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Questions tagged [black-hole-firewall]

A firewall is a proposed solution to the black hole information paradox that resolves an apparent issue with black hole complementarity. The firewall hypothesis predicts a "wall" of energy at the event horizon that will engulf an in-falling observer.

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Averaging over outgoing radiation in the firewall argument

Following the AMPS paper, the Hawking radiation can be divided into an early and late part, decomposed as follows: $$ |\Psi\rangle=\sum_{i}|\psi_{i}\rangle_{E}\otimes |i\rangle_{L},$$ where $\lbrace|...
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Would I be vaporised by incoming light if I crossed the event horizon of a black hole?

Approaching a black hole event horizon, I would see time pass more quickly outside. In practical terms, let's assume I am approaching a supermassive black hole whose tidal forces I might survive at ...
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A question on firewall paradox?

In the firewall paradox, one considers a Hawking particle pair after the Page time. Assuming information conservation, the emitted particle must be entangled with early Hawking radiation. Assuming ...
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Black hole as a gravitational spherical shell. Why not?

I think that Leonard Susskind's holography, George Chapline's "dark energy star," the Emil Mottola and Pawel Mazur's "Gravastar," the Polchinski's "firewall," and the recent ideas of nonsingular black ...
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Is it simply an assumption that spacetime fills the region under the event horizon?

For the black-hole solution of the Schwarzschild metric to be at all possible would require spacetime to fill the region under the event horizon. Is this requirement just an unspoken or unexamined ...
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Black hole hair, gravitational wave emission, and information, from outside observer

I have a few conceptual puzzles that I cannot see my way through. Time and again, I've read that from the point of view of a static outside observer, infalling matter just reaches a black hole's event ...
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How entropy connect to “death” of a black hole?

I realized that everything in the universe can only increase in size and not decrease. Because the entropy is growing, but in the other hand, according to hawking a black hole which not "devour" ...
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Explain firewall paradox for blackholes in layman terms

This firewall paradox theory seems to be only recently theorised. As far as I can understand from reading about it on the internet, there should be a firewall on the event horizon of blackholes, ...
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What happened to the black hole firewall theory?

What happened to the black hole firewall theory? Back in 2012, some physicists apparently came up with strong evidence that one of three things must be wrong for black holes to work the way we thought ...
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What constitutes a blackhole firewall?

I understand that, to break the entanglement of two particles of Hawking radiation and therefore preserve monogamy of entanglement, there should be a firewall around the event horizon. This firewall ...
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What happens when an object passes through the event horizon of a black hole in GR?

I've heard/read many times that in the general relativistic description of a black hole an object would pass through the event horizon unharmed (ignoring tidal forces) while quantum mechanics predicts ...
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entanglement status of late hawking radiation in AMPS thought experiment

My first question! Can anyone explain to me why the late hawking radiation MUST be entangled with earlier Hawking radiation in order to ensure unitarity of the S-matrix? It seems to me the whole AMPS ...
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Situation after Saini & Stojkovic's paper on unitarity in gravitational collapse and non-formation of black holes?

In their paper, Anshul Saini and Dejan Stojkovic [1] claimed that by calculations it is possible to demonstrate that in a gravitational collapse of a disk, an event horizon is never made for a far ...
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Who can see the event/apparent horizon and Hawking effect?

As I understand, the Hawking effect is related with the presence both event and apparent horizon, i.e. if some kind of horizon exist, a loss/gain of information (unformally speaking) exists. My ...
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Firewall solution for black hole paradox and creation of black event horizon

AMPS paper [1] proved that black hole complementarity explanation of blackhole paradox requires there is a "firewall": high-energy wall which destroys everything entering event horizon. However, I'm ...
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In principle, can energy “tunnel” directly out of a black hole? If not, why not?

Energy seems to quantum tunnel through normally impenetrable barriers, so I wonder why not the back side of an event horizon?
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Is the difference between an event horizon and a singularity merely perspective?

I know the question has been asked about how an event horizon is distinguishable from a singularity given that time must come to a stop at the event horizon, but I haven't been fully satisfied by the ...
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Are there any known continuous (non-lattice) quantum error correction codes?

I come from a hep-th background, but I have noticed that quantum information is becoming increasingly common in discussions of AdS/CFT and black hole information, and so I've begun thinking about it ...
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Can a free falling observer localize the event horizon by calculations?

I'm think that in general relativity we can always pass the one curve in one coordinate system for another coordinate system. My intuition say that the free falling observer locate the event horizon ...
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If perfect maximal entanglement is never true, does a remainder invalidate the monogamy of entanglement?

