Questions tagged [acceleration]

The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

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13
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4answers
1k views

Which clock is the fastest inside an accelerating body?

The picture shows an accelerating spaceship with two clocks inside it. It is so far away from all other bodys that gravity is of no importance. Will the bottommost clock be slower than the topmost ...
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1answer
272 views

When photons are emitted, do they accelerate to reach the speed of light? [duplicate]

Photons are considered mass-less particle with a specific velocity but according to the electromagnetic theory, a photon is considered to have both energy and momentum. So what happen when they are ...
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1answer
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Truck moving uphill, object suspended from ceiling, determine acceleration [closed]

A truck is moving with constant acceleration $a$ up a hill that makes and angle $\phi$ with the horizontal. An object of mass $m$ is suspended from the ceiling of the truck by a light cord. If the ...
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1answer
769 views

Why does acceleration seem not to be the gradient of gravitational potential?

Consider a spherically symmetric distribution of density $\rho(r)$. We can define the mass enclosed within each radius $r$ using $\frac{dM(r)}{dr} = 4\pi r^2 \rho(r)$, with the condition that $M(r=0) ...
3
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1answer
547 views

Acceleration in stationary spacetime

How would I show the acceleration vector $ a^\mu = u^\nu \bigtriangledown_\nu u^\mu = \bigtriangledown^\mu lnV $ for an observer instantaneously 'at rest,' where $u^\mu = dx^\mu/d\tau$ and $V^2 = -\...
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6answers
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Acceleration is zero, for non-zero net force

I understand a problem like this has already been asked, but I have not found an answer that makes it clear. A force is applied to a box on a table(lets ignore friction), and the box moves with some ...
2
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2answers
946 views

What is wrong with considering the Atwood machine as a system?

I am confused about a method used in the following problem. There is an arrangement as shown below. The surface is smooth, and the pulleys are light. We have to find the acceleration $a_0$ of $m_1$. ...
0
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1answer
348 views

Acceleration ratio

Can anyone please explain why: $$a_1=a_2\tan\alpha $$ We have 2 same cubes placed on a platform, between them there is a wedge which is pushing the cubes in opposite directions. The hard part of the ...
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4answers
7k views

Sum of acceleration vectors

If a point mass has some accelerations $\mathbf{a_1} $ and $\mathbf{a_2} $, why is mathematically true that the "total" acceleration is $\mathbf{a}= \mathbf {a_1}+\mathbf {a_2}$?
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1answer
99 views

How to calculate Acceleration

Assume you are moving 10 meters in 10 seconds northward. What is the acceleration?. Using this equation: $a = (v_f - v_o)/\Delta(t)$ and filling it in with this data: $v_f=1$ which comes from $10$ $...
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4answers
201 views

Gravity and acceleration

I've imagined this little scenario to help me conceptualize things. Let's say we have a doughnut-shaped object with a hole whose diameter is greater than that of a sphere. Let's say that the sphere ...
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2answers
575 views

How an accelerated object sees another accelerated body in special relativity?

Assume two objects are moving with a constant acceleration $a_1$ and $a_2$, which are the measured accelerations by respective object (or constant force being applied to each of the objects). My ...
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3answers
250 views

Newton's Second Law

Newton's Second Law tells us that $\sum F = ma$. The vector sum of the forces $F$ on an object is equal to the mass $m$ of that object multiplied by the acceleration vector $a$ of the object. So ...
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2answers
175 views

Speed cannot be greater than speed of light. How about acceleration? Does it have limit?

We know that $c$ is the largest speed in the universe. How about the acceleration, does it has limit?
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5answers
8k views

Why do objects fall at the same acceleration?

