Questions tagged [absolute-units]

Absolute units, or natural units, are a system of units where certain dimensionful constants are set to 1. This often simplifies various formulae.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
24 views

A question regarding dimensional analysis and a "Planck matrix"?

Let: the speed of light in a vacuum, $c$, the gravitational constant, $G$, the reduced Planck constant, $\hat{h}$, the Boltzmann constant, $k_B$ the electric constant, $\epsilon_0$ with dimensions $...
-1
votes
2answers
97 views

How to convert $\rm cm^{-1}$ to $\rm eV/Å^2$? [closed]

As in the title, how to convert $\rm cm^{-1}$ to $\rm eV/Å^2$? Å stands for angstrom.
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Does electromagnetism have no free parameters?

In SI units, Maxwell's equations (in vacuo) seem to have two free "parameters" or "constants". The vacuum permittivity, however, can be eliminated by properly redefining the ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Units of a scalar field

Consider the Lagrangian density $$\mathscr{L} = \frac{1}{2} \partial_\mu a \partial^\mu a + \frac{m^2}{2} a^2.$$ I understand why $[a]=m$, i.e. $a$ has mass dimension one. What and why are the units ...
0
votes
2answers
96 views

What happens to the $2\pi$ factor in natural units?

In natural units when we define $c=\hbar=1$ and we have that energy and mass have the same units because of $E=mc^2$. The same happens for time and space due to $x=ct$. Now, when we want to relate ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Is temperature of 1 Kelvin equivalent to 1 eV in natural unit?

We know that the Boltzmann's constant, $k_B$=8.617 $\times$ $10^{-5}$ eV/K. Now in the natural unit, $k_B=1$. So can I say, in the natural unit, 1 K temperature is equivalent to 1 eV in energy? 300 K ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Using $ct$ axis instead of $t$ axis in special relativity

I've recently started studying the concept of space-time diagrams in special relativity, and I came across the concept of representing the time axis using $ct$, with units being that of length. Now I'...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Subatomic natural units

In High Energy Physics it seems to be common use to measure everything in terms of eV powers, by assuming $\hbar = c = 1$ (dimensionless). Often times this system of units is referred as Planck units, ...
2
votes
0answers
122 views

What does it mean for $2\pi = 1$ in a "private system of units"?

I saw the following image of an excerpt from Robert Mill's Tutorial on Infinities in QED, floating about the internet: The book is available here, however I don't think I have access to it, unless ...
1
vote
2answers
228 views

Why don't we take the universal gravitational constant $G$ to be equal to 1 in $F= \frac{Gm_{1}m_{2}}{r^2}$?

In the derivation of Newton's Second Law, we get to an equation $F=kma$. Since this equation is essentially defining force, Newton could have taken the value of $k$ to be anything. For the sake of ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Units in the geodesic equation / Schwarzschild metric

Most textbooks define the geodesic equation for a particle with unit mass, such that it looks like: $$ \ddot{x}^{\mu} + \Gamma^{\mu}_{\alpha \beta} \dot{x}^\alpha\dot{x}^\beta = 0$$ Where "dot&...
-1
votes
3answers
111 views

Einstein's Field Equations differ by a factor of $\frac{1}{c^4}$. Why is that?

I am trying to familiarize myself with General Theory of Relativity. I am by no means an expert in the field, and I am doing this as my own hobby. At any rate, I have come across Einstein's Field ...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

Why do we treat the action as dimensionless in QFT?

When determining whether the couplings in a QFT Lagrangian are relevant/irrelevant/marginal, we set $\hbar = c = 1$ and use the fact that the action is dimensionless to find the dimensions of the ...
0
votes
0answers
195 views

What is the meaning of inferred absolute zero temperature? Why does the resistance temperature graph it is obtained from behave that way?

I asked this on the Electronics Stack Exchange and someone suggested for me to ask it here too. https://electronics.stackexchange.com/q/542983 Studying basic direct current circuits, I've come across ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Why is the speed of light ignored in this formula?

I'm trying to follow this worked example from my lecturer. Here's the question: and here's the answer to part 1: When I was attempting this without looking at the answer, I did correctly identify ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

What is the significance of Planck units?

