Questions tagged [ads-cft]

AdS/CFT is a special case of the holographic principle. It states that a quantum gravitating theory in Anti-de-Sitter (AdS) space is exactly equivalent to the gauge theory/Conformal Field Theory (CFT) on its boundary.

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What role does SUSY play in gauge/gravity duality?

This question arises in my project of finding the conformal field theory dual to the bosonic part of the Yang-Mills theory, i.e. non-supersymmetric large $N$ YM theory. Supersymmetry is a constant ...
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Can String Theory really fail to contain a de Sitter vacua?

I was reading a post earlier from Peter Woit's Not Even Wrong blog and came across the following reference to the paper "What if string theory has no de Sitter vacua?" by Ulf H. Danielsson, Thomas Van ...
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AdS/CFT and finiteness of entanglement entropy in CFT

AdS/CFT duality maps string theory to conformal field theory. String theory confirms Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, and thus the dual CFT must confirm it. However, CFT is still a quantum field theory, ...
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Form of Light-Cone in pure $AdS_3$

There is a picture in the article of Harlow which (in particular) represents light cone in $AdS_3$. Note that point X has nonzero radial coordinate. If point X has zero radial coordinate it is quite ...
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217 views

Charged black holes and AdS/CFT

People generalize the statements of AdS/CFT correspondence by adding black hole (charged black hole) in the gravity theory to provide the dual gauge theory finite temperature (finite density). I have ...
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Why is there a Cardy formula in 2D CFT?

In 2d CFTs, we have the Cardy formula which tells us the number of states, which can be derived from the partition function by using modular invariance. What special property of 2D CFTs make it ...
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Phase transition in a generalised SYK model

Crossposted from math.stackexchange. (Link: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2848558/is-this-function-meromorphic) Question Let $$e^{g\left(\tau,T,J_1,J_2\right)}=\frac{2}{\left(\frac{J_1}{...
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Why does string theory require holography?

String theory solves the high energy gravity problem by making it mushier: Lisa Randall - Warped Passages - 14 - String Theory’s Origins Strings—unlike quarks—have no hard scattering processes....
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On the Schwarzchild black hole metric:

I've been going through the introduction on Ads/CFT by Horatiu Nastase (https://arxiv.org/abs/0712.0689). In chapter 5, "Black holes and p branes", in Eq. 5.2, it is mentioned the schwarzchild metric ...
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Holographic dualities and strong subbadditivity of entanglement entropy

Recent analysis of inequalities satisfied by entanglement entropy in AdS bulk duals have led to establishing an equivalence between Strong Subadditivity and the Null Energy Condition (NEC) How hard ...
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How is encoded the information on the surface of the volume' s boundary?

In the context of the holographic principle, who states that the entropy of ordinary mass (not just black holes) is also proportional to surface area and not volume;that volume itself is illusory ...
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Is Wilson loop particle heavier than black hole in AdS-CFT at finite temp?

Finite temperature is introduced in the Ads Space by inserting a black hole. In the Ads-CFT correspondence, the Wilson loop is at $u \rightarrow \infty$. But the black hole horizon itself would be at $...
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What is really this Gauge-Gravity duality all about?

I have no background in string theory but have a reasonable exposure to quantum field theory including the quantization of gauge theories. In simple terms what is this Gauge-Gravity duality all about ...
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Boundary times and bulk time in eternal black hole duality

In AdS/CFT, a particular duality is the correspondence between an eternal black hole in AdS spacetime (a large maximally extended AdS-Schwarzschild black hole) and the thermofield double state, \begin{...
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How does gauge theory become strongly coupled at large $N$ whether it's coupling is proportional to 1/$\sqrt N$?