I read these two posts and now I am more confused. Do heavier objects fall faster? Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity? I was going to ask: if mass ...
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1answer
161 views

Free fall question: Bill shoots his gun [closed]

Bill borrows his dad's gun and when he gets outside he fires it straight up into the air. If the bullet left the gun at 400 m/s: How long does it take the bullet to reach its highest point. I know ...
3
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4answers
11k views

Deriving $F = ma$ - Newton's Second Law of Motion

Context: In my textbook it is given: 'momentum' short for 'linear momentum': Mass = $m$, momentum is $p=mv$. In time $\Delta t$, momentum changes by $\Delta p$, the rate of change of momentum is: ...
3
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1answer
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Two vehicles moving in a line with different accelerations

Let two similar vehicles starting at rest in a straight line (with a distance of $D$ between them) have time-varying accelerations in the same direction. If both of them have similar time varying ...
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0answers
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Are there 'special' cases for when special relativity can be applied for accelerating bodies?

I have the following theoretical situation: A space station modeled as a ring in free space is rotating about its centre point at a high speed. I am trying to work out where time flows slower. From ...
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1answer
2k views

Acceleration Power [closed]

Suppose we have a trolley currently at rest at point A, but the motor switches on, so that it accelerates and reaches point B, at point B, the velocity is 5m/s, Distance of A-B is 10m, mass of the ...
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1answer
194 views

Kinematics with non constant acceleration II [closed]

I'm getting crazy with this problem and I think that it's pretty simple. An helicopter's helix is spinning at initial speed $w_0=200\ rpm$, all of a sudden the motor stops and it decreases its ...
2
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2answers
704 views

Acceleration of chairlift [closed]

So I'm struggling with this question, and am wondering if anyone can give me the right direction to go. For the sake of not cheating, I've changed the figures etc. I just need help on the approach. I ...
0
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1answer
465 views

What is a realistic launch speed of a grappling hook gun? [closed]

In The Dark Knight, at the end of the movie Batman throws the Joker off of a building and then shoots his grapple hook gun to catch him. Is 68m/s a reasonable speed for a grapple gun to shoot?
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0answers
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Calculating impact velocity and time with non-uniform acceleration [duplicate]

Here goes: imagine a spacecraft with engines shut off in a free fall towards some celestial body x. let's say the distance to surface is $100 000$ $\text{meters}$. initial vertical velocity is $500$...
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1answer
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Calculating pitch and roll with accelerations greater than +/- 1g

I'm looking to compute the pitch and roll of a device fitted with a three axis accelerometer when it is not at rest or moving at a constant velocity. Most applications I've seen so far are for ...
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10answers
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How do we know that $F = ma$, not $F = k \cdot ma$

It seems intuitive that $a\; \propto \frac{F}{m}$, as the greater the force that is applied on an object, the greater its acceleration will be. Inversely, the greater the mass of the object, the ...
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3answers
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Why is force dependent on acceleration, not velocity?

According to $F = ma$, force is a result of acceleration and mass, right? However, I don't understand why velocity is not used instead of acceleration. A train moving at 100 miles/hour will still ...
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2answers
338 views

Does an aircraft hover at a constant acceleration or varied acceleration?

I have a question that's bugging me. Googling it only made me more confused so I really hope someone can help me clear this. If a plane is flying up and down; or hovering (Like the x-wing scene from ...
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0answers
77 views

Rolling resistance

Today, my physics teacher asked the following question (and gave it as homework): How can a moving body deaccelerate both in means of center of mass and rotationally? I quickly answered that this ...
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1answer
37 views

Inhomogeneties in gravitational acceleration at the surface of the Earth.

I am looking for data sets which clock the time and precise location of free falling bodies in a vacuum. I have been told that the acceleration of gravity is not absolutely 100% uniform, and I would ...
2
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1answer
334 views

Can a human body supercavitate to survive water impact?

Inspired by this analysis of a human (OK, Captain America) hitting water feet first at terminal velocity, I'm wondering if supercavitation would be possible and whether it would improve your chances ...
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3answers
831 views

Cart on Ramp with Varying Acceleration

For a lab that I have to do, the teacher has given me a data table of the displacement of a cart on a ramp after successive intervals of time. I have used this data to derive the velocities and ...
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7answers
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Is there a limit to acceleration? [duplicate]

As we all know the speed of light is the limit at which energy/matter can travel through our universe. My question being: is there a similar limit for acceleration? Is there a limit to how quickly ...
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2answers
52 views

What is the acceleration of a two weights connected with wire?

