Questions tagged [clifford-algebra]

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2answers
91 views

How to vary fermion action in the index-free Clifford notation with respect to spin-connection?

In ref (1), it is claimed that the Dirac action (2.30) \begin{equation} S_D \sim \int ( \overline \psi \star eee D \psi + \overline {D\psi} \star eee \psi) \end{equation} becomes \begin{equation} \...
3
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1answer
266 views

Charge conjugation in arbitrary basis

Consider the matrix $C = \gamma^{0}\gamma^{2}$. It is easy to prove the relations $$C^{2}=1$$ $$C\gamma^{\mu}C = -(\gamma^{\mu})^{T}$$ in the chiral basis of the gamma matrices. Do the two ...
34
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2answers
2k views

Is there an elegant proof of the existence of Majorana spinors?

Almost all standard sources on the existence of Majorana spinors (e.g. Appendix B.1 to Polchinski's "String Theory", Vol. 2) do so in a way I consider inherently ugly: A priori, we are dealing with ...
0
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0answers
100 views

Clifford Algebra in 3D [duplicate]

Why the gamma matrices are taken 2 by 2 (Pauli matrices) in 3 dimensional Clifford Algebra. As in 4D Clifford Algebra the matrices are 4 by 4, in 3D Algebra why are they not 3 by 3 matrices? The ...
5
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1answer
360 views

How to prove $tr\{\sigma_1\sigma_2\sigma_3\}=\pm 2i$ with only using $\{\sigma_i,\sigma_j\}=2\delta_{ij}$

How to prove $tr\{\sigma_1\sigma_2\sigma_3\}=\pm 2i$ with only using $\{\sigma_i,\sigma_j\}=2\delta_{ij}$ and we cannot use the explict representation of Pauli matrices and cannot use $[\sigma_i,\...
3
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1answer
885 views

Covariant gamma matrices

Covariant gamma matrices are defined by $$\gamma_{\mu}=\eta_{\mu\nu}\gamma^{\nu}=\{\gamma^{0},-\gamma^{1},-\gamma^{2},-\gamma^{3}\}.$$ The gamma matrix $\gamma^{5}$ is defined by $$\gamma^{5}\equiv ...
1
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2answers
862 views

Hermitian properties of the gamma matrices

The gamma matrices $\gamma^{\mu}$ are defined by $$\{\gamma^{\mu},\gamma^{\nu}\}=2g^{\mu\nu}.$$ There exist representations of the gamma matrices such as the Dirac basis and the Weyl basis. Is it ...
1
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1answer
388 views

Representations of the Dirac algebra, hermitian adjoint and traces

Strictly speaking this is a math question, but since the Dirac algebra is much more important in physics than in math I thought I'd have a better chance of getting an answer here. The Dirac algebra ...
10
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0answers
192 views

Can change in position due to acceleration be expressed using dual quaternions?

Dual quaternions seem like an appealing way to model 6DOF motion since they linearize rotation. I've reviewed what literature I can find on then, and found expressions for translation and change in ...
1
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2answers
738 views

Dirac spinors in 2+1 dimensions

In 3+1 dimensions, Dirac spinors have four complex components. In 2+1 dimensions, the representation of the Clifford algebra by $\sigma^3$ and $-i\sigma^3\sigma^i$, with $i\in\{1,2\}$ is 2-dimensional,...
3
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2answers
397 views

How to express $\gamma^{\mu} \gamma^{\nu}$ as a linear combination of {1, $\gamma^5, \gamma^{\mu}, \gamma^{u} \gamma^5, \sigma^{\mu \nu}$}?

** EDIT: I think I have completely missed the mark on asking my question. Here is another try. I do not understand what a linear combination means in this situation. My naive desire is to have an ...
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1answer
314 views

Dimensionality of Gamma Matrices

If I express the Dirac equation in the form of $$i\hbar \frac{\partial}{\partial t} \psi_a(x) = \left(-i\hbar c(\alpha^j)_{ab}\partial _j + mc^2(\beta)_{ab}\right)\psi_b(x),$$ with the constraints $...
0
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0answers
284 views

Spinors in dimensions greater than $4$

The Dirac equation describes the behaviour of non-interacting spin-$1/2$ fermions in a quantum-field-theoretic framework and is given by $$i\gamma^{\mu}\partial_{\mu}\psi=-m\psi,$$ where $\gamma^{\...
4
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2answers
298 views

What has “quantisation” to do with associated graded algebras?

I was currently reading an introduction into spin geometry by José Figueroa-O’Farrill. The first chapter handles Clifford algebras. When discussing the connection of the Clifford algebra to the ...
0
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1answer
216 views

Decomposition of gamma matrices into sigma matrices and their equvialence [closed]

Considering even dimension. From the definition of $\gamma^{(d+1)}$ (all products of gamma matrices) and its anti commutation, $\{ \gamma^\mu, \gamma^{(d+1)}\}=0$, if we choose $\gamma^{(d+1)}$ as ...
1
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1answer
110 views

Is there a geometric object analagous to a spinor that encodes projections onto bivectors?

