Questions tagged [berry-pancharatnam-phase]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What is the logic connection between these two statements?

What is the connection between these two statements: the berry curvature change sign under time-reversal operation If the system has the time-reversal symmetry, then berry curvature is odd in k. ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Numerical Calculation of Berry Curvature

I am trying to calculate some berry curvature (BC) in a 2D lattice and I have some things I am getting lost with. In the 2D lattice, we set up the eigenvalue problem $H|u_1\rangle = \epsilon_i|u_i\...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Berry connection in a solid

I am having troubles to understand an equation-sign for the Berry connection in a solid. The general formula reads \begin{equation} \vec{A}(\vec{R}) = \mathrm{i} \langle \Psi(\vec{R}) \, | \nabla_{\...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Berry Curvature in a hexagonal lattice

I am having troubles to understand the concept of the Berry curvature in a hexagonal lattice. What I know is: The Berry curvature $\Omega_n (\vec{k})$ for the $n$-th band reads \begin{equation} \...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Are there conditions for vanishing of geometrical phases in QM?

Basically as the title says. Are there theorems for sufficient and necessary conditions for the vanishing of Berry and/or Wilzeck-Zee phases on a given quantum mechanical system?
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Berry phase: Spin in a magnetic field parameter space manifold

Canonical example for Abelian Bery phase is a spin in a magnetic filed, e.g.. Usually authors calculate spin eigenstates, conclude that they don't depend on B in spherical components and so deduce ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Can we define Spin-Chern number for original QAHE Haldane model?

In Haldane's original paper [5], he discusses the quantum anomalous Hall effect as being characterized by the so-called Chern number that is the surface integral of Berry curvature over the entire ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Relation between the position operator and the Berry connection

If I write the position operator $\hat{x}$ as $i\frac{\partial}{\partial k}$ and act it on the Bloch state $|u_k>$, I get $<x>=i<u_k|\frac{\partial}{\partial k}|u_k>$. This is the same ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Symmetry arguments on the Berry connection and the polarization charge

Consider the Berry connection $$ A_n(\mathbf{k})=i \langle n(\mathbf{k})|\nabla_{\mathbf{k}}|n(\mathbf{k})\rangle $$ and the polarization charge $$ \mathbf{P}=-\frac{1}{4\pi^2} \int_\mathrm{B.Z.}\...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Magnitude of the cross product of two bra-kets?

From the mathematical perspective, one can take the magnitude of a cross product: $$ |a\times b|=|a| |b| \sin{\theta}\cdot n, $$ where $\theta$ is the angle between a and b in the plane containing ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Hannay's angle for a spin half interacting with a magnetic field that varies adiabatically over time

Does it make sense to talk about the Hannay's angle for a magnetic moment with spin 1/2?
1
vote
0answers
46 views

How to interpret overlap in Hamiltonian if it is not a degeneracy?

In Fruchart et al.'s An Introduction to Topological Insulators, the Bloch Hamiltonian for a two-band insulator is given in the general form $ H(k)= $ \begin{bmatrix} h_0+h_z & h_x-i h_y \\ ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Berry Phase of Topological Insulators

I read all threads about that topic I could find, but didn't really find a sufficient answer for me, so I decided to ask my own: I read in Bernevig's book "Topological Insulators and Topological ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Getting $h_x, h_y, h_z$ Components of Hamiltonian after Gauge Transformation

In Fruchart et al.'s An Introduction to Topological Insulators, the Bloch Hamiltonian for a two-band insulator is given in the general form $ H(k)= $ \begin{bmatrix} h_0+h_z & h_x-i h_y \\ ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

How does the Berry curvature relate to the hopping strengths in the Haldane model?

Take Haldane's Hamiltonian, as quoted from Fruchart et al.'s An Introduction to Topological Insulators: 3.5.3. Haldane's Hamiltonian The first quantized Hamiltonian of Haldane's model can be ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

How to Explicitly Calculate z-Component of Berry Curvature?

While numerically playing with the 2-level Haldane model recently, I wondered how I could analytically calculate the z-component of the Berry curvature $F$. I framed my problem as needing an ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Is it possible understand Berry curvature as Gaussian curvature in some limit?