There are many questions asked about different Planck units. This question is just a generalization of all of those questions. Planck units are considered to be natural units. The thing I don't ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Exponential function and natural units

The argument of the exponential function has to be dimensionless. By switching to natural units, velocity (for example) becomes dimensionless. Surely, I cannot take the exponential of a velocity now ...
-1
votes
1answer
92 views

Planck constant in geometrized units? [closed]

How do I calculate the value of the Planck constant in geometrized units? I cannot find its value anywhere.
-1
votes
1answer
81 views

How do I calculate ¨Newtonian constant of gravitation over $\hbar c$¨ to get to the value in NIST? [closed]

I know this is a silly question, the definition of the value is the formula for the value itself but I have tried putting the constants in and I am not getting the same answer. What am I doing wrong?
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Why can we set $c$ and $\hbar$ to 1 when it changes the result? [duplicate]

So in my QFT course, my professor said that you can set $c$ and $\hbar$ to 1. And he gave us an example: $$E = mc^{2}$$ And then set $c = 1$: $$E = m$$ This seems completely ludicrous to me to do. ...
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

In natural units, where $\hbar = c = 1$, what is $G$?

This seems like a simple question, but I cannot wrap my head around it. If $\hbar = c = 1$ then length is time, and mass is inverse length or inverse time. Hence $G$ should have dimensions of length ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Bremermann's limit vs Planck frequency

Bremermann's limit, as maximum possible computation power or CPU total computing frequency, is known to be on the order $10^{50}~\text{Hz}/\text{kg}$. Why max computation frequency for unit mass can ...
6
votes
2answers
848 views

Dimensions of momentum?

I am learning realitivity in college and in our class our lecturer explained four-momentum. When I was reading a book in QFT. it writes the momentum as $p^{\mu} = (E,p^i)$. Why is one of the ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Doubt about the constant $\kappa$ of Einstein's field equations

I'm trying to understand each of the terms in this equation intuitively but I'm having a little trouble. I know that we can represent the equation in the following way: $G_{\mu\nu}= \kappa T_{\mu\nu}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
190 views

Why did my professor write down the Einstein field equations like this?

Ok, so I was taking an online course where the professor wrote down the Einstein field equations like this $$R_{\mu \nu }-\frac{1}{2}g_{\mu \nu }R = 8\pi G\: T_{\mu \nu }.$$ But I saw it most commonly ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Confusion regarding the appearance of $\hbar$ in the eigenfunctions of momentum operator

The two images below are from different books. One has the $\hbar$ in the root below which seems right to me as that gets the dimensions correct but other does not have a $\hbar$. I am confused as to ...
1
vote
2answers
222 views

Meaning of the Planck Temperature

I don't understand what makes the Planck Temperature the "absolute hot". To my understanding Temperature is just a measure of the kinetic energy of the particles, so is the Planck ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Is the Bohr radius deprecated?

The Bohr radius ($a_0$ or $r_{\text{Bohr}}$) is a physical constant, equal to the most probable distance between the nucleus and the electron in a hydrogen atom in its ground state. It is named after ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Derivation of $G=\frac{\hbar c}{m_\rm{P}^2}$

I read that the gravitational constant can be expressed in terms of Planck length. $$G=\frac{\hbar c}{m_\rm{P}^2}$$ What is the derivation of this relationship?
7
votes
6answers
427 views

Is my friend right about omitting $c^2$ in world famous tiny equation?

I know $E = mc^2$ says that inertial mass of a system is equal to the total energy content of a system in its rest frame. My friend told me the $c^2$ can be omitted from this equation because that's ...
-5
votes
2answers
71 views

Is there a link between $G$ and speed of light? [closed]

I tried to resolve $G$ from natural units (like Planck), and found that $$ G = (K \times c / r_0)^3 $$ where $ G = 6.67430 \times 10^{-11} $ is gravitational constant, $ K = 1.66053906660 \times ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Can fundamental quantities be "unified"?

( Probably a stupid question. But the thought crossed my mind. I'm not a physicist; I'm a mathematician) Is there any way that the fundamental quantities (like length, time ) be "unified" in some ...
1
vote
1answer
190 views

Derive the conversion factor from SI to Geometric units [closed]

In the geometrized system of units, $G = c = 1$. This directly gives us the definitions for second and kilogram in this system, as $1\:s = c_0\:m$ and $1\:kg = G_0c_0^{-2}\:m$, where I have used the ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Converting units when $c=G=1$

In my homework assignment it is written that to convert from time to length you need to multiply by $c$, and to convert from mass to length you need to multiply by $G/c^2$, however I dont entirely ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Why does natural units technique only works in equations in Physics?

