Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [camera]

A device used to record static or moving images, either digitally or on a physical medium. The images captured may be in any region of the electromagnetic spectrum such as x-ray, infrared, visible, or ultraviolet and beyond.

-1
votes
0answers
13 views

Physics camera circuit [closed]

Confused how to get the capacitance and also the value for the second resistance. I tried to use the equation E=.5CV^2, but it did not work. Confused how to get the capacitance and also the value for ...
3
votes
3answers
80 views

Strange optical distortion in a video recorded from an airplane window

I recorded this video from an airplane window while it was decreasing its elevation. What is the explanation for this optical distortion? This distortion appeared only in a certain range of elevation. ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Photomulitplyer Tubes and NaI(TI) crystals in Gamma Camera, Energy and spatial resolution

I am trying to understand how the PM tubes and NaI(TI) crystals are used for the energy and spatial resolution. I understand the principle behind how the crystals and PMT work, but very confused to ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Can a controlled lighting environment be a substitute for bandpass light filters?

Could illuminating a subject with different LEDs be used instead of bandpass filters? I am experimenting with capturing surface reflectance using a monochrome camera. The traditional approach to ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Calculating light level radiating back to camera from rough surface

Problem statement: I have an imaging sensor (“camera”) that has a minimal response specified at 1000 lux. This camera is set up to resolve a rough surface at 1 meter distance. Alongside the camera is ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Solving for $x$ and $y$ image coordinate given a 3D point

I have a 3D point, $(X, Y ,Z)$ and I want to know where it's imaged, $(u, v)$. I'm assuming a pinhole camera model with no lens distortion. I have the distance from the pinhole to the object ($z$), as ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

How do I calculate the geometric dimensions of the following objects, given the image co-ordinates, and camera information?

I've zero knowledge in optics, but I've to estimate the geometric dimensions of objects from the values of the number of pixels and the camera information given here: https://www.raspberrypi.org/...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

what needs to be minded when changing the lens on a Time of Flight camera

Okay, so first of all I'm not really an expert when it comes to optics, but I have a small project where I would like to simulate how the behavior would change if I apply a different lens on the ToF-...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Why doesn't projected image fill all my camera view?

so lets say i take a small lcd, and stick a lens in front of it. a magnified image will be projected on a wall. now lets remove this wall and stick a camera a little behind where the image is formed (...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Why is the focal length of a camera inextricably linked to a different perspective?

The human eye can focus on different distances without ever changing the perspective. Why is the change of focal length in a camera, on the other hand, always linked to a change in perspective? Is the ...
0
votes
4answers
208 views

Focal Length Definition in a Camera

I am having trouble understanding the meaning of focal length. I thought focal length was the distance between the lens and image sensor. These sources validate that definition: http://ksimek.github....
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Calculate bounds of image (sqft) given height of camera looking straight down

I'd like to calculate, with reasonable accuracy, the area of a camera image given the height of the camera, and the fact that it is looking straight down at the ground. I'm wondering what ...
4
votes
2answers
83 views

Why can my camera see the Sun when I can't?

There was a lot of smoke blowing high over the west coast of the United States last summer due to forest fires. It was thick enough that near the horizon, the Sun was all but invisible. It could ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

2 lens microscope with an iphone camera. Where should the imaging plane be?

I am trying to design a 2 lens microscope that can be attached to an iphone camera in Zemax. To optimize the point spread function I need to define an imaging plane at which it should be optimized. ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Remove lens distorsion with intrinsic or extrinsic parameters?

I'm struggling with the theoretics of camera calibration. There are the intrinsic parameters and the ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

What are the difficulties of constructing a camera with $3.10^{8}$FPS? [closed]

what are the difficulties of constructing a camera with $3.10^{8}$ frames per second (FPS)? In order to study the nature and speed of light, can we construct a camera with $3.10^{8}$ FPS?
-2
votes
1answer
58 views

Cameras in Voyager probes 2017 [closed]

Riffing off an old thread... Analog v digital and data transmission aside, I'm wondering how images were captured in such low light at 37,000+mph. Seems like a wide open aperture and slow shutter ...
3
votes
0answers
113 views

Viewing totality though an unfiltered telescope [closed]

DISCLAIMER: This question is for informational purposes only and the ensuing discussion must not be construed as safety advice. There seems to be a consensus among experts that partial eclipse should ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Lens equivalent depth of field

In digital photography, there's the principle of lens equivalency, according to which, when you shoot with a camera which has a smaller sensor than a full frame sensor (which is the same dimension as ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Why can a regular infrared camera not show temperature (thermography)?

There are a lot of questions here dealing with infrared cameras and thermographic cameras. I think I understand the reason why a thermographic camera is able to retrieve the temperature values from ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Filter for RGB separation

Looking at Bayer filter of a typical consumer camera, one can easily see that sensitivity of the filter for each color is all over the place. Are there filters similar to Bayer that do a better job at ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Will the image of a pinhole camera be shifted if the light source is shifted as well?

If the angle of incidence ray is = to the angle of reflection. Then if the light source is shifted won't the image change too?
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Could aliens observe Curiosity, the rover?

Inspired by: The color image, taken from a distance of 169 miles, is the combined view of three wavelength bands — red, blue-green and infrared. Curiosity is not the only Earth visitor that ...
1
vote
0answers
265 views

Matching light flicker rate with camera's FPS

I know you can make water flow backward or make plants seem alive by changing the frame rate per second(FPS) of a camera. But what would happen if the camera took a video in an environment where the ...
0
votes
1answer
444 views

How to calculate the size of object in pixels, knowing the camera properties?

