Questions tagged [biology]

Questions about biology are OFF TOPIC and should be asked on the Biology Stack Exchange. However, questions about biology in the context of physics (e.g., biophysics) can be on topic here if the primary concern is physics.

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5answers
7k views

How is it possible for other animals to have better night vision than humans, who can detect individual photons?

According to the Wikipedia article on night vision, Many animals have better night vision than humans do, the result of one or more differences in the morphology and anatomy of their eyes. These ...
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1answer
232 views

Electric discharge through my knuckle

In some particular days, it seems that my car is somehow at a different potential from the ground. When I get out my car and I wear my sneakers (that I think are better insulators than other kind of ...
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2answers
115 views

Could someone explain the Forster Resonance Energy Transfer?

My understanding of it so far is rather messy, and I haven't found a good source yet that describes WHAT it is rather than just stating lots of equations! I have read a source that mentioned it having ...
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1answer
84 views

Is the temperature of the surface of our body same as that inside the body?

the surface of the body is always subjected to the atmospheric conditions and thus the temperature of the surface is eventually equal to the room temperature then what does the temperature shown by ...
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4answers
12k views

Is higher frequency electromagnetic radiation more harmful than lower frequency radiation?

Wireless devices operating on electromagnetic waves have become indispensable part of our daily lives. At the same time, it also raises concerns about ill effects of such radiations on human body. ...
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0answers
1k views

Why water heat capacity has minimum at body temperature?

Water heat capacity has the following plot: One can see it has minimum near 40 degrees of Celsius, i.e. close to human body and other warm blooded animals have. Is this just coincidence? UPDATE ...
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2answers
1k views

Are living organisms deterministic?

Are living organisms physically deterministic at any given time? Since it's all physics and chemistry, it leads me to believe they are.
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1answer
496 views

How could lightning have killed 322 reindeer at one time in Norway?

Lightning is supposed to have killed 322 reindeer within an area that's about 50-80 meters in diameter on a mountain plateau in Norway. Nearly the entire herd died. Sources: (1, 2, 3, 4) Image ...
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1answer
96 views

Determining units in a cone and plate flow system

I am building a cone and plate system as depicted in Figure B below. My goal is to solve for the appropriate rotational speed, ω, given the following parameters: τ - 15 dynes/cm^2 μ - 0.9 centipoise ...
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2answers
330 views

Is there an equation that can estimate chances of alien life in the universe?

Seeing how infinite the universe appears and out of all of those stars, planets, galaxies, there must be other life forms. Mathematically, the odds are very good. Is there a mathematical equation to ...
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0answers
1k views

Why human body is not affected on magnetic field?

Electric-current easily cause shock to human body. But magnetic fluxs through human body do-not cause any perceptible change, as-well no invisible-impacts/ health impacts are well-known. We, when hold-...
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3answers
307 views

Place of consciousness in the Standard Model [closed]

Modern neuroscience and pharmacology has made it clear that the mind originates from the brain. No theory of physics can be complete unless it accounts for consciousness as a fundamental property ...
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2answers
201 views

How does electrical energy develop by concentrating ions on one side of a biomembrane?

In biology there is a topic called oxidative phosphorylation. In the first step of this process substrates such as isocitrate is oxidised and the electrons are transferred to coenzymes NAD+ or FAD ...
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4answers
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If we feel it's hotter when humidity increases, then why do we feel it's colder when inside water?

When the humidity in the air is high, we sweat more and feel it's hotter than when the humidity is lower. So why don't we feel it's hotter when we go inside water, where the water content is much ...
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1answer
56 views

What amount of force could be created by a person “swimming” in air?

