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84 views

Are force carrying particles always virtual particles?

Of course we have real (i.e. non-virtual) photons, but when photons play the role of "force carrier" are they virtual? Same thing for gluons. Real gluons have been detected, but when playing the role ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Are there anti virtual particles (mediator bosons)?

I have read these questions: Can bosons have anti-particles? Is there a possibility for discovery of anti-graviton, i.e. the graviton antiparticle? Antiparticle for Higgs boson? According to ...
-1
votes
2answers
73 views

Interaction of charges [duplicate]

As it is known in Physics, two point-size charges (say two electrons) interact with each other through em forces. How this is happening? do they exchange photons? And if so, then do they exchange ...
-4
votes
1answer
63 views

Why there is a distance dependence in Coulomb's law if photons can travel to infinity?

Why there is a distance dependence in coulombs law if photons can travel to infinity? Why there is distance dependence at all?
1
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1answer
489 views

How do charged particles interact with each other?

As we know, charged particles have polarity and like charges repel each other and unlike charges attract each other, and we have Coulomb's law to find that force. But how does it work? Does it work ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Do masses interact with each other or not?

I want to know whether there is any interaction between masses due to gravity. To illustrate my point suppose two masses are in space. They will get attracted to each other. But is this interaction ...
1
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2answers
125 views

Can the gravitational force be described just with virtual particles of its own field? [closed]

Similarly to steady electric or magnetic fields for example?
2
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1answer
444 views

Why are gravitons needed to explain gravitational attraction in quantum gravity? [duplicate]

I've read and heard multiple times that gravity can't be explained by the current understandings of quantum physics. Wikipedia's Gravity entry briefly explains the incompatibility between general ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

Is virtual particle the same thing as force particle?

Is virtual particle the same thing as force particle? Which of the above categories do photon, graviton and gluon fall into? Virtual particle, force particle, or both?
2
votes
1answer
197 views

How is the EM force exchanged over long distances?

The Situation Imagine we place two charged objects a very far distance apart, essentially making them point charges. How does the EM force interact between the two point charges if virtual photons ...
3
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1answer
5k views

Deriving Coulomb's law from quantum electrodynamics [duplicate]

Is it possible to derive the Coulomb's law using the principles of quantum electrodynamics? How?
0
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1answer
155 views

How do photons mediate (or create) a force? [duplicate]

Is there a somewhat intuitive explanation as to why the exchange of a photon between two particles causes a force between those particles? Is there a difference in the way massless and massive ...
4
votes
1answer
430 views

Electromagnetic Field VS Photons [duplicate]

I am currently studying electrodynamics with all the fields and the like. Now, as I understand it, in a more modern viewpoint there is a duality between electromagnetic fields and photons, with ...
-5
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3answers
1k views

Understanding forces in QFT [closed]

I recently came to know that any type of force is exerted by a particle on another with the help of gauge bosons/virtual particles which are in reality a mathematical aide and do not have actual ...
1
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2answers
812 views

Virtual photons as force mediators in QED - really?

If the photon is the force vector for EM interactions, e.g. electrons, how does each electron 'know' where the other one is so that it can send it a photon? I've thought about this for a while. I ...
38
votes
3answers
10k views

Are W & Z bosons virtual or not?

W and Z bosons are observed/discovered. But as force carrying bosons they should be virtual particles, unobservable? And also they require to have mass, but if they are virtual they may be off-shell, ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Is the force carrier of the magnetism in a common household magnet a photon?

As I have understood it, the Standard Model includes particles that carry the different forces, e.g. the electromagnetic (EM) force, the gravitational (G) force. When talking about EM fields such as ...
25
votes
3answers
6k views

Nature of gravity: gravitons, curvature of space-time or both?

General relativity tells us that what we perceive as gravity is curvature of space-time. On the other hand (as I understand it) gravity can be understood as a force between objects which are ...