I'm trying to calculate the size of an object in pixels in an image, when I have these information: ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Meaning of signal-to-noise ratio for a CCD camera

What is the meaning of signal-to-noise ratio for a CCD camera and what information is inferred from that? Is noise playing the role of error in measurement? If so, then an S/N equal to 10, for example,...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Nonlinear Response of CCD camera

What is meant when it is said a CCD's response is nonlinear? Does it mean the value of a pixel of the camera is not proportional to the number of received photons? Does it involve saturation? What ...
0
votes
2answers
271 views

Why a circular camera lens captures rectangular pictures

I want to know how a circular camera lens captures a rectangular picture. Moreover what will happen if the lens was rectangular. I have tried a lot to think about it but i could not figure out ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Photographing the night sky - How important is fixed alignment of the camera?

If I set up my long exposure camera on a tripod and point it at the sky at night with the pole star in the centre we get a lovely image of concentric circles or arcs of circles depending on exposure ...
42
votes
5answers
16k views

Why doesn't Earth appear smudgy or blurred in space photographs due to its fast rotation?

Whenever we take a photograph of something moving at a considerably high speed, its image appears fuzzy/smudgy/distorted due to motion blur. Why doesn't this happen in case of Earth photographs from ...
5
votes
4answers
288 views

Does a camera have single slit interference?

Because a camera has an aperture, I would think that there is single slit interference? Does a camera have mechanisms to account for that?
54
votes
1answer
4k views

What causes the Sun to appear to be in front of a building in this picture?

I took this photograph a few days ago, during sunrise, using my smartphone camera and digital zoom: It seems that the sun is in front of the building. How is this explained?
15
votes
5answers
3k views

Is there any advantage in stacking multiple images vs a single long exposure?

Suppose I have a source object that is not time varying, to be concrete let's say it's a galaxy. Is there anything additional that can be learned or done with multiple short exposure images of exactly ...
1
vote
1answer
222 views

Does Bayer demosaicing from RGB-filter sensors work *because* the color filters are imprecise?

I have an ongoing friendly dispute with another member over on Photo Stack Exchange about the fundamentals of how RAW works, and I'm hoping you can settle it. My understanding is that Bayer ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

Why are filter flare images centrally inverted?

A previous question asked about the origin of the ghost-like image of the fluorescent bulb on this image, which turns out to be something called a filter flare, of which there are more examples here ...
26
votes
2answers
3k views

What is this blue thing in a photograph of a bright light?

It looks like the bulb of the lamp beside it but how why what
-1
votes
1answer
113 views

How dark is our universe(space) to us?

Yesterday I made a few photos from ISS and then made this aweseome gif out of them. If one would go out at night, where are no disturbances of city lights, one would see a bright, black, starry sky ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Technical explanation of “Hitachi lensless camera”

Hitachi is bragging about a thin lensless camera. I can't find any technical information on how it works---just press releases etc.† Can anyone work backwards from the published descriptions to ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Type of light that is not visible to human eye but only visible to cameras?

We are trying to project a grid on a surface and are trying to find the best type of light that would be invisible to the naked eye but could be captured by a camera. The light should be uniquely ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

SLR camera gyroscopic stabilization - limited by rotation of the earth?

In this photography stackexchange answer it is stated that the limits of performance of gyroscopic stabilization of an Olympus handheld camera is related to the rotation of the earth. I'm further ...
4
votes
2answers
103 views

Does a camera measure intensity? (picture of diffraction pattern on a wall)

I was performing a diffraction experiment with a slit of width 0.08mm (reported by the manufacturer). The conditions of my experiment allowed the Fraunhofer approximations. Thus, doing the Fourier ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Periscope camera with a mobile phone, how to make walls not visible on the camera/alternative solution? [closed]

I am trying to make like a "periscope" that i can use with a mobile camera. I have made a very quick prototype with two mirrors and it "works" but you can see the interior of the walls so it is not a ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Why does image noise happen?

Why are digital images shot with a high iso (which means the camera sensor is much more sensitive to light) so much grainer than pictures taken with a lower iso? Here is an example of the type of ...
10
votes
2answers
24k views

Green dot on photos when taking photo facing the sun

When taking a photo towards the sun, I found there is a green dot on the photo. I'm pretty sure this is caused by the sun, the camera has no problem. Question: what is the cause of this green dot? why ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

How can IR cameras see things colder than the camera?

I’ve read that only cold-blooded animals develop IR vision to spot warm prey because a mammal would blind himself with his own heat and not be able to see anything. But I’ve seen a FLIR camera, ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Increase the collection effciency of lens array

In an experiment I am trying to image a phosphor surface on a camera using a 3x zoom lens. The distance of phosphor surface to lens input surface is ~100 mm. The effective focal length of the zoom ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Femtosecond-Camera Update

Hopefully I've posted in the correct page. Honestly, I wasn't really sure where to post... Around 2012 or so, Ramesh Raskar gave a TED talk about a femtosecond-camera produced at MIT. It has a good ...
2
votes
0answers
529 views

Simulating a noisy image: Poisson Noise Clarification

I'm currently working to simulate an image that mirrors the output of a CMOS camera we have in the lab. My images include Poisson (photon) noise as well as a gaussian (readout) noise. My issue is ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

What is the relative importance of lens element quality in a multiple lens system? [closed]

I tried grinding a custom lens out of acrylic glass (diameter 20mm, focal length 30mm). Not very surprisingly, the result is a quite poor quality lens. I think it mostly suffers from geometry and ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

Explain Sun Glare

Above is a picture that I took just before the sun set. Notice the prominent red blob to the left of the sun. Can anyone explain the phenomenon that creates superimposed shapes and blobs in images of ...