Questions tagged [biology]

Questions about biology are OFF TOPIC and should be asked on the Biology Stack Exchange. However, questions about biology in the context of physics (e.g., biophysics) can be on topic here if the primary concern is physics.

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Why does blood pressure drop when blood vessels rupture?

Some people say that because the flow is large, the pressure is low. Is that right? Why does the pressure drop when the flow rate is high?
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1answer
80 views

Irradiated persons as sources of radiation?

The new HBO series "Chernobyl" is supposedly filled with misconceptions about radioactivity, among other things, according to an opinion piece published in "Forbes". In particular: "The most ...
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1answer
146 views

Why do we sweat on a hot and humid day but the clothes are able to dry?

I know that on a humid day,water vapour content is high in air and as a result evaporation of sweat is lesser and hence we feel hotter. What I am not able to get is, if water vapour content is high,...
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83 views

Quantum mechanical effects on humans

I just got into a flame war with a non-physicist who insists that the quantum-mechanical idea that the process of observation affects the outcome of an experiment is the fundamental reason why the ...
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1answer
140 views

Are birds warming up on high voltage lines?

Birds are unharmed on high voltage lines, because they touch only one wire and don't experience voltage as the difference of potentials. However, birds also seem quite comfortable there. Could this be,...
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2answers
4k views

How do photons get into the eyes?

I hope you will understand me correctly because there are some things that I translated. It is known that we see the world around us thanks to photons that are reflected from the surfaces of objects, ...
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2answers
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How can the motion of the brain within the skull be stopped at the moment of impact? [closed]

How can the motion of the brain within the skull be stopped or controlled at the moment an object with velocity comes in contact with it. What type of a system would this require?
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215 views

Does Blue Light Really Have a Dark Side?

I was reading the following article on Wikipedia which discusses the dangers of blue light: Blue-light hazard is defined as the potential for a photochemical-induced retinal injury resulting from ...
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0answers
130 views

Are 5G signals dangerous? [duplicate]

Ive been seeing a lot lately on the dangers of 5g and exposure to the internet and mobile signals but I dont understand why they are considered harmful when the 5g frequency band will be around 25 Ghz....
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1answer
68 views

What does Earth feel like when squeezed?

he average density is about 4g/cm^3 so if the earth was in the size of an orange, it would feel like a rather heavy ball. The crust is relatively thin, and the earth is said to be solid land masses ...
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1answer
135 views

Cut in two but still alive? [closed]

Suppose we have an indestructible and sharpest knife ever made, which can cut through everything at ease. If it cuts you in half, you're more likely to be dead. As the knife begins to be thinner and ...
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3answers
356 views

Why do cones require more light than rods?

The title says it. In our eyes, why do cones require more light than rods? Like is it because of the energy needed to change the state of the existing atoms, the molecules or what leads to the need of ...
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3answers
163 views

Why is grass green? [closed]

How come grass isn't blue or pink, but apparently, it is according to this scientist it is every color but green. I also got told by my teacher that grass is only green and no other color. So I am ...
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2answers
592 views

Is my tritium keychain emitting significant amounts of radiation?

I recently purchased a tritium keychain, composed of a small glass vial of tritium gas partially enclosed in a stainless steel fob. Here are the Amazon links so you can see a specific example: Link ...
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2answers
70 views

Why is radiation dangerous? [closed]

From Wikipedia: Exposure to radiation causes damage to living tissue; high doses result in Acute radiation syndrome (ARS), with skin burns, hair loss, internal organ failure and death, while any ...
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1answer
46 views

If you get punched, is it better to be lighter or heavier?

I've seen people argue that lighter people can take a punch better because they can "go with it" better. This seems plausible to me, but is it really true? One reason why it seems plausible is that ...
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1answer
79 views

How can sunlight cause skin cancer? [closed]

If the atmosphere absorbs the UV wavelengths, then what’s left is visible, IR and maybe a really small amount of UV that transmits it’s way to earth. IR and visible are non ionising, so is it the case ...
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6answers
301 views

Why is high voltage dangerous?

High $V$ low $A$ electricity is transformed into low $V$ high $A$ through a step down transformer for safer use in homes. But how is it any safer? The wattage is the same for the pre-transformer ...
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1answer
167 views

At what distance is lightning dangerous for someone lying down?

My 8 yo child told me that they learned at school that they should lay down flat on the ground in case of lightning. I told him that the more correct position is crouching down with feet together, but ...
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2answers
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Are human beings radioactive?

I am reading "The greatest story ever told - so far" by Lawrence Krauss. He starts chapter 9, Decay and Rubble, telling how he was shocked when he realized that humans are radioactive. When I first ...
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2answers
7k views

Why are smaller animals stronger than larger ones, when considered relative to their body weight?

I am interested in why many small animals such as ants can lift many times their own weight, yet we don't see any large animals capable of such a feat. It has been suggested to me that this is due to ...
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1answer
96 views

Can a projectile bullet kill? [closed]

Today, I was watching a movie, in which a person shot a gun in air. The bullet went high in sky, became stationary for a moment and dived back and killing a non-innocent person by hitting him in head ...
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8answers
11k views

Is it possible to squat quicker than gravity?

It's definitely possible to propel your body using muscle to move towards the ground quicker than gravity. But is it possible to squat quicker than gravity? Assuming squatting from your knees and ...
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1answer
140 views

Are quantum measurement of a system only occurring with human interaction?

In quantum physics, any functional interaction like measurement/observation forces particles down to a single state. Yet when plants do their photosynthesis it's been discovered that they actual ...
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3answers
199 views

Can radio waves be harmful to us?