At large $N$, gravity theory becomes weakly coupled is correct as we see from its formula that string's coupling is proportional to $1/N^2$. then how could gauge theory become strongly coupled?
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Master Field Large N limit

I would like to ask a question about the so-called ''Master Field''. As far as I understand, this represents a classical configuration in the large n limit (saddle point solution) but there is no ...
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385 views

Applicability of Ryu-Takayanagi formula for boundary regions which do not belong to constant time slice

While reading article "Entanglement Entropy of Extremal BTZ" I saw a phrase: In the more general case where the entangling interval does not lie in a single time slice of the boundary, the Ryu–...
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Holography on non-AdS spacetime

I have a question regarding AdS/CFT and what it teaches about our world. AdS/CFT if often treated as our best tool to explore quantum gravity, and people have worked very hard in trying to understand ...
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Mirror Symmetry and Ads/CFT

As far as I know, mirror symmetry has its origins in the Kaluza-Klein idea where the extra dimensions of spacetime are "curled up" or "compactified" into a Calabi-Yau manifold, which is why we see ...
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Black holes in AdS/CFT

In Swingle's work Entanglement Renormalization and Holography, he mentioned that a black hole in AdS bulk corresponds to a finite temperature boundary state. With the MERA picture of the entanglement ...
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Classical theories and AdS/CFT

While editing the tag wiki for ads-cft, I initially wrote something on the lines of: The AdS/CFT correspondence is a special case of the holographic principle. It states that a gravitating theory ...
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AdS Space Black Holes Penrose Diagram

How do we construct the Penrose diagram for an AdS Space Schwarzschild solution? We start with the AdS Schwarzschild Metric and then do some transformation to compactify the coordinate ranges? What ...
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How can the information encoded in a boundary be changed in holographic principle?

When information is encoded in a lower dimensional boundary of a bulk, following the holographic principle, it would raise a universe in the boundary with physics determined by the information encoded ...
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Generalisations of AdS/CFT with string theory on both sides

From my previous post, I found out from the comments that there are various generalisations of AdS/CFT with different things replacing the CFT on the RHS; such as AdS/CMT, AdS/QCD, and also with ...
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Dual of the Identity operator (AdS/CFT)

We know that in a CFT the spectrum of gauge invariant operators must contain an Identity operator (for the operator algebra to close). For those CFTs that admit a holographic dual what does the ...
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How does holographic duality work?

In holographic theories about the universe, the one being in the boundary of the space, takes information of the higher dimensional universe, so, two different theories can describe the two universes. ...
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Infrared and ultraviolet limits of the bulk scalar mass and CFT operator dimension in the AdS/CFT correspondence

On page 131 of these notes, a precise formulation of the AdS/CFT correspondence is given by the GKPW dictionary $$Z_{\text{grav}}[\phi_{0}^{i};\partial M] = \langle \exp \left( - \frac{1}{\hbar} \...
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Supersymmetry in AdS/CFT

In the original form of Maldacena's AdS/CFT, the bulk is classical supergravity and the boundary is superconformal field theory in the Maldacena's limit. However, in many applications of AdS/CFT, for ...
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216 views

What is the relation of the mass of vector field in bulk and the scaling dimension of current operator in CFT?

In AdS/CFT correspondence, we know that, $$m^2=\Delta(\Delta-d)$$ where m is the mass of a scalar field and $\Delta$ is the scaling dimension of the dual operator in CFT. What about the relation of ...
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AdS/CFT scalar 3-point function integral from Feynman parametrization?

In this paper the scalar 3-point function in AdS/CFT is obtained by performing the following integral: The authors comment that they obtain the result by Feynman parameter integration. For practice I ...
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Confused by Maldacena video about AdS/CFT

I was watching this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iz2ie3i1Gh0 about Ads/CFT. Very nice video from the master himself. I got confused though about what he calls $N$. Basically he says $N$ is the ...
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Gauge invariant operators in AdS/CFT

I am working on the AdS/CFT correspondence and I am on the field-operator map. I have found in several textbooks the following statement, which refers to the operators of CFT: "The field theory ...
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Mixed states in field theories and their AdS duals

I am trying to self study aspects of AdS-CFT, particularly the implication of the Ryu-Takayanagi entanglement entropy formula. I have been thinking about the following question and it would be a great ...
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What does AdS/CFT have to say about quantum gravity in our world?

The Ads side of the AdS/CFT correspondence is a model of quantum gravity in 5 dimensional antidesitter space. What can it say about quantum gravity in our 4-spacetime dimensions? Or is it just a toy ...
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Why is Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) Model model important?

