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### Critical Dimension of Bosonic Strings and Regularization of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n$

If $D$ is critical dimension of Bosonic strings, a particular derivation goes like the following, where we arrive finally at $$\frac{D-2}{2}\sum_{n=1}^\infty n + 1 = 0.$$ Now mathematically this is ...
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### Have experiments ever suggested two different values to the same divergent series?

I believe to have understood that some physical experiments suggest finite values to divergent series (please correct me if I'm wrong, my understanding of these matters is limited). I heard, for ...
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### What is the reason/significance of using $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}n\rightarrow-\frac{1}{12}$?

What is the reason/significance of using a trick equation in the Volume I - String Theory - Joseph Polchinsky? I have no doubts at all that the author knows extremely well the subject and that this ...
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### How does the sum of the series “1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6…” to infinity = “-1/12”? [duplicate]

How does the sum of the series “1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6…” to infinity = “-1/12”, in the context of physics? I heard Lawrence Krauss say this once during a debate with Hamza Tzortzis (http://youtu.be/...
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### Is the fact that the sum of all natural numbers $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n = -\frac{1}{12}$ essential to the understanding of the Casimir Force In QED?

Apparently this result is used in many areas physics including the extra dimensions of string theory, which is not the scope of the question. The result is apparently also used to understand the ...
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### can we PHYSCALLY (not by mathematics) justify that $\zeta (-s)= 1+2^{s}+3^{s}+4^{s}+…$

the values $\zeta (-1)= -1/12$ and $\zeta (-3)= 1/120$ give accurate results for casimir and to evaluate the dimension in bosonic string theory so is there a physcial JUSTIFICATION to justify ...
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### How does the sum of natural numbers arise in the derivation of critical string dimensions?

In the standard treatment of bosonic string theory the “heuristic” argument for the critical dimension goes as follows (see Ref. 1-4). Upon quantization the mass-squared operator becomes normal ...