Questions tagged [binding-energy]

Please use binding energy in the context of the atomic scale and/or atomic systems. This can be used in nuclear reactions.

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Negative or positive binding energy?

I'm working with modern physics atm, and can't seem to wrap my head around the binding energies of some molecules. At first, I thought that a negative binding energy = unstable molecule, and a ...
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218 views

Comparison between Bethe-Weizsäcker-Model for the nuclear binding energy and measurements

I tried to compare the binding energies of between the measured data and the Bethe-Weizsäcker model. My plot looks like this and I don't understand the large discrepancy: For the measurement I used ...
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In what way is mass converted into energy in nuclear reaction?

My book says: In nuclear reactions, the number of protons and the number of neutrons are the same on the two sides of equation What I have read: The total binding energy of nuclei on the left ...
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About the Stability of hydrogen Isotopes

Shouldn't tritium be more stable than a hydrogen atom with no neutrons? Why does tritium do alpha decay but not hydrogen atom with no neutrons? I suppose that when the number of neutrons increases the ...
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Why is Helium an anomaly on the binding energy curve?

So I'm failing to understand why helium is anomalous on the binding energy curve. I know it includes concepts such as pairing, shell correction, and the liquid drop model. However, these were simply ...
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186 views

Can energy be weighed?

The binding energy of nucleus is calculated as- Mass defect = (Total mass of nucleons-Mass of the nucleus) And after that $E=mc^2$ is used for calculating the binding energy. Hot water is heavier ...
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125 views

How does fusion work in the Sun if neutrons have more mass than protons?

According to my textbook, the next result of the fusion reactions in the Sun is: 4H -> He + neutrinos + gamma photons However, if hydrogen atoms are basically a proton and helium atoms are 2 protons ...
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814 views

Total energy of neutrons and protons

In a stable nucleus, are the total energies of neutrons and protons same?
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187 views

Binding energy per nucleon dependency

For a given isotope, does the nuclear binding energy per nucleon depend on the presence of electrons? For instance, if an electron was excited by an incoming photon and jumps to a different orbital, ...
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124 views

Protons and Neutrons Overshoot Actual Mass? [duplicate]

When I add up the mass of 6 protons and 6 neutrons in amu, I get a mass that is greater than the mass of carbon. I thought that it should be the other way around, because I have not including binding ...
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702 views

Binding Energy of an atom

I would like to know if there is any difference between the binding energy of a nucleus and the binding energy of an atom and what exactly do we mean when we say Binding energy per nucleon.. Edit to ...
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Correct formula for Mass Defect / Binding Energy? [closed]

I'm a web developer and I have to change an online course. The course teaches Advanced Nuclear Theory. In the 'Mass Defect and Binding Energy' chapter, it has this formula: $$\Delta M = Z(m_p) + N(...
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807 views

Why is the binding energy per nucleon of helium-3 less than that of helium-4?

I'd guess it has to do with the structure of helium-3 allowing for greater Coulomb repulsion between the protons, but I'm unsure.
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Mass-Energy Equivalence

I've asked before, but I'm still confused as to what the mass energy equivalence implies. I've taken an introductory course in relativity, so I only covered special relativity. From what I gather, all ...
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Determining the binding energy in the L-shell in copper

Im having trouble grasping the following problem: Calculate the binding energy in the L-shell for copper, if the binding energy for the K-shell is $ \ 1,439*10^{-15} J\ $. I know that you find the ...
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33 views

Released energy during fusion reaction

Click to view the video at required time According to the video in the link above the binding energy for deuterium is about 2 MeV and the binding energy for tritium is about 8 MeV so the total for ...
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Reaction energy $Q$

Really simple question, but I'm confused with it because of contradictions between sources (absence of clarity online vs lecture notes (says nuclear) and practise questions provided (uses atomic) ) ...
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Bare Critical Masses of $^{241}$Am, $^{242m}$Am, $^{238}$Pu and $^{242}$Pu

$^{238}$Pu has 144 neutrons, and it has 2.8$\times$10$^{3}$ g$^{-1}$.s$^{-1}$ spontaneous fission neutrons and bare critical mass in 10 kg. $^{242}$Pu has 148 neutrons, and it has 1.7$\times$10$^{3}$ ...
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40 views

Binding energy of the nucleus

In a reaction U235+1n->141 Ba +92Kr +(3) 1n+200MeV, the energy released (200Mev) is of one atom or of 6.023*10^23 atoms?
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Relativistic mass of components gives system rest mass?

To put it briefly, in the classic thought experiment of a massless box with mirrored insides containing photons, does the relativistic mass of the photons imbue the box with rest mass? I take it that'...
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Unstable nuclei [closed]

I have been given three nuclei, $$\left(i\right)\:^{26}_9F\:,\:\left(ii\right)\:^{63}_{32}Ge,\:\left(iii\right)^{94}_{47}Ag.$$ For each nucleus I have to determine what makes it unstable. For the ...
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Can I use this example for binding energy

From what I understand, no particles are converted to energy during a nuclear reaction. Could I use the following analogy?: 4 billiard balls are rolled into a bowling ball one at a time. Each ...
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56 views

Beryllium(8) Never exists! [duplicate]

Why does Be(8) never exist and decay into 2 alpha particles? Here, given Binding energy of Be(8)=7.064MeV & Binding energy of He(4)=7.08MeV.
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Alpha decay condition using semi-empirical mass formula

I have to find a equation of Z as a function of A, where Z denotes the atomic number and A denotes the mass number of an atom, for odd-even nucleii which can barely undergo alpha decay (by themselves) ...
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785 views

Binding energy converted to kinetic energy/mass loss

My particular question is regarding nuclear fission, but applies to other nuclear processes as well. I understand that in nuclear fission, the two fragment nuclei have a higher binding energy per ...
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198 views

Sum of nucleus less than sum of neutrons & protons? [duplicate]

The mass of a nucleus is less than the sum total of the individual masses of the protons and neutrons which form it. How this is possible?
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What is Binding energy/the energy required to for a nucleus to form a result of?