Had a question on a physics test, a person is at rest on a frictionless surface and can not throw anything, can they move? I said yes, by "swimming" against the air and got docked because "it wouldn'...
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5answers
6k views

Lifting and putting down a weight

A man in a gym lifts a weight and then puts it down where it was before. 1) What can be say about the work done by the man to the weight? 2) Can it be equal in absolute value to the work made by ...
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0answers
32 views

Bimolecular and Isomerization reactions

Is it possible to describe a reaction of the $$ A+B \rightleftharpoons AB $$ exactly using the solution of an isomerization reaction? $$A \rightleftharpoons B$$ I just can not figure it out the ...
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2answers
528 views

Do animals defy gravity? [closed]

I am a beginner and trying to understand the concept of gravity Do animals defy gravity? If yes, which animal defies and in what way it does? Sorry had I asked something wrong
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0answers
74 views

What material used in soil based microbial fuel?

I have seen from wikipedia that there are soil based microbial fuel which need only anode and cathode while soil itself could act as proton exchange filter But what kind of other material it needed? ...
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0answers
91 views

Stability of plants and buildings: the role of the xylem

Dicotyledon plants show a stem structure with many xylem tubes, hollow but with lignified (woody) walls. These are arranged as in the figure below, in a circle. Their roots, on the other hand, have ...
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1answer
622 views

Neutrinos and DNA

This is a question which bridges the gap between biology and physics... but I thought this was the best place to ask it. I remember reading a while ago that it is thought that neutrinos may play a ...
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0answers
230 views

A leaf-cutter ant can lift 50 times its own weight. Can a human-sized ant lift a baby blue whale? [closed]

I found this statement/fun game in a nearby insect zoo: It says that as leaf cutter ant can lift 50 times its own weight, if you're 120 pounds and as strong as an ant, you could lift a baby blue ...
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0answers
439 views

What is the maximum magnetic field that a human body can withstand? [closed]

Are there limits to the exposure of human bodies to magnetic fields? What happens if we cross that limit? How to create such magnetic fields? Has this been tried out?
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2answers
17k views

How many frames can human eye see? [closed]

What's the limitation of our eyes? Can we differentiate 60fps from 120fps? Are new 144hz monitors just a marketing trick? Couldn't find any proper journals or studies about the matter.
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27 views

Hiccup in frequency domain

Main question: What would the Fourier transform of hiccup look like? This question is too general so let me elaborate a few possible approaches. Hiccup just as a series of pulses (of no matter what ...
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0answers
120 views

Quantum beats and Quantum mechanical side of photosynthesis

I have two questions. One concerning quantum beats alone, another - process of photosynthesis. I am very well aware that there is strong evidence suggesting that mechanism that leads light through, ...
2
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1answer
641 views

How much work can the human body do before dying of exhaustion [closed]

If we could assume: We don't increase our energy from absorbing food. Our human example in scope isn't starving or suffering from malnutrition. I mean how much work can we do until the body would ...
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1answer
722 views

What is the real definition of entropy? [duplicate]

In our bio class our teacher told us that entropy was the amount of heat lost by a system. But I had learned before that entropy was like chaos / disorder in a closed system. Which definition Is right,...
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1answer
76 views

Is it true Mars once had life? (like Earth) [closed]

Nasa had proven Mars once had water and still has under ground. So dose that mean mars once had life or maybe still has?
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1answer
62 views

Suffocation in a granular medium

I read of a recent accident in Alberta in which three girls fell into an open bed truck carrying canola seeds and suffocated. In that situation would it have been possible to keep breathing by using ...
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1answer
108 views

Properties of infrasound of our muscles?

I have read, that some animals (like cats) are able to hear other animals (like humans) staying still by percepting infrasound, emmited by their muscles. Is this true? I know, muscles are really ...
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1answer
96 views

What is the atomic composition of the human body, by volume?

According to Wikipedia, the composition (by atomic percent) of the human body is: 62% hydrogen 24% oxygen 12% carbon 1% nitrogen etc. Question: What is our volumetric composition*? *I get this is a ...
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1answer
1k views

Are muscle cells electric dipoles?

