Questions tagged [batteries]

Devices to store chemical energy and convert it to electrical energy.

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1answer
147 views

Internal resistance and a resistor as a potential divider

Based on the fact that batteries have some kind of internal resistance, if I had a circuit that consisted of a battery and a resistor of some kind would they act like a potential (voltage) divider? ...
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How to go about solving this question? [on hold]

This question is from first order circuit and under the heading of source free RL circuit (https://i.stack.imgur.com/SY1L6.jpg)
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Potential and work across capacitor-battery circuit

Suppose, we have a simple capacitor/battery setup like that shown below. The battery is used to charge up the capacitor. After the capacitor is charged, there will be equilibrium, the field of the ...
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3answers
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Emf of a Cell in an Open Circuit

Consider a cell having terminal voltage $V'$ and EMF, $V$ having internal resistance, $r$ and current, $I$ flows through the circuit in which an external resistance, $R$ is connected. Potential drop ...
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1answer
271 views

Charge distribution in series combination of capacitors

its a normal series combination of capacitors,only the inner plates are placed differently,one in the beginning and one in the middle,will it not alter the charge distribution ? that is if we will ...
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Can 2x AA Lithium Ion batteries be over-stressed/damaged from <1A? [on hold]

Sorry this is perhaps more of an engineering question, but I'm hoping that someone will who understands the science behind batteries can provide some insight- this is a repost from my post in the ...
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1answer
116 views

Parallel voltage source concept

I am having doubt understanding this: If two voltage sources V1 and V2 are connected in parallel with different voltages like 2v and 3v is it possible or the scenario is wrong. An example is this ...
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0answers
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Is Lithium Plating possible at the cathode, too?

When talking about the Failure Mode 'Lithium Plating' in Lithium Ion batteries, in literature it is just described at the anode and I could not find answers to why it is not happening at the cathode, ...
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2answers
319 views

Forces on charges moving through battery

In the attachment, which comes from a text "Introduction to Electrodynamics" by Griffiths. There are two statements: "Within an ideal source of emf (resistenceless battery), the net force on the ...
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3answers
156 views

Why aren't gravity batteries everywhere? [closed]

The problem of energy storage, especially with regard to renewables, remains unsolved. Or at least there do not seem to be any popular solutions. Why not gravity batteries? I love the idea, and ...
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2answers
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Why brushless DC (BLDC) motors usually have low voltage and high currents? [closed]

I am not an engineer, and neither familiar with motors, so bear with me. :) Thorough explanations needed. :) The question is, why brushless DC motors intended for RC models and possibly paragliders ...
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2answers
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A simple circuit problem / maximum power [closed]

Let us solve the first part for $R_{L}$. I used Thevenin to make its equivalent circuit. We get $R_{Th}$ or $R_{eq}=110/3=36.67$, so for maximum power transfer it must be equal to $R_{L}$. I can't ...
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Creation of electric field inside a conductor

My book says that as soon as the two ends of a conducting wire touches the two terminals of a battery, it generates an electric field inside the conductor. Why?
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2answers
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The importance and the role of a switch in an electrical circuit

There is this simple test: Three identical bulbs are connected in the circuit illustrated in the figure. When switch $S$ is closed: a] The brightness of $A$ and $B$ remains the same, while $C$ goes ...
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4answers
474 views

Connecting a charged capacitor to an uncharged capacitor

I was attending a lecture about capacitors and something confused me. If I charge a capacitor using a DC supply, the capacitor will gain charge $Q_0$. Now, if I discharged it along an uncharged ...
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3answers
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Voltage and Electric Field in a Circuit

I have a doubt regarding how the electric field acts in a circuit. I have been told that a normal cell creates a uniform electric field, but I find it a bit confusing. Let me explain my doubt with a ...
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4answers
607 views

Current from Middle Battery in a Two-looped Circuit

With this question, as with many tutorials of similar questions I’ve found online, my textbook only mentions three currents: $I_1$, which flows through the left loop from and to the 19 V battery, $I_2$...
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1answer
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Why are(n’t) rechargeable batteries damaged by partial charging?

Originally asked in ElectricalEngineering.SE, but I was told Physics.SE might be a better place to ask. Over the years, I've come across websites and people with different opinions on the "correct" ...
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3answers
358 views

What happens when electrons reach the battery?

We have a capacitor which is connected to a voltage source. The top plate of the capacitor is connected to the positive terminal of the source. Therefore, electrons go from the top plate to the ...
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2answers
154 views

Stacking batteries and electron flow

About Fuel Cells and Batteries: I understand the analogue with increased water height as two cells (battery or fuel) are connected in series. However if we for instance have two batteries contected in ...
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3answers
38 views

can there be a circuit that changes its input source after a certain limit of voltage is hit? [closed]

I have only recently started learning about circuit components and only know about common components such as a capacitor and a little about diodes, so excuse if im not able to understand common terms ...
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3answers
62 views

Would we need a battery if there was no resistance?

I'm struggling to wrap my head around this idea. Imagine that we have a wire with no resistance ($R=0$). According to Ohm's law $V=IR$, the voltage drop ($V$) between any two points would be 0, and ...
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0answers
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Potentiometer's working

I know that in a closed circuit with multiple batteries, current is provided by the battery which has the maximum voltage. Let's suppose that $E \gt V$. Now, the voltage $V_b$ at point $b$ will ...
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1answer
58 views

Conflicting models about how energy transferred in an electric circuit [duplicate]

I've been studying DC circuits recently, but I've run into some confusion concerning how batteries deliver energy to circuit elements. From what I've read online, it seems that energy in circuits ...
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Field forces in a battery

Does a battery take time to reach its maximum voltage because it will take time for the field forces to build up since the electrodes are initially uncharged?
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5answers
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What is the difference between a battery and a charged capacitor?

