Questions tagged [ads-cft]

AdS/CFT is a special case of the holographic principle. It states that a quantum gravitating theory in Anti-de-Sitter (AdS) space is exactly equivalent to the gauge theory/Conformal Field Theory (CFT) on its boundary.

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337 views

Why don't we consider the representation theory of isometry groups of space-times in curved QFT?

In relativistic quantum field theory, physical quantities such as tensor and spinor can be considered as representations of the Poincaré group $\mathrm{ISO}(d,1)$, the isometry group of the given $(d+...
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371 views

Maldacena's decoupling argument

I am a bit confused about Maldacena's original decoupling argument. There are two different low energy (i.e, $\alpha^\prime \to 0$) descriptions of the stack of D3-branes: $\mathcal{N}=4$ SYM and ...
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327 views

Where is the proof of AdS/CFT?

People have been using the AdS/CFT correspondence for some time now. But I have yet to see a formal proof. Does one exist? Or is it still a conjecture? (Well I have seen claimed proofs). I have seen ...
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Open strings from closed strings

This issue comes up in Shiraz's lecture here on 29th October 2008. I understand that he is saying that one can think of closed string theory as having two minima and that the ground state in the non-...
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117 views

AdS/RCFT examples?

RCFT's (rational conformal field theories) in two dimension are very well-studied, but it seems that there is no any gravity dual of such theories has been found. Is there example of the holographic ...
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893 views

“Hard wall”/ “soft wall”

I have encountered those terms in various places. As I understand it, "soft wall" can correspond to a smooth cutoff of some spacetime, while "hard wall" can be a sharp one, which can be described in ...
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Derivation of Eq. 7.12 in the review paper of Kraus

I'm reading "Lectures on black holes and the $AdS_3/CFT_2$ correspondence" by Kraus. http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0609074 I don't know how one can obtain Eq.7.12. My stupid question is how to obtain ...
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145 views

The planar limit, self-duality and their relation to two dimensions

In the lecture notes by Beisert on integrability, it is stated that integrability is a property mainly in two-dimensional field theories, with some higher-dimensional examples. As higher-dimensional ...
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733 views

Quenched systems - disorder average (SYK model)

In a system with quenched disorder one is usually looking for self-averaging quantities, i.e., quantities such that the average over the couplings produces a ``typical" configuration in the ...
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Large $N$ expansion vs AdS/CFT

I'm beginning to learn AdS/CFT and I have an elementary question. It is said that since it is very hard to calculate 4 point and above correlators in a strongly coupled CFT, we can use instead the ...
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Charged black holes and AdS/CFT

People generalize the statements of AdS/CFT correspondence by adding black hole (charged black hole) in the gravity theory to provide the dual gauge theory finite temperature (finite density). I have ...
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AdS/CFT dual of $N$ D$p$-branes at finite temperature

The gravity dual of $N$ D$p$-branes at zero temperature is $$ ds^2= H^{-1/2}(r)(-dt^2+dx_p^2) + H^{1/2}(r)(dr^2 + r^2d\Omega_{8-p}^2) $$ with $$ H(r) = 1 + \left(\frac{R}{r}\right)^{7-p} $$ what ...
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How do Aharony et. al conclude that all scalar fields in the supergravity multiplet are periodic?

This question is for anyone who has read/gone through the paper above or knows anything about AdS/CFT. The paper can be found here. On page 46, eq. (2.33), the author finds solutions to the scalar ...
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Conserved currents in higher-spin theories

After the proposal of Maldacena (AdS/CFT), there have been numerous attempts to find out gravity duals of various kinds of CFT. Klebanov and Polyakov gave one such correspondence here. The claim is ...
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Matrix Model in AdS/CFT & exact results

Matrix models appeared in the context of AdS/CFT while trying to calculate the Circular Wilson Loop. It was first noted by Erickson, Semenoff & Zarembo [hep-th/0003055] that the 2-loop ...
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Boundary conditions for fields in Kerr/CFT

I am reading a paper by Guica et al. on Kerr/CFT correspondence (arXiv:0809.4266) and I'm not sure if I got this. They choose the boundary conditions, like a deviation of the full metric from the ...
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997 views

