Questions tagged [black-holes]

A black hole is a volume from which matter cannot escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Spaceship split near event horizon

Lets say there's two astronauts, Alice and Bob, going on a space trip to a super-massive black hole. So large that they wouldn't notice any significant spaghettification forces at the event horizon. ...
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“WLOG” re Schwarzschild geodesics

Why, when studying geodesics in the Schwarzschild metric, one can WLOG set $$\theta=\frac{\pi}{2}$$ to be equatorial? I assume it is so because when digging around the internet, most references seem ...
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Would the universe get consumed by blackholes because of entropy?

Since the total entropy of the universe is increasing because of spontaneous processes, black holes form because of entropy (correct me if I'm wrong), and the universe is always expanding, would the ...
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Relativistic Computation?

Is it possible to employ relativity to develop computational technology? Here is a really basic example: Build a Computer and Feed it the Problem (say the problem is projected to take 10 years to ...
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Singularities in Schwarzchild space-time

Can anyone explain when a co-ordinate and geometric singularity arise in Schwarzschild space-time with the element $$ ds^{2}~=~(1-\frac{2GM}{r})(dt)^{2}-(1-\frac{2GM}{r})^{-1}(dr)^{2}-r^{2}(d\theta)^...
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What happens to things when things get crushed in a blackhole [duplicate]

When a black hole destroys things until they are smaller than molecules, where does it go and what happens when it clogs up?
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Why does the Schwarzschild radius become excessively large after a certain point?

Here's something that I've found difficult to wrap my head around. The relationship between the Schwarzschild radius and mass is linear. It's generally known that if you take an object in the universe ...
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Does non-mass-energy generate a gravitational field?

At a very basic level I know that gravity isn't generated by mass but rather the stress-energy tensor and when I wave my hands a lot it seems like that implies that energy in $E^2 = (pc)^2 + (mc^2)^2$ ...
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General definition of an event horizon?

Horizons are in general observer-dependent. For example, in Minkowski space, an observer who experiences constant proper acceleration has a horizon. Black hole horizons are usually defined as ...
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What is mathematical definition of a strong gravity?

Mathematical definition of a weak gravity is simple $g=\frac{GM}{r^2}$ but what is mathematical definition of a strong gravity? (blackhole-like or close to a blackhole-like object)
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Why are black holes special?

A black hole is where it's mass is great enough that light can't escape at a radius above the surface of the mass? I've been told that strange things happen inside the event horizon such as space-...
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Is a black hole a perfect black body?

A black body absorbs all light/radiation in its reach. According to basic laws of physics, the more energy a body absorbs the more it can emit. Therefore, a black body absorbs all energy directed at ...
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What would happen to the Moon if Earth is turned into a black hole? [duplicate]

Assume that all of sudden the Earth is turned into a black hole. And the moon revolves around the Earth (before turning into a black hole). What would happen to the Moon after earth changes to black ...
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How small the earth should be for it to become a black hole

How small would the earth have to be squashed so that it would become a black hole?
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Overcharging a black hole

Hubeny's 1998 paper got a lot of people interested in determining whether cosmic censorship can be violated by dropping too much charge onto a black hole. It suggested that you might be able to get a ...
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Magnetic field-pulsed microwave transmission line

Here's the reference: The researchers showed that a magnetic field-pulsed microwave transmission line containing an array of superconducting quantum interference devices, or SQUIDs, not only ...
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Time inside a Black hole

If time stops inside a black hole, due to gravitational time dilation, how can it's life end after a very long time? If time doesn't pass inside a black hole, then an event to occur inside a black ...
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The paradoxical nature of Hawking radiation [duplicate]

The definition of a classical black hole is when even electromagnetic radiation can not escape from it. Why then can Hawking radiation be emitted from semi-classical black holes? What is difference ...
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Why do we care about black hole interiors' physics?

Whatever happens in there is not falsifiable nor provable to the outside. If for (amusing) example the interior consisted of 10^100 Beatles clones playing "Number Nine" backwards, do we know how to ...
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What is baryon loading in the context of gamma ray bursts (GRBs)?

I've read that with short hard gamma ray bursts (shGRBs) associated with the coalescence of NS-NS and NS-BH binaries are expected to be beamed along the axis of the orbital angular momentum (i.e. ...
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Is a black hole bright in the center?

As we know that light photon cannot escape the gravity of a black hole so I was thinking that if that is the surface of the black hole would be bright as all the photons would be there only. Am I ...
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Do semiclassical GR and charge quantisation imply magnetic monopoles?

Assuming charge quantisation and semiclassical gravity, would the absence of magnetically charged black holes lead to a violation of locality, or some other inconsistency? If so, how? (I am not ...
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Spacetime around a Black Hole

If we consider the sun, then space-time is curve around it. My question is that what is the kind of curvature of space and time around the black hole. Is that space and time more curved around the ...
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Can you enter a timelike hypersurface?

As I understand it, a timelike hypersurface is one that has only spacelike normal vectors. But does this not imply that a the geodesic of a particle crossing it must be spacelike at that point? But ...
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Diving into a charged (Reissner-Nordstrom) Black hole

Apparently there are two event horizons in this type of black hole, where the second one is known as the Cauchy horizon. According to Carroll, if you go into the first one, you will fall until you ...
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Reconstruction of the initial state from Hawking radiation?