The most sensible geometric interpretation of spinors that I've come across is that they encode projections in the Clifford algebra. So if $\mathbf A$ is a vector with components $A_i$ and $\psi$ is ...
1
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1answer
587 views

How to treat charge conjugation and time reversal operators for Dirac Field in representation invariant way?

Since manipulations with charge conjugation and time reversal operators involve taking complex conjugate of bispinors, most formulas are not invariant under change of representation of $\gamma$ ...
2
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0answers
75 views

From $\gamma$ to $\sigma$, finding proper basis

For $d$ dimensional case, usual gamma matrices have basis $\Gamma^A = \{1, \gamma^a, \cdots \gamma^{a_1 \cdots a_d}\}$ (Let's think about even case only for simplicity, I know for odd case only up to ...
2
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3answers
167 views

Notation about basis of gamma matrices in $4d$

In Quantum Field theories, we encounter gamma matrices a lot. Reading from various textbook, i encountered some textbook use different basis for their gamma matrices. Gamma matrices are defined such ...
1
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1answer
493 views

Some general formula with trace of gamma matrices relating $\gamma^{(d+1)}$

I want to figure out the trace of gamma matrices relating with $\gamma^{(d+1)}$ for even $d$ dimensional case. First define $\gamma^{(d+1)}$ as \begin{align} \gamma^{(d+1)} = \gamma^1 \gamma^2 \...
4
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1answer
913 views

How are Clifford algebras related to Dirac Equation

Given a vector space $V$ and a quadratic form $q$ for the vector space. The tensor algebra is defined as $\mathcal{T}(V)=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty} V^{\otimes i}$. The set $\mathcal{I}=\{x\otimes x-q(x)\cdot ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Sign choice for sigma-matrices

I'm trying to figure out the consequences of the sign choice $$ \sigma^\mu = (\mathbf{1},\vec\sigma)\qquad\text{vs.}\qquad \sigma^\mu = (-\mathbf{1},\vec\sigma) \,. $$ This choice does not affect the ...
1
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0answers
304 views

Are Fock spaces just a special type of tensor algebra?

Are Fock spaces just a special type of tensor algebra? The definitions I am using: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fock_space http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tensor_algebra From what I can tell, the ...
2
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1answer
213 views

Proof of two Lorentz-algebra identities

I am currently working through the QFT introduction text by Peskin and Schroeder and try to fill in two identities that I wasn't able to prove (it should be fairly simple, but my experience with this ...
1
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1answer
479 views

Symmetry properties of gamma matrices

While reading a paper on supersymmetry i faced the following problem. Its about the symmetry property of charge conjugation matrix in different space time dimension. The charge conjugation matrix is ...
3
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0answers
181 views

Geometric Algebra formulation of EM in nonuniform dielectric media

Normally, there is a straightforward formulation of Maxwell's equations in free space under the GA framework, which reduces to (picking the right units): $$ \nabla F = \mu_0 J $$ with some ...
4
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1answer
376 views

The fifth gamma matrix and fermion fields

I am aware of the various relations with Dirac spinors and chirality but how does the fifth gamma matrix $\gamma^5$ behave with fermion fields, $\psi$? Does the fifth gamma matrix have any particular ...
1
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1answer
674 views

Gamma matrices relations (Dirac Spinors: QFT) [closed]

The entry question in an exam paper: I think I have made an elementary error in the transpose somewhere invoked by a conceptual misunderstanding of how spinors behave with gamma matrices under a ...
6
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2answers
282 views

Is there some physical intuition behind Clifford Algebras?

The mathematically rigorous definition of a Clifford Algebra is as follows: Let $V$ be a vector space over a field $\mathbb{K}$ and let $Q : V\to \mathbb{K}$ be a quadratic form on $V$. A Clifford ...
3
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2answers
840 views

Different definitions of spinors

Recently I've read a little about the description of particles with spin in the book Quantum Mechanics by Cohen-Tannoudji. Although I yet didn't fully study the subject, I've read one interesting part ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Derivation of Gordon identity from Srednicki [closed]

On srednicki page 240 (print) there is a derivation of the Gordon identity, and it starts with stating that $$ \require{cancel} \gamma^{\mu}\cancel{p} = \frac{1}{2} \big\{\gamma^{\mu},\cancel{p} \big\...
2
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1answer
141 views

Use Cartan subalgebra in spinor representation to find weights of vector representation

For $SO(2n)$ we can construct the lie algebra elements by using antisymmetric combinations of $\gamma_\mu$ which obey the Clifford algebra. Up to some prefactor the elements $ S_{\mu \nu} = \alpha [\...
2
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1answer
318 views

How to derive the form of the invariant spinor inner product?