Poincare Patch covers half of the hyperboloid of AdS

We start with the general case of $AdS_{p+2}$ i.e AdS space in $p+2$ dimension. \begin{equation} X_{0}^{2}+X_{p+2}^{2}-\sum_{i=1}^{p+1}X_{i}^{2} = R^2 \end{equation} This space has an isometry $SO(2,p+...
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Scale dependence of energy dissipation in viscous flow via AdS/CFT

The famous AdS/CFT calculation of the shear viscosity/entropy ratio for strongly coupled $N=4$ SYM relates the shear viscosity to the absorption cross section for fluctuations of the metric onto a ...
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Which AdS/CFT correspondences have been found so far?

When I read about AdS/CFT correspondence, there always comes the most famous example of conjectured correspondence, which is the one between type IIB string theory (AdS side) and $\mathcal{N}=4$ ...
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What is the CFT dual of the stress tensor in the bulk?

I am new to AdS/CFT. I know that the dual of the bulk metric is the CFT stress tensor but what about the dual of the bulk stress tensor? I mean in principle one can extrapolate whatever bulk fields to ...
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What role does SUSY play in gauge/gravity duality?

This question arises in my project of finding the conformal field theory dual to the bosonic part of the Yang-Mills theory, i.e. non-supersymmetric large $N$ YM theory. Supersymmetry is a constant ...
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Black holes in AdS/CFT

In Swingle's work Entanglement Renormalization and Holography, he mentioned that a black hole in AdS bulk corresponds to a finite temperature boundary state. With the MERA picture of the entanglement ...
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Reference request: QFT and AdS/CFT for information theorists

There is a lot of buzz recently about connections between quantum information theory and quantum field theory/string theory. I would like to understand in particular how quantum information methods ...
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AdS/CFT-duality: How does the $U(1)$ decouple form the $U(N)$?

A stack of N coincident D3-branes on its world-volume describe, at the lowest order in $\alpha'$ and in absence of non-trivial background fields, a supersymmetric $U(N)$ gauge theory as explained in ...
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What are the AdS/CFT papers which study the stringy effects in the bulk? [closed]

I would like to know of a list of pedagogical/classic/nice papers that study stringy effects in the bulk. May be a sequence which a student follows to understand the stringy nature that is at play.
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“Light” states in critical $O(N)$ model in $2+1$ (and holography)

Let me split the question in a few parts, Can someone give me a reference which explains the CFT properties of the critical $O(N)$ model in $2+1$? Like how are the CFT correlators (in a $1/N$ ...
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An introductory resource for learning AdS space

Can someone please point me to introductory resources about the geometry of Anti DeSitter Space ? What are some examples of other spaces used in theoretical physics ?.I'm learning Differential ...
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726 views

Correlators at large N and large N factorization

I am having this very basic problem. In e.g Maldacena's AdS/CFT review (0309246) (page 5), he has defined operators as $\mathcal{O}=N\,{\rm tr}[f(M)]$ for some matrices $M$ and got the connected ...
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Quantum Yang-Mills Theory and AdS/CFT

I just read the first chapter of Becker-Becker-Schwarz. To quote: A remarkable discovery made in the late 1990s is the exact equivalence (or duality) of conformally invariant quantum field theories ...
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D3-brane in AdS/CFT correspondance

I was reading a paper by Veronika Hubeny The AdS/CFT correspondence 1. Maldacena chose a D3-brane system to derive his conjecture. So I was wondering, why "D3-brane"? In other words, I need to know ...
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breitenlohner freedman stability condition

I am looking for a simple way to derive the breitenlohner-freedman bound. Actually I can't understand why we have stability above the BF bound and instability below the BF bound,while both have ...
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Does string theory violate general covariance?

In a 2007 note on ArXiv, it said: String theory unifies all interaction but provides a perturbative background dependent formulation which violates general covariance. However, another 2012 paper ...
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Deconfinement at high T $\leftrightarrow$ spontaneous breaking of the center of the gauge group

I am reading Witten's "Anti-de Sitter Space, Thermal Phase Transitions, And Confinement In Gauge Theories" (see here), in which he connects the confinement-deconfinement transition in $\mathcal{N}=4$ ...
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Is HaPPY code a certain type of MERA?