Example where it will not work is $(\frac{A}{B})^m = n$. Set $A=B=1$ and then solve for $m$. And example where it will work is: $(E/c)^2 = p^2+ (mc)^2$. You can drop $c$ and put it back later by ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Are there any system of units where we get the value of all the fundamental constants to be 1?

As far as I know the magnitude of constants depends on our units of measurements, so are there any units of measurements such that all the magnitude of all the fundamental constants is 1?
0
votes
1answer
163 views

What is the advantage of natural units over SI units?

Why do physics professionals often use various different systems of units instead of SI units. Especially I ask about when constants like $c$ or $\hbar$ are put to 1....what is the advantage of this?
0
votes
0answers
42 views

System of Units Based on Energy and Time

Is it possible to have a system of units in which Time and Energy as the fundamental quantities and others as derived quantities. Also using only pi,e , avagadro number and planck's constant
1
vote
1answer
60 views

In particle physics/SM, how to demonstrate that dimension of length is 1/energy?

In particle physics/Standard Model, using $\hbar=1, c=1$, how to demonstrate that dimension of length is 1/energy? More generally, how to find dimension of a given operator, for example the covariant ...
1
vote
3answers
73 views

Unit of Pressure - $\frac{N}{m^2}$ or $\frac{kg}{cm^2}$

I am came across Pressure being given with unit $\frac{kg}{m^2}$ at a lot of technical papers I am reading. However, as far as I understand, Pressure is defined as $\frac{N}{m^2}$ which is not same ...
2
votes
1answer
307 views

How to reintroduce $\hbar$ and $c$ into a formula written in natural units? [duplicate]

I am looking for a way to translate formulas written in natural units into either HLU units or SI units. Seeing the Planck constant and the speed of light would help me understand what is going on. ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Undoing problems caused by setting $c = 1$ { or "Undoing $c = 1$" }

In the mathematical derivation of equations for physics, and involving wave propagation in particular, the propagation speed at the start of the derivation is often set to one (c = 1). I am working ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Can we get the values of $G$, $h$ and $c$ to be numerically equal if we use a convenient system of measurement?

The speed of light in vacuum is approximated to be $3×10^8\ ms^{-1}.$ But, if we change the units, we can get a different number. For example, it won't be $3×10^8$ if we used $ft\,s^{-1}$ instead of $...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

The expression of the fine-structure constant post-May 2019 [closed]

Those of us who are engineers were never fond of the common expression from physicists that $$ \alpha = \frac{e^2}{\hbar c} $$ implying that the units of the elementary charge are in "$\sqrt{hc}$". ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Would setting the ideal gas constant to $1$ yield an attractive natural temperature scale? [closed]

In this recent question, there was a comment 'The "zero point" of Kelvin is natural, but the scale is not'. This led me to wonder whether setting $R = 1$ in the ideal gas law would be an attractive ...
5
votes
3answers
337 views

How to find the corrsponding expression after working with natural units $\hbar=c=1$?

If one does long calculations in natural units how does one find the right expression in let's say SI units in the end? I know that natural units make the calculations easier and also help to show ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Grasping systems of units

Perhaps it's that I've grown up with the SI system of units, but there's something about other unit systems that doesn't sit well with me. For example, Coulomb's law in Gaussian units can be written ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

A question about natural/geometrized units

I had a question about the following document- Natural units I understand the conversion factors. But if you look at the tables, they take an SI unit, say 1 kg, convert it into geometrized units, say ...
1
vote
2answers
170 views

Factors of $c$ when giving masses in natural units?

I am starting a course on particle physics, and have been introduced to natural units. I am slightly confused, because we are using 'natural units', and yet masses are stated as, for instance, $139.6\ ...
1
vote
2answers
372 views

Conversion from Planck unit to SI [closed]

Good evening, I'm reading the paper Prehawking radiation by William G. Unruh where it says: ...a time scale of order of $m^{3}$ in Planck units, or $10^{53}$ ages of the current universe for a ...