In the past one or two years, there are a lot of papers about the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev Model (SYK) model, which I think is an example of $\mathrm{AdS}_2/\mathrm{CFT}_1$ correspondence. Why is this model ...
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What is fundamental in the AdS/CFT holographic universe formulation of String theory?

I have a lot of confusion about the AdS/CFT with holography. Does it show that strings and branes are excitations of fields on the conformal boundary of the universe (CFT)? Can someone explain the AdS/...
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Why is it possible to have a consistent CFT defined just on a Poincare patch?

I have a good picture of AdS/CFT correspondence when the AdS space is given in terms of Global coordinates. In global coordinates, the AdS space is just a cylinder (up to a conformal factor) and ...
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Are all the asymptotic symmetries always infinite dimensional?

We know that the asymptotic symmetry of AdS$_3$ is the Virasoro symmetry, which is infinite dimensional. For flat spacetimes, the BMS group is also infinite dimensional. So are all the asymptotic ...
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$\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{S}^{n-1}$ for n>1, in Gravity , QFT, CFT,

Edited: I'm searching for some application of this manifold in CFT $\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{S}^{n-1}$ for n>1. However, I need some examples of this kind of manifold in QFT, CFT, Gravity, etc. of any ...
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Do Liouville theory have a gravity dual?

Does Liouville theory have a gravity dual? I think the answer is not. But what's wrong with Liouville theory? What features of Liouville theory are universal for other CFTs?
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AdS/CFT at small and large central charge

We know that the AdS/CFT duality is a valid correspondence for large central charge (in the semi-classical limit). If this duality is valid for small central charge (in the quantum regime) is unclear. ...
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Appropriate gauge-invariant counterterms for Maxwell field in $AdS_5$

I am starting with the bulk Maxwell field in $AdS_5$, and want to calculate the on-shell action. My metric is $$ds^2 = \dfrac{dz^2 - dt^2 + \vec{dx^2}}{z^2}$$ from which I calculate the on-shell ...
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How is AdS / CFT a “successful realisation” of the holographic principle?

According to the Wikipedia articles of both AdS/CFT correspondence and the Holographic principle state that the former was a 'successful realisation of the latter. Does that mean that the Holographic ...
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Near Horizon Vector Field

I am studying this paper https://arxiv.org/pdf/0811.4393.pdf. I find a probem to find the near horizon form of the vector (2.17) and electromagnetic (2.18) field. I have tried to use the near horizon ...
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Why does AdS/CFT with non-zero temperature correspond to a black hole in the bulk?

Is there a good intuitive explanation on why AdS/CFT with non-zero temperature corresponds to a black hole in the bulk? And what is the role of temperature and chemical potential in this black hole?
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How to calculate the Wald functional?

I want to calculate the Wald functional for arbitrary higher curvature Lagrangians - like getting equation 6.31 from 6.30 in this paper. A priori the above looks like an extremely complicated ...
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106 views

The gravitational path integral in the AdS/CFT correspondence depends on the boundary submanifold of the bulk manifold

On page 131 of these notes, a precise formulation of the AdS/CFT correspondence is given by the GKPW dictionary $$Z_{\text{grav}}[\phi_{0}^{i};\partial M] = \langle \exp \left( - \frac{1}{\hbar} \...
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310 views

Is there non-locality in the AdS/CFT?

Many String theorists are trying to restore bulk locality in the AdS/CFT. So does that mean the CFT, the boundary, is non-local? Does matter travel faster than light on the CFT?
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Virasoro descendants in Big Yellow Book

Equation 6.137 (page 175) of the Conformal field theory book by Philippe Di Francesco, Pierre Mathieu, David Sénéchal, is $$(L_{-n-2}A)(w)=\frac{1}{n!}(\partial^nTA)(w)$$. Is this equivalent to $$(...
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The AdS in AdS/CFT correspondence is really a class of spacetimes which asymptotes to a subclass of spacetimes with the same causal structure as AdS

On page 131 of these notes, a precise formulation of the AdS/CFT correspondence is given by the GKPW dictionary $$Z_{\text{grav}}[\phi_{0}^{i};\partial M] = \langle \exp \left( - \frac{1}{\hbar} \...

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