Pastawski, Yoshida, Harlow, and Preskill introduced the HaPPY code in their (now famous) paper, arXiv:1503.06237, as a way to model the AdS/CFT correspondence as a quantum error-correcting code. ...
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Can String Theory really fail to contain a de Sitter vacua?

I was reading a post earlier from Peter Woit's Not Even Wrong blog and came across the following reference to the paper "What if string theory has no de Sitter vacua?" by Ulf H. Danielsson, Thomas Van ...
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AdS/CFT scalar 3-point function integral from Feynman parametrization?

In this paper the scalar 3-point function in AdS/CFT is obtained by performing the following integral: The authors comment that they obtain the result by Feynman parameter integration. For practice I ...
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Why is there a Cardy formula in 2D CFT?

In 2d CFTs, we have the Cardy formula which tells us the number of states, which can be derived from the partition function by using modular invariance. What special property of 2D CFTs make it ...
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Correlator of energy-momentum tensor and OPE

In http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9108028 Equation (2.22), the correlation function of then energy-momentum tensor with some primary fields is We can view this as sum over the OPE of the energy-...
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Bulk-to-Boundary propagator

How can I show that the bulk-to-boundary propagator $$ K(z,x;x')~=~\frac{z^{\Delta}}{[z^2+(x-x')^2]^{\Delta}} \tag{1} $$ goes as a delta function near the boundary $$ K(z,x;x')~\sim ~z^{d-\Delta}\...
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What are “local degrees of freedom in gravity”, and why do they lead to fixed energy densities?

I am reading Jan de Boer's review of the AdS/CFT correspondence and I quote from end of page 1, where he is talking about equivalence of $(d+1)$-dimensional gravity to $d$-dimensional field theory “...
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Lax-Pair for principal chiral model

This question concerns Eq. (2.10) of the paper http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/0305116v2.pdf by Bena, Polchinski and Roiban. In section 2.1 they are showing that the infinite number of conserved ...
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Symmetry transformation in AdS space

In AdS/CFT papers the action of the SO(D,2) symmetry is usually given at the boundary where the transformations are just the conformal transformations (Poincare, scaling and special) for D+1 ...
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277 views

Hilbert of quantum gravity: bulk $\otimes$ horizon

I was reading a paper dealing with the Hilbert of quantum gravity (or more precisely what should it look like considering what we know from QM and GR) ref: http://arxiv.org/abs/1205.2675 and the ...
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Supergroup action on $AdS_5\times S^5$

In the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence I was trying to understand how the symmetry group of the underlying space $AdS_5 \times S^5$ comes out to be the supergroup $SU(2,2|4)$. I can see how the ...
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What's the potential of the LHC's heavy ion experiment?

RHIC has been the dominant player in heavy ion physics, producing tantalizing evidence in support of the entropy/viscocity formula from AdS/CFT. What's the potential of the LHC's Pb ion collsions? ...
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Duality between gravitation and $O(N)$ model

Does there exist any gravity dual theory for theory with $N$-component scalar field with $(\phi^2)^2$ interaction?
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When is entanglement entropy the same as free energy?

I am given the feeling that there exists scenarios when this equality holds. Can anyone state/refer to the situations? One case that I hear of is that for $2+1$ CFTs the entanglement entropy across ...
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About Holographic Model of Magnetism and Superconductor

I have a question about this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.0010 In their model, when consider holographic paramagnetic-ferromagnetic phase transition, they need Yang-Mills field itself to ...
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286 views

AdS to dS uplifting and its opposite

So as I understand it, localized structures in AdS can wick rotated to dS, the boundary has to be complixified as can be seen here. Also, uplifting is another technique that can be used to move from ...
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What happens to the $U(1)$ factor in the $U(N)$ SYM gauge group of the AdS/CFT correspondence?

I'm learning about the AdS/CFT correspondence. I know that from the open string perspective, the dynamics on a stack of $N$ coincident $D3$-branes is given by a $\mathcal{N} = 4$ Super Yang Mills ...

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