Is it simply the work required to overcome the electrostatic repulsion of protons, or rather the coloumb barrier potential between nuclei? If so where does the effective of tunneling come in, as ...
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I want to know about the quantization of mass [duplicate]

Is mass quantized? If yes, then why do we see all amounts of mass? Well , can it be said quantized just for smaller masses?
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How does a Collider work? [closed]

How does a collider work, explained using various Physics theories (or if there is a main one) . How does the acceleration play a part in the individual sub-atomic kinetic levels. What happens when ...
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438 views

How covalent bonding lower the energy of potential energy? [duplicate]

Considering the potential energy of interacting particles, how does covalent bonding lower the energy of the system?
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733 views

Asymmetry Term in the Semi-Empirical Mass Formula

Could someone explain to me in simple terms what the asymmetry term means and how it is derived. I don't really want a full fledged mathematical derivation, but more the basic principle and idea ...
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767 views

What is the difference between mass defect and mass deficit?

Is there any difference between the mass defect and the mass deficit? I have read that the mass defect of a nuclide is never negative and have also been told that the mass defect is the same as the ...
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861 views

Mirror nuclei: accounting for the difference in mass between nuclei

I was wondering if anyone here could guide me in the right direction with respect to the following problem: Two nuclei are considered mirror nuclei if interchanging the neutrons and protons turns ...
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2answers
567 views

Why is the kinetic energy of an electron in a hydrogen atom at $n=2$ level, the negative of its total energy?

My textbook [1] says in order to determine the De Broglie wavelength of an $e^-$ in a hydrogen atom at energy level $n=2$, we can determine its kinetic energy first by finding its total energy from $E=...
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How exactly does nuclear reactor work in generating energy, when the energy created from fission transformed into binding energy?

I asked this question because I'm a bit confused about the concept of binding energy. From my understanding, in a nuclear reactor, Uranium-235 atoms are bombarded with neutrons so that fission ...
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If Hydrogen's nucleus lacks a neutron, then what is keeping the nucleus stable and the proton inside it?

I have two questions : In a simple hydrogen atom $(^1_1H)$, there is no neutron. So, if there is no nuclear force to hold the nucleus together then what is the thing that is holding the atom together?...
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769 views

What happens if an object has more kinetic energy than the Gravitational Binding Energy?

So the binding energy of an object is the amount of energy needed to move it an infinite distance away from another mass to essentially “escape” its gravitational field. But what happens if you give ...
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678 views

The semi-empirical formula and $E=mc^2$

The semi-empirical formula is used to find the binding energy of a nucleus. But if you know the mass of a nucleus and the number of neutrons and protons that this nucleus consists of (and you know ...
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What is wrong with this calculation of gravitational binding energy?

As far as I understand it the gravitational binding energy of some distribution of mass is the negative of its gravitational self-potential energy. I tried to calculate the latter for a solid sphere ...
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249 views

Why do Nuclei lose mass?

When it comes to things like gravity and the electromagnetic force, masses aren't reduced-but with nuclei the mass difference is noticeable. What about nuclear forces makes them capable of putting ...
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98 views

Scope of $E=mc^2$ [closed]

As far as I can see, Einstein's $E=mc^2$ is most often mentioned in the context of nuclear physics, even though it is more generally applicable. I understand that this is due to the large nuclear ...
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Reversibility of the binding energy of the nucleus

I have been taught that mass defect arises due to loss of mass as energy during nucleus formation. Neutrons and protons have less mass in the nucleus than their theoretical mass. So my question is, ...
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Where does mass deficit energy go?

I get the idea (at least, as much as a layperson can) that a helium nuclei has less mass than the sum of its parts. That mass deficit is turned into energy. At this stage I feel like I've heard two ...
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Confusion on electron volt and Kelvin?

If an element A has a binding energy of X eV with element B, can it be said that it is equivalent to X*11600K as 1 eV approx equals 11600K. I do not think this is correct as temp. is linked to the ...
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Semi-empirical mass formula [closed]

The mass formula is given by $M(Z,A) = ZM_{p}+(A-Z)M_{n}-a_{1}A+a_{2}A^\frac{2}{3}+a_{3}\frac{Z(Z-1)}{A^\frac{1}{3}}+a_{4}\frac{(Z-A/2)^2}{A}+a_{5}A^\frac{-1}{2}$ So I am just wondering here what ...
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What's the difference between binding energy and separation energy?

My understanding of the two was as follows: the binding energy of a nucleus is, classically speaking, the energy needed to put together/take apart that nucleus completely (i.e. a measure of the strong ...
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Binding energy - why is my logic wrong?

We have some protons and neutrons and want to create a nucleus. We must do work against the Coloumb force to bring these protons and neutrons together to form the nucleus, this increases the energy ...
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$E = mc^2$ and Binding Energy Confusion [closed]

I have been introduced to $E =mc^2$ and binding energy recently while studying nuclear physics and I have a hard time understanding the following: Mass-Energy what does $E=mc^2$ really mean, as I ...
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Control of Nuclear Fission

What is it precisely which prevents current technology in nuclear fission from controlling the size of fission products; in other words, why is it not feasible, presuming that such an approach would ...
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Relation between Strong Forces and Binding Energy

The definition of Strong Force is the force that binds the quarks into the protons and neutrons, and spills over around each proton and neutron and is an attractive one. And Binding Energy is the ...