Questions tagged [acceleration]

The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

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Why does a parachute decrease terminal velocity?

Terminal Velocity depends on two things: surface area and speed. These are inversely proportionate. If both these variables affect terminal velocity, why do parachutes slow you down? Initially you ...
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Infinite acceleration?

Why is acceleration regulated by mass? In a frictionless environment, why doesn't an object move at infinite acceleration if force is applied on it? Force causes movement, so unless there is an ...
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Accelerating elevator?

If your in an elevator accelerating downwards faster than gravity, would you be pushed up to the ceiling? Since gravity cannot match the acceleration of the elevator, you're wouldn't be able to move ...
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A practical deceleration question

My friend is a U.S. Army paratrooper. Today, through an unfortunate series of events, he was jerked out of a C-17 traveling at 160 knots by his reserve parachute. First-hand accounts describe it as he ...
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Shouldn't gravity travel at light speed immediately?

If gravity travels at $c$ (light speed), why aren't objects pulled to Earth at that speed? Since the velocity of gravity is 9.8 meters per second squared, will it eventually accelerate until it ...
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Does acceleration at an angle to velocity change the direction?

During an interval of time, a tennis ball is moved so that the angle between the velocity and the acceleration of the ball is kept at a constant 120º. Which statement is true about the tennis ball ...
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Using acceleration to plot position

Sorry if this question is dumb, and I know is physics 101, but I'm not that good with physics. I'm writing an iPhone program that by collecting the acceleration data of the device tries to replicate ...
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How to calculate total distance and time a puck will move?

To simulate a puck's movement, I use the following model (please restrain from discussing the model, it makes the simulation look the way I want it to) and would like to know how to calculate the ...
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If a puck on ice deccelarates, is its speed “v = v0 - t * a” or is it “v = v0 -k * v0”?

I've been wondering about a puck sliding on ice or a puck in an air hockey table game. If a puck is hit and we start watching it as soon as it has reached its maximum speed and starts becoming slower, ...
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How to model an accelerometer measurements on a car wheel?

I am working on kinematically modelling an accelerometer on a car wheel. When working on the initial conditions, I am confused whether or not I should use the gravitational acceleration since there ...
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Is it possible to calculate specific velocities from acceleration?

I'm trying to understand a sample problem from a current (published 2011) high school physics textbook, but I really think the question is flawed. The task is to convert an acceleration-time graph (AT-...
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Calculating the gravitational acceleration inside of a planet

Plant X has a radius of 5000 km and is composed of two layers. The first inner layer ranges from the centre to 2000 km from centre, it's density is 8 kg / dm^3. The second layer ranges from 2000 ...
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Red shift and time distortion

Superman throws a light emitting object away from himself fast enough to notice a red-shift. The object passes through a region in which time runs more slowly. From Superman's perspective, does the ...
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Find the acceleration based on V² x d graph

How could I find the acceleration of a body knowing only that its position and velocity satisfy $v^2 = f(x)$, where $f(x)$ is a known function of $x$ (position)?
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Force on rope with accelerating mass on pulley

I have a pretty basic pulley problem where I lack the right start. A child sits on a seat which is held by a rope going to a cable roll (attached to a tree) and back into the kid's hands. Sketch ...
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Accelerometer Orientation Conversion

Got two accelerometers that are measuring accelerations oriented at +/- 45 deg from horizontal. I am looking to determine the conversion of the accelerometer measured data to accelerations in the ...
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Classical car collision [duplicate]

I have a very confusing discussion with a friend of mine. 2 cars ($car_a$ and $car_b$) of the same mass $m$ are on a collision course. Both cars travel at $50_\frac{km}{h}$ towards each other. They ...
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Convert acceleration as a function of position to acceleration as a function of time?

Suppose I have acceleration defined as a function of position, $a(x)$. How to convert it into a function of time $a(t)$? Please give an example for the case $a(x)= \frac{x}{s^2}$.
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How to get distance when acceleration is not constant?

I have a background in calculus but don't really know anything about physics. Forgive me if this is a really basic question. The equation for distance of an accelerating object with constant ...
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How could they tell things weigh a sixth of their “Earth weight” on the moon?

I frequently keep hearing stuff about "gravity on the moon is only a sixth of that as Earth's" and "of course you'll weigh more on Jupiter". I do know the relative sizes of those bodies allow for ...
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Not sure of a homework solution involving average acceleration

A 50.0 g Super Ball traveling at 25.0 m/s bounces off a brick wall and rebounds at 22.0 m/s. A high-speed camera records this event. If the ball is in contact with the wall for 3.50 ms, what is the ...
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Formula for getting energy required to accelerate to a certain speed?

I am curious how many newtons it takes to accelerate an object with a given coefficient of drag, reference area, weight, and air pressure? I know this may sound like a simple equation but I have no ...
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calculating of g force in fun ride

we vistited yesterday a fun park and saw a ride which was a big centrifuge only in vertical. this one had a speed meter but it was broken and i also wanted to know how much g-force is on there... so ...
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calculating ballast needed to offset wobble of a 1g unbalanced centerfuge spinning at 20000G's

So this seemed pretty straight forward at first, but then I wasnt too sure about gravity forces... So. centerfuge 2 samples 1 sample is 1gram heavier than the other centerfuge at top speed is ...
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Should acceleration be included in state vector of a Kalman filter?

I'm developing (actually adopting existing solution) a Kalman filter to model motion of a vehicle (UAV or automobile). The state vector will include position, velocity, and, possibly, acceleration. ...