Given 2 weights: m1 = 2 kg m2 = 1 kg They are connected with wire hung over stick and considering there are no wire friction. Find the acceleration of weight m1 going down. Find the (force) tension ...
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1answer
29 views

How much time would take to lift a person to 0.1m above floor of elevator? [closed]

How much time would take to lift a person to height $h$ above floor of elevator if the elevator goes down with acceleration $a$, where: $$h=0.1 \; \text{m}$$ $$ a=13 \; \text{m}/\text{s}^2 $$ How to ...
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2answers
1k views

Acceleration during collision with ground

For my physics class, I have to calculate an objects acceleration while it came to a stop. It was traveling at $6.26\: \mathrm{\frac{m}{s}}$ at impact, and travels a distance of $0.025\: \mathrm{m}$ ...
3
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1answer
416 views

Why is it that angular acceleration is constant in different instantaneous reference frames?

Take the following example: A rod (of length L and mass m) is held horizontally at both ends by supports. One is instantaneously removed. The specific problem is to prove that the force on the other ...
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1answer
421 views

Center of rotation and trajectory of a rigid body in a plane with applied *fixed* forces

This is my first question so please excuse me if my format is a bit off. Given a 2D rigid body with forces applied to it in such a way that the angle the force vector makes with the surface of the ...
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5answers
74k views

If an object moved 5 meters in a second, how can its velocity be 10 m/s? [duplicate]

On physicsclassroom.com, an assignment gives data for an object experiencing acceleration: This is the corresponding chart for the object's velocity: At $0$ seconds the position of the object is $0$...
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2answers
3k views

How is the direction of the instantaneous acceleration determined?

I know from the text book that the direction of velocity at any point on the 2D path of an object is tangential to the path at that point and is in the direction of motion. But how would one determine ...
3
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1answer
649 views

Does the counterweight in a space elevator need to be accelerated?

Suppose you have a space elevator and you use it to lift weight to orbit. Obviously this is pulling down on the counterweight. So doesn't this mean that you need to apply appropriate acceleration to ...
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3answers
442 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
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2answers
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Tangential acceleration in circular motion?

A lot of my problems have objects moving in circular paths with tangential and normal components of acceleration. If the tangential component is non-zero though, the speed is changing so the radius ...
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3answers
307 views

Movement in outer space via Newton's law of every action has an equal and opposite reaction

What is more effective for travel in outer space ignoring all other factors like air radiation etc. I have a 10 kg bag of rice would I travel faster throwing the whole bag at once or throwing a grain ...
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3answers
537 views

What is the constant $g_0$ used for calculating the specific impulse in seconds?

Wikipedia defines specific impulse as: $$ I_\mathrm{sp} = \frac{F_\mathrm{thrust}}{\dot{m} \cdot g_0} $$ The $g_0$ is said to be the acceleration at the Earth's surface. So is it actually the ...
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3answers
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Why doesn't gravity speed up light?

We know that gravity speeds up a body; for instance, a meteor which enters the earth gets constantly accelerated up by earth's gravity. And from relativity we know that light bends near a massive body,...
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10answers
213k views

What does the magnitude of the acceleration mean?

I am a little confused as to what the magnitude of acceleration is and what it means.
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2answers
812 views

How to estimate a person's mass from a sensor? [closed]

I'm trying to estimate the person's weight from some available sensors and I have an accelerometer, a gyrometer and a magnetometer. The triaxial accelerometer is fixed in a band in the person's chest,...
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3answers
2k views

If $F=ma$, how can we experience both gravity and a normal force even though we are not accelerating?

As I sit in my chair, I experience a gravitational force pushing me into the chair and I'm also experiencing the normal force of the chair pushing back at me so I don't fall. According to Newton's ...
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3answers
5k views

How to calculate work when a block is moving with constant velocity?

How to calculate work when a block is moving with constant velocity? As we know $f=ma$, and for constant velocity $a=0$, so $f=0$ and $w=fs=0$? Can anybody make it clear?

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