So we have gamma matrices that satisfy the spacetime algebra relations, $\{\gamma^\mu, \gamma^\nu\} = 2 \eta^{\mu\nu}$. We know that if we set $\sigma^{\mu\nu} = \frac{1}{4}[\gamma^\mu, \gamma^\nu]$ ...
1
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2answers
376 views

Showing that a bilinear variation is Lorentz invariant

Let $\psi, \chi$ be a spinor (say Dirac). Then the infinitesimal Lorentz variation is given by $$\delta \psi = -\frac{1}{4}\lambda^{\mu \nu} \gamma_{\mu \nu}\psi$$ then I think that the conjugate is ...
2
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1answer
298 views

In what sense is the chiral decomposition of spinors unique?

We may decompose a spinor field $\psi = \psi_L + \psi_R$ where $\psi_L = \frac12 (1 - \gamma^5) \psi$ and $\psi_R = \frac12 (1 + \gamma^5) \psi$. (I believe this is because the clifford algebra has ...
1
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1answer
157 views

Trying to understand the symmetries of higher dimensional $\gamma$-matrices

I am reading that there exists a unitary matrix $C$ (the charge conjugation) matrix such that each matrix $C\Gamma^{A}$ is either symmetric or anti-symmetric. Now, $\Gamma^{A} = \{ {\bf 1}, \gamma^{\...
3
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2answers
399 views

Higher rank $\gamma$-matrix question

I read that the higher rank $\gamma$ matrices can be written as alternate commutators and anti-commutators. For example, the rank 3 gamma matrix can be written as $$\gamma^{123} = \frac{1}{2}\{\gamma^{...
10
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1answer
989 views

Is there a textbook which covers QM via Geometric Algebra (GA)?

There is at least one good book on classical mechanics using Geometric Algebra (GA): New Foundations in Classical Mechanics by David Hestenes. Likewise there is at least one good book on classical E&...
7
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4answers
13k views

Commutator of Dirac gamma matrices

Quick question...For some reason I'm having trouble finding an identity or discussion for the commutator of the gamma matrices at the moment...i.e $$\gamma^u\gamma^v-\gamma^v \gamma^u$$ but I am not ...
3
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2answers
635 views

Dirac group representation

I am currently taking a representation theory class (from a physicist), and I am very confused about the Dirac groups' irreducible representations. First of all, all the Dirac matrices in the ...
7
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2answers
731 views

QFT Hilbert spaces over other rings than the complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$

I would like some help evaluating a physics theory recently proposed by a physics professor at the College of Dupage. I think the theory is utterly wrong, for very simple reasons. If an amateur ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Mathematica package for supergravity and string theory [duplicate]

I am looking for a Mathematica package that can manipulate tensors for supergravity, string theory or M-theory. I am particularly looking for a package that can do spinor and Clifford algebra ...
4
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0answers
202 views

Subgroups of the Clifford Group

We recall the definition of a Clifford group (over $n$ qubits) is the set of unitary transformations: $$\{U: UPU^\dagger\in\mathcal{P}\}$$ where $\mathcal{P}$ denotes the corresponding Pauli group (...
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2answers
5k views

Dirac, Weyl and Majorana Spinors

To get to the point - what's the defining differences between them? Alas, my current understanding of a spinor is limited. All I know is that they are used to describe fermions (?), but I'm not sure ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Gamma Matrices in Dimensional Regularization

Prove that $tr\left(\gamma_\mu\gamma_\nu\gamma_\rho\gamma_\sigma\gamma_5\right)=0$ when the spacetime dimension is not 4. What I have tried: We know that $\gamma_\alpha\gamma^\alpha=d\mathbb{1}$, so ...
0
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1answer
91 views

Problem evaluating $C^{-1}M^\dagger C$

How can I show the following? $$\overline{\psi_L}M^\dagger (\psi_L)^c=\overline{\psi_L}CM^\dagger\overline{\psi_L}^T$$ where $\psi^c=C\overline{\psi}^T$ and $C=i\gamma^2\gamma^0=-C^T=-C^\dagger=-C^{-...
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3answers
2k views

Do gamma matrices form a basis?

Do the four gamma matrices form a basis for the set of matrices $GL(4,\mathbb{C})$? I was actually trying to evaluate a term like $\gamma^0 M^\dagger \gamma^0$ in a representation independent way, ...
25
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4answers
5k views

Dimension of Dirac $\gamma$ matrices

While studying the Dirac equation, I came across this enigmatic passage on p. 551 in From Classical to Quantum Mechanics by G. Esposito, G. Marmo, G. Sudarshan regarding the $\gamma$ matrices: $$\...
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2answers
3k views

How to construct the charge conjugation matrix for any given spacetime dimension?

Generally, Gamma matrices could be constructed based on the Clifford algebra. \begin{equation} \gamma^{i}\gamma^{j}+\gamma^{j}\gamma^{i}=2h^{ij}, \end{equation} My question is how to generally ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Should linear algebra and vector calculus from traditional courses be replaced with `geometric algebra`? [closed]

geometric algebra gives geometric meaning to linear algebra and much more. it can provide a coordinate free geometric interpretation of spaces. those who learn of ...