I was studying about Microwaves and their action on water molecules in heating up the food. This all is probably due to Microwaves have wavelength such that it can be absorbed by water molecules (am i ...
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4answers
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Could quantum mechanics be necessary to analyze some biology scenarios?

As an example, we could talk about a neuron cell in brain, with a size of $1 \mu m$ (=$10^{-6}$ m), being the distance between one neuron and next one in a synaptic connection of around 40 nm (=$40 \...
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17answers
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How does mass leave the body when you lose weight?

When your body burns calories and you lose weight, obviously mass is leaving your body. In what form does it leave? In other words, what is the physical process by which the body loses weight when ...
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1answer
222 views

Physics of Sound and the middle ear?

Once sound waves reach the eardrum, ,the eardrum moves back and forth and transmits those waves/pulses to three bones that serve to transmit and amplify the pulses to another "drum" in the inner ear. ...
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0answers
28 views

The rise of BCI

If EEG and MEG are measuring different aspects of neural oscillations, why can't we measure the combined signals as a whole, when we are doing the same for higher frequencies? Why did the us navy ...
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1answer
120 views

Why hot soup is tastier than cold soup? [closed]

My physics teacher recently asked me this question. Can anyone answer the question?
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1answer
51 views

Is there a correlation between aging and the increase of organisms entropy?

This question is a restatement of Death by entropy. Question: Does aging, as we understand it nowadays (shortening of telomeres etc.) goes hand in hand with the increase of entropy? If so and an ...
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3answers
3k views

Death by entropy [closed]

An idea struck me as I was walking to class today. According to Wikipedia, entropy is defined as the number of specific ways in which a thermodynamic system may be arranged, commonly understood as a ...
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1answer
55 views

Where does my mass go when i lose weight? [duplicate]

Presuming conservation of mass to be true, mass has to go somewhere if i lose weight. Doing workout i burn my fat to do some work but then where does that fat go?
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2answers
185 views

Time dilation. Does time dilatation affect physiological processes?

In time dilation, does the "aging" referenced include biological/ physiological aging? for example, in the identical twin concept, is it possible for the twin who travels to space and back to have ...
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2answers
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Fastest hyperloop-like vehicle which a human could endure [closed]

I'm currently writing on a science-fiction novel where a transportation system like the hyperloop has been built. Now, I'm wondering how fast I can make this. Since the plot takes place on many ...
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2answers
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Why is it hard to breathe when cycling against the wind?

Sometimes when I bicycle against hard wind, I find it difficult to breathe. Others I have discussed it with have also noticed this effect. A possible related phenomenon that I heard from an ...
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2answers
465 views

Am I positively charged or negatively charged?

We often hear that the human body has a weak electrical charge. Is it a positive charge or negative charge? Or maybe different parts of me have different electrical charges? Or maybe there's a ...
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1answer
35 views

How do we hear harmonics and how does it affect audio fidelity?

First and foremost, do we hear a sound wave as a sum of all the individual harmonics, at the fundamental frequency, or do we hear all the associated harmonics above the fundamental frequency and ...
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1answer
3k views

Effects of high frequency lighting on human vision?

I have a couple of different LED flashlights. One of them has three different "modes" of brightness, and the way it controls it is via pulse width modulation (PWM). Here is a picture that illustrates ...
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2answers
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What is the max amount of photons per second of the rods and cones in our eyes?

The title says it all. I just cannot find any information about this - I have tried for so long now. Therefore, I figured that I could reach out to some clever guys in this forum for help instead:) ...
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5answers
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Lifting and putting down a weight

A man in a gym lifts a weight and then puts it down where it was before. 1) What can be say about the work done by the man to the weight? 2) Can it be equal in absolute value to the work made by ...
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1answer
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Cycling: The energy behind it

I'm developing a school project (I'm studying software engineering) and it's about a sharing bicycles company. We need to calculate the total amount of necessary energy to travel from one point to ...
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2answers
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What is the advantage of stacking the electrocytes? Of having the stacks side by side?

Electric rays (genus Torpedo) can deliver electric shocks to stun their prey and to discourage predators. The voltage is produced by thin, wafer￾like cells called electrocytes, each of which acts as a ...
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5answers
96 views

In thermal spas the temperature of steam is about $50^{\circ}C$, but feels way hotter. Why?

So when you're in hot water and start to move or something the steam feels really hot even though I read its temperature is about 50 degrees Celsius in thermal spas. So why does it feel that warm?
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5answers
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Why can we distinguish different pitches in a chord but not different hues of light?

In music, when two or more pitches are played together at the same time, they form a chord. If each pitch has a corresponding wave frequency (a pure, or fundamental, tone), the pitches played together ...
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1answer
296 views

Why don't we see inverted image while wearing spectacles? [closed]

We know that the lens in our eyes forms an inverted image on retina and brain reverses it to give the correct image. But when one wears specs the image would get reversed twice so we should see things ...
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2answers
244 views

Relationship between blood pressure and cross sectional area of blood vessel

What is the reason why blood pressure and a larger cross sectional area of blood vessel cause a lower blood pressure and vice versa? This question is related to another question I found here. The ...
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2answers
129 views

How is it possible to survive more than a few cm submerged underwater?

Suppose you hold your breath and dive a meter underwater. Assuming the surface area of the back of your body is approximately $1$ m$^2$, you have about $1$ tonne of weight above you. If you were out ...
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1answer
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What forces the maximum speed of a cyclist on a steep climb?

I know that on a flat road drag is the main force, I have to provide as much force as the drag (and the friction in the drive train) produces. I can also see that the faster I ride, the harder it gets ...
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1answer
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Experiments in ISS

Recently a Japanese capsule brought back proteins that were created in ISS in the absence of gravity. Researchers will study them to "understand their folding better". My question is, regarding ...