What is the difference between a battery and a charged capacitor? I can see lot of similarities between capacitor and battery. In both these charges are separated and When not connected in a circuit ...
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Difference between Capacitor and a battery [duplicate]

Capacitor stores electric charge and battery also stores electric charge. SO whats the difference between them?
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2answers
127 views

Does current flow when you connect a battery to earth?

Let's say that the earth has 0V and everything is ideal, does current still flow and why?
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2answers
193 views

Trying to understand the electric potential and potential energy

I am trying to understand some facts on electrical potential and potential energy. It is quite confusing in the text to say that the zero potential could be freely chosen for convenience. In that case,...
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0answers
40 views

Is this explanation of Voltage Drop correct?

As a general outline of what happens when the battery is turned on, here is what happens: When the battery is turned on, a wave propagates within the circuit to determine the current of the sytem.At ...
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1answer
43 views

Forces inside battery

The title itself seems silly to me but here is this question, A constant electric force of $8\ \text{N}$ acts in the direction shown and constant non electric force of $10\ \text{N}$ acts rightward, ...
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3answers
75 views

Energy Density is expressed in Liters, Liters of What?

When looking at energy density of batteries it is often expressed as Wh/L. For instance, Wikipedia says Lithium Ion batteries have a density of 250–693 W·h/L. Liters is supposed to express the volume ...
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1answer
56 views

How do surfaces charges accumulate?

When a voltage source is applied across an ideal wire, do the push of electric field of battery source causes the accumulation of charges on the surface of wire or the capacitance of wire causes it? ...
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1answer
33 views

How cell drives electrons to flow in a metal wire?

This was my approach using some facts I'd known- At cathode and anode of a cell reactions take place making positive terminal positively charged and negative terminal negatively charged I.e. there are ...
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3answers
438 views

Do battery electrons only move if there is a positive terminal at the end of the wire?

I'm sorry if this question may seem wrong in many cases. What would happen if we had a wire with the length of 1 kilometer that connected the two terminals of the battery? Do electrons care if the ...
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2answers
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RC circuit series and parallel [closed]

R and 2R are in parallel. 4R and 3R are in parallel. I dont know where to go after calculating the the parallel Rs. Do you become in series? If so, how? It is right after the switch is closed. So ...
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1answer
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Powering an electromagnet for a long duration

Looking to power an electromagnet requiring 12 DC volts at 4 Watts, and wondering what size battery I would require to do this for 4 weeks? My maths so far is, and I am not sure this is correct: <...
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6answers
87 views

Telling if Capacitors are in Parallel or Series

So C1 and C2 are in series. But if each one is placed in red boxes, they are in parallel? It's confusing going jumping between current, capacitors, and resistance. For me it's kinda confusing ...
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2answers
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Amount of energy that can be stored from Faraday flashlight / linear alternator?

You'll have to forgive me if this question is either extremely elementary or does not make sense — I am a civil engineer with little E/M physics background beyond high school education. I am working ...
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4answers
103 views

Internal resistance and Instantaneous current?

Okay, this would probably seem a pretty basic doubt but I can't understand this thing. I know that when the current is not flowing in the battery the voltage across the terminals is the emf of the ...
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0answers
32 views

Concentric cylinder cell constant

For a concentric cylinder cell (with liquid dielectric), mathematically the equation for the cell constant will always yield a lower value than for the parallel plate case for the same volume of fluid....
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2answers
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Work done by battery in moving charge $Q$ in circuit

why work done by a battery in circuit is potential diffrence across plates times charge flown through body. W=Qε(ε is emf of battery) although there are heat and other loses ? and another that my ...
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2answers
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What is the field that moves charges in a resistor?

We say a potential difference moves charges in a resistor.. i want to understand it in terms of field. What charge distribution produces a field in the resistor? True, the cell produces a field.. but ...
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2answers
65 views

Work done by battery?

Why the work done by a battery is Q*V where V is emf of battery and Q is charge that is made to flow in circuit?please explain detail? explain and write the formulas
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5answers
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Why does the potential difference across a type of parallel circuit not act like a potential divider? [closed]

Image credit (Q3) In this attached circuit, when $R_1=0\Omega$, I am failing to understand how the two cells affect the potential difference across the central resistor R3. I understand that ...
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2answers
270 views

How to vary the current using batteries?

I am making a door bell as a school assignment. It works by having a solenoid produce a magnetic field which attracts a pice of iron attached on a conductor. when the iron is attracted towards the ...
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4answers
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Why is there no current between two capacitors connected in series?

I want to ask a question about the figure below. Why the current does not flow from $-Q$ term to $+Q$ term or from a to b since there is a voltage?
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1answer
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When the external resistor increases in temperature, why is the calculated value for internal resistance higher?

Say we had a circuit with a cell (with internal resistance)and an external resistor of 10 ohms as shown: The 10 ohm resistor then increases in temperature, leading to an increase in resistance in ...
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3answers
75 views

Voltmeter reads zero with two same batteries connected in series [closed]

this is an a level physics question, can someone here please explain why voltmeter reads zero and how changing resistance of variable resistor effects voltmeter reading. The main concept i want to ...
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4answers
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Charging of a battery

A battery has an Emf 6 Volts. It is completely discharged. It is charged by maintaining a potential difference of 9 Volts across it. If the internal resistance of the discharged battery is 10 ohms, ...