I'm wondering how we can detect the electrical activity of a muscle cell. My initial thought on this question was that the membrane potential, around $\Delta V_{\text{membrane}} = -80mV$ across the ...
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0answers
105 views

Effects of light wavelength on the Hamiltonian of the FMO complex

Recently, I have been interested in the energy transfer within the FMO complex. I was wondering, how could the wavelength of the light that excites the complex affect the energy transfer efficiency. ...
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1answer
836 views

What is the strength of the magnetic field required to penetrate an average human body?

Introduction Suppose you are an experimental nanobot researcher trial-ling a new form of medication that involves activation and control of nanobots within the cells of the interior of the human body ...
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0answers
66 views

Is it true that whenever any non rigid body moves, there must be a delay between the ends? [duplicate]

Very sorry if this is still considered a duplicate to this, but unfortunately the answer to this question cannot address this because mine is a nonrigid body and involve biological locomotion concepts ...
2
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1answer
100 views

Biological heat dissipation methods

If the human body is facing temperatures above it's own temperature in a humid environment eg. a rainy jungle above 37 degree celsius, are there any mechanisms that still allows heat dissipation? I ...
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0answers
142 views

Magnification: Microscopes Telescopes

What is the difference between the way a microscope magnifies say a star and a telescope say a cell? Why is it, that the eyepiece of a telescope magnifies stronger when it is smaller and with a ...
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2answers
11k views

Why bumble bee cannot fly aerodynamically? [duplicate]

I just saw this pic So I got curious and logged in on physics.stack first time, is it true? I am a math major and usually wander on mathstack but I would like to understand why Bumble bee cannot fly ...
0
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1answer
819 views

What happens when a bird lands on a power line?

I know that when a bird is sitting on a high-voltage power line, virtually no current flows through the bird because there is (almost) no voltage drop between its legs, the two points are ...
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3answers
771 views

If radiation didn't exist, would everything live longer? [closed]

I recently noticed that dying of old age is similar to a death by radiation - hair loss, weakened immune system etc. and I was wondering - Does background radiation limit our lifespan, or that of any ...
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2answers
3k views

Time dilation and biological changes

I have watched the movie Interstellar and like most of the people who watch it, I was intrigued by the effects of time travel on the astronauts. After reading some articles and watching some videos, I ...
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1answer
180 views

At what distance is lightning dangerous for someone lying down?

My 8 yo child told me that they learned at school that they should lay down flat on the ground in case of lightning. I told him that the more correct position is crouching down with feet together, but ...
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2answers
173 views

Why do corpses come back to water surfaces after sinking at first?

I want to know that why do dead bodies or corpses come back to the water surface after being sunk at first by the use of stones or anything. For what I can understand, I think it's due to water ...
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1answer
45 views

When I put 2 electrodes into a electrical conductive solution, does the volume of the solution around the electrodes have biological effect?

Media these days give me a common sense that it is able to hurt someone if they step on a wet floor with a electric cord dipped in, several movies have this scene.However, I wonder if I set up an ...
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6answers
11k views

Physics of how the cochlea isolates frequencies along its length?

Can anyone explain the separation of frequencies along the basilar membrane of the cochlea please? (equations would be nice) I understand it being related to the resistance caused by fluid in the ...
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3answers
2k views

Most True to Life Physics & Biology Simulation Engine? [closed]

I'm a programmer. I code in C++, C#, HTML5, and PHP. There are many graphics engines I have at my disposal. The question is: Does there exist a graphics engine that is as true to our reality as ...
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1answer
121 views

What is the top speed of the SR-72 aircraft? What affects would traveling at this speed have on the human body? [closed]

What is the top speed of the SR-72 aircraft? What affects would traveling at this speed have on the human body?
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0answers
304 views

Insect Eyes Vs Human Eyes?

Humans have frontal eyes. Less field of view. But better resolving power. Insects have lateral eyes. This means they have a large field of view. In some female insects the lateral eyes have much more ...
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0answers
162 views

What biology knowledge can be applied in physics? [closed]

After asking a commensurate question in Biology.SE (What physics knowledge can be applied to biology of organisms and ecosystems?), I wonder about the reverse direction: What biology knowledge can be ...