallon of gasoline burned in, say, a car is eventually converted into heat in the atmosphere. But I don't think the heat from burning fossil fuels ...
sbirch's user avatar
  • 121
0 votes
2 answers
497 views

If ice melting does not change the water level in a container - Why is everyone afraid of sea levels rising drasticing from ice sheets [duplicate]

I saw this experiment and am now wonder what I am missing in understanding if ice sheets melt why should they causing the sea levels to rise if it doesn't in a container ?
CanadianGoldGuy's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
296 views

Do forests create wind?

Forests evapotranspire more water vapor into air than surrounding areas, have more clouds, and are usually cooler (because of evaporative cooling). How does this affect the air pressure of forests? ...
mudpuppy's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
178 views

Does the global oxygen levels drop during winter months? [closed]

I had a thought while I was trail walking the other day and no one could provide a clear answer. In the winter months, most of the plants are in hibernation mode. Having lost their leaves they are ...
BirdMan's user avatar
  • 29
0 votes
0 answers
55 views

How can I calculate to how fast heat is transferred from the surface of a massive hall to the ceiling?

I have asked something similar to this question before but couldn't get an useful answer: https://worldbuilding.stackexchange.com/questions/213240/i-am-building-an-isolated-indoor-temperate-rain-...
Postlim Fort's user avatar
-4 votes
3 answers
237 views

Radiation Experiment, Can back radiation increase temperature?

I have just completed an experiments to determine if back radiation can increase the temperature of an object. I wanted to perform an easy experiment that would emulate the effect of back radiation to ...
Malawby's user avatar
  • 101
-3 votes
3 answers
482 views

What happens to a nuclear plant when you stop cooling it?

An IEA report says that many nuclear plants use freshwater for cooling, and that due to climate change, a growing portion of them are going to find themselves in high water stress areas. Does it mean ...
Sergey Zolotarev's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
61 views

How do climatic general circulation models numerically incorporate phenomena occurring at smaller and faster time/spatial scales

I am interested in the numerical methods used to solve climate models, such as hurricane models or general circulation models. Now a general circulation model for something like the ocean, has ...
krishnab's user avatar
  • 181
-2 votes
1 answer
51 views

Extent of verification of household-name physical concepts? [closed]

I was listening to some news coverage of the IPCC's newest report, which included a statement that "the evidence that climate change is real is now provided by over 14,000 studies worldwide."...
William Walker III's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
452 views

Why do lighter isotopes evaporate faster than heavier isotopes?

I have just read that we are able to estimate the temperature of the earth thousands of years ago by measuring the ratio of certain isotopes present in ice cores that froze thousands of years ago. My ...
SalahTheGoat's user avatar
  • 1,581
4 votes
1 answer
79 views

Do clouds get hotter while producing raindrops and snowflakes?

I know that in clouds water particles condensate to form raindrops. I believe surface energy should be released in form of thermal energy. Will this newly created thermal energy increase the average ...
Siddharth Jindal's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
118 views

Evidence of Anthropogenic Climate Change

I'm not sure this is a good place to ask this but I would like academic sources showing how atmospheric physicists account for where CO$_2$ in our atmosphere is coming from. I would like primary ...
Angus Campbell's user avatar
24 votes
8 answers
6k views

Can we cool Earth by shooting powerful lasers into space? [closed]

In a sense, the climate change discussion revolves around the unwanted warming of the earth's atmosphere as a whole. It seems a bit too obvious to be true, but could we cool the atmosphere by simply ...
DJG's user avatar
  • 445
1 vote
0 answers
25 views

(Hypothetical Scenario) How quickly the temperatures would rise if say 300Gt $\rm CH_4$ were released in less than one day( or within hours)?

Yes, I know sounds a bit dumb but I wondered how quickly the temperatures would rise in this extremely unlikely scenario, how long it would take (days, weeks). I'm asking this because sometimes I ...
Victor1995's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
95 views

Is there no way to bypass greenhouse gasses by converting excess heat to longerwave radiation?

The problem with greenhouse gases, as I understand it, is that they absorb and emit radiation within the thermal infrared range leading to increased temperatures on Earth. According to some sources, ...
Anthony's user avatar
  • 71