I would like to understand the Berry curvature and the Chern number from mathematical geometry-topology. I understand that in electronic QHE, there is a map from $k^2$ to a vector space where the ...
5
votes
1answer
199 views

Berry connection and time reversal symmetry

I am seeing how the Berry connection $\mathcal{A}(k)$ transforms under time reversal symmetry. I seem to have a hiccup over something simple. I may have overcomplicated things but I think it points to ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Why does gauge invariance HAVE to correspond to an observable?(Or is it the other way round)

Under the line integral of the geometrical Berry phase, a close-loop integral is gauge invariant as if we were to perform a gauge transformation of the initial state, with the end point of the path in ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Berry phase covariant derivative

I have been studying some simple examples of the covariant derivative for 2D surfaces and the way that it is constructed is by taking the usual derivative in the 3D Euclidean space at a point $p$ on ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Significance of geodesics of a Hamiltonian surface in condensed matter physics?

Many Hamiltonians in 2D quantum systems can be parameterized as a surface (such as the Bloch sphere) by their k-space coordinates. Another example is given by the (kx,ky) points of the Brillouin torus ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Attempt at proving $-i\ \langle{u_n|\nabla_k u_n}\rangle=-\dfrac{i}{2}tr[v^\dagger(k)\nabla_k v(k) ]$ from Kane and Fu's paper

I am trying to prove result (3.4) of the following paper: http://li.mit.edu/S/2d/Paper/Fu07Kane.pdf namely, that $$-i\ \langle{u_n|\nabla_k u_n}\rangle=-\dfrac{i}{2}tr[v^\dagger(k)\nabla_k v(k) ]$$ ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

Why the integral of Berry curvature over a closed surface is not zero?

I read [1,2] that for a spin-1/2 particle under magnetic field, the Berry curvature is a monopole, $$ \mathbf F_{\pm} = \mp\frac{\mathbf B}{2B^3}, $$ of which the integral over a closed surface is $2\...
5
votes
1answer
151 views

Second Chern class in 2D Haldane model from Atiyah-Singer Index Theorem?

I was reading through a physics-centered exposition of the Atiyah-Singer index theorem and I wondered what it would mean to talk about Haldane's model for the case of a manifold with a boundary. It is ...
2
votes
0answers
162 views

How does on-site energy M influence Berry curvature and topological transitions in Haldane's model?

SOLUTION: The following papers almost fully-answer my question: https://arxiv.org/pdf/0904.2117.pdf https://arxiv.org/pdf/1111.5020.pdf Essentially, the Dirac points move and merge as M changes. I ...
6
votes
3answers
673 views

Book recommendations - Topological Insulators for dummies

Is there a pedagogical explanation of what is a topological insulator for those that do not even know what the Berry phase is but have a basic understanding of quantum mechanics and solid state ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Berry Phase for Bloch electrons

I am new to the topic of Berry phase. The definition says that Berry phase depends only on the path in the parameter space of $R$, where the Hamiltonian is $H(R)$, but whatever problems I have seen, ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Conserved quantity in Graphene

The computation of the band structure of Graphene basically leads to the diagonalization of the following Hamiltonian: $$ H = -t \left( \begin{array}{cc} 0 & \epsilon(\vec{k}) \\ \epsilon^*(\vec{...
3
votes
1answer
367 views

Inversion symmetry restrictions to the Berry curvature in 2D

It is said that if a lattice has inversion symmetry, then the Berry curvature, $\vec{\Omega}(\vec{k})$ is even in $\vec{k}$, i.e. $$\vec{\Omega}(\vec{k})=\vec{\Omega}(-\vec{k})$$ I have also derived ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

In a spinless system with time reversal symmetry, is $E_n(k)=E_n(-k)$ always true?

I am studying TR-symmetry from: "Group Theory" by Dresselhaus, Dresselhaus and Jorio and there's a point that I cannot quite understand. The point is under eq. (16.17). In general, we know that the ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Positive and negative winding number related by time-reversal symmetry

I am now reading some articles about Dirac fermions in condensed matter physics and the most famous example is graphene. I am now trying to understand page 5 in this article : https://arxiv.org/abs/...
4
votes
1answer
710 views

Relation of Berry phase and winding number

I am reading the following article dealing with the properties of Dirac fermion in condensed matter physics : https://arxiv.org/abs/1410.4098 In the page 5 of this article, the formula for the ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Berry curvature in rotating traps

A quantum system in a rotating (harmonic) trap is equivalent to a stationary system in the presence of a vector potential $\mathbf{A}$. The proof can be found in chapter 5 here, but in short it goes ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

When is the Berry phase only dependent on path topology?