If something is only very nearly (and/or observed to be) maximally entangled, does that remainder allow for a menage trois of hybrid correlation (as it relates to AMPS)?
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Do black holes have transient color charge?

In the membrane model, when a baryon hits the event horizon its spatially separated quarks will impact the membrane at different times. Doesn't this necessarily mean that black holes acquire, however ...
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Can a quark irreversibly pass though an event horizon?

This is an attempt to transform a question I asked about a year ago into a binary yes-or-no question: Since a quark has electrical charge, can it irreversibly pass though an event horizon? The ...
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What is the future of complexity theory in black-hole physics and string theory? [closed]

I found the recent work by Hayden and Harlow and Susskind very fascinating. I have also heard talks by Scott Aaronson about this emerging connection. In particular this idea of understanding black-...
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Was the firewall paradox resolved?

For quite sometime there has been a claim that the firewall paradox has been resolved (via lasers). For instance, http://global.ofweek.com/news/Lasers-to-solve-the-black-hole-information-paradox-9867 ....
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About Shor's error correcting algorithm

In this paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/1301.4504 in equation 4.1 in what sense are the two states a "9-qubit state"? I did not understand this counting. Can someone explain what are the different $X_i$ ...
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What is the current state of research about the Hayden-Preskill circuit? [duplicate]

Can someone summarize as to what are the problems and/or the open questions with the Hayden-Preskill circuit? (in the context of understanding black-holes or as a computer science question)It gives a ...
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About the Hayden-Preskill circuit

Can someone summarize as to what are the problems and/or the open questions with the Hayden-Preskill circuit? (in the context of understanding black-holes or as a computer science question)It gives a ...
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Information Preservation and Weather Forecasting for Black Holes

Referencing Stephen Hawking's recent paper Information Preservation and Weather Forecasting for Black Holes and this question. I understand concept of holding the information on the apparent horizon ...
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Are Black Holes set to take over the Harmonic Oscillator in the 21st century? [closed]

A few years ago I attended a talk given by Andy Strominger entitled Black Holes- The Harmonic Oscillators of the 21st Century. This talk, http://media.physics.harvard.edu/video/?id=...
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Is the new Hawking black hole all about photon launch angles?

The new Jan 2014 Hawking paper (arXiv:1401.5761v1) asserts on page 3: The absence of event horizons means that there are no black holes - in the sense of regimes from which light can't escape to ...
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What is the physical interpretation of the Papadodimas/Raju mirror operators?

In this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1310.6335, the authors discuss the firewall problem and contruct so called mirror operators appearing in the correlation function. The key part seems to be (2.6) ...
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Black-hole firewall and holographic principle [closed]

Can the firewall be viewed as the holographic boundary? Naively a hologram 3d image can not cross the hologram 2d surface that produces that image. According to the metaphor the boundary - 2d field ...
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Isn't gravity non-local and non-causal?

The way I think of this is that, I can ask physical questions about a space-time which are impossible to answer unless one knows the full space-time, and hence I am inclined to believe that gravity is ...
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In black hole complementarity, does Bob literally observe Alice's death?

I'm interested in the picture of black hole complementarity where an observer (Bob) far away from the black hole watches another observer (Alice) fall in, and develops a very different picture of ...
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Is the firewall paradox really a paradox?

The firewall paradox is a very hot topic at the moment (1207.3123v4). Everyone who is anybody in theoretical physics seems to be jumping into the action (Maldacena, Polchinski, Susskind to name a few)....
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What does “quantum theory forbids promiscuous entanglements” mean?

The context is this article about black hole firewalls. The phrase appears on page 3. It appears to be saying that only pairs of particles can be entangled, never multiple particles, and that this ...
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Information Preservation and Burning Books

I recently read an article in the NY Times called A Black Hole Mystery Wrapped in a Firewall Paradox. I really liked the article, but reading one quote immediately made me think of asking Physics.SE a ...
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Why doesn't the firewall argument also apply to far away ingoing modes?

Gidom Mera's answer at https://physics.stackexchange.com/a/45511 is illuminating, but on closer analysis, it brings up further puzzles. Backscattering works in both directions. Let's see what we get ...
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Firewall's grandfather paradox

See What are cosmological "firewalls"?. Alice is in freefall in her spacecraft just above the horizon of a gigantic black hole. She measures whether or not the near modes of the horizon ...
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What are cosmological “firewalls”?

Reading the funny title of this talk, Black Holes and Firewalls, just made me LOL because I have no idea what it is about but a lively imagination :-P (Sorry Raphael Bousso but the title is just too ...