I hear that unitary evolution and information conservation must imply that information about information content that defines the initial state of matter used to create a black hole can be inferred ...
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Why isn't the Bekenstein-Hawking Entropy considered the quantum gravitational unification?

Based on the Bekenstein-Hawking Equation for Entropy, hasn't the relationship between quantum mechanics and gravity already been established.
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Future light cones inside black hole

In Caroll's Spacetime and Geometry, page 227, he says that from the Schwarzschild metric, you can see than from inside a black hole future events all lead to the singularity. He says you can see this ...
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Do neutrinos of any flavor get trapped in black holes?

This question has been bothering me a bit. I know that neutrinos have super small mass and they interact via the weak force. Since they have a non-zero mass, they should be affected by black holes and ...
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Can negative energy explain black holes?

I think black holes are peculiar and I want to know if there is a relation to negative energy. Does negative energy have positive mass and therefore can explain the nature of black holes? IS there any ...
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Going through a ring of black holes

Mathematician here with a speculative physical question -- feel free to boot me if the level isn't right. Suppose one finds, or builds, a constellation of several black holes arranged in a circle. (...
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What happens when one black hole eats another black hole? [duplicate]

Everyone seems to know about black holes. They have an absolutely massive mass, and if you go into them, time stops from an outside perspective. When a planet gets too close to a black hole, it is ...
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The uncertainty principle and black holes

What are the consequences of applying the uncertainty principle to black holes? Does the uncertainty principle need to be modified in the context of a black hole and if so what are the implications ...
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Is singularity at the exact centre of a black hole?

I've read that all paths inside the EH lead to singularity. ALL paths. Even the ones pointing away from it, right? Because there's NO pointing away from singularity, since ALL paths point to it. So ...
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Does the curvature of space-time cause objects to look smaller than they really are?

What's the difference between looking at a star from a black hole and looking at it from empty space? My guess is that the curvature of space-time distorts the wavelength of light thus changing the ...
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Falling into a black hole emitter vs observer

Let's say we are working with the Schwarzschild metric and we have an emitter of light falling into a Schwarzschild black hole. Suppose we define the quantity $$u=t- v$$ where $$dv/dr= 1/(1-r_{s}/r)$$...
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Spacelike slicing of Schwarzschild geometry

I am having trouble understanding how to obtain a spacelike slicing of the Schwarchild black hole. I understand there is not a globally well defined timelike killing vector, so we can define t=cte ...
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Do all black holes spin in the same direction?

My question is as stated above, do all black holes spin the same direction? To my knowledge, the spin in the direction of the spin of the matter that created them. Another similar question was asked ...
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Could we survive if the Sun were a black hole? [closed]

Ignoring the impossibility of the sun suddenly collapsing, and the energy release (which would kill us): If the sun suddenly turned into a black hole, could we survive if we had sufficient energy for ...
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Which way does a black hole spin?

As far as I understand, and from what I have been shown in renderings of black holes, they spin (like water going down a drain). My question is, firstly, does the matter being pulled into a black ...
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Gravitational Redshift around a Schwarzschild Black Hole

Let's say that I'm hovering in a rocket at constant spatial coordinates outside a Schwarzschild black hole. I drop a bulb into the black hole, and it emits some light at a distance of $r_e$ from the ...
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Can a black hole bounce?

Is there a limit to the amount of matter that a black hole can accrete per second and if so could a certain sized black hole bounce off a dense enough surface?
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Is it possible that a black hole sucks energy that is the origin of another universes big bang?

The universe expanded from nothing, right? And black holes may be a "gate" to parallel universes, is it possible that stars that is being sucked in by black holes in our universe may be the origin of ...
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What would the effect be of a small black hole colliding with the earth?

If a small black hole (say about .1 mm radius or 1% of Earth's mass) came flying along at the speed of a comet or higher and impacted the earth, what would happen? Would it pass through the earth (and ...
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How small are the smallest black holes?

How little mass can a black hole contain and still be a "stable" black hole? What would the diameter be, in terms of the event horizon?
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In the big crunch theory, when the big crunch singularity forms, can the resulting black hole decay through hawking's radiation?

I've been pondering about this and I couldn't really find the answer for this. The big crunch theory postulates that the universe will eventually stop expanding and reverse back in on its self into a ...
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Hawking Radiation: how does a particle ever cross the event horizon?

The heuristic argument for Hawking Radiation is, that a virtual pair-production happens just at the event horizon. One particle goes into the black hole, while the other can be observed as radiation. ...
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How about destroying a black hole?

Can we destroy a black hole? I know it is pretty powerful and hardcore stuff but there should be a way even theoretically as we know know nothing is perfect in this universe as it exist due to ...
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What happens to atoms inside a black hole?

Black holes have very high gravitational force that tends to crush everything. So as we know atoms in a molecule have inter-atomic spacing between them and further electrons also revolve at a certain ...
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Can a black hole collapse in itself?

As we know that the black hole is a lump of highly dense matter, and that's the reason for it's so strong gravitational force. Bat let us assume that it has sucked up a huge amount of mass and it's ...

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