Background Suppose we have a Hamiltonian $H(\mathbf{R})$ which depends on some parameters $\mathbf{R}$. For each value of $\mathbf{R}$, the Hamiltonian will have some set of eigenvectors $\{ | \phi_{...
2
votes
0answers
243 views

Calculation of a Berry phase in the Aharonov-Bohm effect

In his seminal paper, where he introduced the concept of geometric phase, Berry investigates, among other things, a quantum system in a box encircling the infinitely thin solenoid carrying flux $\Phi$....
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Visual representation of quantum state/phase

Is there a known good way to visualize a quantum state, composed of the sum of eigenstates, with a phase rotating on each state. I am looking for a way to keep up with the state and the phase. In a ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Aharonov-Bohm phase picked up when a magnetic dipole goes around a charge

When a particle with charge $q$ traverses a loop that encloses a magnetic flux $\Phi$, it picks up a phase $e^{iq\Phi}$ (I have set $c$ and $\hbar=1$). This is the usual Aharonov-Bohm phase. Now, let ...
2
votes
1answer
279 views

Questions about Berry Phase

I'm learning about the Berry Phase from the original paper, and from the TIFR Infosys Lectures The Quantum Hall Effect by David Tong (2016). I have some questions regarding the original derivation of ...
6
votes
1answer
442 views

Is the non-trivial topology on the torus reflected on the Bloch sphere?

Almost every text on topological insulators have the Bloch sphere example of a two level system showing the non triviality of the bundle of an eigenvector over the sphere: we can't define an ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

Why does calculating Berry phase with stokes theorem give you a different result from a direct integration?

For generic two level system $H = d(R) \cdot \mathbf{\sigma}$. $$C_{-} =\frac{1}{2\pi} \int_{S^2} d\theta d\varphi \Omega_{\pm,\theta\varphi}=+1$$ $$ \gamma _{n}=\int _{\mathcal {S}}d\mathbf {S} \...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Geometric phase acquired by a photon on the Poincare sphere

I know that when a photon (spin 1) is parallely transported in the Poincare sphere in a closed loop, the geometric phase which it acquires is 'half' the solid angle subtended by the closed loop at the ...
7
votes
1answer
436 views

Why is Berry connection a connection?

The Berry connection, following the derivation of the Berry phase for a non degenerate system, is $\mathcal{A}_{k}(\lambda) = i \langle n|\frac{\partial}{\partial \lambda^{k}}|n\rangle$ This result ...
1
vote
0answers
148 views

Why gauge-invariant Berry curvature commutator looks like torsion?

The Berry Curvature is defined as (for invariant gauge transformations) $$F_{ij} = [\partial_i, A_j] - [\partial_j,A_i] + [A_i,A_j]$$ The gauge covariance satisfies the transformation $$A_i \...
4
votes
1answer
448 views

Berry Curvature and Curvature Tensor

When the curvature tensor (from Einstein's theory) has a non-zero torsion, it is said to be an antisymmetric tensor in the last two indices composed of the connections of the field. Alternatively, the ...
0
votes
1answer
221 views

Berry phase in 2D Harmonic Oscillator

I am trying to figure out the Berry phase in case of 2D Harmonic Oscillator under adiabatic cyclic condition of Hamiltonian. I know that in 1 D since Hamiltonian has only 1 time dependent parameter (...
5
votes
1answer
306 views

Importance of the Pancharatnam–Berry Phase

As I understand it, the Pancharatnam–Berry phase first arises in the adiabatic approximation for the evolution of a quantum state. For the evolution of a quantum state parameterized by the set of ...
3
votes
2answers
403 views

Effects of Topological Terms: Hopf, $\Theta$, Chern-Simons, WZW, Berry phase term

What are the effects and the differences of Topological Terms? For example, I had known and heard several of them are called Topological, (1) Hopf term, (2) $\Theta$ term, (3) Chern-Simons term,...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Topology of parameter space

How do we decide the topology of the parameter space? Does this topology depends on the Hamiltonian (the form of potential) we are using? I was studying Berry's phase and it involves rotation of the ...
2
votes
1answer
659 views

Is my attempt to prove that Berry's phase is quantized in inversion symmetric systems true? Do I violate gauge invariance?

The Berry's or Zak's phase is given as \begin{align*} \gamma & =\oint_\mathrm{BZ}d\mathbf{k}\mathcal{\mathcal{\mathcal{A}}}(\mathbf{k})\ \ \mbox{mod }2\pi\\ & =i\oint_\mathrm{BZ}d\mathbf{k}\...
1
vote
1answer
311 views

Flux quantization in a superconductor and Berry phase

In the derivation of flux quantization for a superconducting ring, we say that $$\oint_C \nabla\theta . dl = \theta_{2} - \theta_{1}$$ Then we equate this value to $2\pi n$. The reason cited in ...